Town Planning Review

Centenary paper: European spatial planning: past, present and future

Town Planning Review (2010), 81, (1), 1–22.

Abstract

During the launch era of the European Union, there were unsuccessful attempts to make spatial planning part of the European project. This paper identifies three subsequent phases of integration. During the doldrums era, initiatives were channelled through the Council of Europe. Since the start of the boom era, spatial planning has been related to EU cohesion policy. As we move into the fourth phase, characterised by doubts about integration, what does the future bring? The Lisbon Treaty settles the issue of a lack of competence, but uncertainty continues because the future of cohesion policy as such is unsettled. While the journey continues, will it be retained, and if so, what will the role of territorial cohesion policy be? Will territorial cohesion policy be barely tolerated, or will it become a mainstay of cohesion policy?

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ALBRECHTS, L. (2001), 'In pursuit of new approaches to strategic spatial planning: a European perspective', International Planning Studies, 6, 293–310. In pursuit of new approaches to strategic spatial planning: a European perspective International Planning Studies 6 293 310 Google Scholar

ALBRECHTS, L., HEALEY, P. and KUNZMANN, K. R. (2003), 'Strategic spatial planning and regional governance in Europe', Journal of the American Planning Association, 69, 113–29. Strategic spatial planning and regional governance in Europe Journal of the American Planning Association 69 113 29 Google Scholar

ALLMENDINGER, P. and HAUGHTON, G. (2009), 'Soft spaces, fuzzy boundaries, and metagovernance: the new spatial planning in the Thames Gateway', Environment and Planning A, 41, 617–33. Soft spaces, fuzzy boundaries, and metagovernance: the new spatial planning in the Thames Gateway Environment and Planning A 41 617 33 Google Scholar

BACHTLER, J. and MENDEZ, C. (2007), 'Who governs EU cohesion policy? Deconstructing the reforms of the structural funds', Journal of Common Market Studies, 45, 535–64. Who governs EU cohesion policy? Deconstructing the reforms of the structural funds Journal of Common Market Studies 45 535 64 Google Scholar

BATTIS, U. and KERSTEN, J. (2008), Europäische Politik des territorialen Zusammenhalts: Europäischer Rechtsrahmen und nationale Umstetzung (The European Policy of Territorial Cohesion – European Legal Framework and National Implementation), Bonn, Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung. Available at: www.bbsr.bund.de/cln_007/nn_23566/BBSR/DE/Veroeffentlichungen/Sonderveroeffentlichungen/2008/DL_Europaeische_20Politik,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/DL_Europaeische%20Politik.pdf.(accessed 13 June 2009). English summary available at: www.bbsr.bund.de/cln_007/nn_62854/BBSR/EN/Publications/SpecialPublication/2008/DL_EuropeanPolicySummary,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/DL_EuropeanPolicySummary.pdf Google Scholar

BAUDELLE, G. (2008), 'Construire ensemble les territoires: les transformations récentes du modèle français d'aménagement', Historiens & Géographes, 403, 145–58. Construire ensemble les territoires: les transformations récentes du modèle français d'aménagement Historiens & Géographes 403 145 58 Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1991), Europe 2000: Outlook for the Development of the Community's Territory, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1994), Europe 2000+: Cooperation for European Territorial Development, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (1999), European Spatial Development Perspective: Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the EU, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Google Scholar

CEC (COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES) (2008), Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and the European Economic and Social Committee: Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion – Turning Territorial Diversity into Strength, COM (2008) 616, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/consultation/terco/index_en.htm Google Scholar

COE (COUNCIL OF EUROPE) (1968), Regional Planning a European Problem. Report of a Working Party set up under Resolution 289 (1964). Strasbourg, Council of Europe. Google Scholar

COE (COUNCIL OF EUROPE) (1984), Recommendation (84 2) on the European Regional/Spatial Planning Charter. Available at: https://wcd.coe.int/com.instranet.InstraServlet?command=com.instranet.CmdBlobGet&InstranetImage=974473&SecMode=1&DocId=681646&Usage=2 Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. and STRANGE, I. (2009), Conceptions of Space and Place in Strategic Spatial Planning, London, Routledge (RTPI Library Series). Conceptions of Space and Place in Strategic Spatial Planning Google Scholar

DÉJEANT-PONS, M. (2003), 'The European Conference of Ministers repsonsible for Regional Planning (CEMAT)', in Raumordnungspolitik des Europarates – The Council of Europe's Spatial Planning Policy (Special Issue), Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, Nr. 7, Bonn, Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung. Google Scholar

DE ROO, G. and PORTER, G. (eds) (2007), Fuzzy Planning: The Role of Actors in a Fuzzy Governance Environment, Aldershot, Ashgate. Fuzzy Planning: The Role of Actors in a Fuzzy Governance Environment Google Scholar

DIDELON, C., GRASLAND, C. and RICHARD, Y. (eds) (2008), Atlas de l'Europe dans de Mond, Paris, La Documentation Française. Atlas de l'Europe dans de Mond Google Scholar

DREVET, J.-F. (2008), Histoire de la politique régionale de l'Union européenne, Paris, Edition Belin. Histoire de la politique régionale de l'Union européenne Google Scholar

EEC TREATY (1957), Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (non-consolidated version), available at: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/institutional_affairs/treaties/treaties_eec_en.htm Google Scholar

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES–EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT (1983), Report Drawn Up on Behalf of the Committee on Regonal Policy and Regional Planning on a European Regional Planning Scheme (Rapporteur: Mr. Paul-Henry Gendebien) Document 1-1026/83, available at: http://aei.pitt.edu/5250/01/001765_1.pdf Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. (2006), 'From European spatial development to territorial cohesion policy', Regional Studies, 40, 667–78. From European spatial development to territorial cohesion policy Regional Studies 40 667 78 Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. (2009a), 'A turning point in the development of European spatial planning? The "Territorial Agenda of the European Union" and the "First Action Programme", Progress in Planning, 71, 1–42. 'A turning point in the development of European spatial planning? The "Territorial Agenda of the European Union" and the "First Action Programme" Progress in Planning 71 1 42 Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. (2009b), 'The Portuguese, Slovenian and French presidencies 2007–2008 – a sea change in European spatial planning?', European Journal of Spatial Development, 36, at http://www.nordregio.se/EJSD/refereed36.pdf Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. and VAN DER VALK, A. J. (1994), Rule and Order: Dutch Planning Doctrine in the Twentieth Century, Dordrecht, Kluwer. Rule and Order: Dutch Planning Doctrine in the Twentieth Century Google Scholar

FALUDI, A. and WATERHOUT, B. (2002), The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective: No Masterplan (The RTPI Library Series), London, Routledge. The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective: No Masterplan (The RTPI Library Series) Google Scholar

FEDERAL MINISTRY FOR REGIONAL PLANNING, BUILDING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (1993), Guidelines for Regional Planning: General Principles for Spatial Development in the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn, Federal Ministry for Regional Planning, Building and Urban Development. Google Scholar

GATAWIS, S. (2000), Grundfragen eines europäischen Raumordnungsrechts (Beiträge zur Raumplanung und zum Siedlungs-und Wohnungswesen, Bd. 196), Münster. Selbstverlag des Zentralinstituts für Raumplanung und des Instituts für Siedlungs-und Wohungswesen der Universität Münster. Grundfragen eines europäischen Raumordnungsrechts (Beiträge zur Raumplanung und zum Siedlungs-und Wohnungswesen, Bd. 196) Google Scholar

GOLDMANN, K. (2001), Transforming the European Nation-State, London, Sage. Transforming the European Nation-State Google Scholar

GRAHAM, S. and MARVIN, S. (2001), Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and Urban Conditions, London, Routledge. Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and Urban Conditions Google Scholar

GRAVIER, J. F. (1947), Paris et le désert français, Paris, Flammarion. Paris et le désert français Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2007), Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies: Towards a Relational Planning for Our Times, London, Routledge. Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies: Towards a Relational Planning for Our Times Google Scholar

HOOGHE, L. and MARKS, G. (2008), 'European Union?', West European Politics, 31, 108–29. European Union? West European Politics 31 108 29 Google Scholar

HUSSON, C. (2002), L'Europe sans territoire: Essay sur le concept de cohésion territoriale, Paris, DATAR/ éditions de l'aube. L'Europe sans territoire: Essay sur le concept de cohésion territoriale Google Scholar

KEELER, J. (2005), 'Mapping EU studies: the evolution from boutique to boom field 1960–2001', Journal of Common Market Studies, 43, 551–82. Mapping EU studies: the evolution from boutique to boom field 1960–2001 Journal of Common Market Studies 43 551 82 Google Scholar

MÄDING, H. and STRUBELT, W. (eds) (2009), Vom Dritten Reich zur Bundesrepublik: Beiträge einer Tagung zur Geschichte von Raumforschung und Raumplanung, Hanover, Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung – ARL. Vom Dritten Reich zur Bundesrepublik: Beiträge einer Tagung zur Geschichte von Raumforschung und Raumplanung Google Scholar

MÜLLER, A., with DOSCH, F., GöRMAR, W., HACHMANN, V. AND SCHÄFER, N. (2005), Bericht 2005 Transnationale Zusammenarbeit/TransCoop 05 Report, Bonn, Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung. Bericht 2005 Transnationale Zusammenarbeit/TransCoop 05 Report Google Scholar

PIERRET, G. (1984), Vivre l'europe … autrement: Les régions entrent en scène (Perspectives 2001), Paris, Editions Jean Picollec. Vivre l'europe … autrement: Les régions entrent en scène (Perspectives 2001) Google Scholar

PIERRET, G. (1997), Régions d'Europe: La face cachée de l'Union– Une aventure vécue, Rennes, Editions Apogée. Google Scholar

SAPIR, A. and AGHION, P., BERTOLA, G., HELLWIG, M., PISANY-FERRY, J., ROSITA, D., VIÑALS, J. and WALLACE, H. WITH BUTTI, M., NAVA, M. and SMITH, P. M. (2004), An Agenda for a Growing Europe: The Sapir Report, Oxford, Oxford University Press. An Agenda for a Growing Europe: The Sapir Report Google Scholar

TERRITORIAL AGENDA. (2007), Territorial Agenda of the European Union: Towards a More Competitive and Sustainable Europe of Diverse Regions – Agreed at the Occasion of the Informal Ministerial Meeting on Urban Development and Territorial Cohesion on 24/25 May 2007. Available at: www.bmvbs.de/Anlage/original_1005295/Territorial-Agenda-of-the-European-Union-Agreed-on-25-May-2007-accessible.pdf Google Scholar

VANHOVE, N. and KLAASSEN, L. (1987), Regional Policy: A European Approach, Saxon House, Westmead, Farnborough. Regional Policy: A European Approach Google Scholar

WATERHOUT, B. (2008), The Institutionalisation of European Spatial Planning, Amsterdam, IOS Press. The Institutionalisation of European Spatial Planning Google Scholar

WIECHMANN, TH. (2008), Planung und Adaption: Strategieentwicklung in Regionen, Organisationen und Netzwerken, Dortmund, Rohn. Planung und Adaption: Strategieentwicklung in Regionen, Organisationen und Netzwerken Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, R. H. (1996), European Union Spatial Policy and Planning, London, Paul Chapman. European Union Spatial Policy and Planning Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Faludi, Andreas