The Indexer: The International Journal of Indexing

Indexing as preadaptive advance: a socio-evolutionary perspective

The Indexer: The International Journal of Indexing (2014), 32, (2), 50–57.

Abstract

The index is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important knowledge management tools of the typographic age but opinion remains divided over the relationship between indexing and the printing revolution. Did the index, in something like its modern sense, succeed or precede the introduction of the printing press? In this article, Alberto Cevolini, looking at it from a socio-evolutionary perspective, suggests that the answer is ‘both’: that the post-printing index is simply the pre-printing, encyclopaedic index with its functions adapted to the new possibilities. The index as memory tool became the index as finding tool. He emphasizes the reciprocal nature of any evolutionary process, with change begetting change to the point where the original function may be lost from sight: and he points to the way in which physical changes can affect the psycho-cognitive process, in turn affecting the physical representation of that process.

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Alsted, J. H. (1649) Scientiarum omnium encyclopaediae tomus primus. Lyon, France: Sumptibus Ioannis Antonii Huguetan Filij & Marci Antonii Ravaud. Scientiarum omnium encyclopaediae tomus primus Google Scholar

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Cevolini, A. (2004) ‘Gelehrsamkeit als Medium des Wissens in der frühen Neuzeit.’ Soziale Systeme 10(2), 233–56. Gelehrsamkeit als Medium des Wissens in der frühen Neuzeit Soziale Systeme 10 233 56 Google Scholar

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Gessner, C. (1551) Historia animalium, Vol.1: De quadrupedibus viviparis. Zurich: Apud Christ. Froschoverum. De quadrupedibus viviparis Google Scholar

Gilbert, N. (1960) Renaissance concepts of method. New York: Columbia University Press. Renaissance concepts of method Google Scholar

Gould, S. (2002) The structure of evolutionary theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. The structure of evolutionary theory Google Scholar

Gould, S. and Vrba, E. (1982) ‘Exaptation: a missing term in the science of form.’ Paleobiology 8, 4–15. Exaptation: a missing term in the science of form Paleobiology 8 4 15 Google Scholar

Grafton, A. (1999) The footnote: a curious history. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. The footnote: a curious history Google Scholar

Hasenohr, G. (1990) ‘Les systèmes de repérage textuel’, pp. 273–88 in H.-J. Martin and J. Vezin (eds), Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit. Paris: Promodis. Les systèmes de repérage textuel Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit 273 88 Google Scholar

Hodannus, J. F (1702) Ars excerpendi nova prorsus ratione exculta. Brunswick, Germany: Literis Henrici Kelseri. Ars excerpendi nova prorsus ratione exculta Google Scholar

Krippendorf, K. (1975) ‘Some principles of information storage and retrieval in society.’ General Systems 20, 15–35. Some principles of information storage and retrieval in society General Systems 20 15 35 Google Scholar

Lechner, J. M. (1962) Renaissance concepts of the commonplaces. New York: Pageant Press. Renaissance concepts of the commonplaces Google Scholar

Lévy, P. (1994) L’intelligence collective: pour une anthropologie du cyberspace. Paris: Éditions La Decouverte. Trans. as (2002) L’intelligenza collettiva. Per un’antropologia del cyberspazio. Milan, Italy: Feltrinelli. L’intelligenza collettiva. Per un’antropologia del cyberspazio Google Scholar

Lévy, P. (1995) Qu’est-ce que le virtuel? Paris: Éditions La Découverte. Trans. as (1997) Il virtuale. Milan, Italy: Raffaello Cortina. Il virtuale Google Scholar

Luhmann, N. (1981) ‘Ideengeschichten in soziologischer Perspektive’, pp. 49–61 in J. Matthes (ed.), Lebenswelt und soziale Probleme. Frankfurt am Main, Germany and New York: Campus. Ideengeschichten in soziologischer Perspektive Lebenswelt und soziale Probleme 49 61 Google Scholar

Luhmann, N. (1997) Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Suhrkamp. Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft Google Scholar

Martin, H.-J. and Vezin, J. (eds) (1990) Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit. Paris: Promodis. Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit Google Scholar

Mayr, E. (1960) ‘The emergence of evolutionary novelties’, pp. 349–80 in S. Tax (ed.), Evolution after Darwin, Vol. 1: The evolution of life. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. The emergence of evolutionary novelties The evolution of life 349 80 Google Scholar

McKitterick, D. (2003) Print, manuscript and the search for order, 1450–1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print, manuscript and the search for order, 1450–1830 Google Scholar

Meyer, H. (1991) ‘Ordo rerum und Registerhilfen in mittelalterlichen Enzyklopädiehandschriften.’ Frühmittelalterliche Studien 25, 315–39. Ordo rerum und Registerhilfen in mittelalterlichen Enzyklopädiehandschriften Frühmittelalterliche Studien 25 315 39 Google Scholar

Morhof, D. G. (1747) Polyhistor, literarius, philosophicus et practicus, 4th edn. Lübeck, Germany: Sumptibus Petri Boeckmanni. Polyhistor, literarius, philosophicus et practicus Google Scholar

Müller, J.-D. (1998) ‘Universalbibliothek und Gedächtnis. Aporien frühneuzeitlicher Wissenskodifikation bei Conrad Gessner’, pp. 285–309 in D. Peil (ed.), Erkennen und Erinnern in Kunst und Literatur. Tübingen, Germany: Niemeyer. Universalbibliothek und Gedächtnis. Aporien frühneuzeitlicher Wissenskodifikation bei Conrad Gessner Erkennen und Erinnern in Kunst und Literatur 285 309 Google Scholar

Ong, W. (1976) ‘Commonplace rhapsody: Ravisius, Textor, Zwinger and Shakespeare’, pp. 91–126 in R. R. Bolgar (ed.), Classical influences on European culture 1500–1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Trans. as (1989) ‘Rapsodia tipografica: Ravisius, Textor, Zwinger e Shakespeare’, pp. 161–204 in Interfacce della parola. Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino. Interfacce della parola 91 126 Google Scholar

Ong, W. (1982) Orality and literacy: the technologizing of the word. London and New York: Methuen. Trans. as (1986) Oralità e scrittura. Le tecnologie della parola. Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino. Oralità e scrittura. Le tecnologie della parola Google Scholar

Parkes, M. (1976) ‘The influence of the concepts of ordinatio and compilatio on the development of the book’, pp. 115–41 in J. G. Alexander (ed.), Mediaeval literature and learning. Oxford: Clarendon Press. The influence of the concepts of ordinatio and compilatio on the development of the book Mediaeval literature and learning 115 41 Google Scholar

Partenio, B. (1560) Della imitatione poetica. Venice, Italy: Appresso Gabriel Giolito. Della imitatione poetica Google Scholar

Placcius, V. (1689) De arte excerpendi vom gelehrten Buchhalten liber singularis. Stockholm, Sweden and Hamburg, Germany: Gottfried Liebezeit. De arte excerpendi vom gelehrten Buchhalten liber singularis Google Scholar

Pomian, K. (1997) ‘Les archives: du Trésor des chartes au Caran’, pp. 3999–4067 in P. Nora (ed.), Les lieux de mémoire, Vol. 3. Paris: Gallimard. Les archives: du Trésor des chartes au Caran Les lieux de mémoire 3999 4067 Google Scholar

Rabnett, M. (1982) ‘The first printed indexes: a study of indexing techniques in some incunabula.’ Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 2(3–4), 87–102. The first printed indexes: a study of indexing techniques in some incunabula Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 2 87 102 Google Scholar

Rouse, R. and Rouse, M. (1982) ‘La naissance des index’, pp. 77–85 in H.-J. Martin et al (eds), Histoire de l’édition française, Vol. 1: Le livre conqueront. Paris: Promodis. Le livre conqueront 77 85 Google Scholar

Rouse, R. and Rouse, M. (1990) ‘Concordances et index’, pp. 219–28 in H.-J. Martin and J. Vezin (eds), Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit. Paris: Promodis. Concordances et index Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit 219 28 Google Scholar

Sorel, C. (1673) Supplement des Traitez de la connoissance des bons Livres. Paris: Chez André Pralard. Supplement des Traitez de la connoissance des bons Livres Google Scholar

Stein, A. von der (1969) ‘Der Systembegriff in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung’, pp. 1–14 in System und Klassifikation in Wissenschaft und Dokumentation. Meisenheim am Glan, Germany: Verlag Anton Hain. Der Systembegriff in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung System und Klassifikation in Wissenschaft und Dokumentation 1 14 Google Scholar

Udenius, J. C.(1687) Excerpendi ratio nova. Nordhausen, Germany: Sumptibus Johannis Daeterstadii. Excerpendi ratio nova Google Scholar

Vecce, C. (1998) ‘Aldo e l’invenzione dell’Indice’, pp. 109–41 in D. Zeidberg (ed.), Aldus Manutius and Renaissance culture: essays in memory of Franklin D. Murphy. Florence, Italy: Olschki. Aldo e l’invenzione dell’Indice Aldus Manutius and Renaissance culture: essays in memory of Franklin D. Murphy 109 41 Google Scholar

Weijers, O. (1995) ‘Les index au Moyen Âge sont-ils un genre littéraire?’ pp. 11–22 in C. Leonardi et al (eds), Fabula in tabula. Una storia degli indici dal manoscritto al testo elettronico. Spoleto, Italy: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo. Fabula in tabula. Una storia degli indici dal manoscritto al testo elettronico 11 22 Google Scholar

Witty, F. (1965) ‘The beginnings of indexing and abstracting: some notes towards a history of indexing and abstracting in antiquity and the middle ages.’ The Indexer 8(4), 193–8. The beginnings of indexing and abstracting: some notes towards a history of indexing and abstracting in antiquity and the middle ages The Indexer 8 193 8 Google Scholar

Zedelmaier, H. (2007) ‘Facilitas inveniendi: the alphabetical index as a knowledge management tool.’ The Indexer 25(4), 235–42. Facilitas inveniendi: the alphabetical index as a knowledge management tool The Indexer 25 235 42 Google Scholar

Alsted, J. H. (1649) Scientiarum omnium encyclopaediae tomus primus. Lyon, France: Sumptibus Ioannis Antonii Huguetan Filij & Marci Antonii Ravaud. Scientiarum omnium encyclopaediae tomus primus Google Scholar

Aristotle (350 bce) On memory and reminiscence. Available at: http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/memory.html Google Scholar

Augustine (397–8) Confessions. Available at: http://www.stoa.org/hippo/ Google Scholar

Bacon, F. (1778) ‘The two books of the proficience and advancement of learning, divine and human.’ The Works of Francis Bacon, Vol. 1. London: printed for J. Rivington & Sons. The two books of the proficience and advancement of learning, divine and human The Works of Francis Bacon Google Scholar

Benjamin, W. (1981) ‘Einbahnstraße’, pp. 98–140 in Gesammelte Schriften, Vol. 4. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Suhrkamp. Einbahnstraße Gesammelte Schriften 98 140 Google Scholar

Bertram, J. F. (1727) Discours von der Klugheit zu excerpiren. Braunschweig: Simon Jacob Rengern. Discours von der Klugheit zu excerpiren Google Scholar

Blair, A. (2000) ‘Annotating and indexing natural philosophy’, pp. 69–89 in M. Frasca-Spada and N. Jardine (eds), Books and the sciences in history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Annotating and indexing natural philosophy Books and the sciences in history 69 89 Google Scholar

Blair, A. (2003) ‘Reading strategies for coping with information overload, ca. 1550–1700.’ Journal of the History of Ideas 64, 11–28. Reading strategies for coping with information overload, ca. 1550–1700 Journal of the History of Ideas 64 11 28 Google Scholar

Bock, W. (1959) ‘Preadaptation and multiple evolutionary pathways.’ Evolution 13, 194–211. Preadaptation and multiple evolutionary pathways Evolution 13 194 211 Google Scholar

Brincken, A.-D. von den (1972) ‘Tabula alphabetica. Von den Anfängen alphabetischer Registerarbeiten zu Geschichtswerken’, pp. 900–23 in Festschrift für Hermann Heimpel zum 70. Geburtstag, Vol. 2. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Tabula alphabetica. Von den Anfängen alphabetischer Registerarbeiten zu Geschichtswerken Festschrift für Hermann Heimpel zum 70. Geburtstag 900 23 Google Scholar

Caramuel, J. (1664) ‘Syntagma de arte typographica’, pp. 185–200 in Theologia praeterintentionalis, Vol. 4. Lyon, France: Sumptibus Philippi Borde et al. Repr. and trans. as (1988) Il Syntagma de arte typographica di Juan Caramuel ed altri testi secenteschi sulla tipografia e l’edizione, ed. V. Romani. Rome: Vecchiarelli. Il Syntagma de arte typographica di Juan Caramuel ed altri testi secenteschi sulla tipografia e l’edizione 185 200 Google Scholar

Carruthers, M. (1990) The book of memory: a study of memory in medieval culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The book of memory: a study of memory in medieval culture Google Scholar

Cevolini, A. (2004) ‘Gelehrsamkeit als Medium des Wissens in der frühen Neuzeit.’ Soziale Systeme 10(2), 233–56. Gelehrsamkeit als Medium des Wissens in der frühen Neuzeit Soziale Systeme 10 233 56 Google Scholar

Cevolini, A. (2006) De arte excerpendi: Imparare a dimenticare nella modernità. Florence, Italy: Olschki. De arte excerpendi: Imparare a dimenticare nella modernità Google Scholar

Clanchy, M. (1993) From memory to written record: England 1066–1307. Oxford: Blackwell. From memory to written record: England 1066–1307 Google Scholar

Descartes, R. (1626–8) Regulae ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the Direction of the Mind). Trans. as Regole per la guida dell’intelligenza. Milan, Italy: Bompiani. Regulae ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the Direction of the Mind) Google Scholar

Dohrn, A. (1875) Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und das Princip des Functionswechsels. Leipzig, Germany: Wilhelm Engelmann. Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und das Princip des Functionswechsels Google Scholar

Drexel, J. (1638) Aurifodina artium et scientiarum omnium. Antwerp: Apud Viduam Ioannis Cnobbari. Aurifodina artium et scientiarum omnium Google Scholar

Eisenstein, E. (1983) The printing revolution in early modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Trans. as (1995) Le rivoluzioni del libro. L’invenzione della stampa e la nascita dell’età moderna. Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino. Le rivoluzioni del libro. L’invenzione della stampa e la nascita dell’età moderna Google Scholar

Esposito, E. (2002) Soziales Vergessen: Formen und Medien des Gedächtnisses der Gesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Suhrkamp. Soziales Vergessen: Formen und Medien des Gedächtnisses der Gesellschaft Google Scholar

Gessner, C. (1551) Historia animalium, Vol.1: De quadrupedibus viviparis. Zurich: Apud Christ. Froschoverum. De quadrupedibus viviparis Google Scholar

Gilbert, N. (1960) Renaissance concepts of method. New York: Columbia University Press. Renaissance concepts of method Google Scholar

Gould, S. (2002) The structure of evolutionary theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. The structure of evolutionary theory Google Scholar

Gould, S. and Vrba, E. (1982) ‘Exaptation: a missing term in the science of form.’ Paleobiology 8, 4–15. Exaptation: a missing term in the science of form Paleobiology 8 4 15 Google Scholar

Grafton, A. (1999) The footnote: a curious history. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. The footnote: a curious history Google Scholar

Hasenohr, G. (1990) ‘Les systèmes de repérage textuel’, pp. 273–88 in H.-J. Martin and J. Vezin (eds), Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit. Paris: Promodis. Les systèmes de repérage textuel Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit 273 88 Google Scholar

Hodannus, J. F (1702) Ars excerpendi nova prorsus ratione exculta. Brunswick, Germany: Literis Henrici Kelseri. Ars excerpendi nova prorsus ratione exculta Google Scholar

Krippendorf, K. (1975) ‘Some principles of information storage and retrieval in society.’ General Systems 20, 15–35. Some principles of information storage and retrieval in society General Systems 20 15 35 Google Scholar

Lechner, J. M. (1962) Renaissance concepts of the commonplaces. New York: Pageant Press. Renaissance concepts of the commonplaces Google Scholar

Lévy, P. (1994) L’intelligence collective: pour une anthropologie du cyberspace. Paris: Éditions La Decouverte. Trans. as (2002) L’intelligenza collettiva. Per un’antropologia del cyberspazio. Milan, Italy: Feltrinelli. L’intelligenza collettiva. Per un’antropologia del cyberspazio Google Scholar

Lévy, P. (1995) Qu’est-ce que le virtuel? Paris: Éditions La Découverte. Trans. as (1997) Il virtuale. Milan, Italy: Raffaello Cortina. Il virtuale Google Scholar

Luhmann, N. (1981) ‘Ideengeschichten in soziologischer Perspektive’, pp. 49–61 in J. Matthes (ed.), Lebenswelt und soziale Probleme. Frankfurt am Main, Germany and New York: Campus. Ideengeschichten in soziologischer Perspektive Lebenswelt und soziale Probleme 49 61 Google Scholar

Luhmann, N. (1997) Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Suhrkamp. Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft Google Scholar

Martin, H.-J. and Vezin, J. (eds) (1990) Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit. Paris: Promodis. Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit Google Scholar

Mayr, E. (1960) ‘The emergence of evolutionary novelties’, pp. 349–80 in S. Tax (ed.), Evolution after Darwin, Vol. 1: The evolution of life. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. The emergence of evolutionary novelties The evolution of life 349 80 Google Scholar

McKitterick, D. (2003) Print, manuscript and the search for order, 1450–1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print, manuscript and the search for order, 1450–1830 Google Scholar

Meyer, H. (1991) ‘Ordo rerum und Registerhilfen in mittelalterlichen Enzyklopädiehandschriften.’ Frühmittelalterliche Studien 25, 315–39. Ordo rerum und Registerhilfen in mittelalterlichen Enzyklopädiehandschriften Frühmittelalterliche Studien 25 315 39 Google Scholar

Morhof, D. G. (1747) Polyhistor, literarius, philosophicus et practicus, 4th edn. Lübeck, Germany: Sumptibus Petri Boeckmanni. Polyhistor, literarius, philosophicus et practicus Google Scholar

Müller, J.-D. (1998) ‘Universalbibliothek und Gedächtnis. Aporien frühneuzeitlicher Wissenskodifikation bei Conrad Gessner’, pp. 285–309 in D. Peil (ed.), Erkennen und Erinnern in Kunst und Literatur. Tübingen, Germany: Niemeyer. Universalbibliothek und Gedächtnis. Aporien frühneuzeitlicher Wissenskodifikation bei Conrad Gessner Erkennen und Erinnern in Kunst und Literatur 285 309 Google Scholar

Ong, W. (1976) ‘Commonplace rhapsody: Ravisius, Textor, Zwinger and Shakespeare’, pp. 91–126 in R. R. Bolgar (ed.), Classical influences on European culture 1500–1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Trans. as (1989) ‘Rapsodia tipografica: Ravisius, Textor, Zwinger e Shakespeare’, pp. 161–204 in Interfacce della parola. Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino. Interfacce della parola 91 126 Google Scholar

Ong, W. (1982) Orality and literacy: the technologizing of the word. London and New York: Methuen. Trans. as (1986) Oralità e scrittura. Le tecnologie della parola. Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino. Oralità e scrittura. Le tecnologie della parola Google Scholar

Parkes, M. (1976) ‘The influence of the concepts of ordinatio and compilatio on the development of the book’, pp. 115–41 in J. G. Alexander (ed.), Mediaeval literature and learning. Oxford: Clarendon Press. The influence of the concepts of ordinatio and compilatio on the development of the book Mediaeval literature and learning 115 41 Google Scholar

Partenio, B. (1560) Della imitatione poetica. Venice, Italy: Appresso Gabriel Giolito. Della imitatione poetica Google Scholar

Placcius, V. (1689) De arte excerpendi vom gelehrten Buchhalten liber singularis. Stockholm, Sweden and Hamburg, Germany: Gottfried Liebezeit. De arte excerpendi vom gelehrten Buchhalten liber singularis Google Scholar

Pomian, K. (1997) ‘Les archives: du Trésor des chartes au Caran’, pp. 3999–4067 in P. Nora (ed.), Les lieux de mémoire, Vol. 3. Paris: Gallimard. Les archives: du Trésor des chartes au Caran Les lieux de mémoire 3999 4067 Google Scholar

Rabnett, M. (1982) ‘The first printed indexes: a study of indexing techniques in some incunabula.’ Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 2(3–4), 87–102. The first printed indexes: a study of indexing techniques in some incunabula Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 2 87 102 Google Scholar

Rouse, R. and Rouse, M. (1982) ‘La naissance des index’, pp. 77–85 in H.-J. Martin et al (eds), Histoire de l’édition française, Vol. 1: Le livre conqueront. Paris: Promodis. Le livre conqueront 77 85 Google Scholar

Rouse, R. and Rouse, M. (1990) ‘Concordances et index’, pp. 219–28 in H.-J. Martin and J. Vezin (eds), Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit. Paris: Promodis. Concordances et index Mise en page et mise en texte du livre manuscrit 219 28 Google Scholar

Sorel, C. (1673) Supplement des Traitez de la connoissance des bons Livres. Paris: Chez André Pralard. Supplement des Traitez de la connoissance des bons Livres Google Scholar

Stein, A. von der (1969) ‘Der Systembegriff in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung’, pp. 1–14 in System und Klassifikation in Wissenschaft und Dokumentation. Meisenheim am Glan, Germany: Verlag Anton Hain. Der Systembegriff in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung System und Klassifikation in Wissenschaft und Dokumentation 1 14 Google Scholar

Udenius, J. C.(1687) Excerpendi ratio nova. Nordhausen, Germany: Sumptibus Johannis Daeterstadii. Excerpendi ratio nova Google Scholar

Vecce, C. (1998) ‘Aldo e l’invenzione dell’Indice’, pp. 109–41 in D. Zeidberg (ed.), Aldus Manutius and Renaissance culture: essays in memory of Franklin D. Murphy. Florence, Italy: Olschki. Aldo e l’invenzione dell’Indice Aldus Manutius and Renaissance culture: essays in memory of Franklin D. Murphy 109 41 Google Scholar

Weijers, O. (1995) ‘Les index au Moyen Âge sont-ils un genre littéraire?’ pp. 11–22 in C. Leonardi et al (eds), Fabula in tabula. Una storia degli indici dal manoscritto al testo elettronico. Spoleto, Italy: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo. Fabula in tabula. Una storia degli indici dal manoscritto al testo elettronico 11 22 Google Scholar

Witty, F. (1965) ‘The beginnings of indexing and abstracting: some notes towards a history of indexing and abstracting in antiquity and the middle ages.’ The Indexer 8(4), 193–8. The beginnings of indexing and abstracting: some notes towards a history of indexing and abstracting in antiquity and the middle ages The Indexer 8 193 8 Google Scholar

Zedelmaier, H. (2007) ‘Facilitas inveniendi: the alphabetical index as a knowledge management tool.’ The Indexer 25(4), 235–42. Facilitas inveniendi: the alphabetical index as a knowledge management tool The Indexer 25 235 42 Google Scholar

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Cevolini, Alberto