Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

‘Reyna y señora mía’: Fernando de Rojas's Celestina as Parodic Construct

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2013), 90, (4), 425–441.

Abstract

Several scholars have considered Fernando de Rojas's Celestina to be a parodic representation of the Virgin Mary. By the time Rojas takes up his story, however, the old bawd's power has waned and in Auto XII, she meets her death. This article suggests that Rojas's choice to make Celestina mortal and have her influence decline has critical implications for an understanding of the work within the context of parody. Through a close analysis of her access to power in the social order, I propose that Celestina might be read not in terms of parodia sacra, but as a secular parodic construct; and that the analogy crafted by Rojas is not between Celestina and the Virgin Mary but between Celestina and late-medieval Spain's secular version of the Virgin Mary, the contemporary ‘reyna y señora’, Isabel I of Castile.

Access Token
£25.00

Aristotle, 2010. ‘Rhetoric’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Christof Rapp. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-rhetoric/ Google Scholar

Ayllón, Cándido, 1984. La perspectiva irónica de Fernando de Rojas (Madrid: Porrúa Turanzas). La perspectiva irónica de Fernando de Rojas Google Scholar

Bakhtin, Mikhail, 1984a. Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics, ed. and trans. Caryl Emerson, Theory and History of Literature, 8 (Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota University Press). Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics Google Scholar

Bakhtin, Mikhail, 1984b. Rabelais and his World, trans. Hélène Iswolsky (Bloomington: Indiana University Press). Rabelais and his World Google Scholar

Bluestine, Carolyn, 1993. ‘The Crone as Misogynistic Construct in Early Spanish Narrative’. The RLA Archive (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press). Available at: http://tell.fll.purdue.edu/RLA-Archive/1993/Spanish-html/Gregory,Carolyn.htm (accessed May 2011). http://tell.fll.purdue.edu/RLA-Archive/1993/Spanish-html/Gregory,Carolyn.htm ‘The Crone as Misogynistic Construct in Early Spanish Narrative’ Google Scholar

Boruchoff, David A. (ed.), 2003. Isabel la Católica, Queen of Castile: Critical Essays (New York: Palgrave Macmillan). Isabel la Católica, Queen of Castile: Critical Essays Google Scholar

Dangler, Jean, 2001. ‘Transgendered Sex and Healing in Celestina’, Celestinesca, 25: 69-81. ‘Transgendered Sex and Healing in Celestina’ Celestinesca 25 69 81 Google Scholar

Devlin, John, 1971. ‘La Celestina’, a Parody of Courtly Love: Toward a Realistic Interpretation of the ‘Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea’ (New York: Anaya-Las Américas). ‘La Celestina’, a Parody of Courtly Love: Toward a Realistic Interpretation of the ‘Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea’ Google Scholar

Deyermond, A. D., 1961. ‘The Text-Book Mishandled: Andreas Capellanus and the Opening of La Celestina’, Neophilologus, 45: 218-21. ‘The Text-Book Mishandled: Andreas Capellanus and the Opening of La Celestina’ Neophilologus 45 218 21 Google Scholar

Deyermond, A. D., 1971. A Literary History of Spain: The Middle Ages (London: Ernest Benn). A Literary History of Spain: The Middle Ages Google Scholar

Deyermond, A. D., 1977. ‘Hilado - Cordón - Cadena: Symbolic Equivalence in La Celestina’, Celestinesca, 1: 6-12. ‘Hilado - Cordón - Cadena: Symbolic Equivalence in La Celestina’ Celestinesca 1 6 12 Google Scholar

Dunn, Peter N., 1975. Fernando de Rojas. Twayne's World Authors Series, 368 (Boston, MA: Twayne). Fernando de Rojas Google Scholar

Fontes, Manuel da Costa, 2005. The Art of Subversion in Inquisitorial Spain: Rojas and Delicado. Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures, 30 (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press). The Art of Subversion in Inquisitorial Spain: Rojas and Delicado Google Scholar

Fothergill-Payne, Louise, 1993. ‘Celestina as a "Funny Book": A Bakhtinian Reading’, Celestinesca, 17: 29-52. ‘Celestina as a "Funny Book": A Bakhtinian Reading’ Celestinesca 17 29 52 Google Scholar

Gatland, Emma, 2007. ‘Language and Authority in Celestina: Institutions, Incongruence, and Shifting Symbolic Power’, Celestinesca, 31: 85-100. ‘Language and Authority in Celestina: Institutions, Incongruence, and Shifting Symbolic Power’ Celestinesca 31 85 100 Google Scholar

Gatland, Emma, 2010. ‘Saintly Models: Isabel la Católica and the Commissioning of a flos sanctorum’, Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies, 2: 31-50. ‘Saintly Models: Isabel la Católica and the Commissioning of a flos sanctorum’ Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 2 31 50 Google Scholar

Giles, Ryan, D., 2009. The Laughter of the Saints: Parodies of Holiness in Late Medieval and Renaissance Spain (Toronto: University Press). The Laughter of the Saints: Parodies of Holiness in Late Medieval and Renaissance Spain Google Scholar

Hall Martin, June, 1972. Love's Fools: Aucassin, Troilus, Calisto and the Parody of the Courtly Lover. Támesis, A21 (Woodbridge, UK: Tamesis). Love's Fools: Aucassin, Troilus, Calisto and the Parody of the Courtly Lover Google Scholar

Howe, Elizabeth Teresa, 2003. ‘Zenobia or Penelope?: Isabel la Católica as Literary Archetype’, in Isabel la Católica, Queen of Castile: Critical Essays, ed. David A. Boruchoff (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 91-102. Isabel la Católica, Queen of Castile: Critical Essays 91 102 Google Scholar

Iglesias, Yolanda, 2009. Una nueva mirada a la parodia de la novela sentimental en ‘La Celestina’, Medievalia Hispánica, 12 (Madrid: Iberoamericana). Una nueva mirada a la parodia de la novela sentimental en ‘La Celestina’ Google Scholar

Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A., 2000. ‘Ruling Sexuality: The Political Legitimacy of Isabel of Castile’, Renaissance Quarterly, 53: 31-56. ‘Ruling Sexuality: The Political Legitimacy of Isabel of Castile’ Renaissance Quarterly 53 31 56 Google Scholar

Lima, R., 1998. ‘The Arcane Paganism of Celestina: Plutonic Magic Versus Satanic Witchcraft in Tragicomedia de Calixto y Melibea’, Neophilologus, 82: 221-33. ‘The Arcane Paganism of Celestina: Plutonic Magic Versus Satanic Witchcraft in Tragicomedia de Calixto y Melibea’ Neophilologus 82 221 33 Google Scholar

Liss, Peggy, 2005. ‘Isabel of Castile (1451-1504): Her self-representation and its context’, in Queenship and Political Power in Medieval and Early Modern Spain, ed. Theresa Earenfight (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate), pp. 122-44. Queenship and Political Power in Medieval and Early Modern Spain 122 44 Google Scholar

Loehlin, Marian R., 1959. ‘Celestina of the twenty hands’, Hispania, 42: 309-16. ‘Celestina of the twenty hands’ Hispania 42 309 16 Google Scholar

Morón Arroyo, Ciriaco, 1974. Sentido y forma de ‘La Celestina’ (Madrid: Cátedra). Sentido y forma de ‘La Celestina’ Google Scholar

Nepaulsingh, Colbert, 1974. ‘The rhetorical structure of the prologues to the Libro de Buen Amor and the Celestina’, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, 51: 325-34. ‘The rhetorical structure of the prologues to the Libro de Buen Amor and the Celestina’ Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 51 325 34 Google Scholar

Payne, Stanley G., 1973. A History of Spain and Portugal, I, The Library of Iberian Resources Online. 2 vols. (Madison: Wisconsin University Press). Available at: http://libro.uca.edu/payne1/spainport1.htm (accessed May 2011). http://libro.uca.edu/payne1/spainport1.htm A History of Spain and Portugal I Google Scholar

Pérez-Romero, Antonio, 2005. The Subversive Tradition in Spanish Renaissance Writing (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press). The Subversive Tradition in Spanish Renaissance Writing Google Scholar

Read, M. K., 1978. ‘Fernando de Rojas's Vision of the Birth and Death of Language’, Modern Language Notes, 93: 163-75. ‘Fernando de Rojas's Vision of the Birth and Death of Language’ Modern Language Notes 93 163 75 Google Scholar

Rojas, Fernando de, 1990. La Celestina, ed. Dorothy S. Severin. Letras Hispánicas, 4 (Madrid: Cátedra). La Celestina Google Scholar

Rubin, Nancy, 2004. Isabella of Castile: The First Renaissance Queen (Lincoln, NE: iUniverse). Isabella of Castile: The First Renaissance Queen Google Scholar

Salo, Anne. ‘Concealment and Invective in Celestina’ (unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2010; abstract in ProQuest UMI Dissertations and Theses, AAT 3369885). Google Scholar

Severin, Dorothy Sherman, 1989. Tragicomedy and Novelistic Discourse in ‘Celestina’ (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Tragicomedy and Novelistic Discourse in ‘Celestina’ Google Scholar

Severin, Dorothy Sherman, (ed.), 1990. Fernando de Rojas, La Celestina. Letras Hispánicas, 4 (Madrid: Cátedra). La Celestina Google Scholar

Severin, Dorothy Sherman, 1995. Witchcraft in ‘Celestina’, Papers of the Medieval Hispanic Research Seminar, 1 (London: Queen Mary and Westfield College). Witchcraft in ‘Celestina’ Google Scholar

Valbuena, Olga Lucía, 1994. ‘Sorceresses, Love Magic, and the Inquisition of Linguistic Sorcery in Celestina’, PMLA, 109: 207-24. ‘Sorceresses, Love Magic, and the Inquisition of Linguistic Sorcery in Celestina’ PMLA 109 207 24 Google Scholar

Varo, Carlos (ed.), 1981. Carajicomedia (Madrid: Playor). Carajicomedia Google Scholar

Weissberger, Barbara, 1999. ‘!A Tierra, Puto!: Alfonso de Palencia's Discourse of Effeminacy’, in Queer Iberia: Sexualities, Cultures, and Crossings from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, ed. Josiah Blackmore and Gregory S. Hutcheson (Durham, N.C: Duke University Press), pp. 291-324. Queer Iberia: Sexualities, Cultures, and Crossings from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance 291 324 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Gatland, Emma