Hunter Gatherer Research

Hunter-gatherer sharing

New perspectives from the past and present

Hunter Gatherer Research (2017), 3, (3), 361–366.

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References

Assaf, E 2019. Core sharing: the transmission of knowledge of stone tool knapping in the Lower Paleolithic, Qesem Cave (Israel). Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):367–399. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 1990. The giving environment: another perspective on the economic system of gatherer-hunters. Current Anthropology 31:189–196. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 1999. ‘Animism’ revisited: personhood, environment, and relational epistemology. Current Anthropology 40:S67–S91. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2005. The property of sharing: Western analytical notions, Nayaka contexts. In Widlok, T & Tadesse, WG (eds) Property and equality 1: ritualization, sharing, egalitarianism. New York and Oxford: Berghahn:201–216. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2006. Animistic epistemology: why do some hunter-gatherers not depict animals? Ethnos 71:33–50. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2008. Feeding Nayaka children and English readers: a bifocal ethnography of parental feeding in ‘the giving environment’. Anthropological Quarterly 81:523–550. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2009. Indigenous architecture and relational senses of personhood: a cultural reading of changing dwelling styles among forest-dwelling foragers. Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal 3:203–210. Google Scholar

Bliege Bird, RL & Bird, DW 1997. Delayed reciprocity and tolerated theft: the behavioral ecology of food-sharing strategies. Current Anthropology 38:49–78. Google Scholar

Blurton Jones, N 1987. Tolerated theft, suggestions about the ecology and evolution of sharing, hoarding and scrounging. Social Science Information 29:31–54. Google Scholar

Bodenhorn, B 1990. ‘I’m not the great hunter, my wife is’: Inupiat and anthropological models of gender. Etudes/Inuit/Studies 14:55–74. Google Scholar

Bodenhorn, B 2000. It’s good to know who your relatives are but we were taught to share with everybody: shares and sharing among Inupiaq households. Senri Ethnological Studies 53:27–60. Google Scholar

Boyette, AH 2019. Autonomy, cognitive development, and the socialisation of cooperation in foragers: Aka children’s views of sharing and caring. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):475–500. Google Scholar

Collings, P, Wenzel, GW & Condon, RG 1998. Modern food sharing networks and community integration in the central Canadian Arctic. Arctic 51:301–314. Google Scholar

Endicott, KM 1988. Property, power and conflict among the Batek of Malaysia. In Woodburn, J, Ingold, T & Riches, D (eds) Hunters and gatherers 2: property, power and ideology. Oxford: Berg:110–127. Google Scholar

Endicott, KM 2011. Cooperative autonomy: social solidarity among the Batek. In Gibson, T & Sillander, K (eds) Anarchic solidarity: autonomy, equality and fellowship in Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies Monographs:62–87. Google Scholar

Fortier, J 2001. Sharing, hoarding, and theft: exchange and resistance in forager-farmer relations. Ethnology 40:193–211. Google Scholar

Friesem, DE & Lavi, N 2017. Foragers, tropical forests and the formation of archaeological evidences: an ethnoarchaeological view from South India. Quaternary International 448:117–128. Google Scholar

Gomes, A 2011. Give or take: a comparative analysis of demand sharing among the Menraq and Semai of Malaysia. In Musharbash, Y & Barber, M (eds) Ethnography and the production of anthropological knowledge: essays in honour of Nicolas Peterson. Canberra: ANU E Press:147–158. Google Scholar

Hawkes, K 1991. Showing off: tests of another hypothesis about men’s foraging goals. Ethology and Sociobiology 12:29–54. Google Scholar

Hawkes, K, O’Connell, JF & Blurton Jones, NG 2001. Hadza meat sharing. Evolution and Human Behavior 22:113–142. Google Scholar

Hewlett, BS, Fouts, HN, Boyette, AH & Hewlett, BL 2011. Social learning among Congo Basin hunter-gatherers. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 366:1168–1178. Google Scholar

Kakkoth, S 2019. ‘No space of our own’: the vanishing South Indian hunter-gatherers’ experience in space sharing. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):501–513. Google Scholar

Kaplan, H & Hill, K 1985. Food sharing among Ache foragers: tests of explanatory hypotheses. Current Anthropology 26:223–246 Google Scholar

Kitanishi, K 2000. The Aka and Baka: food sharing among two central Africa hunter-gatherer groups. Senri Ethnological Studies 53:149–169. Google Scholar

Kitanishi, K 2006. The impact of cash and commoditisation on the Baka hunter-gatherer society in Southeastern Cameroon. African Study Monographs 33:121–142. Google Scholar

Kwok, N 2011. Owning your people: sustaining relatedness and identity in a South Coast Aboriginal community. In Musharbash, Y & Barber, M (eds) Ethnography and the production of anthropological knowledge: essays in honour of Nicolas Peterson. Canberra: ANU E Press:159–174. Google Scholar

Lavi, N 2018. ‘Developing’ relations: rethinking the experience of aid and development interventions: a case study from the Nayaka of South India. Unpublished PhD thesis. Haifa: University of Haifa. Google Scholar

Lavi, N & Bird-David, N 2014. At home under development: a housing project for the hunter-gatherers Nayaka of the Nilgiris. Eastern Anthropologist 67:407–432. Google Scholar

Lavi, N & Friesem, DE (eds) forthcoming. Towards a broader view of hunter gatherer sharing. Cambridge: McDonald Institute Monographs Series. Google Scholar

Lewis, J 2005. Whose forest is it anyway? Mbendjele Yaka pygmies, the Ndoki Forest and the wider world. In Widlok, T & Tadesse, WG (eds) Property and equality 1: ritualization, sharing, egalitarianism. New York and Oxford: Berghahn:56–78. Google Scholar

Lounela, A 2019. Morality, sharing and change among the Ngaju people in Central Kalimantan. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):515–536. Google Scholar

McConvell, P 2019. ‘Demand sharing’ and more subtle language choice etiquettes for resource sharing in Northern Australia. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):459–473. Google Scholar

Musharbash, Y & Barber, M (eds) 2011. Ethnography and the production of anthropological knowledge: essays in honour of Nicolas Peterson. Canberra: ANU E Press. Google Scholar

Myers, F 1986. Pintupi country, Pintupi self: sentiment, place, and politics among Western Desert Aborigine. Washington DC: Smithonian Institution Press and Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Google Scholar

Pandya, V & Mazumdar, M 2019. Disruptive transactions: the complex configurations of sharing and the vulnerability of life in the Jarawa Reserve forest in the Andaman Islands. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):537–555. Google Scholar

Peterson, N 1993. Demand sharing: reciprocity and the pressure for generosity among foragers. American Anthropologist 95:860–874. Google Scholar

Reckin, R & Todd, LC 2019. Social-boundary defence, mountain people and obsidian in the Absaroka and Beartooth mountains of the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, USA. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):429–457. Google Scholar

Wenzel, GW 1995. Ningiqtuq: resource sharing and generalized reciprocity in Clyde River, Nunavut. Arctic Anthropology 32:43–60. Google Scholar

Widlok, T 2004. Sharing by default? Outline of an anthropology of virtue. Anthropological Theory 4:53–70. Google Scholar

Widlok, T 2013. Sharing: allowing others to take what is valued. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 3:11–31. Google Scholar

Widlok, T 2016. Anthropology and the economy of sharing. New York: Routledge. Google Scholar

Wood, BM & Marlowe, FW 2013. Household and kin provisioning by Hadza men. Human Nature 24:280–317. Google Scholar

Woodburn, J 1980. Hunters and gatherers today and reconstruction of the past. In Gellner, E (ed) Soviet and Western anthropology. London: Duckworth:95–107. Google Scholar

Woodburn, J 1982. Egalitarian societies. Man 17:431–451. Google Scholar

Woodburn, J 1998. Sharing is not a form of exchange: an analysis of property-sharing in immediate-return hunter-gatherer societies. In Hann, C (ed) Property relations: renewing the anthropological tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press:48–63. Google Scholar

Zurro, D, Ahedo, V, Pereda, M, Álvarez, M, Briz i Godino, I, Caro, J, Santos, JI & Galán, JM 2019. Robustness assessment of the ‘cooperation under resource pressure’ (CURP) model: insights on resource availability and sharing practices among hunter-gatherers. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):401–428. Google Scholar

Assaf, E 2019. Core sharing: the transmission of knowledge of stone tool knapping in the Lower Paleolithic, Qesem Cave (Israel). Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):367–399. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 1990. The giving environment: another perspective on the economic system of gatherer-hunters. Current Anthropology 31:189–196. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 1999. ‘Animism’ revisited: personhood, environment, and relational epistemology. Current Anthropology 40:S67–S91. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2005. The property of sharing: Western analytical notions, Nayaka contexts. In Widlok, T & Tadesse, WG (eds) Property and equality 1: ritualization, sharing, egalitarianism. New York and Oxford: Berghahn:201–216. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2006. Animistic epistemology: why do some hunter-gatherers not depict animals? Ethnos 71:33–50. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2008. Feeding Nayaka children and English readers: a bifocal ethnography of parental feeding in ‘the giving environment’. Anthropological Quarterly 81:523–550. Google Scholar

Bird-David, N 2009. Indigenous architecture and relational senses of personhood: a cultural reading of changing dwelling styles among forest-dwelling foragers. Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal 3:203–210. Google Scholar

Bliege Bird, RL & Bird, DW 1997. Delayed reciprocity and tolerated theft: the behavioral ecology of food-sharing strategies. Current Anthropology 38:49–78. Google Scholar

Blurton Jones, N 1987. Tolerated theft, suggestions about the ecology and evolution of sharing, hoarding and scrounging. Social Science Information 29:31–54. Google Scholar

Bodenhorn, B 1990. ‘I’m not the great hunter, my wife is’: Inupiat and anthropological models of gender. Etudes/Inuit/Studies 14:55–74. Google Scholar

Bodenhorn, B 2000. It’s good to know who your relatives are but we were taught to share with everybody: shares and sharing among Inupiaq households. Senri Ethnological Studies 53:27–60. Google Scholar

Boyette, AH 2019. Autonomy, cognitive development, and the socialisation of cooperation in foragers: Aka children’s views of sharing and caring. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):475–500. Google Scholar

Collings, P, Wenzel, GW & Condon, RG 1998. Modern food sharing networks and community integration in the central Canadian Arctic. Arctic 51:301–314. Google Scholar

Endicott, KM 1988. Property, power and conflict among the Batek of Malaysia. In Woodburn, J, Ingold, T & Riches, D (eds) Hunters and gatherers 2: property, power and ideology. Oxford: Berg:110–127. Google Scholar

Endicott, KM 2011. Cooperative autonomy: social solidarity among the Batek. In Gibson, T & Sillander, K (eds) Anarchic solidarity: autonomy, equality and fellowship in Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies Monographs:62–87. Google Scholar

Fortier, J 2001. Sharing, hoarding, and theft: exchange and resistance in forager-farmer relations. Ethnology 40:193–211. Google Scholar

Friesem, DE & Lavi, N 2017. Foragers, tropical forests and the formation of archaeological evidences: an ethnoarchaeological view from South India. Quaternary International 448:117–128. Google Scholar

Gomes, A 2011. Give or take: a comparative analysis of demand sharing among the Menraq and Semai of Malaysia. In Musharbash, Y & Barber, M (eds) Ethnography and the production of anthropological knowledge: essays in honour of Nicolas Peterson. Canberra: ANU E Press:147–158. Google Scholar

Hawkes, K 1991. Showing off: tests of another hypothesis about men’s foraging goals. Ethology and Sociobiology 12:29–54. Google Scholar

Hawkes, K, O’Connell, JF & Blurton Jones, NG 2001. Hadza meat sharing. Evolution and Human Behavior 22:113–142. Google Scholar

Hewlett, BS, Fouts, HN, Boyette, AH & Hewlett, BL 2011. Social learning among Congo Basin hunter-gatherers. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 366:1168–1178. Google Scholar

Kakkoth, S 2019. ‘No space of our own’: the vanishing South Indian hunter-gatherers’ experience in space sharing. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):501–513. Google Scholar

Kaplan, H & Hill, K 1985. Food sharing among Ache foragers: tests of explanatory hypotheses. Current Anthropology 26:223–246 Google Scholar

Kitanishi, K 2000. The Aka and Baka: food sharing among two central Africa hunter-gatherer groups. Senri Ethnological Studies 53:149–169. Google Scholar

Kitanishi, K 2006. The impact of cash and commoditisation on the Baka hunter-gatherer society in Southeastern Cameroon. African Study Monographs 33:121–142. Google Scholar

Kwok, N 2011. Owning your people: sustaining relatedness and identity in a South Coast Aboriginal community. In Musharbash, Y & Barber, M (eds) Ethnography and the production of anthropological knowledge: essays in honour of Nicolas Peterson. Canberra: ANU E Press:159–174. Google Scholar

Lavi, N 2018. ‘Developing’ relations: rethinking the experience of aid and development interventions: a case study from the Nayaka of South India. Unpublished PhD thesis. Haifa: University of Haifa. Google Scholar

Lavi, N & Bird-David, N 2014. At home under development: a housing project for the hunter-gatherers Nayaka of the Nilgiris. Eastern Anthropologist 67:407–432. Google Scholar

Lavi, N & Friesem, DE (eds) forthcoming. Towards a broader view of hunter gatherer sharing. Cambridge: McDonald Institute Monographs Series. Google Scholar

Lewis, J 2005. Whose forest is it anyway? Mbendjele Yaka pygmies, the Ndoki Forest and the wider world. In Widlok, T & Tadesse, WG (eds) Property and equality 1: ritualization, sharing, egalitarianism. New York and Oxford: Berghahn:56–78. Google Scholar

Lounela, A 2019. Morality, sharing and change among the Ngaju people in Central Kalimantan. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):515–536. Google Scholar

McConvell, P 2019. ‘Demand sharing’ and more subtle language choice etiquettes for resource sharing in Northern Australia. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):459–473. Google Scholar

Musharbash, Y & Barber, M (eds) 2011. Ethnography and the production of anthropological knowledge: essays in honour of Nicolas Peterson. Canberra: ANU E Press. Google Scholar

Myers, F 1986. Pintupi country, Pintupi self: sentiment, place, and politics among Western Desert Aborigine. Washington DC: Smithonian Institution Press and Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Google Scholar

Pandya, V & Mazumdar, M 2019. Disruptive transactions: the complex configurations of sharing and the vulnerability of life in the Jarawa Reserve forest in the Andaman Islands. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):537–555. Google Scholar

Peterson, N 1993. Demand sharing: reciprocity and the pressure for generosity among foragers. American Anthropologist 95:860–874. Google Scholar

Reckin, R & Todd, LC 2019. Social-boundary defence, mountain people and obsidian in the Absaroka and Beartooth mountains of the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, USA. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):429–457. Google Scholar

Wenzel, GW 1995. Ningiqtuq: resource sharing and generalized reciprocity in Clyde River, Nunavut. Arctic Anthropology 32:43–60. Google Scholar

Widlok, T 2004. Sharing by default? Outline of an anthropology of virtue. Anthropological Theory 4:53–70. Google Scholar

Widlok, T 2013. Sharing: allowing others to take what is valued. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 3:11–31. Google Scholar

Widlok, T 2016. Anthropology and the economy of sharing. New York: Routledge. Google Scholar

Wood, BM & Marlowe, FW 2013. Household and kin provisioning by Hadza men. Human Nature 24:280–317. Google Scholar

Woodburn, J 1980. Hunters and gatherers today and reconstruction of the past. In Gellner, E (ed) Soviet and Western anthropology. London: Duckworth:95–107. Google Scholar

Woodburn, J 1982. Egalitarian societies. Man 17:431–451. Google Scholar

Woodburn, J 1998. Sharing is not a form of exchange: an analysis of property-sharing in immediate-return hunter-gatherer societies. In Hann, C (ed) Property relations: renewing the anthropological tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press:48–63. Google Scholar

Zurro, D, Ahedo, V, Pereda, M, Álvarez, M, Briz i Godino, I, Caro, J, Santos, JI & Galán, JM 2019. Robustness assessment of the ‘cooperation under resource pressure’ (CURP) model: insights on resource availability and sharing practices among hunter-gatherers. Hunter Gatherer Research 3(3):401–428. Google Scholar

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Author details

Lavi, Noa

Friesem, David E