Town Planning Review

Decoding regional cooperation and governance in Central China: a case study in the Chang-Zhu-Tan urban cluster

Town Planning Review (2014), 85, (4), 433–456.

Abstract

In China, regional cooperation is a new phenomenon and it is currently receiving increasing attention and recognition from government and scholars. This paper attempts a comprehensive exploration of how power has been transferred from the central to the various local governments within this mechanism of regional cooperation in the Chang-Zhu-Tan urban cluster (CZT) during the past two decades. Regional institutions have been established as a multi-tiered arrangement to deal with regional cooperation issues. However, state-centric skewed governance, political competition among local governments and inter-ministry rivalries has caused complex power interplay for the regional institution and regional cooperation.

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KOHL, B. and M. WARNER, M. (2004), ‘Scales of neoliberalism’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28, 855-57. ‘Scales of neoliberalism’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28 855 57 Google Scholar

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LUO X. L. and SHEN, J. (2009), ‘A study on inter-city cooperation in the Yangtze river delta region, China’, Habitat International, 33, 52-62. ‘A study on inter-city cooperation in the Yangtze river delta region, China’ Habitat International 33 52 62 Google Scholar

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NG, M. K. and TANG, W. S. (1999), ‘A comparative study of urban planning in Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Guangzhou’, in S. Ye et al. (eds), Studies on Regional Integrated Regional Development Under One Country, Two Systems, Beijing, Science Press, 152-62. Studies on Regional Integrated Regional Development Under One Country, Two Systems 152 62 Google Scholar

SAVITCH, H. V. and VOGEL, R. K. (2000), ‘Paths to new regionalism’, State and Local Government Review, 32,158-68. ‘Paths to new regionalism’ State and Local Government Review 32 158 68 Google Scholar

SCOTT, A. J., AGNEW, J., SOJA, E. and STORPER, M. (2001), ‘Global city-regions’, in A. J. Scott (eds), Global city-regions: Trends, theory, policy, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 11-32. Global city-regions: Trends, theory, policy 11 32 Google Scholar

SIT, V. F. S., and YANG, C., (1997), ‘Foreign-investment-induced exo-urbanziation in the Pearl River Delta’, Urban Studies, 34, 647-78. ‘Foreign-investment-induced exo-urbanziation in the Pearl River Delta’ Urban Studies 34 647 78 Google Scholar

TAYLOR, A. (1997), ‘"Arm's length but hands on." Mapping the new governance: the Department of National Heritage and Cultural Politics in Britain’, Public Administration, 75, 441-66. ‘"Arm's length but hands on." Mapping the new governance: the Department of National Heritage and Cultural Politics in Britain’ Public Administration 75 441 66 Google Scholar

WEI, X. (2009), ‘Why the CZT inter-city public bus got change’ http://news.changsha.cn/cs/3/200911/t20091110_1029865.htm Google Scholar

WU, F. (2002), ‘China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more market-oriented economy’, Urban Studies, 39, 1071-93. ‘China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more market-oriented economy’ Urban Studies 39 1071 93 Google Scholar

WU, F. (2003), ‘The post socialist entrepreneurial city as a state project: Shanghai's reglobalisation in question’, Urban Studies, 40, 1673-98. ‘The post socialist entrepreneurial city as a state project: Shanghai's reglobalisation in question’ Urban Studies 40 1673 98 Google Scholar

WU, F. (2007), ‘Beyond gradualism China's urban revolution and emerging cities’, in F. Wu (eds), China's emerging cities: the making of new urbanism, London, Routledge, 4-86. China's emerging cities: the making of new urbanism 4 86 Google Scholar

WU, F. and F. ZHANG, F. (2008), ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’, Town Planning Review, 79,149-56. ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’ Town Planning Review 79 149 56 Google Scholar

XIE. L. (2010), ‘The national reform and development approves the fund for ‘Two-Oriented’ industries’ http://www.eeo.com.cn/eobserve/Politics/by_region/2010/08/17/178366.shtml Google Scholar

XU, J. (2008), ‘Governing city-regions in China: theoretical issues and perspectives for regional strategic planning’, Town Planning Review, 79,157-86. ‘Governing city-regions in China: theoretical issues and perspectives for regional strategic planning’ Town Planning Review 79 157 86 Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (2005), ‘City repositioning and competitiveness building in regional development: New development strategies in Guangzhou, China’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29, 283-308. ‘City repositioning and competitiveness building in regional development: New development strategies in Guangzhou, China’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 283 308 Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (2009), ‘Decoding urban land governance: state reconstruction in contemporary Chinese cities, Urban Studies, 46, 559-81. ‘Decoding urban land governance: state reconstruction in contemporary Chinese cities Urban Studies 46 559 81 Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (eds) (2010), Mega-City Region Governance and Planning: An International Comparative Perspective, London, Routledge. Mega-City Region Governance and Planning: An International Comparative Perspective Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (2011), China's Pan-Pearl River Delta: Regional Cooperation and Development, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press. China's Pan-Pearl River Delta: Regional Cooperation and Development Google Scholar

YAMAMOTO, H. (2008), ‘Governance including government: multiple actors in global governance’, Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, 14, 117-31. ‘Governance including government: multiple actors in global governance’ Interdisciplinary Information Sciences 14 117 31 Google Scholar

YANG, C. (2006), ‘The geopolitics of cross-boundary governance in the Greater Pearl River Delta, China: A case study of the proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’, Political Geography, 25, 817-35. ‘The geopolitics of cross-boundary governance in the Greater Pearl River Delta, China: A case study of the proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’ Political Geography 25 817 35 Google Scholar

YEUNG, H. W. (2002), Entrepreneurship and the Internationalisation of Asian Firms: An Institutional Perspective, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing. Entrepreneurship and the Internationalisation of Asian Firms: An Institutional Perspective Google Scholar

ZHANG, W. (eds) (2000), Transforming China: Economic reform and its political implications, London, Macmillan. Transforming China: Economic reform and its political implications Google Scholar

ZHOU, Y. and, LI, X. (2008), ‘Industrial structure and "Two-Oriented" construction in the Changzhutan urban cluster’, Hunan Social Sciences, 2008, 122-25. ‘Industrial structure and "Two-Oriented" construction in the Changzhutan urban cluster’ Hunan Social Sciences 2008 122 25 Google Scholar

ZHU, X. (eds) (2009), Research on the development pattern of Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster, Changsha, Hunan Education Press. Research on the development pattern of Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster Google Scholar

ALBRECHTS, L. (2003), ‘Planning versus politics’, Planning Theory, 2, 249-68. ‘Planning versus politics’ Planning Theory 2 249 68 Google Scholar

ALBRECHTS, L. and SWYNGEDOUW, E. (1989), ‘The challenges for a regional policy under a flexible regime of accumulation’, in L. Albrechts, F. Moulaert, P. Roberts and E. Swyngedouw (eds), Regional Policy at the Crossroads, London, Jessica Kingsley, 67-89. Regional Policy at the Crossroads 67 89 Google Scholar

ALLEN, J. S. (ed.) (2001), Global City-regions: Trends, Theory, Policy, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Global City-regions: Trends, Theory, Policy Google Scholar

BACHE, I., and FLINDERS, M. (eds) (2004), Multi-level Governance, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Multi-level Governance Google Scholar

BRENNER, N. (2004), ‘Urban governance and the production of new state spaces in western Europe, 1960-2000’, Review of International Political Economy, 11, 447-88. ‘Urban governance and the production of new state spaces in western Europe, 1960-2000’ Review of International Political Economy 11 447 88 Google Scholar

BUNNELL, T., MUZAINI, H. B., and SIDAWAY, J. D. (2006), ‘Global city frontiers: Singapore's hinterland and the contested socio-political geographies of Bintan, Indonesia’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 30, 3-22. ‘Global city frontiers: Singapore's hinterland and the contested socio-political geographies of Bintan, Indonesia’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30 3 22 Google Scholar

BURDETT, R., HAJER, M. and H. OVINK, H. (2011), ‘The regional imperative.’, in R. Burdett, H. Ovink and, M. Hajer (eds), The Tale of Two Regions, UK, LSE Cities. The Tale of Two Regions Google Scholar

CABESTAN, J. (2001), ‘The relationship between the national peoples congress and the estate council in the People's’, American Asian Review, 19, 31-45. ‘The relationship between the national peoples congress and the estate council in the People's’ American Asian Review 19 31 45 Google Scholar

CHEN, G. (2011), ‘Establishment and improvement of regional cooperation mechanisms in the Pan-Pearl River Delta’, in A. G. O. Yeh and J. Xu (eds), China's Pan-Pearl River Delta Regional Cooperation and Development, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press. China's Pan-Pearl River Delta Regional Cooperation and Development Google Scholar

FLORESTANO, P. S. (1994), ‘Past and present utilization of instate compacts in the United States. Publius, 244, 13-25. ‘Past and present utilization of instate compacts in the United States Publius 244 13 25 Google Scholar

FU, Y. C. and XU, X. L. (2007), ‘Intergovernmental management theory and Changsha- Zhuzhou-Xiangtan governments cooperation mechanism’, Journal of Public Management, 4, 24-30. ‘Intergovernmental management theory and Changsha- Zhuzhou-Xiangtan governments cooperation mechanism’ Journal of Public Management 4 24 30 Google Scholar

FUJITA, K. and HILL, R. C. (2010), Tokyo's Urban Redevelopment Projects and the Post-Developmental State https://www.msu.edu/user/fujitak/Tokyo's%20redevelopment.pdf Google Scholar

GU, C. L., YU, T. F. and CHAN, K. W. (2002), ‘New characteristics of development of extended metropolitan regions in the time of globalization’, Planners, 18, 16-20. ‘New characteristics of development of extended metropolitan regions in the time of globalization’ Planners 18 16 20 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2004), ‘The treatment of space and place in the new strategic spatial planning in Europe’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28, 45-67. ‘The treatment of space and place in the new strategic spatial planning in Europe’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28 45 67 Google Scholar

HEEG, S., KLAGGE, B., and OSSENBRUÜGGE, J. (2003), ‘Metropolitan cooperation in Europe: theoretical issues and perspectives for urban networking’, European Planning Studies, 11, 139-53. ‘Metropolitan cooperation in Europe: theoretical issues and perspectives for urban networking’ European Planning Studies 11 139 53 Google Scholar

HOFFMAN, S. (1982), ‘Reflections on the nation-state in Western Europe today’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 2, 21-37. ‘Reflections on the nation-state in Western Europe today’ Journal of Common Market Studies 2 21 37 Google Scholar

HOOGHE, L. and, MARKS, G. (2003), ‘Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance’, American Political Science Review, 9, 233-43. ‘Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance’ American Political Science Review 9 233 43 Google Scholar

HUNAN STATISTICS BUREAU (eds) (2010), Hunan Statistical Yearbook 2010, Beijing, China Statistics Press. Google Scholar

JESSOP, B. (1998), ‘The rise of governance and the risks of failure: The case of economic development’, International Social Science Journal, 50, 29-45. ‘The rise of governance and the risks of failure: The case of economic development’ International Social Science Journal 50 29 45 Google Scholar

JONES, G. W. (2001), ‘Studying extended metropolitan regions in south-east Asia’, Paper presented to XX1V General Conference of the IUSSP, Salvador, Brazil, 18-24 August. ‘Studying extended metropolitan regions in south-east Asia’ Google Scholar

KEATING, M. (2001), ‘Governing cities and regions: Territorial restructuring in a global age’, in A. J. Scott (eds), Global city-regions: Trends, theory, policy, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 371-90. Global city-regions: Trends, theory, policy 371 90 Google Scholar

KEATING, M. (eds) (1998), The new regionalism in Western Europe: Territorial restructuring and political change, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar. The new regionalism in Western Europe: Territorial restructuring and political change Google Scholar

KOHL, B. and M. WARNER, M. (2004), ‘Scales of neoliberalism’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28, 855-57. ‘Scales of neoliberalism’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28 855 57 Google Scholar

LIN, Y. (2009), ‘Regional government and governance in China and the United States’, Public Administration Review, 69, S116-S121. ‘Regional government and governance in China and the United States’ Public Administration Review 69 S116 S121 Google Scholar

LUO X. L. and SHEN, J. (2009), ‘A study on inter-city cooperation in the Yangtze river delta region, China’, Habitat International, 33, 52-62. ‘A study on inter-city cooperation in the Yangtze river delta region, China’ Habitat International 33 52 62 Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. (2002), ‘Urban transformation in China, 1979-2000: A review and research agenda’, Environment and Planning A, 34, 1545-69. ‘Urban transformation in China, 1979-2000: A review and research agenda’ Environment and Planning A 34 1545 69 Google Scholar

MACLEOD, G. (2001), ‘New regionalism reconsidered: globalization and the remaking of political economic space’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 25, 804-29. ‘New regionalism reconsidered: globalization and the remaking of political economic space’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 25 804 29 Google Scholar

MARKS, G. (1993), ‘Structural policy and multilevel governance in the EC’, in A. Cafruny, G. Rosenthal and L. Reinner (eds), The State of the European Community, Boulder, Lynne Rienner, 391-411. The State of the European Community 391 411 Google Scholar

NG, M. K. and TANG, W. S. (1999), ‘A comparative study of urban planning in Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Guangzhou’, in S. Ye et al. (eds), Studies on Regional Integrated Regional Development Under One Country, Two Systems, Beijing, Science Press, 152-62. Studies on Regional Integrated Regional Development Under One Country, Two Systems 152 62 Google Scholar

SAVITCH, H. V. and VOGEL, R. K. (2000), ‘Paths to new regionalism’, State and Local Government Review, 32,158-68. ‘Paths to new regionalism’ State and Local Government Review 32 158 68 Google Scholar

SCOTT, A. J., AGNEW, J., SOJA, E. and STORPER, M. (2001), ‘Global city-regions’, in A. J. Scott (eds), Global city-regions: Trends, theory, policy, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 11-32. Global city-regions: Trends, theory, policy 11 32 Google Scholar

SIT, V. F. S., and YANG, C., (1997), ‘Foreign-investment-induced exo-urbanziation in the Pearl River Delta’, Urban Studies, 34, 647-78. ‘Foreign-investment-induced exo-urbanziation in the Pearl River Delta’ Urban Studies 34 647 78 Google Scholar

TAYLOR, A. (1997), ‘"Arm's length but hands on." Mapping the new governance: the Department of National Heritage and Cultural Politics in Britain’, Public Administration, 75, 441-66. ‘"Arm's length but hands on." Mapping the new governance: the Department of National Heritage and Cultural Politics in Britain’ Public Administration 75 441 66 Google Scholar

WEI, X. (2009), ‘Why the CZT inter-city public bus got change’ http://news.changsha.cn/cs/3/200911/t20091110_1029865.htm Google Scholar

WU, F. (2002), ‘China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more market-oriented economy’, Urban Studies, 39, 1071-93. ‘China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more market-oriented economy’ Urban Studies 39 1071 93 Google Scholar

WU, F. (2003), ‘The post socialist entrepreneurial city as a state project: Shanghai's reglobalisation in question’, Urban Studies, 40, 1673-98. ‘The post socialist entrepreneurial city as a state project: Shanghai's reglobalisation in question’ Urban Studies 40 1673 98 Google Scholar

WU, F. (2007), ‘Beyond gradualism China's urban revolution and emerging cities’, in F. Wu (eds), China's emerging cities: the making of new urbanism, London, Routledge, 4-86. China's emerging cities: the making of new urbanism 4 86 Google Scholar

WU, F. and F. ZHANG, F. (2008), ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’, Town Planning Review, 79,149-56. ‘Planning the Chinese city: governance and development in the midst of transition’ Town Planning Review 79 149 56 Google Scholar

XIE. L. (2010), ‘The national reform and development approves the fund for ‘Two-Oriented’ industries’ http://www.eeo.com.cn/eobserve/Politics/by_region/2010/08/17/178366.shtml Google Scholar

XU, J. (2008), ‘Governing city-regions in China: theoretical issues and perspectives for regional strategic planning’, Town Planning Review, 79,157-86. ‘Governing city-regions in China: theoretical issues and perspectives for regional strategic planning’ Town Planning Review 79 157 86 Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (2005), ‘City repositioning and competitiveness building in regional development: New development strategies in Guangzhou, China’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29, 283-308. ‘City repositioning and competitiveness building in regional development: New development strategies in Guangzhou, China’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 283 308 Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (2009), ‘Decoding urban land governance: state reconstruction in contemporary Chinese cities, Urban Studies, 46, 559-81. ‘Decoding urban land governance: state reconstruction in contemporary Chinese cities Urban Studies 46 559 81 Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (eds) (2010), Mega-City Region Governance and Planning: An International Comparative Perspective, London, Routledge. Mega-City Region Governance and Planning: An International Comparative Perspective Google Scholar

XU, J. and YEH, A. G. O. (2011), China's Pan-Pearl River Delta: Regional Cooperation and Development, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press. China's Pan-Pearl River Delta: Regional Cooperation and Development Google Scholar

YAMAMOTO, H. (2008), ‘Governance including government: multiple actors in global governance’, Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, 14, 117-31. ‘Governance including government: multiple actors in global governance’ Interdisciplinary Information Sciences 14 117 31 Google Scholar

YANG, C. (2006), ‘The geopolitics of cross-boundary governance in the Greater Pearl River Delta, China: A case study of the proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’, Political Geography, 25, 817-35. ‘The geopolitics of cross-boundary governance in the Greater Pearl River Delta, China: A case study of the proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’ Political Geography 25 817 35 Google Scholar

YEUNG, H. W. (2002), Entrepreneurship and the Internationalisation of Asian Firms: An Institutional Perspective, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing. Entrepreneurship and the Internationalisation of Asian Firms: An Institutional Perspective Google Scholar

ZHANG, W. (eds) (2000), Transforming China: Economic reform and its political implications, London, Macmillan. Transforming China: Economic reform and its political implications Google Scholar

ZHOU, Y. and, LI, X. (2008), ‘Industrial structure and "Two-Oriented" construction in the Changzhutan urban cluster’, Hunan Social Sciences, 2008, 122-25. ‘Industrial structure and "Two-Oriented" construction in the Changzhutan urban cluster’ Hunan Social Sciences 2008 122 25 Google Scholar

ZHU, X. (eds) (2009), Research on the development pattern of Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster, Changsha, Hunan Education Press. Research on the development pattern of Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster Google Scholar

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Author details

Lizhu, Dai

Fung-Shuen, Sit

Guicai, Li