Contemporary French Civilization

INTELLECTUALS, CULTURE, AND THE VICHY YEARS: REAPPRAISALS AND NEW PERSPECTIVES

Contemporary French Civilization (2007), 31, (2), 83–115.

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Added, Serge. Le Théâtre dans les années Vichy. Paris: Ramsay, 1992. Le Théâtre dans les années Vichy. Google Scholar

Armes, Roy. "Cinema of Paradox." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 126-141. Google Scholar

Atack, Margaret. Literature and the French Resistance: Cultural Politics and Narrative Forms, 1940-1950. Manchester and New York: Manchester UP, 1989. Literature and the French Resistance: Cultural Politics and Narrative Forms, 1940-1950. Google Scholar

Bédarida, Renée. Les Catholiques dans la guerre, 1939-1945: Entre Vichy et la Resistance. Paris: Hachette, 1998. Les Catholiques dans la guerre, 1939-1945: Entre Vichy et la Resistance. Google Scholar

Birnbaum, Pierre. "Grégoire, Dreyfus, Drancy, and Rue Copernic: Jews at the Heart of French History." Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past. Ed. Pierre Nora. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 379-423. Google Scholar

Bogen, Isabelle. "Le pari culturel nazi à Strasbourg: l'exemple du théâtre." La vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 203-224. Google Scholar

Burrin, Philippe. France under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise. Trans. Janet Lloyd. New York: The New Press, 1996. Google Scholar

Burrin, Philippe. "Vichy." Realms of Memory: Rethininking the French Past. Ed. Pierre Nora. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 181-202. Google Scholar

Carroll, David. French Literary Fascism: Nationalism, Antisemitism, and the Ideology of Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar

Cointet, Michèle. L'Eglise sous Vichy. Paris: Perrin, 1998. L'Eglise sous Vichy. Google Scholar

Cone, Michèle. Artists Under Vichy: A Case of Prejudice and Persecution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992. Artists Under Vichy: A Case of Prejudice and Persecution. Google Scholar

Cone, Michèle. "Vampires, Viruses, and Lucien Rebatet: Antisemitic Art Criticism During Vichy." The Jew in the Text: Modernity and the Construction of Identity. Eds. Linda Nochlin and Tamar Garb. London: Thames and Hudson, 1995. 174-186. Google Scholar

Corcy, Stéphanie. La Vie culturelle sous l'Occupation. Paris: Perrin, 2005. La Vie culturelle sous l'Occupation. Google Scholar

Darling, Brian. "Uriage: The Assault on a Reputation." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. 147-158. Google Scholar

Datta, Venita. Birth of a National Icon: The Literary Avant-Garde and the Origins of the Intellectual in France. Albany: SUNY Press, 1999. Birth of a National Icon: The Literary Avant-Garde and the Origins of the Intellectual in France. Google Scholar

Davis, Natalie Zemon. "Preface." Liste Otto: The Official List of French Books Banned under the German Occupation, 1940. Houghton Library: Harvard, 1992. Google Scholar

Durand, Yves. La Captivité: Histoire des prisonniers de guerre français, 1939-1945. Paris: Fédération nationale des combattants prisonniers de guerre et combattants d'Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, 1982. Google Scholar

Ehrlich, Evelyn. Cinema of Paradox: French Filmmaking Under the German Occupation. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. Cinema of Paradox: French Filmmaking Under the German Occupation. Google Scholar

Farmer, Sarah. Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999. Google Scholar

Fette, Julie. "The Apology Movement: Vichy Memories in 1990s France." Taking Wrongs Seriously: Apologies and Reconciliation. Eds. Elazar Barkan and Alexander Karn. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006. 259-285. Google Scholar

Fishman, Sarah. We Will Wait: Wives of French Prisoners of War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991. We Will Wait: Wives of French Prisoners of War. Google Scholar

Fishman, Sarah. "Vichy and the Eternal Feminine." H-France Review 2 (June 2002), No. 51 > http://www.h-france.net/vol2reviews/fishman.html Google Scholar

Fouché, Pascal. L'Edition française sous l'Occupation, 1940-1944. Paris: Bibliothèque de Littérature française contemporaine de l'Université Paris 7, 1987. L'Edition française sous l'Occupation, 1940-1944. Google Scholar

Fouranton, Olivier. "Comoedia, une publication sous influences." La Revue des revues 24, 1997. Google Scholar

Galster, Ingrid. Le Théâtre de Jean-Paul Sartre devant ses premiers critiques, T. 1: Les pièces crées sous l'occupation allemande, "Les Mouches" et "Huis clos." Paris: Jean-Michel Place, 1986. Le Théâtre de Jean-Paul Sartre devant ses premiers critiques, T. 1: Les pièces crées sous l'occupation allemande, "Les Mouches" et "Huis clos." Google Scholar

Galster, Ingrid. Sartre, Vichy, et les intellectuals. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001. Sartre, Vichy, et les intellectuals. Google Scholar

Garçon, François. "Ce cureux âge d'or des cinéastes français." La Vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 293-313. Google Scholar

Golsan, Richard. "Ideology, Cultural Politics and Literary Collaboration at La Gerbe." The Invasion and Occupation of France 1940-1944: Intellectual and Cultural Responses. Eds. Christopher Flood and Richard Golsan. Journal of European Studies 23 (1993): 27-47. Google Scholar

Golsan, Richard. "Press in Occupied Paris." Historical Dictionary of World War II France: The Occupation, Vichy, and the Resistance, 1938-1946. Ed. Bertram Gordon. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1998. Google Scholar

Golan, Romy. "From Fin de Siècle to Vichy: The Cultural Hygienics of Camille (Faust) Mauclair." The Jew in the Text: Modernity and the Construction of Identity. Eds. Linda Nochlin and Tamar Garb. London: Thames and Hudson, 1995. 156-173. Google Scholar

Gordon, Bertram. Collaborationism in France during the Second World War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980. Collaborationism in France during the Second World War. Google Scholar

Hallie, Philip. Lest Innocent Blood be Shed: The Story of the Village of Le Chambon and How Goodness Happened There. 2nd ed. New York: Harper Collins, 1994. Google Scholar

Halls, W.D. Politics, Society and Christianity in France. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995. Politics, Society and Christianity in France. Google Scholar

Halls, W.D."French Christians and the German Occupation." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 72-91. Google Scholar

Halls, W.D."Catholicism Under Vichy: A Study in Diversity and Ambiguity." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. 133-146 Google Scholar

Hellman, John. Emmanuel Mounier and the New Catholic Left, 1930-1950. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981. Emmanuel Mounier and the New Catholic Left, 1930-1950. Google Scholar

Hellman, John. The Knight-Monks of Vichy France: Uriage, 1940-1945. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1997. The Knight-Monks of Vichy France: Uriage, 1940-1945. Google Scholar

Hewitt, Nicholas. "Independent Publishing in Vichy France: The Case of Pierre Seghers's Poésie." Journal of European Studies 23.89-90 (March/June 1993): 193-206. Independent Publishing in Vichy France: The Case of Pierre Seghers's Poésie. Journal of European Studies 23 193 206 Google Scholar

Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944. Google Scholar

Joseph, Gilbert. Une si douce Occupation: Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, 1940-1944. Paris: Albin Michel, 1991. Une si douce Occupation: Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, 1940-1944. Google Scholar

Judaken, Jonathan. Jean-Paul Sartre and the Jewish Question: Anti-antisemitism and the Politics of the French Intellectual. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2006. Jean-Paul Sartre and the Jewish Question: Anti-antisemitism and the Politics of the French Intellectual. Google Scholar

Kedward, H[arry] R[oderick] and Nancy Wood. "Editors' Preface." The Liberation of France: Image and Event. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995. Google Scholar

Kelly, Michael. "French Catholic Intellectuals during the Occupation." Journal of European Studies: The Invasion and Occupation of France 1940-1944: Intellectual and Cultural Responses 23 (March-June 1993): 179-191. Google Scholar

Kington, Paul J. "The Ideologists: Vichy France, 1940-1944." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 47-71. Google Scholar

Lottman, Herbert. The Left Bank: Writers, Artists, and Politics from the Popular Front to the Cold War. San Francisco: Halo Books, 1991. Google Scholar

Maritain, Jacques, A travers le désastre. Paris: Ed. des deux rives, 1946. A travers le désastre. Google Scholar

Marsh, Patrick. "The Theatre: Compromise or Collaboration." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 142-161. Google Scholar

Marrus, Michael and Robert Paxton. Vichy France and the Jews. Stanford: Stanford, 1995. Vichy France and the Jews. Google Scholar

Muel-Dreyfus, Francine. Vichy and the Eternal Feminine: A Contribution to the Political Sociology of Gender. Trans. Kathleen A Johnson. Durham: Duke University Pres, 2001. Google Scholar

Paxton, Robert. Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order. Google Scholar

Peschanski, Denis. "Une politique de la censure?" La Vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 63-82. Google Scholar

Pickering, Robert. "The Implications of Legalised Publication." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 162-189. Google Scholar

Pollard, Miranda. "Women and the National Revolution." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. 36-47. Google Scholar

Pollard, Miranda. Reign of Virtue: Mobilizing Gender in Vichy France. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. Reign of Virtue: Mobilizing Gender in Vichy France. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Robbins, Derek. "Uriage: The Influence of Context on Content." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. Google Scholar

Rossi-Landi, Guy. La Drôle de guerre: la Vie politique en France, 2 septembre 1939-10 mail 1940. Préface de René-Rémond. Paris: Armand Colin, 1971. Préface de René-Rémond. La Drôle de guerre: la Vie politique en France, 2 septembre 1939-10 mail 1940. Google Scholar

Rousso, Henry. The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard 1991. Google Scholar

Rousso, Henry. "Vichy: politique, idéologie et culture." La Vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 19-40 Google Scholar

Sapiro, Gisèle. La Guerre des écrivains, 1940-1953. Paris: Fayard, 1999. La Guerre des écrivains, 1940-1953. Google Scholar

Semple, Jeanie. "Ambiguities in the film Le Ciel est à vous." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin Vichy France and the Resistance, 123-132. Google Scholar

Simonin, Anne. Les Éditions de Minuit, 1942-1955: Le devoir d'insoumission. Paris: IMEC, 1994. Les Éditions de Minuit, 1942-1955: Le devoir d'insoumission. Google Scholar

Sternhell, Zeev. Ni droite ni gauche: L'Idéologie fasciste en France. Paris: Seuil, 1983. Ni droite ni gauche: L'Idéologie fasciste en France. Google Scholar

Thalmann, Rita. La Mise au pas: Idéologie et stratégie sécuritaire dans la France occupée. Paris: Fayard, 1991. La Mise au pas: Idéologie et stratégie sécuritaire dans la France occupée. Google Scholar

Todorov, Tzvetan. A French Tragedy: Scenes of Civil War, Summer 1944. Hanover, MA: University Press of New England, 1996. Google Scholar

Wilson, Sarah. "Collaboration in the Fine Arts." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 103-125. Google Scholar

Winock, Michel. Histoire politique de la revue Esprit, 1930-1950. Paris: Seuil, 1975. Histoire politique de la revue Esprit, 1930-1950. Google Scholar

Winock, Michel. Nationalism, Antisemitism, and Fascism in France. Trans. Jane Marie Todd. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998. Google Scholar

Added, Serge. Le Théâtre dans les années Vichy. Paris: Ramsay, 1992. Le Théâtre dans les années Vichy. Google Scholar

Armes, Roy. "Cinema of Paradox." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 126-141. Google Scholar

Atack, Margaret. Literature and the French Resistance: Cultural Politics and Narrative Forms, 1940-1950. Manchester and New York: Manchester UP, 1989. Literature and the French Resistance: Cultural Politics and Narrative Forms, 1940-1950. Google Scholar

Bédarida, Renée. Les Catholiques dans la guerre, 1939-1945: Entre Vichy et la Resistance. Paris: Hachette, 1998. Les Catholiques dans la guerre, 1939-1945: Entre Vichy et la Resistance. Google Scholar

Birnbaum, Pierre. "Grégoire, Dreyfus, Drancy, and Rue Copernic: Jews at the Heart of French History." Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past. Ed. Pierre Nora. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 379-423. Google Scholar

Bogen, Isabelle. "Le pari culturel nazi à Strasbourg: l'exemple du théâtre." La vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 203-224. Google Scholar

Burrin, Philippe. France under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise. Trans. Janet Lloyd. New York: The New Press, 1996. Google Scholar

Burrin, Philippe. "Vichy." Realms of Memory: Rethininking the French Past. Ed. Pierre Nora. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 181-202. Google Scholar

Carroll, David. French Literary Fascism: Nationalism, Antisemitism, and the Ideology of Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar

Cointet, Michèle. L'Eglise sous Vichy. Paris: Perrin, 1998. L'Eglise sous Vichy. Google Scholar

Cone, Michèle. Artists Under Vichy: A Case of Prejudice and Persecution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992. Artists Under Vichy: A Case of Prejudice and Persecution. Google Scholar

Cone, Michèle. "Vampires, Viruses, and Lucien Rebatet: Antisemitic Art Criticism During Vichy." The Jew in the Text: Modernity and the Construction of Identity. Eds. Linda Nochlin and Tamar Garb. London: Thames and Hudson, 1995. 174-186. Google Scholar

Corcy, Stéphanie. La Vie culturelle sous l'Occupation. Paris: Perrin, 2005. La Vie culturelle sous l'Occupation. Google Scholar

Darling, Brian. "Uriage: The Assault on a Reputation." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. 147-158. Google Scholar

Datta, Venita. Birth of a National Icon: The Literary Avant-Garde and the Origins of the Intellectual in France. Albany: SUNY Press, 1999. Birth of a National Icon: The Literary Avant-Garde and the Origins of the Intellectual in France. Google Scholar

Davis, Natalie Zemon. "Preface." Liste Otto: The Official List of French Books Banned under the German Occupation, 1940. Houghton Library: Harvard, 1992. Google Scholar

Durand, Yves. La Captivité: Histoire des prisonniers de guerre français, 1939-1945. Paris: Fédération nationale des combattants prisonniers de guerre et combattants d'Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, 1982. Google Scholar

Ehrlich, Evelyn. Cinema of Paradox: French Filmmaking Under the German Occupation. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. Cinema of Paradox: French Filmmaking Under the German Occupation. Google Scholar

Farmer, Sarah. Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999. Google Scholar

Fette, Julie. "The Apology Movement: Vichy Memories in 1990s France." Taking Wrongs Seriously: Apologies and Reconciliation. Eds. Elazar Barkan and Alexander Karn. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006. 259-285. Google Scholar

Fishman, Sarah. We Will Wait: Wives of French Prisoners of War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991. We Will Wait: Wives of French Prisoners of War. Google Scholar

Fishman, Sarah. "Vichy and the Eternal Feminine." H-France Review 2 (June 2002), No. 51 > http://www.h-france.net/vol2reviews/fishman.html Google Scholar

Fouché, Pascal. L'Edition française sous l'Occupation, 1940-1944. Paris: Bibliothèque de Littérature française contemporaine de l'Université Paris 7, 1987. L'Edition française sous l'Occupation, 1940-1944. Google Scholar

Fouranton, Olivier. "Comoedia, une publication sous influences." La Revue des revues 24, 1997. Google Scholar

Galster, Ingrid. Le Théâtre de Jean-Paul Sartre devant ses premiers critiques, T. 1: Les pièces crées sous l'occupation allemande, "Les Mouches" et "Huis clos." Paris: Jean-Michel Place, 1986. Le Théâtre de Jean-Paul Sartre devant ses premiers critiques, T. 1: Les pièces crées sous l'occupation allemande, "Les Mouches" et "Huis clos." Google Scholar

Galster, Ingrid. Sartre, Vichy, et les intellectuals. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001. Sartre, Vichy, et les intellectuals. Google Scholar

Garçon, François. "Ce cureux âge d'or des cinéastes français." La Vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 293-313. Google Scholar

Golsan, Richard. "Ideology, Cultural Politics and Literary Collaboration at La Gerbe." The Invasion and Occupation of France 1940-1944: Intellectual and Cultural Responses. Eds. Christopher Flood and Richard Golsan. Journal of European Studies 23 (1993): 27-47. Google Scholar

Golsan, Richard. "Press in Occupied Paris." Historical Dictionary of World War II France: The Occupation, Vichy, and the Resistance, 1938-1946. Ed. Bertram Gordon. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1998. Google Scholar

Golan, Romy. "From Fin de Siècle to Vichy: The Cultural Hygienics of Camille (Faust) Mauclair." The Jew in the Text: Modernity and the Construction of Identity. Eds. Linda Nochlin and Tamar Garb. London: Thames and Hudson, 1995. 156-173. Google Scholar

Gordon, Bertram. Collaborationism in France during the Second World War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980. Collaborationism in France during the Second World War. Google Scholar

Hallie, Philip. Lest Innocent Blood be Shed: The Story of the Village of Le Chambon and How Goodness Happened There. 2nd ed. New York: Harper Collins, 1994. Google Scholar

Halls, W.D. Politics, Society and Christianity in France. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995. Politics, Society and Christianity in France. Google Scholar

Halls, W.D."French Christians and the German Occupation." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 72-91. Google Scholar

Halls, W.D."Catholicism Under Vichy: A Study in Diversity and Ambiguity." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. 133-146 Google Scholar

Hellman, John. Emmanuel Mounier and the New Catholic Left, 1930-1950. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981. Emmanuel Mounier and the New Catholic Left, 1930-1950. Google Scholar

Hellman, John. The Knight-Monks of Vichy France: Uriage, 1940-1945. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1997. The Knight-Monks of Vichy France: Uriage, 1940-1945. Google Scholar

Hewitt, Nicholas. "Independent Publishing in Vichy France: The Case of Pierre Seghers's Poésie." Journal of European Studies 23.89-90 (March/June 1993): 193-206. Independent Publishing in Vichy France: The Case of Pierre Seghers's Poésie. Journal of European Studies 23 193 206 Google Scholar

Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944. Google Scholar

Joseph, Gilbert. Une si douce Occupation: Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, 1940-1944. Paris: Albin Michel, 1991. Une si douce Occupation: Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, 1940-1944. Google Scholar

Judaken, Jonathan. Jean-Paul Sartre and the Jewish Question: Anti-antisemitism and the Politics of the French Intellectual. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2006. Jean-Paul Sartre and the Jewish Question: Anti-antisemitism and the Politics of the French Intellectual. Google Scholar

Kedward, H[arry] R[oderick] and Nancy Wood. "Editors' Preface." The Liberation of France: Image and Event. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995. Google Scholar

Kelly, Michael. "French Catholic Intellectuals during the Occupation." Journal of European Studies: The Invasion and Occupation of France 1940-1944: Intellectual and Cultural Responses 23 (March-June 1993): 179-191. Google Scholar

Kington, Paul J. "The Ideologists: Vichy France, 1940-1944." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 47-71. Google Scholar

Lottman, Herbert. The Left Bank: Writers, Artists, and Politics from the Popular Front to the Cold War. San Francisco: Halo Books, 1991. Google Scholar

Maritain, Jacques, A travers le désastre. Paris: Ed. des deux rives, 1946. A travers le désastre. Google Scholar

Marsh, Patrick. "The Theatre: Compromise or Collaboration." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 142-161. Google Scholar

Marrus, Michael and Robert Paxton. Vichy France and the Jews. Stanford: Stanford, 1995. Vichy France and the Jews. Google Scholar

Muel-Dreyfus, Francine. Vichy and the Eternal Feminine: A Contribution to the Political Sociology of Gender. Trans. Kathleen A Johnson. Durham: Duke University Pres, 2001. Google Scholar

Paxton, Robert. Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order. Google Scholar

Peschanski, Denis. "Une politique de la censure?" La Vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 63-82. Google Scholar

Pickering, Robert. "The Implications of Legalised Publication." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 162-189. Google Scholar

Pollard, Miranda. "Women and the National Revolution." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. 36-47. Google Scholar

Pollard, Miranda. Reign of Virtue: Mobilizing Gender in Vichy France. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. Reign of Virtue: Mobilizing Gender in Vichy France. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Robbins, Derek. "Uriage: The Influence of Context on Content." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin. London and Sydney: Croom Helm, 1985. Google Scholar

Rossi-Landi, Guy. La Drôle de guerre: la Vie politique en France, 2 septembre 1939-10 mail 1940. Préface de René-Rémond. Paris: Armand Colin, 1971. Préface de René-Rémond. La Drôle de guerre: la Vie politique en France, 2 septembre 1939-10 mail 1940. Google Scholar

Rousso, Henry. The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard 1991. Google Scholar

Rousso, Henry. "Vichy: politique, idéologie et culture." La Vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 19-40 Google Scholar

Sapiro, Gisèle. La Guerre des écrivains, 1940-1953. Paris: Fayard, 1999. La Guerre des écrivains, 1940-1953. Google Scholar

Semple, Jeanie. "Ambiguities in the film Le Ciel est à vous." Vichy France and the Resistance: Culture and Ideology. Eds. Roderick Kedward and Roger Austin Vichy France and the Resistance, 123-132. Google Scholar

Simonin, Anne. Les Éditions de Minuit, 1942-1955: Le devoir d'insoumission. Paris: IMEC, 1994. Les Éditions de Minuit, 1942-1955: Le devoir d'insoumission. Google Scholar

Sternhell, Zeev. Ni droite ni gauche: L'Idéologie fasciste en France. Paris: Seuil, 1983. Ni droite ni gauche: L'Idéologie fasciste en France. Google Scholar

Thalmann, Rita. La Mise au pas: Idéologie et stratégie sécuritaire dans la France occupée. Paris: Fayard, 1991. La Mise au pas: Idéologie et stratégie sécuritaire dans la France occupée. Google Scholar

Todorov, Tzvetan. A French Tragedy: Scenes of Civil War, Summer 1944. Hanover, MA: University Press of New England, 1996. Google Scholar

Wilson, Sarah. "Collaboration in the Fine Arts." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 103-125. Google Scholar

Winock, Michel. Histoire politique de la revue Esprit, 1930-1950. Paris: Seuil, 1975. Histoire politique de la revue Esprit, 1930-1950. Google Scholar

Winock, Michel. Nationalism, Antisemitism, and Fascism in France. Trans. Jane Marie Todd. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998. Google Scholar

Added, Serge. Le Théâtre dans les années Vichy. Paris: Ramsay, 1992. Le Théâtre dans les années Vichy. Google Scholar

Armes, Roy. "Cinema of Paradox." Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture during the Nazi Occupation, 1940-1944. Eds. Gerhard Hirschfeld and Patrick Marsh. New York and Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1989. 126-141. Google Scholar

Atack, Margaret. Literature and the French Resistance: Cultural Politics and Narrative Forms, 1940-1950. Manchester and New York: Manchester UP, 1989. Literature and the French Resistance: Cultural Politics and Narrative Forms, 1940-1950. Google Scholar

Bédarida, Renée. Les Catholiques dans la guerre, 1939-1945: Entre Vichy et la Resistance. Paris: Hachette, 1998. Les Catholiques dans la guerre, 1939-1945: Entre Vichy et la Resistance. Google Scholar

Birnbaum, Pierre. "Grégoire, Dreyfus, Drancy, and Rue Copernic: Jews at the Heart of French History." Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past. Ed. Pierre Nora. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 379-423. Google Scholar

Bogen, Isabelle. "Le pari culturel nazi à Strasbourg: l'exemple du théâtre." La vie culturelle sous Vichy. Ed. Jean-Pierre Rioux. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1990. 203-224. Google Scholar

Burrin, Philippe. France under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise. Trans. Janet Lloyd. New York: The New Press, 1996. Google Scholar

Burrin, Philippe. "Vichy." Realms of Memory: Rethininking the French Past. Ed. Pierre Nora. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 181-202. Google Scholar

Carroll, David. French Literary Fascism: Nationalism, Antisemitism, and the Ideology of Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar

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Judaken, Jonathan