Town Planning Review

Train stations in areas of low density and scattered urbanisation: towards a specific form of rail oriented development

Town Planning Review (2014), 85, (2), 261–272.

Abstract

The classical approach to the relation between rail and urban development takes the form of a circle of various radiuses (from 300 metres to 1 kilometre), centred on the rail station. The aim is usually to build more densely inside that circle. This method seems quite rough whatever the urban context, and particularly inefficient in areas of low density and scattered urbanisation. The following method is based on a GIS tool which seeks to establish the ‘real’ accessibility perimeters determined by five minute and 15 minute journey times. This new and quite precise illustration of the different notions of nearness enables a coherent strategy of urban development to be elaborated, which takes into account both local road networks and land use. By first stretching the nearness perimeters around railway stations, before making the areas within such perimeters denser, a greater number of inhabitants can be accommodated and the whole population can be provided with a more convenient and sustainable environment oriented towards rail use.

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BARATTUCCI, C. (2006), Urbanisations dispersées, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes. Urbanisations dispersées Google Scholar

BRÈS + MARIOLLE, GERAU CONSEIL and PRODIG, (2007), Potentialities of densification from rail stations and public transport axes in the Ile-de-France, DREIF. Google Scholar

BRÈS, A. and MARIOLLE, B. (2013), «Eco-mobilités et urbanisation dispersée: les enseignements du « Carré picard», in Brun G., Ville et Mobilité: nouveaux regards de la recherche, Paris, Economica. Ville et Mobilité: nouveaux regards de la recherche Google Scholar

BRÈS + MARIOLLE, and MVA CONSULTANCY, (2010a), A rail oriented development and urban planning in Picardie, DREAL Picardie - ADEME Google Scholar

BRÈS + MARIOLLE and PRODIG, (2011), ‘Figures of a periurban eco-mobility, between compulsory intermodality and scattered density’, PUCA Program Mobility and periurban with the imperative of sustainable city Google Scholar

DITTMAR, H. and OHLAND, G. (2003), The New Transit Town: Best Practices in Transit-Oriented Development, Island Press. The New Transit Town: Best Practices in Transit-Oriented Development Google Scholar

DUPUY, G. (2008), Urban Network - Network Urbanism, Delft, Techne Press. Urban Network - Network Urbanism Google Scholar

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L'HOSTIS, A., WULFHORST, G., MORKISZ, S., PRETSCH, H., STRANSKY, V., and LEYSENS, T. (2010), An Urbanism oriented towards rail in Germany and France: selected findings of the Bahn. Ville project, Humanities and Social Sciences http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/45/89/76/PDF/Bahnville_WCTR_2010-02-07.pdf Google Scholar

MARSHALL, S. (2005), Street Patterns, London, Spon Press. Street Patterns Google Scholar

SALINGAROS, N. (1998), ‘Theory of the Urban Web’, Journal of Urban Design, 3, 53-71. ‘Theory of the Urban Web’ Journal of Urban Design 3 53 71 Google Scholar

TCRP (TRANSIT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM) (2002), Transit-oriented development and joint development in the United States: A literature review http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rrd_52.pdf Google Scholar

VANDERBULCKE, G., THOMAS, I., DE GEUS, B., DEGRAEUWE, B., TORFS, R., MEEUSEN R., and PANIS, L. (2009), ‘Mapping bicycle use and the risk of accidents for commuters who cycle to work in Belgium’, Transport Policy, 16, 77-87. ‘Mapping bicycle use and the risk of accidents for commuters who cycle to work in Belgium’ Transport Policy 16 77 87 Google Scholar

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Author details

Brès, Antoine