Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Under My (Editorial) Thumb: Hegemonic Masculinity and Text Ownership in the Works of the Mexican Onda

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2010), 87, (6), 667–683.

Abstract

Connell and Messerschmidt's article 'Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept' (2005) re-evaluates the popular term to produce 'a more complex model of gender hierarchy' (829). The notion of hierarchy influenced by power redistribution is the foundation of the present study of the works of the Mexican Onda movement. Instead of adopting an expected gender perspective, this article presents a study of text ownership based upon a narratological interpretation of the concept of hegemonic masculinity as a mechanism of controlling the text. The analysis will examine the power struggle between the first-person narrator and editor with a view to determining the effect this struggle has on character (re)creation. The study will employ Ricoeur's interpretation of non-linear narrative, and various studies of transculturation and its effect on the interpretations of literary texts. The texts analysed in this article include the story La tumba (1964) by José Agustín, Gustavo Sainz's novel Obsesivos días circulares (1969), and Parménides García Saldaña's short story 'Goodbye Belinda' from the collection El rey criollo (1971).

El artículo de Connell y Messerschmidt, 'Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept' (2005), re-evalúa el término de hegemonía masculina para ofrecer 'un modelo de jerarquías de género más complejo' (829). El ensayo que sigue parte de un estudio de la masculinidad hegemónica influida por la re-distribución del poder en los textos de la Onda mexicana. Dichas obras, sin embargo, no se analizan desde la tradicional perspectiva de género sino que el ensayo ofrece un análisis de la autoría del texto basado en la interpretación narratológica de la hegemonía masculina como mecanismo de control del texto. El análisis centra su atención en el conflicto de poder que emerge entre el narrador en primera persona y el editor con el fin de examinar su efecto en la re-creación de los personajes. El ensayo hace uso de las obras de Paul Ricoeur sobre el carácter no lineal del texto, así como de diversos estudios de transculturación y su influencia en el análisis literario. Las obras que se analizan en este ensayo incluyen el cuento 'La tumba' (1964), de José Agustín, la novela Obsesivos días circulares (1969), de Gustavo Sainz, y el cuento 'Goodbye Belinda' de la colección El rey criollo (1971), de Parménides García Saldaña.

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Carpenter, Victoria