International Development Planning Review

Urban food security and multi-spatial livelihoods in Ghana’s medium sized cities: does food transfer matter?

International Development Planning Review (2018), 40, (4), 421–442.

Abstract

This study uses data from two medium sized cities in Ghana to analyse the importance and determinants of food transfer received from urban or rural households in Ghana. Several hypotheses are tested to establish whether participation in agriculture contributes to reducing a household’s likelihood of receiving food transfers. The parameter estimates show that the participation of households in urban agriculture reduces their chances of receiving food transfers from other urban dwellers. Female headed households and ageing household heads had an increasing likelihood of receiving food transfers, all things being equal. Other findings from the article show that grains and tubers are the most received food groups, usually from rural and urban relatives. All (100 per cent) rural to urban and urban to urban food transfer receipts are found to be consumed by the receiving households while about a fifth of rural to urban transfers are given as gifts to other urban households. The article concludes that multispatiality and food transfer receipts are an important part of the urban household food basket that must be accounted for in urban food security discussions, taking into account city specific contexts.

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Drakakis-Smith, D. W. (1981) Urbanisation, housing, and the development process, London, Taylor & Francis. Urbanisation, housing, and the development process Google Scholar

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Durand-Lasserve, A. and Selod, H. (2009) ‘The formalization of urban tenure in developing countries’, in S. V. Lall, M. Freire, B. Yuen, R. Rajack and J.-J Helliun (eds) Urban land markets, London and New York, Springer, 101–32. The formalization of urban tenure in developing countries Urban land markets 101 32 Google Scholar

Durand-Lasserve, A. and Tribillon, J. F. (2001) ‘Coping with illegality in human settlements in developing countries’, ESF/N-Aerus Conference, Leuven and Brussels, http://www.ucl.ac.uk/dpu-projects/drivers_urb_change/urb_economy/pdf_infor_econo/ESFN_AERUS_Lasserve_Tribillon.pdf (accessed 26 June 2018). Google Scholar

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Harris, R. (2003) ‘A double irony: the originality and influence of John F.C. Turner’, Habitat International, 27(2), 245–49. A double irony: the originality and influence of John F.C. Turner Habitat International 27 245 49 Google Scholar

Hart, K. (1973) ‘Informal income opportunities and urban employment in Ghana’, The Journal of Modern African Studies, 11(1), 61–89. Informal income opportunities and urban employment in Ghana The Journal of Modern African Studies 11 61 89 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ILO (2002) ‘Decent work and the informal economy’, 90th Session International Labour Conference, Geneva, International Labour Office, http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc90/pdf/rep-vi.pdf (accessed 15 April 2016). Google Scholar

Innes, J. E., Connick, S. and Booher, D. (2007) ‘Informality as a planning strategy’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 73(2), 195–210. Informality as a planning strategy Journal of the American Planning Association 73 195 210 Google Scholar

Kanbur, R. (2011) ‘Avoiding informality traps’, in E. Ghani (ed.) Reshaping tomorrow: is South Asia ready for the big leap, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 206–78. Avoiding informality traps Reshaping tomorrow: is South Asia ready for the big leap 206 78 Google Scholar

Keivani, R. and Werna, E. (2001a) ‘Modes of housing provision in developing countries’, Progress in Planning, 55(2), 65–118. Modes of housing provision in developing countries Progress in Planning 55 65 118 Google Scholar

Keivani, R. and Werna, E. (2001b) ‘Refocusing the housing debate in developing countries from a pluralist perspective’, Habitat International, 25(2), 191–208. Refocusing the housing debate in developing countries from a pluralist perspective Habitat International 25 191 208 Google Scholar

Kombe, W. J. and Kreibich, V. (2000) ‘Reconciling informal and formal land management: an agenda for improving tenure security and urban governance in poor countries’, Habitat International, 24(2), 231–40. Reconciling informal and formal land management: an agenda for improving tenure security and urban governance in poor countries Habitat International 24 231 40 Google Scholar

Kudva, N. (2009) ‘The everyday and the episodic: the spatial and political impacts of urban informality’, Environment and Planning A, 41(7), 1614–28. The everyday and the episodic: the spatial and political impacts of urban informality Environment and Planning A 41 1614 28 Google Scholar

Leaf, M. (1992) ‘Informality and urban land markets,’ Berkeley Planning Journal, 7(1), 132–38. Informality and urban land markets Berkeley Planning Journal 7 132 38 Google Scholar

Lewis, O. (1963) ‘The culture of poverty’, Trans-Action, 1(1), 17–19. The culture of poverty Trans-Action 1 17 19 Google Scholar

Lewis, W. A. (1954) ‘Economic development with unlimited supplies of labour’, The Manchester School, 22(2), 139–91. Economic development with unlimited supplies of labour The Manchester School 22 139 91 Google Scholar

MacLeod, G. and Jones, M. (2011) ‘Renewing urban politics’, Urban Studies, 48(12), 2443–72. Renewing urban politics Urban Studies 48 2443 72 Google Scholar

Maloney, W. F. (2004) ‘Informality revisited’, World Development, 32(7), 1159–78. Informality revisited World Development 32 1159 78 Google Scholar

Mangin, W. (1967) ‘Latin American squatter settlements: a problem and a solution’, Latin American Research Review, 2, 67–98. Latin American squatter settlements: a problem and a solution Latin American Research Review 2 67 98 Google Scholar

McCandless, D. (2012) Information is beautiful, London, Collins. Information is beautiful Google Scholar

McFarlane, C. (2012) ‘Rethinking informality: politics, crisis, and the city’, Planning Theory & Practice, 13(1), 89–108. Rethinking informality: politics, crisis, and the city Planning Theory & Practice 13 89 108 Google Scholar

McFarlane, C. and Waibel, M. (2012) ‘Introduction: the informal-formal divide in context’, in McFarlane and Waibel (eds), 1–12. Introduction: the informal-formal divide in context 1 12 Google Scholar

Pamuk, A. (1992) ‘Elusive boundaries of the informal housing sector’, Berkeley Planning Journal, 7(1), 139–47. Elusive boundaries of the informal housing sector Berkeley Planning Journal 7 139 47 Google Scholar

Papola, T. S. (1980) ‘Informal sector: concept and policy’, Economic and Political Weekly, 15(18), 817–24. Informal sector: concept and policy Economic and Political Weekly 15 817 24 Google Scholar

Payne, G. K. (2001) ‘Urban land tenure policy options: title or rights?’ Habitat International, 25(June 2000), 415–29. Urban land tenure policy options: title or rights? Habitat International 415 29 Google Scholar

Payne, G. K. (2002) Land, rights and innovation: improving tenure security for the urban poor, London, ITDG Publishing. Land, rights and innovation: improving tenure security for the urban poor Google Scholar

Peattie, L. (1987) ‘An idea in good currency and how it grew: the informal sector’, World Development, 15(7), 851–60. An idea in good currency and how it grew: the informal sector World Development 15 851 60 Google Scholar

Porter, L. (2011) ‘Informality, the commons and the paradoxes for planning: concepts and debates for informality and planning’, Planning Theory & Practice, 12(1), 115–53. Informality, the commons and the paradoxes for planning: concepts and debates for informality and planning Planning Theory & Practice 12 115 53 Google Scholar

Portes, A. and Schauffler, R. (1993) ‘Competing perspectives on the Latin American informal sector’, Population and Development Review, 114(1), 69–81. Competing perspectives on the Latin American informal sector Population and Development Review 114 69 81 Google Scholar

Portes, A. and Sensenbrenner, J. (1993) ‘Embeddedness and immigration: notes on the social determinants of economic action’, American Journal of Sociology, 98(6), 1320–50. Embeddedness and immigration: notes on the social determinants of economic action American Journal of Sociology 98 1320 50 Google Scholar

Rakowski, C. A. (1994) ‘Convergence and divergence in the informal sector debate: a focus on Latin America, 1984–92’, World Development, 22(4), 501–16. Convergence and divergence in the informal sector debate: a focus on Latin America, 1984–92 World Development 22 501 16 Google Scholar

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Ayerakwa, Hayford