Town Planning Review

Planning and the housing market: reflections on strategic housing market assessment in England

Town Planning Review (2011), 82, (4), 393–424.

Abstract

Volatile house prices have generated considerable interest in embedding market signals in housing planning. In England, Strategic Housing Market Assessments (SHMAs) were introduced in 2004. This article reflects on their evolution and considers lessons for policymakers in the UK and elsewhere. Despite broad consensus that SHMAs have enhanced the evidence base, key questions remain about their effectiveness. Based on a review of a sample of SHMAs and in-depth interviews with stakeholders, we highlight three areas for attention: conceptual weaknesses; technical and methodological issues; and the use of SHMAs in policy. These provide lessons for market assessment procedures.

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ADAMS, D. AND WATKINS, C. (2002), Greenfields, Brownfields and Housing Development, Oxford, Blackwell. Greenfields, Brownfields and Housing Development Google Scholar

ARC4 (2008), Barnsley Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Barnsley, Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council. Google Scholar

B-LINE AND THREE DRAGONS (2007), Nottingham Core Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Nottingham, Nottingham City Council. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BAKER, M. AND WONG, C. (1997), 'Planning for housing land in the English regions: a critique of household projections and Regional Planning Guidance mechanisms', Environment and Planning C: 15, 73–87. Google Scholar

BARKER, K. (2004), Review of Housing Supply: Delivering stability – Securing Our Future Needs, Final Report – Recommendations, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

BATES, L. K. (2006), 'Does neighbourhood really matter? Comparing historically defined neighbourhood boundaries with housing submarkets', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26(5), 5–17. Does neighbourhood really matter? Comparing historically defined neighbourhood boundaries with housing submarkets Journal of Planning Education and Research 26 5 17 Google Scholar

BIBBY, P. (2005), West Midlands Regional Housing Strategy 2005: Defining Housing Market Areas, Sheffield, Department of Town and Regional Planning, University of Sheffield. West Midlands Regional Housing Strategy 2005: Defining Housing Market Areas Google Scholar

BLACKABY, B. (2000), Understanding Local Housing Markets: Their Role in Local Housing Strategies, Coventry, Chartered Institute of Housing and London, Council of Mortgage Lenders. Understanding Local Housing Markets: Their Role in Local Housing Strategies Google Scholar

BRAMLEY, G., PAWSON, H. AND PARKER, J. (2000), Local Housing Needs Assessment: A Good Practice Guide, London, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions. Local Housing Needs Assessment: A Good Practice Guide Google Scholar

BRAMLEY, G. AND WATKINS, C. (1995), Circular Projections, London, Campaign to Protect Rural England. Circular Projections Google Scholar

BROWN, P. J. B. AND HINCKS, S. (2008), 'A framework for housing market area delineation: principles and application', Urban Studies, 45, 2225–47. A framework for housing market area delineation: principles and application Urban Studies 45 2225 47 Google Scholar

BUNKER, R., HOLLOWAY, D. AND RANDOLPH, B. (2007), 'Building the connection between housing needs and metropolitan planning in Sydney, Australia', Housing Studies, 20, 771–94. Building the connection between housing needs and metropolitan planning in Sydney, Australia Housing Studies 20 771 94 Google Scholar

COLE, I. (2007), Understanding and Responding to Housing Market Change, York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Understanding and Responding to Housing Market Change Google Scholar

CLG (COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006), Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

CLG (COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007a), Strategic Housing Market Assessments: Practice Guidance, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

CLG (COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007b), Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessments, London, CLG. Google Scholar

COOMBES, M. G. (2002), Travel-to-Work Areas and the 2001 Census, Newcastle upon Tyne, Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies, University of Newcastle. Travel-to-Work Areas and the 2001 Census Google Scholar

COOMBES, M. G., DIXON, J. S., GODDARD, J. B., OPENSHAW, S. AND TAYLOR, P. J. (1979), 'Daily urban systems in Britain: from theory to practice', Environment and Planning A, 11, 565–74. Daily urban systems in Britain: from theory to practice Environment and Planning A 11 565 74 Google Scholar

CULLINGWORTH, B. (1997), 'British land use planning: a failure to cope with change?', Urban Studies, 34, 945–60. British land use planning: a failure to cope with change? Urban Studies 34 945 60 Google Scholar

DCA (DAVID COUTTIE ASSOCIATES) (2007a), Castle Morpeth Borough Housing Needs Assessment, Morpeth, Northumberland County Council. Google Scholar

DCA (DAVID COUTTIE ASSOCIATES) (2007b), Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assessment 2007, Sheffield, Sheffield City Council. Google Scholar

DCA (DAVID COUTTIE ASSOCIATES) (2008), Derby Sub-Region Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Derby, Derby City Council. Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. (2006), 'Evidence-based planning', disP, 165(2), 14–24. Evidence-based planning disP 165 14 24 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT) (1977a), Housing Policy: A Technical Volume Part 1, HMSO, London. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT) (1977b), Housing Policy: A Consultative Document, HMSO, London. Google Scholar

DELOITTE MCS WITH GVA GRIMLEY (2008), Greater Manchester Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Manchester, Association of Greater Manchester Authorities. Google Scholar

DTZ PIEDA (2004), Identifying the Local Housing Markets of South East England, Guildford, South East Regional Assembly. Google Scholar

ECOTEC (2008), A Strategic Housing Market Assessment for Macclesfield Borough, Macclesfield, Macclesfield Borough Council. Google Scholar

ECOTEC (2009), The Methods, Findings and Impact of Strategic Housing Market Assessments in the South West, Taunton, South West Councils. Google Scholar

EVANS, A. W. (2003), 'Shouting very loudly: economics, planning and politics', Town Planning Review, 74, 195–212. Shouting very loudly: economics, planning and politics Town Planning Review 74 195 212 Google Scholar

FERRARI, E. (2008), 'Do planners need to understand housing markets?' (paper presented to ACSP/AESOP Joint Congress, Chicago, July 2008). Google Scholar

FERRARI, E. AND LEE, P. (2010), Building Sustainable Housing Markets, Coventry, Chartered Institute of Housing. Building Sustainable Housing Markets Google Scholar

FORDHAM, R., FINDLAY, S., GARDNER, J., MACMILLAN, A. MULDOON, C. TAYLOR, G. AND WELCH, G. (1998), Housing Need and the Need for Housing, Aldershot, Gower. Housing Need and the Need for Housing Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCH (2007), Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Rotherham, Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council. Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCH (2008), Hounslow Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Hounslow, London Borough of Hounslow. Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCHH (2009a), Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Strategic Housing Market Assessment, London, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCH (2009b), Gloucestershire and Districts Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Gloucester, Gloucestershire County Council. Google Scholar

GALLENT, N. AND CARMONA, M. (2004), 'Planning for housing: unravelling the frictions in local practice', Planning, Practice and Research, 19, 123–46. Planning for housing: unravelling the frictions in local practice Planning, Practice and Research 19 123 46 Google Scholar

GALLENT, N. AND TEWDWR-JONES, M. (2007), 'The new market agenda in housing supply', chapter 7 in Gallent, N. and Tewdwr-Jones, Decent Homes for All: Planning's Evolving Role in Housing Provision, Oxford, Routledge. Google Scholar

GALSTER, G. C. (1996), 'William Grigsby and the analysis of housing submarkets and filtering', Urban Studies, 33, 1797–806. William Grigsby and the analysis of housing submarkets and filtering Urban Studies 33 1797 806 Google Scholar

GRIGSBY, W. G. (1963), Housing Markets and Public Policy, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press. Housing Markets and Public Policy Google Scholar

HANCOCK, K. AND MACLENNAN, D. (1989), House Price Monitoring Systems and Housing Planning in Scotland: A Feasibility Study (a report for The Scottish Office), Glasgow, Centre for Housing Research, Glasgow University. Google Scholar

HOLMANS, A. (1970), 'A forecast of effective demand for housing in Great Britain in the nineteen seventies', Social Trends, 1, 33–45. A forecast of effective demand for housing in Great Britain in the nineteen seventies Social Trends 1 33 45 Google Scholar

HULL, A. (1997), 'Restructuring the debate on allocating land for housing', Housing Studies, 12, 367–82. Restructuring the debate on allocating land for housing Housing Studies 12 367 82 Google Scholar

JONES, C. (2002), 'The definition of housing market areas and strategic planning', Urban Studies, 39, 549–64. The definition of housing market areas and strategic planning Urban Studies 39 549 64 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

JONES, C., LEISHMAN, C. AND WATKINS, C. (2005), 'Housing market processes, urban housing submarkets and planning policy', Town Planning Review, 76(2), 33–52. Housing market processes, urban housing submarkets and planning policy Town Planning Review 76 33 52 Google Scholar

JONES, C. AND WATKINS, C. (2009), Urban Housing Markets and Planning Policy, Oxford, Blackwell-Wiley. Urban Housing Markets and Planning Policy Google Scholar

LEE, P. AND NEVIN, B. (2003), 'Changing demand for housing: restructuring markets and the public policy framework', Housing Studies, 18, 65–86. Changing demand for housing: restructuring markets and the public policy framework Housing Studies 18 65 86 Google Scholar

LEVENTHAL, B. (2010), Calculation of Error Margins for CLG Needs Models in a Study of Sefton MBC's Housing Market, London, BarryAnalytics Ltd. Calculation of Error Margins for CLG Needs Models in a Study of Sefton MBC's Housing Market Google Scholar

LU, M. (1999), 'Do people move when they say they will? Inconsistencies in individual migration behaviour', Population and Environment, 20, 467–88. Do people move when they say they will? Inconsistencies in individual migration behaviour Population and Environment 20 467 88 Google Scholar

MACLENNAN, D. (1986), The Demand for Housing: An Economics Perspective, Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. The Demand for Housing: An Economics Perspective Google Scholar

MACLENNAN, D., MORE, A., O'SULLIVAN, A. AND YOUNG, G. (1998), Local Housing Systems Analysis: Best Practice Guide, Edinburgh, Scottish Homes. Local Housing Systems Analysis: Best Practice Guide Google Scholar

MACLENNAN, D., MUNRO, M. AND WOOD, G. (1987), 'Housing choice and the structure of urban housing markets', in B. Turner, J. Kemeny and L. J. Lundquist (eds), Between State and Market Housing in the Post-industrial Era, Gothenburg, Almquist and Hicksell International. Housing choice and the structure of urban housing markets Between State and Market Housing in the Post-industrial Era Google Scholar

MONK, S. (1999), The Use of Price in Planning for Housing: a Literature Review (DP105, Department of Land Economy), Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Google Scholar

MONK, S. AND WHITEHEAD, C. (2000), The Use of Housing and Land Prices as a Planning Tool: A Summary Document (Housing and Planning Research Report), Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Google Scholar

MURDOCH, J. (2000), 'Space against time: competing rationalities in planning for housing', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 25, 503–19. Space against time: competing rationalities in planning for housing Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 25 503 19 Google Scholar

NATIONAL HOUSING AND PLANNING ADVICE UNIT (NHPAU) (2010), Understanding Housing Markets: What are the Issues? Is there Scope for Joint Working to Produce a Toolkit to Improve SHMAs?, conversation paper, Fareham, NHPAU. Google Scholar

NLA (NEVIN LEATHER ASSOCIATES) (2007), Telford and Wrekin Housing Market Assessment, Telford, Telford and Wrekin Partnership. Google Scholar

NLA (nevin leather associates), inner city solutions and university of sheffield (2008a), The Definition of Housing Market Areas in the North West Region, Wigan, 4NW. Google Scholar

NLA (nevin leather associates), manchester geomatics, university of sheffield and inner city solutions (2008b), North West Regional Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Wigan, 4NW. Google Scholar

NICOL, C. (2002), The Formulation of Local Housing Strategies: A Critical Evaluation, Aldershot, Ashgate. The Formulation of Local Housing Strategies: A Critical Evaluation Google Scholar

NORRIS, M. AND SHIELS, P. (2007), 'Housing affordability in the Republic of Ireland: is Planning part of the problem or part of the solution?', Housing Studies, 22, 45–62. Housing affordability in the Republic of Ireland: is Planning part of the problem or part of the solution? Housing Studies 22 45 62 Google Scholar

O'SULLIVAN, A. (2003), 'Economics and housing planning', in: A. O'Sullivan and K. Gibb (eds), Housing Economics and Public Policy, Oxford, Blackwell. Economics and housing planning Housing Economics and Public Policy Google Scholar

ORS (OPINION RESEARCH SERVICES) (2007), Exeter and Torbay Strategic Housing Market Assessment 2007, Exeter, Devon County Council. Google Scholar

ORS (OPINION RESEARCH SERVICES) (2008), Greater London Strategic Housing Market Assessment 2008, London, Greater London Authority. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

QUIGLEY, J. M. (1979), 'What have we learned about urban housing markets?', in: M. Straszheim and P. Mieszkowski (eds), Current Issues in Urban Economics, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 391–429. 'What have we learned about urban housing markets?' Current Issues in Urban Economics 391 429 Google Scholar

ROTHENBERG, J., GALSTER, G., BUTLER, R. AND PITKIN, J. (1991), The Maze of Urban Housing Markets: Theory, Evidence and Policy, Chicago, University of Chicago Press. The Maze of Urban Housing Markets: Theory, Evidence and Policy Google Scholar

RYDIN, Y. (2007), 'Indicators as a governmental technology? The lessons of community-based sustainability indicator projects', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 25, 610–24. Indicators as a governmental technology? The lessons of community-based sustainability indicator projects Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 25 610 24 Google Scholar

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND HOUSING, EDINBURGH COLLEGE OF ART IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING ENGINEERING, HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY (2001), The Role of the Planning System in the Provision of Housing, Edinburgh, Scottish Executive. Google Scholar

STIGLER, G. J. AND SHERWIN, R. A. (1985), 'The extent of the market', Journal of Law and Economics, 28, 555–85. The extent of the market Journal of Law and Economics 28 555 85 Google Scholar

VARADY, D. P. (1996), 'Local housing plans: learning from Great Britain', Housing Policy Debate, 7, 253–92. Local housing plans: learning from Great Britain Housing Policy Debate 7 253 92 Google Scholar

WATKINS, C. (2001), 'The definition and identification of housing submarkets', Environment and Planning A, 33, 2235–53. The definition and identification of housing submarkets Environment and Planning A 33 2235 53 Google Scholar

WATKINS, C. (2008), 'Microeconomic perspectives on the structure and operation of local housing systems', Housing Studies, 23, 163–77. Microeconomic perspectives on the structure and operation of local housing systems Housing Studies 23 163 77 Google Scholar

WHITEHEAD, C. (1997), 'Changing needs, changing incentives', in P. Williams (ed.), Directions in Housing Policy, London, Paul Chapman Publishing. Changing needs, changing incentives Directions in Housing Policy Google Scholar

ADAMS, D. AND WATKINS, C. (2002), Greenfields, Brownfields and Housing Development, Oxford, Blackwell. Greenfields, Brownfields and Housing Development Google Scholar

ARC4 (2008), Barnsley Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Barnsley, Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council. Google Scholar

B-LINE AND THREE DRAGONS (2007), Nottingham Core Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Nottingham, Nottingham City Council. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BAKER, M. AND WONG, C. (1997), 'Planning for housing land in the English regions: a critique of household projections and Regional Planning Guidance mechanisms', Environment and Planning C: 15, 73–87. Google Scholar

BARKER, K. (2004), Review of Housing Supply: Delivering stability – Securing Our Future Needs, Final Report – Recommendations, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

BATES, L. K. (2006), 'Does neighbourhood really matter? Comparing historically defined neighbourhood boundaries with housing submarkets', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26(5), 5–17. Does neighbourhood really matter? Comparing historically defined neighbourhood boundaries with housing submarkets Journal of Planning Education and Research 26 5 17 Google Scholar

BIBBY, P. (2005), West Midlands Regional Housing Strategy 2005: Defining Housing Market Areas, Sheffield, Department of Town and Regional Planning, University of Sheffield. West Midlands Regional Housing Strategy 2005: Defining Housing Market Areas Google Scholar

BLACKABY, B. (2000), Understanding Local Housing Markets: Their Role in Local Housing Strategies, Coventry, Chartered Institute of Housing and London, Council of Mortgage Lenders. Understanding Local Housing Markets: Their Role in Local Housing Strategies Google Scholar

BRAMLEY, G., PAWSON, H. AND PARKER, J. (2000), Local Housing Needs Assessment: A Good Practice Guide, London, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions. Local Housing Needs Assessment: A Good Practice Guide Google Scholar

BRAMLEY, G. AND WATKINS, C. (1995), Circular Projections, London, Campaign to Protect Rural England. Circular Projections Google Scholar

BROWN, P. J. B. AND HINCKS, S. (2008), 'A framework for housing market area delineation: principles and application', Urban Studies, 45, 2225–47. A framework for housing market area delineation: principles and application Urban Studies 45 2225 47 Google Scholar

BUNKER, R., HOLLOWAY, D. AND RANDOLPH, B. (2007), 'Building the connection between housing needs and metropolitan planning in Sydney, Australia', Housing Studies, 20, 771–94. Building the connection between housing needs and metropolitan planning in Sydney, Australia Housing Studies 20 771 94 Google Scholar

COLE, I. (2007), Understanding and Responding to Housing Market Change, York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Understanding and Responding to Housing Market Change Google Scholar

CLG (COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006), Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

CLG (COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007a), Strategic Housing Market Assessments: Practice Guidance, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

CLG (COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007b), Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessments, London, CLG. Google Scholar

COOMBES, M. G. (2002), Travel-to-Work Areas and the 2001 Census, Newcastle upon Tyne, Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies, University of Newcastle. Travel-to-Work Areas and the 2001 Census Google Scholar

COOMBES, M. G., DIXON, J. S., GODDARD, J. B., OPENSHAW, S. AND TAYLOR, P. J. (1979), 'Daily urban systems in Britain: from theory to practice', Environment and Planning A, 11, 565–74. Daily urban systems in Britain: from theory to practice Environment and Planning A 11 565 74 Google Scholar

CULLINGWORTH, B. (1997), 'British land use planning: a failure to cope with change?', Urban Studies, 34, 945–60. British land use planning: a failure to cope with change? Urban Studies 34 945 60 Google Scholar

DCA (DAVID COUTTIE ASSOCIATES) (2007a), Castle Morpeth Borough Housing Needs Assessment, Morpeth, Northumberland County Council. Google Scholar

DCA (DAVID COUTTIE ASSOCIATES) (2007b), Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assessment 2007, Sheffield, Sheffield City Council. Google Scholar

DCA (DAVID COUTTIE ASSOCIATES) (2008), Derby Sub-Region Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Derby, Derby City Council. Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. (2006), 'Evidence-based planning', disP, 165(2), 14–24. Evidence-based planning disP 165 14 24 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT) (1977a), Housing Policy: A Technical Volume Part 1, HMSO, London. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT) (1977b), Housing Policy: A Consultative Document, HMSO, London. Google Scholar

DELOITTE MCS WITH GVA GRIMLEY (2008), Greater Manchester Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Manchester, Association of Greater Manchester Authorities. Google Scholar

DTZ PIEDA (2004), Identifying the Local Housing Markets of South East England, Guildford, South East Regional Assembly. Google Scholar

ECOTEC (2008), A Strategic Housing Market Assessment for Macclesfield Borough, Macclesfield, Macclesfield Borough Council. Google Scholar

ECOTEC (2009), The Methods, Findings and Impact of Strategic Housing Market Assessments in the South West, Taunton, South West Councils. Google Scholar

EVANS, A. W. (2003), 'Shouting very loudly: economics, planning and politics', Town Planning Review, 74, 195–212. Shouting very loudly: economics, planning and politics Town Planning Review 74 195 212 Google Scholar

FERRARI, E. (2008), 'Do planners need to understand housing markets?' (paper presented to ACSP/AESOP Joint Congress, Chicago, July 2008). Google Scholar

FERRARI, E. AND LEE, P. (2010), Building Sustainable Housing Markets, Coventry, Chartered Institute of Housing. Building Sustainable Housing Markets Google Scholar

FORDHAM, R., FINDLAY, S., GARDNER, J., MACMILLAN, A. MULDOON, C. TAYLOR, G. AND WELCH, G. (1998), Housing Need and the Need for Housing, Aldershot, Gower. Housing Need and the Need for Housing Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCH (2007), Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Rotherham, Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council. Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCH (2008), Hounslow Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Hounslow, London Borough of Hounslow. Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCHH (2009a), Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Strategic Housing Market Assessment, London, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Google Scholar

FORDHAM RESEARCH (2009b), Gloucestershire and Districts Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Gloucester, Gloucestershire County Council. Google Scholar

GALLENT, N. AND CARMONA, M. (2004), 'Planning for housing: unravelling the frictions in local practice', Planning, Practice and Research, 19, 123–46. Planning for housing: unravelling the frictions in local practice Planning, Practice and Research 19 123 46 Google Scholar

GALLENT, N. AND TEWDWR-JONES, M. (2007), 'The new market agenda in housing supply', chapter 7 in Gallent, N. and Tewdwr-Jones, Decent Homes for All: Planning's Evolving Role in Housing Provision, Oxford, Routledge. Google Scholar

GALSTER, G. C. (1996), 'William Grigsby and the analysis of housing submarkets and filtering', Urban Studies, 33, 1797–806. William Grigsby and the analysis of housing submarkets and filtering Urban Studies 33 1797 806 Google Scholar

GRIGSBY, W. G. (1963), Housing Markets and Public Policy, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press. Housing Markets and Public Policy Google Scholar

HANCOCK, K. AND MACLENNAN, D. (1989), House Price Monitoring Systems and Housing Planning in Scotland: A Feasibility Study (a report for The Scottish Office), Glasgow, Centre for Housing Research, Glasgow University. Google Scholar

HOLMANS, A. (1970), 'A forecast of effective demand for housing in Great Britain in the nineteen seventies', Social Trends, 1, 33–45. A forecast of effective demand for housing in Great Britain in the nineteen seventies Social Trends 1 33 45 Google Scholar

HULL, A. (1997), 'Restructuring the debate on allocating land for housing', Housing Studies, 12, 367–82. Restructuring the debate on allocating land for housing Housing Studies 12 367 82 Google Scholar

JONES, C. (2002), 'The definition of housing market areas and strategic planning', Urban Studies, 39, 549–64. The definition of housing market areas and strategic planning Urban Studies 39 549 64 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

JONES, C., LEISHMAN, C. AND WATKINS, C. (2005), 'Housing market processes, urban housing submarkets and planning policy', Town Planning Review, 76(2), 33–52. Housing market processes, urban housing submarkets and planning policy Town Planning Review 76 33 52 Google Scholar

JONES, C. AND WATKINS, C. (2009), Urban Housing Markets and Planning Policy, Oxford, Blackwell-Wiley. Urban Housing Markets and Planning Policy Google Scholar

LEE, P. AND NEVIN, B. (2003), 'Changing demand for housing: restructuring markets and the public policy framework', Housing Studies, 18, 65–86. Changing demand for housing: restructuring markets and the public policy framework Housing Studies 18 65 86 Google Scholar

LEVENTHAL, B. (2010), Calculation of Error Margins for CLG Needs Models in a Study of Sefton MBC's Housing Market, London, BarryAnalytics Ltd. Calculation of Error Margins for CLG Needs Models in a Study of Sefton MBC's Housing Market Google Scholar

LU, M. (1999), 'Do people move when they say they will? Inconsistencies in individual migration behaviour', Population and Environment, 20, 467–88. Do people move when they say they will? Inconsistencies in individual migration behaviour Population and Environment 20 467 88 Google Scholar

MACLENNAN, D. (1986), The Demand for Housing: An Economics Perspective, Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. The Demand for Housing: An Economics Perspective Google Scholar

MACLENNAN, D., MORE, A., O'SULLIVAN, A. AND YOUNG, G. (1998), Local Housing Systems Analysis: Best Practice Guide, Edinburgh, Scottish Homes. Local Housing Systems Analysis: Best Practice Guide Google Scholar

MACLENNAN, D., MUNRO, M. AND WOOD, G. (1987), 'Housing choice and the structure of urban housing markets', in B. Turner, J. Kemeny and L. J. Lundquist (eds), Between State and Market Housing in the Post-industrial Era, Gothenburg, Almquist and Hicksell International. Housing choice and the structure of urban housing markets Between State and Market Housing in the Post-industrial Era Google Scholar

MONK, S. (1999), The Use of Price in Planning for Housing: a Literature Review (DP105, Department of Land Economy), Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Google Scholar

MONK, S. AND WHITEHEAD, C. (2000), The Use of Housing and Land Prices as a Planning Tool: A Summary Document (Housing and Planning Research Report), Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Google Scholar

MURDOCH, J. (2000), 'Space against time: competing rationalities in planning for housing', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 25, 503–19. Space against time: competing rationalities in planning for housing Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 25 503 19 Google Scholar

NATIONAL HOUSING AND PLANNING ADVICE UNIT (NHPAU) (2010), Understanding Housing Markets: What are the Issues? Is there Scope for Joint Working to Produce a Toolkit to Improve SHMAs?, conversation paper, Fareham, NHPAU. Google Scholar

NLA (NEVIN LEATHER ASSOCIATES) (2007), Telford and Wrekin Housing Market Assessment, Telford, Telford and Wrekin Partnership. Google Scholar

NLA (nevin leather associates), inner city solutions and university of sheffield (2008a), The Definition of Housing Market Areas in the North West Region, Wigan, 4NW. Google Scholar

NLA (nevin leather associates), manchester geomatics, university of sheffield and inner city solutions (2008b), North West Regional Strategic Housing Market Assessment, Wigan, 4NW. Google Scholar

NICOL, C. (2002), The Formulation of Local Housing Strategies: A Critical Evaluation, Aldershot, Ashgate. The Formulation of Local Housing Strategies: A Critical Evaluation Google Scholar

NORRIS, M. AND SHIELS, P. (2007), 'Housing affordability in the Republic of Ireland: is Planning part of the problem or part of the solution?', Housing Studies, 22, 45–62. Housing affordability in the Republic of Ireland: is Planning part of the problem or part of the solution? Housing Studies 22 45 62 Google Scholar

O'SULLIVAN, A. (2003), 'Economics and housing planning', in: A. O'Sullivan and K. Gibb (eds), Housing Economics and Public Policy, Oxford, Blackwell. Economics and housing planning Housing Economics and Public Policy Google Scholar

ORS (OPINION RESEARCH SERVICES) (2007), Exeter and Torbay Strategic Housing Market Assessment 2007, Exeter, Devon County Council. Google Scholar

ORS (OPINION RESEARCH SERVICES) (2008), Greater London Strategic Housing Market Assessment 2008, London, Greater London Authority. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

QUIGLEY, J. M. (1979), 'What have we learned about urban housing markets?', in: M. Straszheim and P. Mieszkowski (eds), Current Issues in Urban Economics, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 391–429. 'What have we learned about urban housing markets?' Current Issues in Urban Economics 391 429 Google Scholar

ROTHENBERG, J., GALSTER, G., BUTLER, R. AND PITKIN, J. (1991), The Maze of Urban Housing Markets: Theory, Evidence and Policy, Chicago, University of Chicago Press. The Maze of Urban Housing Markets: Theory, Evidence and Policy Google Scholar

RYDIN, Y. (2007), 'Indicators as a governmental technology? The lessons of community-based sustainability indicator projects', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 25, 610–24. Indicators as a governmental technology? The lessons of community-based sustainability indicator projects Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 25 610 24 Google Scholar

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND HOUSING, EDINBURGH COLLEGE OF ART IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING ENGINEERING, HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY (2001), The Role of the Planning System in the Provision of Housing, Edinburgh, Scottish Executive. Google Scholar

STIGLER, G. J. AND SHERWIN, R. A. (1985), 'The extent of the market', Journal of Law and Economics, 28, 555–85. The extent of the market Journal of Law and Economics 28 555 85 Google Scholar

VARADY, D. P. (1996), 'Local housing plans: learning from Great Britain', Housing Policy Debate, 7, 253–92. Local housing plans: learning from Great Britain Housing Policy Debate 7 253 92 Google Scholar

WATKINS, C. (2001), 'The definition and identification of housing submarkets', Environment and Planning A, 33, 2235–53. The definition and identification of housing submarkets Environment and Planning A 33 2235 53 Google Scholar

WATKINS, C. (2008), 'Microeconomic perspectives on the structure and operation of local housing systems', Housing Studies, 23, 163–77. Microeconomic perspectives on the structure and operation of local housing systems Housing Studies 23 163 77 Google Scholar

WHITEHEAD, C. (1997), 'Changing needs, changing incentives', in P. Williams (ed.), Directions in Housing Policy, London, Paul Chapman Publishing. Changing needs, changing incentives Directions in Housing Policy Google Scholar

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Author details

Ferrari, Ed

Laughlin, Danielle Leahy

Watkins, Craig