Town Planning Review

Mapping trajectories of becoming: four forms of behaviour in co-housing initiatives

Town Planning Review (2016), 87, (3), 275–296.

Abstract

In order learn about planning in a world increasingly characterised by resource interdependencies and a plurality of governing agencies, this paper follows the processes of becoming for two co-housing initiatives. Self-organisation – understood as the emergence of actor-networks – is the leading theoretical concept, complemented by translation from actor-network theory and individuation from assemblage theory. This theoretical hybrid distinguishes four forms of behaviour (decoding, coding, expansion and contraction) that are used to analyse the dynamics of becoming in the two cases. As a result, information is revealed on the conditions that give rise to co-housing initiatives, and the dynamic interactions between planning authorities, (groups of) initiators and other stakeholders that gave shape to the initiatives. Differences between these actors become blurred, as both try to create meaning and reasoning in a non-linear, complex and uncertain world. The paper concludes with a view on planning as an act of adaptive navigation, an act equally performed by professionals working for planning authorities and a case initiator.

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References

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DERRIDA, J. (1988), Limited Inc., Evanston, IL, Northwestern University Press. Limited Inc. Google Scholar

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DROSTE, C. (2015), ‘German co-housing: an opportunity for municipalities to foster socially inclusive urban development?’, Urban Research & Practice, 8, 79–92. German co-housing: an opportunity for municipalities to foster socially inclusive urban development? Urban Research & Practice 8 79 92 Google Scholar

ELM, A. and DILLIG-HANSEN, T. (2003) (eds), Økosamfund i Danmark, Galten, Landsforeningen for Økosamfund. kosamfund i Danmark, Galten Google Scholar

HEYLIGHEN, F. (2001), ‘The science of self-organisation and adaptivity’, in L. D. Kiel (ed.), Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity, Oxford, The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Eolss Publishers Co. Ltd. The science of self-organisation and adaptivity Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity Google Scholar

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HILLIER, J. (2007), Stretching Beyond the Horizon: A Multiplanar Theory of Spatial Planning and Governance, Farnham, Ashgate. Stretching Beyond the Horizon: A Multiplanar Theory of Spatial Planning and Governance Google Scholar

HILLIER, J. (2011), ‘Strategic navigation across multiple planes: towards a Deleuzean-inspired methodology for strategic spatial planning’, Town Planning Review, 82, 503–27. Strategic navigation across multiple planes: towards a Deleuzean-inspired methodology for strategic spatial planning Town Planning Review 82 503 27 Google Scholar

JANTSCH, E. (1980), The Self-organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution, Oxford, Pergamon Press. The Self-organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution Google Scholar

JARVIS, H. (2015), ‘Towards a deeper understanding of the social architecture of co-housing: evidence from the UK, USA and Australia’, Urban Research & Practice, 8, 93–105. Towards a deeper understanding of the social architecture of co-housing: evidence from the UK, USA and Australia Urban Research & Practice 8 93 105 Google Scholar

KLIJN, E.-H. and SNELLEN, I. (2009), ‘Complexity theory and public administration: a critical appraisal’, in G. R. Teisman, A. van Buuren and L. Gerrits (eds), Managing Complex Governance Systems: Dynamics, Self-Organisation and Coevolution in Public Investments, New York, Routledge, 17–36. Complexity theory and public administration: a critical appraisal Managing Complex Governance Systems: Dynamics, Self-Organisation and Coevolution in Public Investments 17 36 Google Scholar

KRUGMAN, P. R. (1996), The Self-Organizing Economy, Oxford, Blackwell. The Self-Organizing Economy Google Scholar

LATOUR, B. (2004), Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy Google Scholar

LATOUR, B. (2005), Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory, New York, Oxford University Press. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory Google Scholar

LAW, J. (1986), ‘On the methods of long-distance control: vessels, navigation and the Portuguese route to India’, in J. Law (ed.), Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge?, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 234–63. On the methods of long-distance control: vessels, navigation and the Portuguese route to India Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge?, 234 63 Google Scholar

LAW, J. (1992), ‘Notes on the theory of the actor-network: ordering, strategy, and heterogeneity’, Systems Practice, 5, 379–93. Notes on the theory of the actor-network: ordering, strategy, and heterogeneity Systems Practice 5 379 93 Google Scholar

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MARTINUSSEN, P. V. (2010), ‘Self-grown sustainability: a study of private initiatives in sustainable urban planning’ (unpublished Master’s thesis), Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen Faculty of Life Sciences. Self-grown sustainability: a study of private initiatives in sustainable urban planning Google Scholar

MOL, A. (2002), The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice, Durham, NC, Duke University Press. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice Google Scholar

MORÇÖL, G. (2010), ‘Issues in reconceptualizing public policy from the perspective of complexity theory’, Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 12, 52–60. Issues in reconceptualizing public policy from the perspective of complexity theory Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 52 60 Google Scholar

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Boonstra, Beitske