International Development Planning Review

The costs of urban growth at the fringe of a Chinese city: evidence from Jinshi Village in Suzhou

International Development Planning Review (2014), 36, (4), 413–434.

Abstract

The rate of city growth in China today correlates well with an overall loss of the most fertile agricultural areas of the country. A consequence of this growth includes the rapid reshaping of peri-urban livelihoods in their densely populated fringe. The policy response from central government has focused on containing city growth and pursuing modern rural development. Both policy directions have failed, in part, to acknowledge the intrinsic nature of the urban fringe in China. This paper explores the features of the fringe of Suzhou, a fast growing city in the Yangtze River Delta. The aim is to outline potential social costs of this current policy framework, through analysing the case study of Jinshi Village. The paper advocates a different regionalist approach to policy implementation.

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QADEER, M. A. (2000), ‘Ruralopolises: The spatial organisation and residential land economy of high-density rural regions in South Asia’, Urban Studies, 37, 1583-603. ‘Ruralopolises: The spatial organisation and residential land economy of high-density rural regions in South Asia’ Urban Studies 37 1583 603 Google Scholar

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SONG, Y. and DING, C. (eds) (2007), Urbanization in China: Critical issues in an era of rapid growth, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Urbanization in China: Critical issues in an era of rapid growth Google Scholar

STOKMAN, A., RABE, S. and RUFF, S. (2008), ‘Beijing's New Urban Countryside. Designing with Complexity and Strategic Landscape Planning’, Journal of Landscape Architecture, 3, 30-45. ‘Beijing's New Urban Countryside. Designing with Complexity and Strategic Landscape Planning’ Journal of Landscape Architecture 3 30 45 Google Scholar

STURZAKER, J. and VERDINI, G. (forthcoming), ‘Opposition and resistance: Governance challenges around urban growth in China and the UK’, International Planning Studies. ‘Opposition and resistance: Governance challenges around urban growth in China and the UK’ International Planning Studies Google Scholar

SWINNEN, J. and ROZELLE, S. (2009), ‘Governance structures and resource policy reform: Insights from agricultural transition’, The Annual Review of Resource Economics, 1, 33-54. ‘Governance structures and resource policy reform: Insights from agricultural transition’ The Annual Review of Resource Economics 1 33 54 Google Scholar

TACOLI, C. (2003), ‘The link between urban and rural development’, Environment and Urbanization, 15, 3-12. ‘The link between urban and rural development’ Environment and Urbanization 15 3 12 Google Scholar

TAN, R., BECKMAN, V., VAN DER BERG, L. and QU, F. (2009), ‘Governing farmland conversion: Comparing China with the Netherlands and Germany’, Land Use Policy, 26, 961-74. ‘Governing farmland conversion: Comparing China with the Netherlands and Germany’ Land Use Policy 26 961 74 Google Scholar

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WHEELER, S. (2002), ‘The New Regionalism. Key characteristic of an emerging movement’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 68, 267-78. ‘The New Regionalism. Key characteristic of an emerging movement’ Journal of the American Planning Association 68 267 78 Google Scholar

WILSON, G. A. (2007), Multifunctional agriculture. A transition theory perspective, Trowbridge, CABI, Cromwell Press. Multifunctional agriculture. A transition theory perspective Google Scholar

WU, F. and WEBSTER, C. (eds) (2010), Marginalization in urban China. Comparative perspectives, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. Marginalization in urban China. Comparative perspectives Google Scholar

XIAO, Z. (2013), ‘Proceed Cautiously on Land Reform’, article published in CaixinOnline, 4 November. http://english.caixin.com/2013-11-04/100599069.html Google Scholar

XIE, Y., BATTY, M. and ZHAO, K. (2007), ‘Simulating emergent urban form using agent-based modelling: Desakota in the Suzhou-Wuxian Region in China’, Annals of the Associations of American Geographers, 97, 477-95. ‘Simulating emergent urban form using agent-based modelling: Desakota in the Suzhou-Wuxian Region in China’ Annals of the Associations of American Geographers 97 477 95 Google Scholar

YANG, J, and JINXING, Z. (2007), ‘The failure and success of greenbelt program in Beijing’, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 6, 287-96. ‘The failure and success of greenbelt program in Beijing’ Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 6 287 96 Google Scholar

YANYUN MAN, J. and HONG, Y. (eds) (2011), China's local public finance in transition, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's local public finance in transition Google Scholar

ZHANG, T. (2000), ‘Land market forces and government's role in sprawl. The case of China’, Cities, 17, 125-35. ‘Land market forces and government's role in sprawl. The case of China’ Cities 17 125 35 Google Scholar

ZHAO, P. (2011), ‘Managing urban growth in a transforming China: Evidence from Beijing’, Land Use Policy, 28, 96-109. ‘Managing urban growth in a transforming China: Evidence from Beijing’ Land Use Policy 28 96 109 Google Scholar

ZHAO, P., LU, B. and WOLTJER, J. (2009), ‘Growth management and decentralisation. An assessment of urban containment policies in Beijing in the 1990s’, International Development Planning Review, 31, 55-79. ‘Growth management and decentralisation. An assessment of urban containment policies in Beijing in the 1990s’ International Development Planning Review 31 55 79 Google Scholar

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ALTERMANN, R. (1997), ‘The challenge of farmland preservation: Lessons from six-nation comparison’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 63, 221-43. ‘The challenge of farmland preservation: Lessons from six-nation comparison’ Journal of the American Planning Association 63 221 43 Google Scholar

BENGSTON, D., FLETCHER, J. O. and NELSON, K. C (2004), ‘Public policies for managing urban growth and protecting open space: policy instruments and lessons learned in the United States’, Landscape and Urban Planning, 69, 271-86. ‘Public policies for managing urban growth and protecting open space: policy instruments and lessons learned in the United States’ Landscape and Urban Planning 69 271 86 Google Scholar

BROWN, L. (1995), Who Will Feed China? Wakeup call for a small planet, New York, W. W. Norton. Who Will Feed China? Wakeup call for a small planet Google Scholar

CHEN, S. (2006), ‘A tentative study on rural tourism development and new socialist rural construction’, Journal of Hunan Business College, 13, 50-53 (in Chinese). ‘A tentative study on rural tourism development and new socialist rural construction’ Journal of Hunan Business College 13 50 53 Google Scholar

CHEN, J. (2007), ‘Rapid urbanization in China: a real challenge to soil protection and food security’, Catena, 69, 1-15. ‘Rapid urbanization in China: a real challenge to soil protection and food security’ Catena 69 1 15 Google Scholar

COASE, R. H. (1960), ‘The problem of social costs’, Journal of Law and Economics, 3, 1-44. ‘The problem of social costs’ Journal of Law and Economics 3 1 44 Google Scholar

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DAVOUDI, S. (2008), ‘Conceptions of the city-region: a critical review’, Proceedings of the ICE, Urban Design and Planning, 161, 51-60. ‘Conceptions of the city-region: a critical review’, Proceedings of the ICE Urban Design and Planning 161 51 60 Google Scholar

DING, C. (2007), ‘Policy and praxis of land acquisition in China’, Land Use Policy, 24, 1-13. ‘Policy and praxis of land acquisition in China’ Land Use Policy 24 1 13 Google Scholar

EVANS, N., MORRIS, C. and WINTER, M. (2002), ‘Conceptualizing agriculture: A critique of post-productivism as the new orthodoxy’, Progress in Human Geography, 26, 313-32. ‘Conceptualizing agriculture: A critique of post-productivism as the new orthodoxy’ Progress in Human Geography 26 313 32 Google Scholar

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FRANZINI, M. (2006), ‘Social costs, social rights and the limits of free market capitalism: a re-reading of Kapp’, in Elsner, W., Frigato, P. and Ramazzotti, P. (eds), Social Costs and Public Action in Modern Capitalism. Essays inspired by Karl William Kapp's theory of social costs, London and New York, Routledge. Social Costs and Public Action in Modern Capitalism. Essays inspired by Karl William Kapp's theory of social costs Google Scholar

FRIEDMANN, J. (2005), China's Urban Transition, Minneapolis and London, University of Minnesota Press. China's Urban Transition Google Scholar

GALLENT, N., BIANCONI, M. and ANDERSSON, J. (2006), Planning on the edge: The context for planning at the rural-urban fringe, London and New York, Routledge. Planning on the edge: The context for planning at the rural-urban fringe Google Scholar

GUO, H., SUN, Y., REN, G. and LU, M. (2008), ‘Study on the development of leisure agriculture and rural tourism in Beijing’, Geo-Information Science, 10, 453-61 (in Chinese). ‘Study on the development of leisure agriculture and rural tourism in Beijing’ Geo-Information Science 10 453 61 Google Scholar

HO, P. (2001), ‘Who owns China's land? Policies, property rights and deliberate institutional ambiguity’, The China Quarterly, 166, 394-421. ‘Who owns China's land? Policies, property rights and deliberate institutional ambiguity’ The China Quarterly 166 394 421 Google Scholar

HO, S. P. S. and LIN G. C. S. (2004), ‘Converting land to non-agricultural use in China's Costal Provinces’, Modern China, 30, 81-112. ‘Converting land to non-agricultural use in China's Costal Provinces’ Modern China 30 81 112 Google Scholar

HSING, Y. T. (2010), The great urban transformation: Politics of land and property in China, Oxford, Oxford University Press. The great urban transformation: Politics of land and property in China Google Scholar

HUDALA, D., WINARSO, H. and WOLTJER, J. (2007), ‘Peri-urbanization in East Asia. A new challenge for planning?’, International Development Planning Review, 29, 503-19. ‘Peri-urbanization in East Asia. A new challenge for planning?’ International Development Planning Review 29 503 19 Google Scholar

KAPP, K. W. (1963), Social Costs of Business Enterprise, Bombay, Asia Publishing House. Social Costs of Business Enterprise Google Scholar

LICHTENBERG, E. and DING, C. (2008), ‘Assessing farmland protection policy in China’, Land Use Policy, 25, 59-68. ‘Assessing farmland protection policy in China’ Land Use Policy 25 59 68 Google Scholar

LIN, G. S. C. and HO, S. P. S. (2003), ‘China's land resources and land use changes: Insights from the 1996 Land Survey’, Land Use Policy, 20, 87-107. ‘China's land resources and land use changes: Insights from the 1996 Land Survey’ Land Use Policy 20 87 107 Google Scholar

LIU, Y. S., WANG, J. Y. and LONG, H. L. (2010), ‘Analysis of arable land loss and its impact on rural sustainability in Southern Jiangsu Province of China’, Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 646-53. ‘Analysis of arable land loss and its impact on rural sustainability in Southern Jiangsu Province of China’ Journal of Environmental Management 91 646 53 Google Scholar

LONG, H., LIU, Y., LI, X. and CHEN, Y. (2010), ‘Building new countryside in China: A geographical perspective’, Land Use Policy, 27, 457-70. ‘Building new countryside in China: A geographical perspective’ Land Use Policy 27 457 70 Google Scholar

MARUANI, T. and AMIT-COHEN, I. (2007), ‘Open space planning models: A review of approaches and methods’, Landscape and Urban Planning, 81, 1-13. ‘Open space planning models: A review of approaches and methods’ Landscape and Urban Planning 81 1 13 Google Scholar

MATTINGLY, M. (2009), ‘Making land work for the losers. Policy responses to the urbanisation of rural livelihoods’, International Development Planning Review, 31, 37-53. ‘Making land work for the losers. Policy responses to the urbanisation of rural livelihoods’ International Development Planning Review 31 37 53 Google Scholar

MCGEE, T. G. (1991), ‘The emergence of desakota regions in Asia: expanding a hypothesis’, in N. Ginsburg, B. Koppel and T. G. McGee (eds), The Extended Metropolis: Settlements transition in Asia, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press. The Extended Metropolis: Settlements transition in Asia Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

NDUBISI, F. (2008), ‘Sustainable regionalism: Evolutionary framework and prospects for managing metropolitan landscapes’, Landscape Journal, 27, 51-68. ‘Sustainable regionalism: Evolutionary framework and prospects for managing metropolitan landscapes’ Landscape Journal 27 51 68 Google Scholar

O'BRIEN, K. and LIANJIANG, L. (2006), Rightful Resistance in Rural China, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Rightful Resistance in Rural China Google Scholar

QADEER, M. A. (2000), ‘Ruralopolises: The spatial organisation and residential land economy of high-density rural regions in South Asia’, Urban Studies, 37, 1583-603. ‘Ruralopolises: The spatial organisation and residential land economy of high-density rural regions in South Asia’ Urban Studies 37 1583 603 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

SMIL, V. (1999), ‘China's agricultural land’, The China Quarterly, 158, 414-29. ‘China's agricultural land’ The China Quarterly 158 414 29 Google Scholar

SONG, Y. and DING, C. (eds) (2007), Urbanization in China: Critical issues in an era of rapid growth, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Urbanization in China: Critical issues in an era of rapid growth Google Scholar

STOKMAN, A., RABE, S. and RUFF, S. (2008), ‘Beijing's New Urban Countryside. Designing with Complexity and Strategic Landscape Planning’, Journal of Landscape Architecture, 3, 30-45. ‘Beijing's New Urban Countryside. Designing with Complexity and Strategic Landscape Planning’ Journal of Landscape Architecture 3 30 45 Google Scholar

STURZAKER, J. and VERDINI, G. (forthcoming), ‘Opposition and resistance: Governance challenges around urban growth in China and the UK’, International Planning Studies. ‘Opposition and resistance: Governance challenges around urban growth in China and the UK’ International Planning Studies Google Scholar

SWINNEN, J. and ROZELLE, S. (2009), ‘Governance structures and resource policy reform: Insights from agricultural transition’, The Annual Review of Resource Economics, 1, 33-54. ‘Governance structures and resource policy reform: Insights from agricultural transition’ The Annual Review of Resource Economics 1 33 54 Google Scholar

TACOLI, C. (2003), ‘The link between urban and rural development’, Environment and Urbanization, 15, 3-12. ‘The link between urban and rural development’ Environment and Urbanization 15 3 12 Google Scholar

TAN, R., BECKMAN, V., VAN DER BERG, L. and QU, F. (2009), ‘Governing farmland conversion: Comparing China with the Netherlands and Germany’, Land Use Policy, 26, 961-74. ‘Governing farmland conversion: Comparing China with the Netherlands and Germany’ Land Use Policy 26 961 74 Google Scholar

TONG, S. (2000), The dialectics of modernization: Habermas and the Chinese discourse of modernization, Sydney, Wild Peony Press. The dialectics of modernization: Habermas and the Chinese discourse of modernization Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

VERDINI, G. (2009), ‘From the governance of rural areas to the implementation of landscape projects. A regional perspective’, in F. Leder (ed.), Paesaggi in piano. Contributi al progetto per un territorio rurale sostenibile, Bologna, Editrice Compositori, 45-53 (in Italian, with English abstract). Paesaggi in piano. Contributi al progetto per un territorio rurale sostenibile 45 53 Google Scholar

WANG, Y. and VERDINI, G. (2012), ‘The Role of Heri tage in Rural Regeneration. The Challenge and Potential for Rural Heritage Tourism Development in the countryside around Suzhou, China’, Paper delivered to 26th AESOP Annual Congress, Ankara, 11-15 July. ‘The Role of Heri tage in Rural Regeneration. The Challenge and Potential for Rural Heritage Tourism Development in the countryside around Suzhou, China’ Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WHEELER, S. (2002), ‘The New Regionalism. Key characteristic of an emerging movement’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 68, 267-78. ‘The New Regionalism. Key characteristic of an emerging movement’ Journal of the American Planning Association 68 267 78 Google Scholar

WILSON, G. A. (2007), Multifunctional agriculture. A transition theory perspective, Trowbridge, CABI, Cromwell Press. Multifunctional agriculture. A transition theory perspective Google Scholar

WU, F. and WEBSTER, C. (eds) (2010), Marginalization in urban China. Comparative perspectives, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. Marginalization in urban China. Comparative perspectives Google Scholar

XIAO, Z. (2013), ‘Proceed Cautiously on Land Reform’, article published in CaixinOnline, 4 November. http://english.caixin.com/2013-11-04/100599069.html Google Scholar

XIE, Y., BATTY, M. and ZHAO, K. (2007), ‘Simulating emergent urban form using agent-based modelling: Desakota in the Suzhou-Wuxian Region in China’, Annals of the Associations of American Geographers, 97, 477-95. ‘Simulating emergent urban form using agent-based modelling: Desakota in the Suzhou-Wuxian Region in China’ Annals of the Associations of American Geographers 97 477 95 Google Scholar

YANG, J, and JINXING, Z. (2007), ‘The failure and success of greenbelt program in Beijing’, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 6, 287-96. ‘The failure and success of greenbelt program in Beijing’ Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 6 287 96 Google Scholar

YANYUN MAN, J. and HONG, Y. (eds) (2011), China's local public finance in transition, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's local public finance in transition Google Scholar

ZHANG, T. (2000), ‘Land market forces and government's role in sprawl. The case of China’, Cities, 17, 125-35. ‘Land market forces and government's role in sprawl. The case of China’ Cities 17 125 35 Google Scholar

ZHAO, P. (2011), ‘Managing urban growth in a transforming China: Evidence from Beijing’, Land Use Policy, 28, 96-109. ‘Managing urban growth in a transforming China: Evidence from Beijing’ Land Use Policy 28 96 109 Google Scholar

ZHAO, P., LU, B. and WOLTJER, J. (2009), ‘Growth management and decentralisation. An assessment of urban containment policies in Beijing in the 1990s’, International Development Planning Review, 31, 55-79. ‘Growth management and decentralisation. An assessment of urban containment policies in Beijing in the 1990s’ International Development Planning Review 31 55 79 Google Scholar

ZHU, J. (2004), ‘From land use right to land development right: Institutional change in China's urban development’, Urban Studies, 41, 1249-67. ‘From land use right to land development right: Institutional change in China's urban development’ Urban Studies 41 1249 67 Google Scholar

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Verdini, Giulio

Verdini, Giulio