Town Planning Review

Linking interventions to outcomes in area regeneration: The New Deal for Communities Programme in England

Town Planning Review (2010), 81, (2), 151–172.

Abstract

In line with experience in other countries, the UK has attempted to address social and economic urban problems through the designation of Area-Based Initiatives (ABIs). The New Deal for Communities (NDC) Programme is an ambitious English ABI designed to transform some 39 deprived neighbourhoods over 10 years in relation to 6 outcomes: crime, education, health, worklessness, housing and the environment, and the community. A key mechanism for identifying change is a household survey carried out in all 39 areas in 2002, 2004, 2006 and 2008. For the 2004 survey all NDC respondents were asked to comment on the degree to which they had benefited from specific NDC projects. Beneficiaries of such projects consistently enjoyed better relevant outcomes than did non-beneficiaries. This finding provides some justification for continuing to designate ABIs.

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PARKINSON, M., CHAMPION, T., EVANS, R., et al. (2006), State of the English Cities, London, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

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SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (1998), Bringing Britain Together: A National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (2001), National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal: Policy Action Team Audit, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SHAW, K. and ROBINSON, E. (1998), 'Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy', Town Planning Review, 69, 49–63. Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy Town Planning Review 69 49 63 Google Scholar

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ATKINSON, R. and MOON, G. (1994), Urban Policy in Britain the City, the State and the Market, London, Macmillan. Urban Policy in Britain the City, the State and the Market Google Scholar

BUCK, N. (2001), 'Identifying neighbourhood effects on social exclusion', Urban Studies, 38, 2251–75. Identifying neighbourhood effects on social exclusion Urban Studies 38 2251 75 Google Scholar

COCHRANE, A. (2007), Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach, Oxford, Blackwell. Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach Google Scholar

DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT (1994), Assessing the Impact of Urban Policy, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2008a), New Deal for Communities: A Synthesis of New Programme-wide Evidence: 1945–07 (Research Report 39), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2008b), The NDC National Evaluation, The Six Case Studies, An Introduction, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2008c), Neighbourhood Management Pathfinders: Final Evaluation Report, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009a), Residential Mobility and Outcome Change in Deprived Areas: Evidence from the New Deal for Communities Programme, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009b), Four Years of Change? Understanding the Experiences of the 2002–2006 New Deal for Communities Panel, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009c), An Overview of Crosssectional Change Data: 2002–2008: Evidence from the New Deal for Communities Programme, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998), New Deal for Communities: Phase 1 Proposals: Guidance for Pathfinder Applicants, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000a), Final Evaluation of City Challenge, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000b), Towards an Urban Renaissance, Final report of the Urban Task Force, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001a), New Deal for Communities Financial Guidance, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001b), A Review of the Evidence Base for Regeneration Policy and Practice, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DORLING, D. (2001), 'Anecdote is the singular of data', Environment and Planning A, 33, 1335–40. Anecdote is the singular of data Environment and Planning A 33 1335 40 Google Scholar

GRIPAIOS, P. (2002), 'The failure of regeneration policy in Britain', Regional Studies, 36, 568–77. The failure of regeneration policy in Britain Regional Studies 36 568 77 Google Scholar

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HAMEDINGER, A., BARTIK, H., AND WOLFFHARDT, A. (2008), 'The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?', Urban Studies, 45, 2669–87. The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"? Urban Studies 45 2669 87 Google Scholar

HM TREASURY, DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENTERPRISE AND REGULATORY REFORM, COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. (2007), Review of Sub-national Economic Development and Regeneration, London, HM Treasury. Google Scholar

LAWLESS, P. (2006), 'Area-based urban interventions: rationale and outcomes: the New Deal for Communities Programme in England', Urban Studies, 43, 1991–2011. Area-based urban interventions: rationale and outcomes: the New Deal for Communities Programme in England Urban Studies 43 1991 2011 Google Scholar

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MCCULLOCH, A. (2001), 'Ward level deprivation and individual social and economic outcomes in the British Household Panel Survey', Environment and Planning A, 33, 667–84. Ward level deprivation and individual social and economic outcomes in the British Household Panel Survey Environment and Planning A 33 667 84 Google Scholar

NAO (NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE) (2004), An Early Progress Report on the New Deal for Communities Programme, London, NAO. Google Scholar

NRU (NEIGHBOURHOOD RENEWAL UNIT)/ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005), The New Deal for Communities 2001–2005: An Interim Evaluation (Research Report 17), London, Neighbourhood Renewal Unit/Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

OAKLEY, D. and TSAO, H-S. (2006), 'A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program', Journal of Urban Affairs, 28, 443–71. A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program Journal of Urban Affairs 28 443 71 Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2003), Sustainable Communities: Building for the Future, London, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

O'REILLY, D. (2007), 'Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes', Urban Studies, 44, 1145–53. Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes Urban Studies 44 1145 53 Google Scholar

OREOPOULOS, P. (2003), 'The long run consequences of living in a poor neighbourhood', The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 1533–75. The long run consequences of living in a poor neighbourhood The Quarterly Journal of Economics 118 1533 75 Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., CHAMPION, T., EVANS, R., et al. (2006), State of the English Cities, London, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

RHODES, J., TYLER, P. and BRENNAN, A. (2005), 'Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England', Urban Studies, 42, 1919–46. Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England Urban Studies 42 1919 46 Google Scholar

ROBSON, B., LYMPEROPOULOU, K., and RAE, A. (2008), 'People on the move: exploring the functional role of deprived neighbourhoods', Environment and Planning A, 40, 2693–714. People on the move: exploring the functional role of deprived neighbourhoods Environment and Planning A 40 2693 714 Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (1998), Bringing Britain Together: A National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (2001), National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal: Policy Action Team Audit, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SHAW, K. and ROBINSON, E. (1998), 'Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy', Town Planning Review, 69, 49–63. Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy Town Planning Review 69 49 63 Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (2008), 'A new policy for Britain's cities: choices, challenges and contradictions', Local Economy, 23, 149–66. A new policy for Britain's cities: choices, challenges and contradictions Local Economy 23 149 66 Google Scholar

VAN GENT, W.P.C., MUSTERD, S., and OSTENDORF, W. (2009), 'Disentangling neighbourhood problems: area-based interventions in Western European cities', Urban Research and Practice, 2, 53–67. Disentangling neighbourhood problems: area-based interventions in Western European cities Urban Research and Practice 2 53 67 Google Scholar

VARADY, D., RAFFELL, J., SWEENY, S., and DENSON, L. (2005), 'Attracting middle-income families in the HOPE IV public revitalisation program', Journal of Urban Affairs, 27, 149–64. Attracting middle-income families in the HOPE IV public revitalisation program Journal of Urban Affairs 27 149 64 Google Scholar

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