Town Planning Review

Post-reform urban restructuring in China: the case of Hangzhou 1990-2010

Town Planning Review (2012), 83, (4), 431–456.

Abstract

Since the early 2000s, Chinese cities have experienced a shift from industrialism to urbanism in political legitimacy and policy discourse. This article examines Hangzhou's urban restructuring with a focus on its development zones and Qianjiang new city. It analyses the evolving dynamics among urban spatial restructuring, urban governance and local policy interventions between 1990 and 2010. The study demonstrates how local government has approached urban restructuring to realise gains from the property market boom, restructure urban space and strengthen urban governing capacity. Land-related socioeconomic consequences are investigated to illuminate changing power dynamics, policy rhetoric and their implications.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ANGEL, S., VALDIVIA, M. and LUTZY, R. M. (2011), ‘Urban expansion, land conversion, and affordable housing: the case of Zhengzhou’, in J. Y. Man (ed.), China's Housing Reform and Outcomes, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's Housing Reform and Outcomes Google Scholar

BEAUREGARD, R. A. (1995), ‘Theorizing the global-local connection’, in P. L. Knox and P. J. Taylor (eds), World Cities in a World-System, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 232-48. World Cities in a World-System 232 48 Google Scholar

BINJIANG DISTRICT GOVERNMENT (2001), The Study of Binjiang Development, Hangzhou, China, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

CARTIER, C. (2001), ‘Zone fever, the arable land debate, and real estate speculation: China's evolving land use regime and its geographical contradictions’, Journal of Contemporary China, 10, 445-69. ‘Zone fever, the arable land debate, and real estate speculation: China's evolving land use regime and its geographical contradictions’ Journal of Contemporary China 10 445 69 Google Scholar

CHAMPION, A. G. (2001), ‘A changing demographic regime and evolving polycentric urban regions: consequences for the size, composition and distribution of city populations’, Urban Studies, 38, 657-77. ‘A changing demographic regime and evolving polycentric urban regions: consequences for the size, composition and distribution of city populations’ Urban Studies 38 657 77 Google Scholar

CLARKE, C. and NEWMAN, J. (1997), The Managerial State, Power, Politics and Ideology in the Remaking of Social Welfare, London, Sage. The Managerial State, Power, Politics and Ideology in the Remaking of Social Welfare Google Scholar

COFFEY, W. J. and SHEARMUR, R. G. (2002), ‘Agglomeration and dispersion of high-order service employment in the Montreal metropolitan region, 1981-96’, Urban Studies, 39, 359-78. ‘Agglomeration and dispersion of high-order service employment in the Montreal metropolitan region, 1981-96’ Urban Studies 39 359 78 Google Scholar

FENG, J. and CHEN, Y. (2010), ‘Spatiotemporal evolution of urban form and land-use structure in Hangzhou, China: evidence from fractals’, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 37, 838-56. ‘Spatiotemporal evolution of urban form and land-use structure in Hangzhou, China: evidence from fractals’ Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 37 838 56 Google Scholar

FENG, J., WANG, F. and ZHOU, Y. (2009), ‘The spatial restructuring of population in metropolitan Beijing: toward polycentricity in the post-reform era’, Urban Geography, 30, 779-802. ‘The spatial restructuring of population in metropolitan Beijing: toward polycentricity in the post-reform era’ Urban Geography 30 779 802 Google Scholar

FENG, J., WU, F. and LOGAN, J. (2008), ‘From homogeneous to heterogeneous: the transformation of Beijing's socio-spatial structure’, Built Environment, 34, 482-98. ‘From homogeneous to heterogeneous: the transformation of Beijing's socio-spatial structure’ Built Environment 34 482 98 Google Scholar

FENG, J. and ZHOU, Y. (2005), ‘Suburbanization and the changes of urban internal spatial structure in Hangzhou, China’, Urban Geography, 26, 107-36. ‘Suburbanization and the changes of urban internal spatial structure in Hangzhou, China’ Urban Geography 26 107 36 Google Scholar

GAUBATZ, P. (1999), ‘China's urban transformation: patterns and processes of morphological change in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou’, Urban Studies, 36, 1495-521. ‘China's urban transformation: patterns and processes of morphological change in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou’ Urban Studies 36 1495 521 Google Scholar

GOODWIN, M. and PAINTER, J. (1996), ‘Local governance, the crisis of Fordism and the changing geographies of regulation’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 24, 635-48. ‘Local governance, the crisis of Fordism and the changing geographies of regulation’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series 24 635 48 Google Scholar

GU, C. L., WANG, F. H. and LIU, G. L. (2005), ‘The structure of social space in Beijing in 1998: a socialist city in transition’, Urban Geography, 25, 167-92. ‘The structure of social space in Beijing in 1998: a socialist city in transition’ Urban Geography 25 167 92 Google Scholar

HANGZHOU ALMANAC (2008), Hangzhou, China, Hangzhou Almanac Editorial Office [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU ALMANAC (2009), Hangzhou, China, Hangzhou Almanac Editorial Office [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU CENSUS OFFICE (1990), Manually Tabulated Data of the Fourth Population Census of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, China, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU CENSUS OFFICE (2000), Manually Tabulated Data of the Fourth Population Census of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, China, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (2002), Marching toward the Qiantang River Era: Hangzhou Urban Strategic Plan, Shanghai, Tongji University Press [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (2003), Several Comments on Speeding Up Qianjiang New City Development (Hangzhou Municipal Document No. 20), Hangzhou, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (2006), Several Comments on Further Speeding Up Qianjing New City Construction and Development, Hangzhou, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU STATISTICAL BUREAU (2009), Hangzhou Statistical Yearbook [Hangzhou Tongji Nianjian], Beijing, China Statistical Publishing House [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU YEARBOOK EDITORIAL COMMITTEE (2002), Record of Urban and Rural Construction in Hangzhou, Beijing, China Press. Google Scholar

HARVEY, D. (1989), ‘From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in later capitalism’, Geografiska Annaler B, 71, 13-27. ‘From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in later capitalism’ Geografiska Annaler B 71 13 27 Google Scholar

HSING, Y. (2010), The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China, Oxford, Oxford University Press. The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China Google Scholar

HU, X. H. and KAPLAN, D. (2001), ‘The emergence of affluence in Beijing: residential social strati-fication in China's capital city’, Urban Geography, 22, 54-77. ‘The emergence of affluence in Beijing: residential social strati-fication in China's capital city’ Urban Geography 22 54 77 Google Scholar

HUTTON, T. A. (2004), ‘Service industries, globalization, and urban restructuring within the Asia-Pacific: new development trajectories and planning responses’, Progress in Planning, 61, 1-74. ‘Service industries, globalization, and urban restructuring within the Asia-Pacific: new development trajectories and planning responses’ Progress in Planning 61 1 74 Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. and RACO, M. (1999), ‘How new is the new local governance? Lessens from the United Kingdom’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 24, 45-63. ‘How new is the new local governance? Lessens from the United Kingdom’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series 24 45 63 Google Scholar

JACKSON, K. T. (1985), Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States Google Scholar

KEARNS, A. and PADDISON, R. (2000), ‘New challenges for urban governance: introduction to the review issue’, Urban Studies, 37, 845-50. ‘New challenges for urban governance: introduction to the review issue’ Urban Studies 37 845 50 Google Scholar

LI, S. M. and SIU, Y. M. (2001), ‘Residential mobility and urban restructuring under market transition: a case study of Guangzhou, China’, Professional Geographer, 53, 219-29. ‘Residential mobility and urban restructuring under market transition: a case study of Guangzhou, China’ Professional Geographer 53 219 29 Google Scholar

LO, C. P. (1994), ‘Economic reforms and socialist city structure: a case study of Guangzhou, China’, Urban Geography, 15, 128-49. ‘Economic reforms and socialist city structure: a case study of Guangzhou, China’ Urban Geography 15 128 49 Google Scholar

LOGAN, J., FANG, Y. P. and ZHANG, Z. X. (2010), ‘The winners in China's urban housing reform’, Housing Studies, 25, 101-18. ‘The winners in China's urban housing reform’ Housing Studies 25 101 18 Google Scholar

LOGAN, J. R. and MOLOTCH, H. L. (1987), Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place Google Scholar

LOGAN, J. R. and SWANSTROM, T. (1990), ‘Urban restructuring: a critical view’, in J. R. Logan and T. Swanstrom (eds), Beyond the City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective, Philadelphia, PA, Temple University Press, 3-24. Beyond the City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective 3 24 Google Scholar

LU, D. (2006), Remaking Chinese Urban Form: Modernity, Scarcity and Space, 1949-2005, London and New York, Routledge. Remaking Chinese Urban Form: Modernity, Scarcity and Space, 1949-2005 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. (2002), ‘Urban transformation in China, 1949-2000: a review and research agenda’, Environment and Planning A, 34, 1545-69. ‘Urban transformation in China, 1949-2000: a review and research agenda’ Environment and Planning A 34 1545 69 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. (2004), ‘Economic reforms, urban spatial restructuring, and planning in China’, Progress in Planning, 61, 237-60. ‘Economic reforms, urban spatial restructuring, and planning in China’ Progress in Planning 61 237 60 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. and XIANG, B. (1998), ‘Native place, migration and emergence of peasant enclaves in Beijing’, The China Quarterly, 155, 546-81. ‘Native place, migration and emergence of peasant enclaves in Beijing’ The China Quarterly 155 546 81 Google Scholar

MAN, J. Y., ZHENG, S. Q. and REN, R. R. (2011), ‘Housing policy and housing markets: trends, patterns, and affordability’, in J. Y. Man (ed.), China's Housing Reform and Outcomes, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's Housing Reform and Outcomes Google Scholar

MARCUSE, P. and VAN KEMPEN, R.(eds) (2000), Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order?, Oxford, Blackwell Publishers. Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order? Google Scholar

NEWMAN, J. (2001), Modernising Governance, New Labour, Policy and Society, London, Sage. Modernising Governance, New Labour, Policy and Society Google Scholar

PALEN, J. J. (1997), The Urban World, 5th edn, New York, NY, McGraw-Hill. The Urban World Google Scholar

QIAN, Z. (2007), ‘Institutions and local growth coalitions in China's urban land reform: the case of Hangzhou high-technology zone’, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 48, 219-33. ‘Institutions and local growth coalitions in China's urban land reform: the case of Hangzhou high-technology zone’ Asia Pacific Viewpoint 48 219 33 Google Scholar

QIAN, Z. (2011), ‘Building Hangzhou's new city center: mega project development and entrepreneurial urban governance in China’, Asian Geographer, 28, 3-19. ‘Building Hangzhou's new city center: mega project development and entrepreneurial urban governance in China’ Asian Geographer 28 3 19 Google Scholar

QNCCAC (QIANJIANG NEW CITY CENTER ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE (QNCCAC) (2005), Qianjiang New City Newsletter, June 2005 [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

QNCCAC (QIANJIANG NEW CITY CENTER ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE) (2008), Hangzhou Central Business District [Hangzhou Zhongyang Shangwuqu], Hangzhou, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

STONE, C. N. (1993), ‘Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: a political economy approach’, Journal of Urban Affairs, 15, 1-28. ‘Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: a political economy approach’ Journal of Urban Affairs 15 1 28 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WANG, J. C. and WANG, J. X. (1998), ‘An analysis of new-tech agglomeration in Beijing: a new industrial district in the making?’, Environment and Planning A, 30, 681-701. ‘An analysis of new-tech agglomeration in Beijing: a new industrial district in the making?’ Environment and Planning A 30 681 701 Google Scholar

WANG, Y. P. (2011), ‘Recent housing reform practice in Chinese cities: social and spatial implications’, in J. Y. Man (ed.), China's Housing Reform and Outcomes, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's Housing Reform and Outcomes Google Scholar

WANG, Y. P. and MURIE, A. (2000), ‘Social and spatial implications of housing reform in China’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 397-417. ‘Social and spatial implications of housing reform in China’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24 397 417 Google Scholar

WEI, Y. D. (2005), ‘Planning Chinese cities: the limits of transitional institutions’, Urban Geography, 26, 200-21. ‘Planning Chinese cities: the limits of transitional institutions’ Urban Geography 26 200 21 Google Scholar

WEI, Y. D. and LI, W. (2002), ‘Reforms, globalization, and urban growth in China: the case of Hangzhou’, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 43, 459-75. ‘Reforms, globalization, and urban growth in China: the case of Hangzhou’ Eurasian Geography and Economics 43 459 75 Google Scholar

WU, F. (1997), ‘Urban restructuring in China's emerging market economy: towards a framework for analysis’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 21, 640-63. ‘Urban restructuring in China's emerging market economy: towards a framework for analysis’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 21 640 63 Google Scholar

WU, F., XU, J. and YEH, A. G. (2007), Urban Development in Post-Reform China: State, Market, and Space, London and New York, Routledge. Urban Development in Post-Reform China: State, Market, and Space Google Scholar

WU, F. and YEH, A. G. (1997), ‘Changing spatial distribution and determinants of land development in Chinese cities in the transition from a centrally planned economy to a socialist market economy - a case study of Guangzhou’, Urban Studies, 34, 1851-79. ‘Changing spatial distribution and determinants of land development in Chinese cities in the transition from a centrally planned economy to a socialist market economy - a case study of Guangzhou’ Urban Studies 34 1851 79 Google Scholar

WU, F. and YEH, A. G. (1999), ‘Urban spatial structure in a transitional economy: the case of Guangzhou, China’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 65, 377-94. ‘Urban spatial structure in a transitional economy: the case of Guangzhou, China’ Journal of the American Planning Association 65 377 94 Google Scholar

WU, F. and ZHANG, F. (2008), ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’, Town Planning Review, 79, 149-56. ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’ Town Planning Review 79 149 56 Google Scholar

WU, F. L. (2003), ‘Transitional cities’, Environment and Planning A, 35, 1331-38. ‘Transitional cities’ Environment and Planning A 35 1331 38 Google Scholar

XIAO, R. (2010), ‘On demolishing buildings for lucrative land transactions and short life buildings’, People's Daily, 1 November 2010. ‘On demolishing buildings for lucrative land transactions and short life buildings’ People's Daily Google Scholar

YEH, A. G. O. and WU, F. (1995), ‘Internal structure of Chinese cities in the midst of economic reform’, Urban Geography, 16, 521-54. ‘Internal structure of Chinese cities in the midst of economic reform’ Urban Geography 16 521 54 Google Scholar

YUE, W., LIU, Y. and FAN, P. (2010), ‘Polycentric urban development: the case of Hangzhou’, Environment and Planning A, 42, 563-77. ‘Polycentric urban development: the case of Hangzhou’ Environment and Planning A 42 563 77 Google Scholar

ZHANG, T. (2002), ‘Urban development and a socialist pro-growth coalition in Shanghai’, Urban Affairs Review, 37, 475-99. ‘Urban development and a socialist pro-growth coalition in Shanghai’ Urban Affairs Review 37 475 99 Google Scholar

ZHOU, Y. X. and MA, L. J. C. (2000), ‘Economic restructuring and suburbanization in China’, Urban Geography, 21, 205-36. ‘Economic restructuring and suburbanization in China’ Urban Geography 21 205 36 Google Scholar

ZHOU, Y. X. and MA, L. J. C. (2003), ‘China's urbanization levels: reconstructing a baseline from the fifth population census’, The China Quarterly, 173, 184-204. ‘China's urbanization levels: reconstructing a baseline from the fifth population census’ The China Quarterly 173 184 204 Google Scholar

ZHU, J. (1999), ‘Local growth coalition: the context and implications of China's gradualist urban land reforms’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23, 534-48. ‘Local growth coalition: the context and implications of China's gradualist urban land reforms’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23 534 48 Google Scholar

ANGEL, S., VALDIVIA, M. and LUTZY, R. M. (2011), ‘Urban expansion, land conversion, and affordable housing: the case of Zhengzhou’, in J. Y. Man (ed.), China's Housing Reform and Outcomes, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's Housing Reform and Outcomes Google Scholar

BEAUREGARD, R. A. (1995), ‘Theorizing the global-local connection’, in P. L. Knox and P. J. Taylor (eds), World Cities in a World-System, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 232-48. World Cities in a World-System 232 48 Google Scholar

BINJIANG DISTRICT GOVERNMENT (2001), The Study of Binjiang Development, Hangzhou, China, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

CARTIER, C. (2001), ‘Zone fever, the arable land debate, and real estate speculation: China's evolving land use regime and its geographical contradictions’, Journal of Contemporary China, 10, 445-69. ‘Zone fever, the arable land debate, and real estate speculation: China's evolving land use regime and its geographical contradictions’ Journal of Contemporary China 10 445 69 Google Scholar

CHAMPION, A. G. (2001), ‘A changing demographic regime and evolving polycentric urban regions: consequences for the size, composition and distribution of city populations’, Urban Studies, 38, 657-77. ‘A changing demographic regime and evolving polycentric urban regions: consequences for the size, composition and distribution of city populations’ Urban Studies 38 657 77 Google Scholar

CLARKE, C. and NEWMAN, J. (1997), The Managerial State, Power, Politics and Ideology in the Remaking of Social Welfare, London, Sage. The Managerial State, Power, Politics and Ideology in the Remaking of Social Welfare Google Scholar

COFFEY, W. J. and SHEARMUR, R. G. (2002), ‘Agglomeration and dispersion of high-order service employment in the Montreal metropolitan region, 1981-96’, Urban Studies, 39, 359-78. ‘Agglomeration and dispersion of high-order service employment in the Montreal metropolitan region, 1981-96’ Urban Studies 39 359 78 Google Scholar

FENG, J. and CHEN, Y. (2010), ‘Spatiotemporal evolution of urban form and land-use structure in Hangzhou, China: evidence from fractals’, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 37, 838-56. ‘Spatiotemporal evolution of urban form and land-use structure in Hangzhou, China: evidence from fractals’ Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 37 838 56 Google Scholar

FENG, J., WANG, F. and ZHOU, Y. (2009), ‘The spatial restructuring of population in metropolitan Beijing: toward polycentricity in the post-reform era’, Urban Geography, 30, 779-802. ‘The spatial restructuring of population in metropolitan Beijing: toward polycentricity in the post-reform era’ Urban Geography 30 779 802 Google Scholar

FENG, J., WU, F. and LOGAN, J. (2008), ‘From homogeneous to heterogeneous: the transformation of Beijing's socio-spatial structure’, Built Environment, 34, 482-98. ‘From homogeneous to heterogeneous: the transformation of Beijing's socio-spatial structure’ Built Environment 34 482 98 Google Scholar

FENG, J. and ZHOU, Y. (2005), ‘Suburbanization and the changes of urban internal spatial structure in Hangzhou, China’, Urban Geography, 26, 107-36. ‘Suburbanization and the changes of urban internal spatial structure in Hangzhou, China’ Urban Geography 26 107 36 Google Scholar

GAUBATZ, P. (1999), ‘China's urban transformation: patterns and processes of morphological change in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou’, Urban Studies, 36, 1495-521. ‘China's urban transformation: patterns and processes of morphological change in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou’ Urban Studies 36 1495 521 Google Scholar

GOODWIN, M. and PAINTER, J. (1996), ‘Local governance, the crisis of Fordism and the changing geographies of regulation’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 24, 635-48. ‘Local governance, the crisis of Fordism and the changing geographies of regulation’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series 24 635 48 Google Scholar

GU, C. L., WANG, F. H. and LIU, G. L. (2005), ‘The structure of social space in Beijing in 1998: a socialist city in transition’, Urban Geography, 25, 167-92. ‘The structure of social space in Beijing in 1998: a socialist city in transition’ Urban Geography 25 167 92 Google Scholar

HANGZHOU ALMANAC (2008), Hangzhou, China, Hangzhou Almanac Editorial Office [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU ALMANAC (2009), Hangzhou, China, Hangzhou Almanac Editorial Office [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU CENSUS OFFICE (1990), Manually Tabulated Data of the Fourth Population Census of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, China, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU CENSUS OFFICE (2000), Manually Tabulated Data of the Fourth Population Census of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, China, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (2002), Marching toward the Qiantang River Era: Hangzhou Urban Strategic Plan, Shanghai, Tongji University Press [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (2003), Several Comments on Speeding Up Qianjiang New City Development (Hangzhou Municipal Document No. 20), Hangzhou, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (2006), Several Comments on Further Speeding Up Qianjing New City Construction and Development, Hangzhou, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU STATISTICAL BUREAU (2009), Hangzhou Statistical Yearbook [Hangzhou Tongji Nianjian], Beijing, China Statistical Publishing House [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HANGZHOU YEARBOOK EDITORIAL COMMITTEE (2002), Record of Urban and Rural Construction in Hangzhou, Beijing, China Press. Google Scholar

HARVEY, D. (1989), ‘From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in later capitalism’, Geografiska Annaler B, 71, 13-27. ‘From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in later capitalism’ Geografiska Annaler B 71 13 27 Google Scholar

HSING, Y. (2010), The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China, Oxford, Oxford University Press. The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China Google Scholar

HU, X. H. and KAPLAN, D. (2001), ‘The emergence of affluence in Beijing: residential social strati-fication in China's capital city’, Urban Geography, 22, 54-77. ‘The emergence of affluence in Beijing: residential social strati-fication in China's capital city’ Urban Geography 22 54 77 Google Scholar

HUTTON, T. A. (2004), ‘Service industries, globalization, and urban restructuring within the Asia-Pacific: new development trajectories and planning responses’, Progress in Planning, 61, 1-74. ‘Service industries, globalization, and urban restructuring within the Asia-Pacific: new development trajectories and planning responses’ Progress in Planning 61 1 74 Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. and RACO, M. (1999), ‘How new is the new local governance? Lessens from the United Kingdom’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 24, 45-63. ‘How new is the new local governance? Lessens from the United Kingdom’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series 24 45 63 Google Scholar

JACKSON, K. T. (1985), Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States Google Scholar

KEARNS, A. and PADDISON, R. (2000), ‘New challenges for urban governance: introduction to the review issue’, Urban Studies, 37, 845-50. ‘New challenges for urban governance: introduction to the review issue’ Urban Studies 37 845 50 Google Scholar

LI, S. M. and SIU, Y. M. (2001), ‘Residential mobility and urban restructuring under market transition: a case study of Guangzhou, China’, Professional Geographer, 53, 219-29. ‘Residential mobility and urban restructuring under market transition: a case study of Guangzhou, China’ Professional Geographer 53 219 29 Google Scholar

LO, C. P. (1994), ‘Economic reforms and socialist city structure: a case study of Guangzhou, China’, Urban Geography, 15, 128-49. ‘Economic reforms and socialist city structure: a case study of Guangzhou, China’ Urban Geography 15 128 49 Google Scholar

LOGAN, J., FANG, Y. P. and ZHANG, Z. X. (2010), ‘The winners in China's urban housing reform’, Housing Studies, 25, 101-18. ‘The winners in China's urban housing reform’ Housing Studies 25 101 18 Google Scholar

LOGAN, J. R. and MOLOTCH, H. L. (1987), Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place Google Scholar

LOGAN, J. R. and SWANSTROM, T. (1990), ‘Urban restructuring: a critical view’, in J. R. Logan and T. Swanstrom (eds), Beyond the City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective, Philadelphia, PA, Temple University Press, 3-24. Beyond the City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective 3 24 Google Scholar

LU, D. (2006), Remaking Chinese Urban Form: Modernity, Scarcity and Space, 1949-2005, London and New York, Routledge. Remaking Chinese Urban Form: Modernity, Scarcity and Space, 1949-2005 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. (2002), ‘Urban transformation in China, 1949-2000: a review and research agenda’, Environment and Planning A, 34, 1545-69. ‘Urban transformation in China, 1949-2000: a review and research agenda’ Environment and Planning A 34 1545 69 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. (2004), ‘Economic reforms, urban spatial restructuring, and planning in China’, Progress in Planning, 61, 237-60. ‘Economic reforms, urban spatial restructuring, and planning in China’ Progress in Planning 61 237 60 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. and XIANG, B. (1998), ‘Native place, migration and emergence of peasant enclaves in Beijing’, The China Quarterly, 155, 546-81. ‘Native place, migration and emergence of peasant enclaves in Beijing’ The China Quarterly 155 546 81 Google Scholar

MAN, J. Y., ZHENG, S. Q. and REN, R. R. (2011), ‘Housing policy and housing markets: trends, patterns, and affordability’, in J. Y. Man (ed.), China's Housing Reform and Outcomes, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's Housing Reform and Outcomes Google Scholar

MARCUSE, P. and VAN KEMPEN, R.(eds) (2000), Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order?, Oxford, Blackwell Publishers. Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order? Google Scholar

NEWMAN, J. (2001), Modernising Governance, New Labour, Policy and Society, London, Sage. Modernising Governance, New Labour, Policy and Society Google Scholar

PALEN, J. J. (1997), The Urban World, 5th edn, New York, NY, McGraw-Hill. The Urban World Google Scholar

QIAN, Z. (2007), ‘Institutions and local growth coalitions in China's urban land reform: the case of Hangzhou high-technology zone’, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 48, 219-33. ‘Institutions and local growth coalitions in China's urban land reform: the case of Hangzhou high-technology zone’ Asia Pacific Viewpoint 48 219 33 Google Scholar

QIAN, Z. (2011), ‘Building Hangzhou's new city center: mega project development and entrepreneurial urban governance in China’, Asian Geographer, 28, 3-19. ‘Building Hangzhou's new city center: mega project development and entrepreneurial urban governance in China’ Asian Geographer 28 3 19 Google Scholar

QNCCAC (QIANJIANG NEW CITY CENTER ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE (QNCCAC) (2005), Qianjiang New City Newsletter, June 2005 [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

QNCCAC (QIANJIANG NEW CITY CENTER ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE) (2008), Hangzhou Central Business District [Hangzhou Zhongyang Shangwuqu], Hangzhou, Author [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

STONE, C. N. (1993), ‘Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: a political economy approach’, Journal of Urban Affairs, 15, 1-28. ‘Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: a political economy approach’ Journal of Urban Affairs 15 1 28 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WANG, J. C. and WANG, J. X. (1998), ‘An analysis of new-tech agglomeration in Beijing: a new industrial district in the making?’, Environment and Planning A, 30, 681-701. ‘An analysis of new-tech agglomeration in Beijing: a new industrial district in the making?’ Environment and Planning A 30 681 701 Google Scholar

WANG, Y. P. (2011), ‘Recent housing reform practice in Chinese cities: social and spatial implications’, in J. Y. Man (ed.), China's Housing Reform and Outcomes, Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. China's Housing Reform and Outcomes Google Scholar

WANG, Y. P. and MURIE, A. (2000), ‘Social and spatial implications of housing reform in China’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 397-417. ‘Social and spatial implications of housing reform in China’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24 397 417 Google Scholar

WEI, Y. D. (2005), ‘Planning Chinese cities: the limits of transitional institutions’, Urban Geography, 26, 200-21. ‘Planning Chinese cities: the limits of transitional institutions’ Urban Geography 26 200 21 Google Scholar

WEI, Y. D. and LI, W. (2002), ‘Reforms, globalization, and urban growth in China: the case of Hangzhou’, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 43, 459-75. ‘Reforms, globalization, and urban growth in China: the case of Hangzhou’ Eurasian Geography and Economics 43 459 75 Google Scholar

WU, F. (1997), ‘Urban restructuring in China's emerging market economy: towards a framework for analysis’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 21, 640-63. ‘Urban restructuring in China's emerging market economy: towards a framework for analysis’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 21 640 63 Google Scholar

WU, F., XU, J. and YEH, A. G. (2007), Urban Development in Post-Reform China: State, Market, and Space, London and New York, Routledge. Urban Development in Post-Reform China: State, Market, and Space Google Scholar

WU, F. and YEH, A. G. (1997), ‘Changing spatial distribution and determinants of land development in Chinese cities in the transition from a centrally planned economy to a socialist market economy - a case study of Guangzhou’, Urban Studies, 34, 1851-79. ‘Changing spatial distribution and determinants of land development in Chinese cities in the transition from a centrally planned economy to a socialist market economy - a case study of Guangzhou’ Urban Studies 34 1851 79 Google Scholar

WU, F. and YEH, A. G. (1999), ‘Urban spatial structure in a transitional economy: the case of Guangzhou, China’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 65, 377-94. ‘Urban spatial structure in a transitional economy: the case of Guangzhou, China’ Journal of the American Planning Association 65 377 94 Google Scholar

WU, F. and ZHANG, F. (2008), ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’, Town Planning Review, 79, 149-56. ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’ Town Planning Review 79 149 56 Google Scholar

WU, F. L. (2003), ‘Transitional cities’, Environment and Planning A, 35, 1331-38. ‘Transitional cities’ Environment and Planning A 35 1331 38 Google Scholar

XIAO, R. (2010), ‘On demolishing buildings for lucrative land transactions and short life buildings’, People's Daily, 1 November 2010. ‘On demolishing buildings for lucrative land transactions and short life buildings’ People's Daily Google Scholar

YEH, A. G. O. and WU, F. (1995), ‘Internal structure of Chinese cities in the midst of economic reform’, Urban Geography, 16, 521-54. ‘Internal structure of Chinese cities in the midst of economic reform’ Urban Geography 16 521 54 Google Scholar

YUE, W., LIU, Y. and FAN, P. (2010), ‘Polycentric urban development: the case of Hangzhou’, Environment and Planning A, 42, 563-77. ‘Polycentric urban development: the case of Hangzhou’ Environment and Planning A 42 563 77 Google Scholar

ZHANG, T. (2002), ‘Urban development and a socialist pro-growth coalition in Shanghai’, Urban Affairs Review, 37, 475-99. ‘Urban development and a socialist pro-growth coalition in Shanghai’ Urban Affairs Review 37 475 99 Google Scholar

ZHOU, Y. X. and MA, L. J. C. (2000), ‘Economic restructuring and suburbanization in China’, Urban Geography, 21, 205-36. ‘Economic restructuring and suburbanization in China’ Urban Geography 21 205 36 Google Scholar

ZHOU, Y. X. and MA, L. J. C. (2003), ‘China's urbanization levels: reconstructing a baseline from the fifth population census’, The China Quarterly, 173, 184-204. ‘China's urbanization levels: reconstructing a baseline from the fifth population census’ The China Quarterly 173 184 204 Google Scholar

ZHU, J. (1999), ‘Local growth coalition: the context and implications of China's gradualist urban land reforms’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23, 534-48. ‘Local growth coalition: the context and implications of China's gradualist urban land reforms’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23 534 48 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Qian, Zhu