International Development Planning Review

Planning with urban informality: a case for inclusion, co-production and reiteration

International Development Planning Review (2016), 38, (4), 359–381.

Abstract

Based on an embedded case study of street vendor relocation and upgrading and multimodal transport planning in Solo, Indonesia, this paper explores the challenges and opportunities for democratic problem solving and shared value creation at the interface between the informal sector and formal urban planning and development apparatuses. Findings underscore the importance of incorporating diverse knowledge systems, existing forms of social organisation and collective action, and ‘boundary organisations’ in mediating collaboration between ‘informals’ and state planning agencies on inclusive, equitable and co-generative terms, along with policy experimentation, learning and adaptation in the face of urban complexity and uncertainty.

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Morrell, E., Tuerah, N. and Sumarto, H. S. (2011) ‘Local authority and pro-poor urban management in Indonesia’s transition to democracy’, International Development Planning Review, 33, 49–66. Local authority and pro-poor urban management in Indonesia International Development Planning Review 33 49 66 Google Scholar

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Mukhija, V. and Loukaitou-Sideris, A. (2014) The informal American city: beyond taco trucks and day labor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. The informal American city: beyond taco trucks and day labor Google Scholar

Peattie, L. (1987) ‘An idea in good currency and how it grew: the informal sector’, World Development, 15(7), 851–60. An idea in good currency and how it grew: the informal sector World Development 15 851 60 Google Scholar

Peters, R. (2013) Surabaya, 1945–2010: Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle, Asian Studies Association of Australia. Surabaya, 1945–2010: Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle Google Scholar

Peters, R. (2014) Surabaya, 1945–2010. Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies. Surabaya, 1945–2010. Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle Google Scholar

Phelps, N. A., Bunnell, T., Miller, M. A. and Taylor, J. (2014) ‘Urban inter-referencing within and beyond a decentralized Indonesia’, Cities, 39, 37–49. Urban inter-referencing within and beyond a decentralized Indonesia Cities 39 37 49 Google Scholar

Rakowski, C. A. (1994) Contrapunto: the informal sector debate in Latin America, Albany, NY, SUNY Press. Contrapunto: the informal sector debate in Latin America Google Scholar

Roy, A. (2004) ‘Transnational trespassings: the geopolitics of urban informality’, in A. Roy and N. Alsayyad (eds), 289–317. Transnational trespassings: the geopolitics of urban informality 289 317 Google Scholar

Roy, A. (2005) ‘Urban informality: toward an epistemology of planning’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 71(2), 147–58. Urban informality: toward an epistemology of planning Journal of the American Planning Association 71 147 58 Google Scholar

Roy, A., and AlSayyad, N. (eds) (2004) Urban informality: transnational perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia, Lanham, MD, Lexington Books. Urban informality: transnational perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia Google Scholar

Scott, J. C. (1998) Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed, New Haven, CT, Yale University Press. Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed Google Scholar

Sethuraman, S. V. (1981) The urban informal sector in developing countries: employment poverty and environment, International Labour Office. The urban informal sector in developing countries: employment poverty and environment Google Scholar

Star, S. L., and Griesemer, J. R. (1989) ‘Institutional ecology, “translations” and boundary objects: amateurs and professionals in Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907–39’, Social Studies of Science, 19(3), 387–420. Institutional ecology, “translations” and boundary objects: amateurs and professionals in Berkeley Social Studies of Science 19 387 420 Google Scholar

Vickers, A. (2013) A history of modern Indonesia (2nd edition), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. A history of modern Indonesia Google Scholar

Watson, V. (2009) Seeing from the South: refocusing urban planning on the globe’s central urban issues, Urban Studies, 46(11), 2259–75. Seeing from the South: refocusing urban planning on the globe’s central urban issues Urban Studies 46 2259 75 Google Scholar

Williams, G. (2004) ‘Evaluating participatory development: tyranny, power and (re) politicisation’, Third World Quarterly, 25(3), 557–78. Evaluating participatory development: tyranny, power and (re) politicisation Third World Quarterly 25 557 78 Google Scholar

Yayasan Kota Kita (2015) ‘The angkots of Solo: report on Batik Solo Transit and angkot integration’, http://www.kotakita.org/publications-docs/The%20Angkots%20of%20Solo_150528.pdf (accessed 14 May 2016). Google Scholar

Yiftachel, O. and Yacobi, H. (2003) ‘Urban ethnocracy: ethnicization and the production of space in an Israeli “mixed city”’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 21(6), 673–93. Urban ethnocracy: ethnicization and the production of space in an Israeli “mixed city” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 21 673 93 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Albrechts, L. (2013) ‘Reframing strategic spatial planning by using a coproduction perspective’, Planning Theory, 12(1), 46–63. Reframing strategic spatial planning by using a coproduction perspective Planning Theory 12 46 63 Google Scholar

Bunnell, T. (2013) ‘Antecedent cities and inter-referencing effects: learning from and extending beyond critiques of neoliberalisation’, Urban Studies, doi: 10.1177/0042098013505882. Antecedent cities and inter-referencing effects: learning from and extending beyond critiques of neoliberalisation Urban Studies Google Scholar

Bunnell, T., Miller, M. A., Phelps, N. A. and Taylor, J. (2013) ‘Urban development in a decentralized Indonesia: two success stories?’, Pacific Affairs, 86(4), 857–76. Urban development in a decentralized Indonesia: two success stories? Pacific Affairs 86 857 76 Google Scholar

De Soto, H. (1989) The other path: the informal revolution in the third world, New York, Harper Collins. The other path: the informal revolution in the third world Google Scholar

De Soto, H. (2000) The mystery of capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else, New York, Basic Books. The mystery of capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else Google Scholar

Dick, H. (2000) ‘Representations of development in 19th and 20th century Indonesia: a transport history perspective’, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 36(1), 185–207. Representations of development in 19th and 20th century Indonesia: a transport history perspective Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies 36 185 207 Google Scholar

Dick, H. (2002) Surabaya, city of work: a twentieth century socioeconomic history, Athens, OH, Ohio University Press. Surabaya, city of work: a twentieth century socioeconomic history Google Scholar

Douglass, M. (2013) Creative communities versus the cultural economy –the vernacular city as an alternative to globopolis in Asia (No. 194). Singapore: National University of Singapore. Creative communities versus the cultural economy –the vernacular city as an alternative to globopolis in Asia Google Scholar

Fainstein, S. S. (2010) The just city, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press. The just city Google Scholar

Ferro, P. S., Behrens, R. and Golub, A. (2012) ‘Planned and paratransit service integration through trunk and feeder arrangements: an international review’, Presentation at Southern African Transport Conference 2012, http://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/20419/Ferro_Planned%282012%29.pdf?sequence=1 (accessed 17 July 2016). Google Scholar

Firman, T. (2009) ‘Decentralization reform and local government proliferation in Indonesia: towards a fragmentation of regional development’, Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, 21(2–3), 143–57. Decentralization reform and local government proliferation in Indonesia: towards a fragmentation of regional development Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies 21 143 57 Google Scholar

Forester, J. (2013) On the theory and practice of critical pragmatism: deliberative practice and creative negotiations, Planning Theory, 12(1), 5–22. On the theory and practice of critical pragmatism: deliberative practice and creative negotiations Planning Theory 12 5 22 Google Scholar

Forrester, J. (1999) The deliberative practitioner: encouraging participatory planning processes, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press. The deliberative practitioner: encouraging participatory planning processes Google Scholar

Friedmann, J. (1987) Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press. Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action Google Scholar

Gieryn, T. F. (1983) ‘Boundary-work and the demarcation of science from non-science: strains and interests in professional ideologies of scientists’, American Sociological Review, 781–95. Boundary-work and the demarcation of science from non-science: strains and interests in professional ideologies of scientists American Sociological Review 781 95 Google Scholar

Guston, D. H. (2000) ‘Report of the workshop on boundary organizations in environmental policy and science’, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Report of the workshop on boundary organizations in environmental policy and science Google Scholar

Guston, D. H. (2001) ‘Boundary organizations in environmental policy and science: an introduction’, Science, Technology, & Human Values, 26(4), 399–408. Boundary organizations in environmental policy and science: an introduction Science, Technology, & Human Values 26 399 408 Google Scholar

Healey, P. (2003) ‘Collaborative planning in perspective’, Planning Theory, 2(2), 101–23. Collaborative planning in perspective Planning Theory 2 101 23 Google Scholar

ILO (International Labour Office) (1972) Employment, incomes and equality: a strategy for increasing productive employment in Kenya, Geneva, International Labour Office. Google Scholar

Kothari, U. (2001) ‘Power, knowledge and social control in participatory development’, in U. Kothari and B. Cooke (eds), Participation: the new tyranny?, London, Zed Books, 139–52. Power, knowledge and social control in participatory development Participation: the new tyranny? 139 52 Google Scholar

Lindblom, C. E. and Cohen, D. K. (1979) Usable knowledge: social science and social problem solving (Vol. 21), New Haven, CT, Yale University Press. Usable knowledge: social science and social problem solving (Vol. 21) Google Scholar

Majeed, R. (2012) ‘Defusing a volatile city, igniting reforms: Joko Widodo and Surakarta, Indonesia, 2005–2011’, Innovations for successful societies, https://successfulsocieties.princeton.edu/sites/successfulsocieties/files/Policy_Note_ID199.pdf (accessed 21 October 2013). Google Scholar

McFarlane, C. (2012) ‘Rethinking informality: politics, crisis, and the city’, Planning Theory & Practice, 13(1), 89–108. Rethinking informality: politics, crisis, and the city Planning Theory & Practice 13 89 108 Google Scholar

Mohan, G. and Stokke, K. (2000) ‘Participatory development and empowerment: the dangers of localism’, Third World Quarterly, 21(2), 247–68. Participatory development and empowerment: the dangers of localism Third World Quarterly 21 247 68 Google Scholar

Morrell, E., Tuerah, N. and Sumarto, H. S. (2011) ‘Local authority and pro-poor urban management in Indonesia’s transition to democracy’, International Development Planning Review, 33, 49–66. Local authority and pro-poor urban management in Indonesia International Development Planning Review 33 49 66 Google Scholar

Moser, C. O. (1978) ‘Informal sector or petty commodity production: dualism or dependence in urban development?’, World Development, 6(9), 1041–64. Informal sector or petty commodity production: dualism or dependence in urban development? World Development 6 1041 64 Google Scholar

Mukhija, V. and Loukaitou-Sideris, A. (2014) The informal American city: beyond taco trucks and day labor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. The informal American city: beyond taco trucks and day labor Google Scholar

Peattie, L. (1987) ‘An idea in good currency and how it grew: the informal sector’, World Development, 15(7), 851–60. An idea in good currency and how it grew: the informal sector World Development 15 851 60 Google Scholar

Peters, R. (2013) Surabaya, 1945–2010: Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle, Asian Studies Association of Australia. Surabaya, 1945–2010: Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle Google Scholar

Peters, R. (2014) Surabaya, 1945–2010. Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies. Surabaya, 1945–2010. Neighbourhood, state and economy in Indonesia’s city of struggle Google Scholar

Phelps, N. A., Bunnell, T., Miller, M. A. and Taylor, J. (2014) ‘Urban inter-referencing within and beyond a decentralized Indonesia’, Cities, 39, 37–49. Urban inter-referencing within and beyond a decentralized Indonesia Cities 39 37 49 Google Scholar

Rakowski, C. A. (1994) Contrapunto: the informal sector debate in Latin America, Albany, NY, SUNY Press. Contrapunto: the informal sector debate in Latin America Google Scholar

Roy, A. (2004) ‘Transnational trespassings: the geopolitics of urban informality’, in A. Roy and N. Alsayyad (eds), 289–317. Transnational trespassings: the geopolitics of urban informality 289 317 Google Scholar

Roy, A. (2005) ‘Urban informality: toward an epistemology of planning’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 71(2), 147–58. Urban informality: toward an epistemology of planning Journal of the American Planning Association 71 147 58 Google Scholar

Roy, A., and AlSayyad, N. (eds) (2004) Urban informality: transnational perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia, Lanham, MD, Lexington Books. Urban informality: transnational perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia Google Scholar

Scott, J. C. (1998) Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed, New Haven, CT, Yale University Press. Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed Google Scholar

Sethuraman, S. V. (1981) The urban informal sector in developing countries: employment poverty and environment, International Labour Office. The urban informal sector in developing countries: employment poverty and environment Google Scholar

Star, S. L., and Griesemer, J. R. (1989) ‘Institutional ecology, “translations” and boundary objects: amateurs and professionals in Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907–39’, Social Studies of Science, 19(3), 387–420. Institutional ecology, “translations” and boundary objects: amateurs and professionals in Berkeley Social Studies of Science 19 387 420 Google Scholar

Vickers, A. (2013) A history of modern Indonesia (2nd edition), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. A history of modern Indonesia Google Scholar

Watson, V. (2009) Seeing from the South: refocusing urban planning on the globe’s central urban issues, Urban Studies, 46(11), 2259–75. Seeing from the South: refocusing urban planning on the globe’s central urban issues Urban Studies 46 2259 75 Google Scholar

Williams, G. (2004) ‘Evaluating participatory development: tyranny, power and (re) politicisation’, Third World Quarterly, 25(3), 557–78. Evaluating participatory development: tyranny, power and (re) politicisation Third World Quarterly 25 557 78 Google Scholar

Yayasan Kota Kita (2015) ‘The angkots of Solo: report on Batik Solo Transit and angkot integration’, http://www.kotakita.org/publications-docs/The%20Angkots%20of%20Solo_150528.pdf (accessed 14 May 2016). Google Scholar

Yiftachel, O. and Yacobi, H. (2003) ‘Urban ethnocracy: ethnicization and the production of space in an Israeli “mixed city”’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 21(6), 673–93. Urban ethnocracy: ethnicization and the production of space in an Israeli “mixed city” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 21 673 93 Google Scholar

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Song, Lily K.

Song, Lily K.