International Development Planning Review

Urban development as a marionette? Oil income and urban development in post-revolutionary Iran

International Development Planning Review (2020), 42, (2), 191–217.

Abstract

The effects of natural resource extraction profits on the economic growth of countries are extensively debated. Some argue that such proceeds are a curse, often referred to as ‘Dutch disease’. Others identify a relationship between natural resource income, specifically oil, and urban development or urbanism. The present research explores the relationship between oil proceeds and urban investment in Iran – an oil-based economy – after the Islamic Revolution. In addition, this project investigates whether, after the revolution, investment in Iran has been equally distributed. To do this, we explain the causal relationship between oil proceeds and the amount of investment in urban development using the Granger causality test, the results of which show oil proceeds to be the Granger cause of investment in urban development in Iranian cities with a three-year lag. At the next stage, we explore the inequality of investment distribution among the thirty-one provinces of Iran since the revolution (through 2017) using the Gini coefficient. The outcomes of this article show that, with the passage of time, resource distribution leads to inequality. Whenever oil proceeds rose, inequality increased.

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References

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Jassbi, J., Mohamadnejad, F. and Nasrollahzadeh, H. (2011) ‘A fuzzy DEMATEL framework for modeling cause and effect relationships of strategy map’, Expert Systems with Applications, 38(5), 5967–73. Google Scholar

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Kezeiri, S. K. (1983) ‘Urbanization trends and state intervention in Libya’, Planning Outlook, 26(1), 17–21. Google Scholar

Khakpour, B. and Samadi, R. (2015) Analysis and evaluation of factors affecting land and housing prices in three regions of Mashhad’ (in Farsi), Geography and Urban-Regional Integration, 4(13), 21–38. Google Scholar

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Moghaddam, Seyed Navid Mashhadi

Rafieian, Mojtaba