Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies

Becoming Dysfluent

Fluency as Biopolitics and Hegemony

Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2017), 11, (3), 339–356.

Abstract

The article offers a crip reading of “hegemony” to shift attention away from ideology to the material site of disability politics. Related yet distinct from normalcy, “fluency” is a technology of optimization and closure that operates upon semiotic bodies at the intersection of biopolitics and hegemony. Only by inscribing social order in our bodies and smoothing over the site of politics can compulsory able-bodiedness manifest as a stable, seamless, and natural field—everywhere and nowhere at once. The article ends by highlighting the dangers of populist demands for legibility/intelligibility that restrict the possibilities (of access, participation, and belonging) for dysfluent people and instead imagines “dysfluency” as a distinctly material and crip resource against hegemony.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Agar, Nicholas. Liberal Eugenics: In Defence of Human Enhancement. New York: Blackwell, 2004. Print. Liberal Eugenics: In Defence of Human Enhancement Google Scholar

Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. Print. The Human Condition Google Scholar

Bascom, Julia. “Quiet Hands.” Just Stimming… 2011. Web. Quiet Hands Just Stimming… Google Scholar

Beasley-Murray, Jon. Posthegemony: Political Theory and Latin America. Minneapolis: Minneapolis University Press, 2010. Print. Posthegemony: Political Theory and Latin America Google Scholar

Berardi, Franco. After the Future. Baltimore, MA: AK Press, 2011. Print. After the Future Google Scholar

Bourdieu, Pierre. The Logic of Practise. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge: Polity, 1990. Print. The Logic of Practise Google Scholar

Brown, Wendy. Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism’s Stealth Revolution. New York: Zone Books, 2015. Print. Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism’s Stealth Revolution Google Scholar

Butler, Clare. “Wanted—Straight Talkers: Stammering and Aesthetic Labour.” Work, Employment and Society 28.5 (2014): 718–34. Wanted—Straight Talkers: Stammering and Aesthetic Labour Work, Employment and Society 28.5 718 34 Google Scholar

Chandler, Eliza. “Sidewalk Stories: The Troubling Task of Identification.” DSQ 30.3–4 (2010). Sidewalk Stories: The Troubling Task of Identification DSQ Google Scholar

Cosenza, Julie. “SLOW: Crip Theory, Dyslexia and the Borderlands of Disability and Ablebodiedness.” Liminalities: A Journal of Performance Studies 6.2 (2010): 1–11. SLOW: Crip Theory, Dyslexia and the Borderlands of Disability and Ablebodiedness Liminalities: A Journal of Performance Studies 6.2 1 11 Google Scholar

Davis, Lennard J. Enforcing Normalcy. New York: Verso Press, 1996. Print. Enforcing Normalcy Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: Minneapolis University Press, 1987. Print. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia Google Scholar

Eagle, Christopher, ed. 2013. Literature, Speech Disorders, and Disability: Talking Normal. New York: Routledge. Print. Literature, Speech Disorders, and Disability: Talking Normal Google Scholar

Ewald, François. “Norms, Discipline, and the Law.” Representations 30.2 (1990): 138–61. Norms, Discipline, and the Law Representations 30.2 138 61 Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage, 1995. Print. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel. “The Subject and Power.” The Essential Foucault. Ed. Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose. New York: The New Press, 2003. 126–44. Print. The Subject and Power The Essential Foucault 126 44 Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel. “Two Lectures.” Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings. Ed. Colin Gordon. New York: Pantheon Books, 1980. 78–108. Print. Two Lectures Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 78 108 Google Scholar

Freeman, Elizabeth. Time Binds: Queer Temporalities, Queer Histories. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010. Print. Time Binds: Queer Temporalities, Queer Histories Google Scholar

Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. Print. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature Google Scholar

Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie. “The Case for Conserving Disability.” Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2012): 339–55. doi: 10.1007/s11673-012-9380-0. The Case for Conserving Disability Bioethical Inquiry 9 339 55 Google Scholar

Gramsci, Antonio. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. Translated by Geoffrey Smith and Quinin Hoare. New York: International Publishers, 1971. Print. Selections from the Prison Notebooks Google Scholar

Guitar, Barry. Stuttering: An Integrated Approach to its Nature and Treatment, third edition. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006. Print. Stuttering: An Integrated Approach to its Nature and Treatment Google Scholar

Hall, Stuart. “Encoding/Decoding.” Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas M. Kellner. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006. Print. Encoding/Decoding Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks Google Scholar

Honig, Bonnie. Political Theory and the Displacement of Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993. Print. Political Theory and the Displacement of Politics Google Scholar

Kafer, Alison. Feminist, Queer, Crip. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2013. Print. Feminist, Queer, Crip Google Scholar

Kangas, David J. Kierkegaard’s Instant: On Beginnings. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2007. Print. Kierkegaard’s Instant: On Beginnings Google Scholar

Kreps, David. Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment. New York: Routledge, 2015. Print. Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment Google Scholar

LaBelle, Brandon. Lexicon of the Mouth: Poetics and Politics of Voice and the Oral Imaginary. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014. Print. Lexicon of the Mouth: Poetics and Politics of Voice and the Oral Imaginary Google Scholar

Lazzarato, Maurizio. Signs and Machines: Capitalism and the Production of Subjectivity. Los Angeles: Semiotext(e), 2014. Print. Signs and Machines: Capitalism and the Production of Subjectivity Google Scholar

Massumi, Brian. Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002. Print. Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation Google Scholar

McRuer, Robert. Crip Theory: Cultural Signs of Queerness and Disability. New York: New York University Press, 2006. Print. Crip Theory: Cultural Signs of Queerness and Disability Google Scholar

Mitchell, David T., and Sharon L. Snyder. The Biopolitics of Disability: Neoliberalism, Ablenationalism, and Peripheral Embodiment. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 2015. Print. The Biopolitics of Disability: Neoliberalism, Ablenationalism, and Peripheral Embodiment Google Scholar

Mitchell, David T. “Disability as Multitude: Re-working Non-Productive Labor Power.” Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies 4.2 (2010): 179–93. Disability as Multitude: Re-working Non-Productive Labor Power Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies 4.2 179 93 Google Scholar

Nikulin, Dmitri. On Dialogue. New York: Lexington Books, 2006. Print. On Dialogue Google Scholar

Paterson, Kevin. “It’s About Time! Understanding the Experience of Speech Impairment.” Routledge Handbook of Disability Studies. Ed. Nick Watson, Alan Roulstone, and Carol Thomas. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print. It’s About Time! Understanding the Experience of Speech Impairment Routledge Handbook of Disability Studies Google Scholar

Richter, Zach. “Repairing the Textual Wholeness of the Dysfluent Voice: The Politics of Speech and Noise.” Society for Disability Studies Conference. Minneapolis: MN. 2015. Repairing the Textual Wholeness of the Dysfluent Voice: The Politics of Speech and Noise Google Scholar

Snyder, Sharon L., and David T. Mitchell. Cultural Locations of Disability. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006. Print. Cultural Locations of Disability Google Scholar

St. Pierre, Joshua. “The Construction of the Disabled Speaker: Locating Stuttering in Disability Studies.” Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 1.3 (2012): 1–21. Web. The Construction of the Disabled Speaker: Locating Stuttering in Disability Studies Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 1.3 1 21 Google Scholar

St. Pierre, Joshua. “Distending Straight-Masculine Time: A Phenomenology of the Disabled Speaking Body.” Hypatia 30.1 (2015): 49–65. Distending Straight-Masculine Time: A Phenomenology of the Disabled Speaking Body Hypatia 30.1 49 65 Google Scholar

Starkweather, C. Woodruff. Fluency and Stuttering. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987. Print. Fluency and Stuttering Google Scholar

Titchkosky, Tanya. A Question of Access: Disability, Space, Meaning. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2011. Print. A Question of Access: Disability, Space, Meaning Google Scholar

Tremain, Shelley. “On the Government of Disability.” Social Theory and Practice 24.4 (2001): 617–36. On the Government of Disability Social Theory and Practice 24.4 617 36 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Pierre, Joshua St.