Town Planning Review

On securing the generational challenge of urban resilience

Town Planning Review (2015), 86, (3), 249–255.

Abstract

The concept of resilience has become increasingly important to our understanding of contemporary planning policy and practice. Resilience offers a new and increasingly relevant set of ideas, tools and approaches to help understand the complexities of an increasingly urbanised world and in the provision of safety and security of communities against an array of perceived hazards and threats. In this paper we reflect upon the emergence and usage of resilience thinking in urban planning, highlighting how traditional planning practices might be seen as maladaptive in response to risk and create impediments to the actual use of resilience principles by planners. To conclude this paper we illuminate the urgent requirement to better connect theories of resilience to their actual practice in order to close the implementation gap in urban resilience praxis.

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AIA (AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS) (2014), Industry Statement on Resilience, http://www.asla.org/uploadedFiles/CMS/Media/News_Releases/Statement.pdf (accessed 28 January 2015). Google Scholar

ARUP (2014), City Resilience Framework. http://publications.arup.com/Publications/C/City_Resilience_Framework.aspx (accessed 28 January 2015). Google Scholar

BOSHER L. S. (ed.) (2008), Hazards and the Built Environment: Attaining Built-in Resilience, London, Taylor and Francis.Hazards and the Built Environment: Attaining Built-in Resilience Google Scholar

BOSHER, L. and COAFFEE, J. (2008), ‘Urban resilience: an international perspective’, Proceeding of the Institute of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning, 161, 145-46.Urban resilience: an international perspectiveProceeding of the Institute of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning16114546 Google Scholar

CARMONA, M. (2014), ‘The place-shaping continuum: a theory of urban design process’, Journal of Urban Design, 19, 2-36.The place-shaping continuum: a theory of urban design processJournal of Urban Design19236 Google Scholar

COAFFEE, J. (2013), ‘Towards next-generation urban resilience in planning practice: from securitization to integrated place making’, Planning Practice & Research 28, 323-39.Towards next-generation urban resilience in planning practice: from securitization to integrated place makingPlanning Practice & Research2832339 Google Scholar

COAFFEE, J. and BOSHER, L. (2008), ‘Integrating counter-terrorist resilience into sustainability’, Proceeding of the Institute of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning, 161, 75-84.Integrating counter-terrorist resilience into sustainabilityProceeding of the Institute of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning1617584 Google Scholar

COAFFEE, J., MURAKAMI-WOOD, D. and ROGERS, P. (2008), The Everyday Resilience of the City: How Cities Respond to Terrorism and Disaster, Basingstoke, Palgrave/Macmillian.The Everyday Resilience of the City: How Cities Respond to Terrorism and Disaster Google Scholar

CHMUTINA, K., BOSHER, L., COAFFEE, J. and ROWLANDS, R. (2014), ‘Towards integrated security and resilience framework: a tool for decision-makers’, Procedia Economics and Finance 18, 25-32.Towards integrated security and resilience framework: a tool for decision-makersProcedia Economics and Finance182532 Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S., BROOKS, E. and MEHMOOD, A. (2013), ‘Evolutionary resilience and strategies for climate adaptation’, Planning Practice & Research, 28, 307-22.Evolutionary resilience and strategies for climate adaptationPlanning Practice & Research2830722 Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2012), National Planning Policy Framework, London, HMSO Stationary Office.National Planning Policy Framework Google Scholar

DE SOUZA, R. M. and PARKER, M. (2014), The Year That Resilience Gets Real. New Security Beat. http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2014/01/year-resilience-real/ (accessed 28 January 2015). Google Scholar

FISHER, T. (2012), Designing to Avoid Disaster: The Nature of Fracture-critical Design, London, Routledge.Designing to Avoid Disaster: The Nature of Fracture-critical Design Google Scholar

IPCC (INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE) (2014), Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, Final draft report, March 2014.Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability Google Scholar

JONES, L., LUDI, E. and LEVINE, S. (2010), Towards a Characterisation of Adaptive Capacity: A Framework for Analysing Adaptive Capacity at the Local Level, Overseas Development Institute. http://www.odi.org/publications/5177-adaptive-capacity-framework-local-level-climate (accessed 28 January 2015). Google Scholar

ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION (2013), 100 Resilient Cities, http://www.100resilientcities.org/pages/about-us#/-_/ (accessed 28 January 2015). Google Scholar

SCOTT, M. (2013), ‘Living with flood risk’, Planning Theory & Practice, 14, 103–6.Living with flood riskPlanning Theory & Practice141036 Google Scholar

SIEMENS (2014), Toolkit for Resilient Cities Summary, http://w3.siemens.com/topics/global/en/sustainable-cities/resilience/Documents/pdf/Toolkit_for_Resilient_Cities_Summary.pdf (accessed 28 January 2015). Google Scholar

STUMPP, E. M. (2013), ‘New in town? On resilience and “Resilient Cities”’, Cities, 34, 164-66. New in town? On resilience and “Resilient CitiesCities3416466 Google Scholar

UN-HABITAT (2011), Cities and Climate Change: Global Report on Human Settlements, London, Earthscan.Cities and Climate Change: Global Report on Human Settlements Google Scholar

UNISDR (THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION) (2012), How to Make Cities More Resilient:A Handbook for Mayors and Local Government Leaders, Geneva, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR).How to Make Cities More Resilient:A Handbook for Mayors and Local Government Leaders Google Scholar

VALE, L. J. (2014), ‘The politics of resilient cities: whose resilience and whose city?’, Building Research & Information, 42, 191–201The politics of resilient cities: whose resilience and whose city?Building Research & Information42191201 Google Scholar

WORLD BANK (2012), Building Urban Resilience: Principles, Tools and Practice. The World Bank, Washington DC, http://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/abs/10.1596/978-0-8213-8865-5 (accessed 28 April 2015). Google Scholar

ZOLLI, A. and HEALY, A. (2013), Resilience: Why Things Bounce Back, London, Headline.Resilience: Why Things Bounce Back Google Scholar

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Author details

Coaffee, Jon

Clarke, Jonathan