International Development Planning Review

Viewpoint: Cooperating in Africa’s sustainable structural transformation: policymaking capacity and the role of emerging economies

International Development Planning Review (2019), 41, (4), 419–434.

Abstract

Most African countries today are pursuing one or both of the following policy agendas as they strive towards a sustainable transition: 1) a global normative agenda moving away from traditional patterns of economic growth and toward a greater emphasis on sustainable development (2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development), and 2) a regional context-dependent development policy agenda that entails the achievement of a more radical structural transformation (Agenda 2063). Having identified these two overlapping policy agendas, both of which are aimed at moving away from an exclusive focus on economic growth, this article explores these development viewpoints with particular focus on capacity building in policymaking (the non-financial aspect), and the need for these to be further supported by more aggressive global partnership efforts (the financial aspect). By doing so, we are able to examine some transformation experiences in Africa as well as policy options that envisage greater inclusiveness, equality and sustainability.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

References

Armah, B. and Baek, S. J. (2015) ‘Can the SDGs promote structural transformation in Africa? An Empirical Analysis’, Development, 58(4), 473–91. Google Scholar

Armah, B. and Baek, S. J. (2018) ‘Three interventions to foster sustainable transformation in Africa’, Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 43(1–2), 3–25. Google Scholar

Armah, B. and Baek, S. J. (2019) ‘Prioritising interventions for sustainable structural transformation in Africa: a structural equation modelling approach’, Review of Social Economy, 77, doi.org/10.1080/00346764.2019.1602277. Google Scholar

AUC (African Union Commission) (2015) ‘Agenda 2063: the Africa we want’, Addis Ababa, AUC. Google Scholar

Baek, S. J. (2017) ‘Is rising income inequality far from inevitable during structural transformation? A proposal for an augmented inequality dynamics’, Journal of Economics and Political Economy, 4(3), 224–37. Google Scholar

Baek, S. J. (2018) The political economy of neo-modernisation, London, Palgrave Macmillan. Google Scholar

Bédécarrats, F., Cling, J. and Roubaud, F. (2016) ‘Révolution des données et enjeux de la statistique en Afrique: Introduction thématique’, Afrique contemporaine, 258(2), 9–23. Google Scholar

Brautigam, D. and Hwang, J. (2016) ‘Eastern promises: new data on Chinese loans in Africa, 2000 to 2014’ (Working Paper No. 4), Washington DC, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, China-Africa Research Initiative. Google Scholar

Castro, C. J. (2004) ‘Sustainable development: mainstream and critical perspectives’, Organization and Environment, 17(2), 195–225. Google Scholar

Chen, W. and Nord, R. (2018) ‘Reassessing Africa’s global partnerships’ in B. Coulibaly (ed.) Foresight Africa: top priorities for Africa in 2018, Washington, DC, Brookings Institution, 102–15. Google Scholar

China Africa Research Initiative (2019) ‘Data: Chinese loans to Africa’, China-Africa Research Initiative, http://www.sais-cari.org/data-chinese-loans-to-africa (accessed 12 February 2019). Google Scholar

Collier, P. and Venables, A. J. (2012) ‘Greening Africa? Technologies, endowments and the latecomer effect’, Energy Economics, 34(S1), 75–84. Google Scholar

ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2015) ‘Illicit financial flows’ (report to the High-Level Panel on illicit financial flows from Africa), Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2016) Planning for Africa’s development: lessons, insights and messages from past and present experiences, Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2017) Integrating agenda 2063 and 2030 agenda for sustainable development into national development plans: emerging issues for African least developed countries, Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ECA, AUC, AfDB (Africa Development Bank) and UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (2016) MDGs to agenda 2063/SDGs transition report 2016: towards an integrated and coherent approach to sustainable development in Africa, Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ESCWA (Economic and Social Commission for West Asia) (2018) Survey of economic and social developments in the Arab region 2017–2018, Beirut, ESCWA. Google Scholar

Gault, F. and Zhang, G. (2010) ‘The role of innovation in the area of development’ in E. Kraemer-Mbula and W. Wamae (eds) Innovation and the development agenda, Paris, OECD/IDRC, 13–27. Google Scholar

Gulrajani, N. and Swiss, L. (2017) ‘Why do countries become donors? Assessing the drivers and implications of donor proliferation’ (Research reports and studies), London, Overseas Development Institute. Google Scholar

Hull, Z. (2008) ‘Sustainable development: premises, understanding and prospects’, Sustainable Development, 16(2), 73–80. Google Scholar

Jayaram, K., Kassiri, O. and Sun, Yuan Sun, I. (2017) Dance of the lions and dragons: how are Africa and China engaging, and how will the partnership evolve?, New York, McKinsey Global Institute. Google Scholar

Jones, S. and Tarp, F. (2016) ‘Does foreign aid harm political institutions?’, Journal of Development Economics, 118, 266–81. Google Scholar

Kharas, H. (2008) ‘Measuring the cost of aid volatility’, Wolfensohn Center for Development (Working Paper 3/20), Washington, DC, Brookings Institution. Google Scholar

Kim, S. and Lightfoot, S. (2011) ‘Does “DAC-ability” really matter? The emergence of non-DAC donors: introduction to policy arena’, Journal of International Development, 23(5), 711–21. Google Scholar

Klasen, S., Martínez-Zarzoso, I., Nowak-Lehmann, F. and Bruckner, N. (2016) ‘Trade preferences for least developed countries: are they effective? Preliminary econometric evidence’, Policy Review No. 4, Committee for Development Policy (CDP), New York, UN CDP. Google Scholar

Lin, J. Y. (2012) New structural economics: a framework for rethinking development and policy, Washington, DC, World Bank Publications. Google Scholar

Lin, J. Y., Vu, K. and Hartley, K. (2019) ‘A modeling framework for enhancing aid effectiveness’, Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 22, doi.org/10.1080/17487870.2018.1551137. Google Scholar

Mawdsley, E. (2010) ‘Non-DAC donors and the changing landscape of foreign aid: the (in)significance of India’s development cooperation with Kenya’, Journal of Eastern African Studies, 4(2), 361–79. Google Scholar

McMillan, M. and Rodrik, D. (2011) ‘Globalization, structural change and productivity growth’, in M. Bachetta and M. Jansen (eds) Making globalization socially sustainable, Geneva, International Labour Organization and World Trade Organization Publications, 49–84. Google Scholar

Mlambo, V. (2019) ‘Exploitation dressed in a suit, shining shoes, and carrying a suitcase full of dollars: what does China want in Africa?’, Journal of Public Affairs, 19(1), e1892. Google Scholar

Mohan, G. (2013) ‘“The Chinese just come and do it”: China in Africa and the prospects for development planning’, International Development Planning Review, 35(3), 5–12. Google Scholar

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2018) ‘Development finance of countries beyond the DAC’, http://oecd.org/dac/stats/non-dac-reporting.htm (accessed 18 December 2018). Google Scholar

Oxfam International (2016) Africa-China dialogue platform launch, Addis Ababa, Oxfam International. Google Scholar

Saboori, B., and Sulaiman, J. (2013) ‘Environmental degradation, economic growth and energy consumption: evidence of the environmental Kuznets curve in Malaysia’, Energy Policy, 60, 892–905. Google Scholar

Schoneveld, G. and Zoomers, A. (2015) ‘Natural resource privatisation in sub-Saharan Africa and the challenges for inclusive green growth’, International Development Planning Review, 37(1), 95–118. Google Scholar

SDSN (Sustainable Development Solutions Network) (2018) ‘Africa SDG index and dashboard report 2018’, Kigali and New York, The Sustainable Development Goals Centre for Africa and SDSN. Google Scholar

Spaiser, V., Ranganathan, S., Swain, R. B. and Sumpter, D. J. (2017) ‘The sustainable development oxymoron: quantifying and modelling the incompatibility of sustainable development goals’, International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 24(6), 457–70. Google Scholar

Swiecki, T. (2017) ‘Determinants of structural change’, Review of Economic Dynamics, 24, 95–131. Google Scholar

Timmer, C. P. (2007) A world without agriculture: the structural transformation in historical perspective, Washington, DC, AEI Press. Google Scholar

UN (United Nations) (2012) ‘The future we want’ (resolution adopted by the general assembly on 27 July 2012), New York, UN. Google Scholar

UN (United Nations) (2015) ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development’ (resolution adopted by the general assembly on 25 September 2015), New York, UN. Google Scholar

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (2012) Economic development in Africa report 2012: structural transformation and sustainable development in Africa, Geneva, UNCTAD. Google Scholar

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (2018a) Scaling up finance for the sustainable development goals: experimenting with models of multilateral development banking, Geneva, UNCTAD. Google Scholar

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (2018b) World investment report 2018: investment and new industrial policies, Geneva, UNCTAD. Google Scholar

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (2015) Building inclusive green economies in Africa: experience and lessons learned 2010-2015, Nairobi, UNEP. Google Scholar

Willis, K. (2016) ‘Viewpoint: international development planning and the sustainable development goals (SDGs)’, International Development Planning Review, 38(2), 105–11. Google Scholar

World Bank (2018) ‘World development indicators’, https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/world-development-indicators (accessed 21 April 2018). Google Scholar

World Bank (2019) ‘World development indicators’, https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/world-development-indicators (accessed 12 February 2019). Google Scholar

WTO (World Trade Organisation) (2018) ‘World trade statistical review 2017’, https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/wts2017_e/wts17_toc_e.htm (accessed 21 April 2018). Google Scholar

Zafar, A. (2007) ‘The growing relationship between China and sub-Saharan Africa: macroeconomic, trade, investment, and aid links’, The World Bank Research Observer, 22(1), 103–30. Google Scholar

Armah, B. and Baek, S. J. (2015) ‘Can the SDGs promote structural transformation in Africa? An Empirical Analysis’, Development, 58(4), 473–91. Google Scholar

Armah, B. and Baek, S. J. (2018) ‘Three interventions to foster sustainable transformation in Africa’, Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 43(1–2), 3–25. Google Scholar

Armah, B. and Baek, S. J. (2019) ‘Prioritising interventions for sustainable structural transformation in Africa: a structural equation modelling approach’, Review of Social Economy, 77, doi.org/10.1080/00346764.2019.1602277. Google Scholar

AUC (African Union Commission) (2015) ‘Agenda 2063: the Africa we want’, Addis Ababa, AUC. Google Scholar

Baek, S. J. (2017) ‘Is rising income inequality far from inevitable during structural transformation? A proposal for an augmented inequality dynamics’, Journal of Economics and Political Economy, 4(3), 224–37. Google Scholar

Baek, S. J. (2018) The political economy of neo-modernisation, London, Palgrave Macmillan. Google Scholar

Bédécarrats, F., Cling, J. and Roubaud, F. (2016) ‘Révolution des données et enjeux de la statistique en Afrique: Introduction thématique’, Afrique contemporaine, 258(2), 9–23. Google Scholar

Brautigam, D. and Hwang, J. (2016) ‘Eastern promises: new data on Chinese loans in Africa, 2000 to 2014’ (Working Paper No. 4), Washington DC, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, China-Africa Research Initiative. Google Scholar

Castro, C. J. (2004) ‘Sustainable development: mainstream and critical perspectives’, Organization and Environment, 17(2), 195–225. Google Scholar

Chen, W. and Nord, R. (2018) ‘Reassessing Africa’s global partnerships’ in B. Coulibaly (ed.) Foresight Africa: top priorities for Africa in 2018, Washington, DC, Brookings Institution, 102–15. Google Scholar

China Africa Research Initiative (2019) ‘Data: Chinese loans to Africa’, China-Africa Research Initiative, http://www.sais-cari.org/data-chinese-loans-to-africa (accessed 12 February 2019). Google Scholar

Collier, P. and Venables, A. J. (2012) ‘Greening Africa? Technologies, endowments and the latecomer effect’, Energy Economics, 34(S1), 75–84. Google Scholar

ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2015) ‘Illicit financial flows’ (report to the High-Level Panel on illicit financial flows from Africa), Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2016) Planning for Africa’s development: lessons, insights and messages from past and present experiences, Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2017) Integrating agenda 2063 and 2030 agenda for sustainable development into national development plans: emerging issues for African least developed countries, Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ECA, AUC, AfDB (Africa Development Bank) and UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (2016) MDGs to agenda 2063/SDGs transition report 2016: towards an integrated and coherent approach to sustainable development in Africa, Addis Ababa, ECA. Google Scholar

ESCWA (Economic and Social Commission for West Asia) (2018) Survey of economic and social developments in the Arab region 2017–2018, Beirut, ESCWA. Google Scholar

Gault, F. and Zhang, G. (2010) ‘The role of innovation in the area of development’ in E. Kraemer-Mbula and W. Wamae (eds) Innovation and the development agenda, Paris, OECD/IDRC, 13–27. Google Scholar

Gulrajani, N. and Swiss, L. (2017) ‘Why do countries become donors? Assessing the drivers and implications of donor proliferation’ (Research reports and studies), London, Overseas Development Institute. Google Scholar

Hull, Z. (2008) ‘Sustainable development: premises, understanding and prospects’, Sustainable Development, 16(2), 73–80. Google Scholar

Jayaram, K., Kassiri, O. and Sun, Yuan Sun, I. (2017) Dance of the lions and dragons: how are Africa and China engaging, and how will the partnership evolve?, New York, McKinsey Global Institute. Google Scholar

Jones, S. and Tarp, F. (2016) ‘Does foreign aid harm political institutions?’, Journal of Development Economics, 118, 266–81. Google Scholar

Kharas, H. (2008) ‘Measuring the cost of aid volatility’, Wolfensohn Center for Development (Working Paper 3/20), Washington, DC, Brookings Institution. Google Scholar

Kim, S. and Lightfoot, S. (2011) ‘Does “DAC-ability” really matter? The emergence of non-DAC donors: introduction to policy arena’, Journal of International Development, 23(5), 711–21. Google Scholar

Klasen, S., Martínez-Zarzoso, I., Nowak-Lehmann, F. and Bruckner, N. (2016) ‘Trade preferences for least developed countries: are they effective? Preliminary econometric evidence’, Policy Review No. 4, Committee for Development Policy (CDP), New York, UN CDP. Google Scholar

Lin, J. Y. (2012) New structural economics: a framework for rethinking development and policy, Washington, DC, World Bank Publications. Google Scholar

Lin, J. Y., Vu, K. and Hartley, K. (2019) ‘A modeling framework for enhancing aid effectiveness’, Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 22, doi.org/10.1080/17487870.2018.1551137. Google Scholar

Mawdsley, E. (2010) ‘Non-DAC donors and the changing landscape of foreign aid: the (in)significance of India’s development cooperation with Kenya’, Journal of Eastern African Studies, 4(2), 361–79. Google Scholar

McMillan, M. and Rodrik, D. (2011) ‘Globalization, structural change and productivity growth’, in M. Bachetta and M. Jansen (eds) Making globalization socially sustainable, Geneva, International Labour Organization and World Trade Organization Publications, 49–84. Google Scholar

Mlambo, V. (2019) ‘Exploitation dressed in a suit, shining shoes, and carrying a suitcase full of dollars: what does China want in Africa?’, Journal of Public Affairs, 19(1), e1892. Google Scholar

Mohan, G. (2013) ‘“The Chinese just come and do it”: China in Africa and the prospects for development planning’, International Development Planning Review, 35(3), 5–12. Google Scholar

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2018) ‘Development finance of countries beyond the DAC’, http://oecd.org/dac/stats/non-dac-reporting.htm (accessed 18 December 2018). Google Scholar

Oxfam International (2016) Africa-China dialogue platform launch, Addis Ababa, Oxfam International. Google Scholar

Saboori, B., and Sulaiman, J. (2013) ‘Environmental degradation, economic growth and energy consumption: evidence of the environmental Kuznets curve in Malaysia’, Energy Policy, 60, 892–905. Google Scholar

Schoneveld, G. and Zoomers, A. (2015) ‘Natural resource privatisation in sub-Saharan Africa and the challenges for inclusive green growth’, International Development Planning Review, 37(1), 95–118. Google Scholar

SDSN (Sustainable Development Solutions Network) (2018) ‘Africa SDG index and dashboard report 2018’, Kigali and New York, The Sustainable Development Goals Centre for Africa and SDSN. Google Scholar

Spaiser, V., Ranganathan, S., Swain, R. B. and Sumpter, D. J. (2017) ‘The sustainable development oxymoron: quantifying and modelling the incompatibility of sustainable development goals’, International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 24(6), 457–70. Google Scholar

Swiecki, T. (2017) ‘Determinants of structural change’, Review of Economic Dynamics, 24, 95–131. Google Scholar

Timmer, C. P. (2007) A world without agriculture: the structural transformation in historical perspective, Washington, DC, AEI Press. Google Scholar

UN (United Nations) (2012) ‘The future we want’ (resolution adopted by the general assembly on 27 July 2012), New York, UN. Google Scholar

UN (United Nations) (2015) ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development’ (resolution adopted by the general assembly on 25 September 2015), New York, UN. Google Scholar

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (2012) Economic development in Africa report 2012: structural transformation and sustainable development in Africa, Geneva, UNCTAD. Google Scholar

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (2018a) Scaling up finance for the sustainable development goals: experimenting with models of multilateral development banking, Geneva, UNCTAD. Google Scholar

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (2018b) World investment report 2018: investment and new industrial policies, Geneva, UNCTAD. Google Scholar

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (2015) Building inclusive green economies in Africa: experience and lessons learned 2010-2015, Nairobi, UNEP. Google Scholar

Willis, K. (2016) ‘Viewpoint: international development planning and the sustainable development goals (SDGs)’, International Development Planning Review, 38(2), 105–11. Google Scholar

World Bank (2018) ‘World development indicators’, https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/world-development-indicators (accessed 21 April 2018). Google Scholar

World Bank (2019) ‘World development indicators’, https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/world-development-indicators (accessed 12 February 2019). Google Scholar

WTO (World Trade Organisation) (2018) ‘World trade statistical review 2017’, https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/wts2017_e/wts17_toc_e.htm (accessed 21 April 2018). Google Scholar

Zafar, A. (2007) ‘The growing relationship between China and sub-Saharan Africa: macroeconomic, trade, investment, and aid links’, The World Bank Research Observer, 22(1), 103–30. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Baek, Seung Jin

Baek, Seung Jin