International Development Planning Review

Marginalised countryside in a globalised city: production of rural space of Wujing Township in Shanghai, China

International Development Planning Review (2019), 41, (3), 311–328.

Abstract

This paper takes Wujing Township of Shanghai as a typical case to examine the process and dynamics of the production of rural space in China. Although Shanghai has generally become more urbanised and globalised than ever, the rural area in Shanghai is relatively marginalised. Production of space, as a social theory focusing on interactions between capital, power and class and their impacts on urbanisation, is applied into one such micro-scale case of community development. There are three categories of social space separations in Wujing. The main driving force of producing these separations is power: top-down policymaking represses bottom-up community self-organising. Rising housing prices driven by capital not only makes the locals only care for benefit from housing demolition, but also enlarges the gap between the locals and the migrants. It is the increasing strength of capital and power and weakened local voices that undermine community-based social space in Wujing.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

References

Antrop, M. (2004) ‘Landscape change and the urbanisation process in Europe’, Landscape and Urban Planning, 67(1–4), 9–26. Google Scholar

Buser, M. (2012) ‘The production of space in metropolitan regions: a lefebvrian analysis of governance and spatial change’, Planning Theory, 11(3), 279–98. Google Scholar

Chen, G., Glasmeier, A. K., Zhang, M. and Shao, Y. (2016) ‘Urbanisation and income inequality in post-reform China: a causal analysis based on time series data’, Plos One, https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0158826 (accessed 12 July 2017). Google Scholar

Chen M., Huang Y., Tang Z., Lu D. and Liu H. (2014) ‘The provincial pattern of the relationship between urbanisation and economic development in China’, Journal of Geographical Sciences, 24(1), 33–45. Google Scholar

Chen, M., Lu D. and Zha L. (2010) ‘The comprehensive evaluation of China’s urbanisation and effects on resources and environment’, Journal of Geographical Sciences, 20(1), 17–30. Google Scholar

Cloke, P. (2003) Country visions, London, Prentice Hall. Google Scholar

Cresswell, T. (2013) Geographic thought, a critical introduction, Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell. Google Scholar

Cui, L., and Shi, J. (2012) ‘Urbanisation and its environmental effects in Shanghai, China’, Urban Climate, 2, 1–15. Google Scholar

Frisvoll, S. (2012), ‘Power in the production of spaces transformed by rural tourism’, Journal of Rural Studies, 28(4), 447–57. Google Scholar

Gregory, D., Johnston, R., Pratt, G., Watts, M. and Whatmore, S. (2009) The dictionary of human geography, 5th edition, Oxford, Blackwell. Google Scholar

Halfacree, K. (2007) ‘Trial by space for a “radical rural”: introducing alternative localities, representations and lives’, Journal of Rural Studies, 23(2), 125–41. Google Scholar

Harvey, D. (1973) Social justice and the city, Oxford, Blackwell. Google Scholar

Harvey, D. (1985) The urbanisation of capital, Oxford, Blackwell. Google Scholar

Hua, L. J., Ma, Z. G. and Guo, W. D. (2008) ‘The impact of urbanisation on air temperature across China’, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 93(3–4), 179–94. Google Scholar

Johnston, R., Gregory, D. and Smith, D. (1994) The dictionary of human geography, 3rd edition, Oxford, Blackwell. Google Scholar

Lang, W., Chen, T. and Li, X. (2016) ‘A new style of urbanisation in China: transformation of urban rural communities’, Habitat International, 55(1), 1–9. Google Scholar

Leary, M. (2013) ‘A Lefebvrian analysis of the production of glorious, gruesome public space in Manchester’, Progress in Planning, 85, 1–52. Google Scholar

Lefebvre, H. (1991) The production of space, Oxford, Blackwell. Google Scholar

Li, Y., Long, H. and Liu, Y. (2015) ‘Spatio-temporal pattern of China’s rural development: a rurality index perspective’, Journal of Rural Studies, 38, 12–26. Google Scholar

Liu, Y., He, S., Wu, F. and Webster, C. (2010) ‘Urban villages under China’s rapid urbanisation: unregulated assets and transitional neighbourhoods’, Habitat International, 34(2), 135–44. Google Scholar

Liu, Y., Yin, G. and Ma, L. (2012) ‘Local state and administrative urbanisation in post-reform China: a case study of Hebi city, Henan province’, Cities, 29(2), 107–17. Google Scholar

Long, H., Li, Y., Liu, Y., Woods, M. and Zou, J. (2012) ‘Accelerated restructuring in rural China fueled by “increasing vs. decreasing balance” land-use policy for dealing with hollowed villages’, Land Use Policy, 29(1), 11–22. Google Scholar

Long, H. and Liu, Y. (2016) ‘Rural restructuring in China’, Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 387–91. Google Scholar

Long, H., Liu, Y., Li, X. and Chen, Y. (2010) ‘Building new countryside in China: a geographical perspective’, Land Use Policy, 27(2), 457–70. Google Scholar

Long, H., Tu, S., Ge, D., Li, T. and Liu, Y. (2016) ‘The allocation and management of critical resources in rural China under restructuring: problems and prospects’, Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 392–412. Google Scholar

Long, H., Zou, J., Pykett, J. and Li, Y. (2011) ‘Analysis of rural transformation development in China since the turn of the new millennium’, Applied Geography, 31(3), 1094–105. Google Scholar

Marsden, T. (1994) ‘Opening the boundaries of the rural experience: progressing critical tensions’, Progress in Human Geography, 18(4), 523–31. Google Scholar

Marsden, T. (1996) ‘Rural geography trend report: the social and political bases of rural restructuring’, Progress in Human Geography, 20(2), 246–58. Google Scholar

McCarthy, J. (2008) ‘Rural geography: globalizing the countryside’, Progress in Human Geography, 32(1), 129–37. Google Scholar

McGee, T. G. (2009) ‘Interrogating the production of urban space in China and Vietnam under market socialism’, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 50(2), 228–46. Google Scholar

Nasongkhla, S. and Sintusingha, S. (2013) ‘Social production of space in Johor Bahru’, Urban Studies, 50(9), 1836–53. Google Scholar

Nguyen, M. and Locke, C. (2014) ‘Rural-urban migration in Vietnam and China: gendered householding, production of space and the state’, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(5), 855–76. Google Scholar

Rigg, J. (1998) ‘Rural–urban interactions, agriculture and wealth: a Southeast Asian perspective’, Progress in Human Geography, 22(4), 497–522. Google Scholar

Roche, M. (2003) ‘Rural geography: a stock tally of 2002’, Progress in Human Geography, 27(6), 779–86. Google Scholar

SBS (Shanghai Bureau of Statistics) (2016) Shanghai statistical yearbook, Beijing, China Statistics Press. Google Scholar

SMDBS (Shanghai Minhang District Bureau of Statistics) (2011–2016) The Minhang statistical yearbook, Beijing, China Statistics Press. Google Scholar

Smith, N. (1984) Uneven development: nature, capital, and the production of space, Oxford, Blackwell. Google Scholar

Soja, E. (1980) ‘The socio-spatial dialectic’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 70(2), 207–25. Google Scholar

Soja, E. (1989) Postmodern geographies: the reassertion of space in critical social theory, London, Verso. Google Scholar

Tan, Y., Xu, H. and Zhang, X. (2016) ‘Sustainable urbanisation in China: a comprehensive literature review’, Cities, 55, 82–93. Google Scholar

Wang, D., Li, F. and Chai, Y. (2013) ‘Activity spaces and sociospatial segregation in Beijing’, Urban Geography, 33(2), 256–77. Google Scholar

Whatmore, S. (1993) ‘Sustainable rural geographies?’, Progress in Human Geography, 17(4), 538–47. Google Scholar

Wilson, J. (2013) ‘The urbanisation of the countryside depoliticisation and the production of space in Chiapas’, Latin American Perspectives, 40(2), 218–36. Google Scholar

Woods, M. (2008) ‘Social movements and rural politics’, Journal of Rural Studies, 24(2), 129–37. Google Scholar

Woods, M. (2009) ‘Rural geography: blurring boundaries and making connections’, Progress in Human Geography, 33(6), 849–58. Google Scholar

Woods, M. (2010) ‘Performing rurality and practising rural geography’, Progress in Human Geography, 34(6), 835–46. Google Scholar

Woods, M. (2012) ‘Rural geography III: rural futures and the future of rural geography’, Progress in Human Geography, 36(1), 125–34. Google Scholar

Yang, R., Xu, Q. and Long, H, (2016) ‘Spatial distribution characteristics and optimised reconstruction analysis of China’s rural settlements during the process of rapid urbanisation’, Journal of Rural Studies, 47(B), 413–24. Google Scholar

Ye, C., Chai, Y. and Zhang, X. (2011) ‘The theory and research progress of space production and its implications for urban studies in China’, (in Chinese), Economic Geography, 31(3), 409–13. Google Scholar

Ye, C., Chen, M., Chen, R. and Guo, Z. (2014) ‘Multi-scalar separations: land use and production of space in Xianlin, a university town in Nanjing, China’, Habitat International, 42, 264–72. Google Scholar

Zhang, K. and Song, S. (2003) ‘Rural-urban migration and urbanisation in China: evidence from time-series and cross-section analyses’, China Economic Review, 14, 386–400. Google Scholar

Zhang, L. (2008) ‘Conceptualizing China’s urbanisation under reforms’, Habitat International, 32(4), 452–70. Google Scholar

Zhou Y. (2006) ‘Thoughts on the speed of China’s urbanisation’, City Planning Review, 30(S1), 32–35 and 40. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here