The Indexer: The International Journal of Indexing

From thesaurus to ontology: the development of the Kaunokki Finnish fiction thesaurus

The Indexer: The International Journal of Indexing (2010), 28, (2), 50–58.

Abstract

Jarmo Saarti and Kaisa Hypén look briefly at pre-computer age fiction retrieval methods. They discuss the challenges works of fiction present in the information management and retrieval context and the need to develop fiction indexing tools suitable for web-based services, and describe how the creation of Kaunokki – the Finnish fiction thesaurus – in 1996, and its development into the Kirjasampo-SAHA web service for readers and librarians, are helping to meet these challenges.

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Adkins, D. and Bossaller, J. E. (2007) Fiction access points across computer-mediated book information sources: a comparison of online bookstores, reader advisory databases, and public library catalogs. Library and Information Science Research 29, 354–68. Fiction access points across computer-mediated book information sources: a comparison of online bookstores, reader advisory databases, and public library catalogs Library and Information Science Research 29 354 68 Google Scholar

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Beghtol, C. (1997) Stories: applications of narrative discourse analysis to issues in information storage and retrieval. Knowledge Organization 24(2), 64–71. Stories: applications of narrative discourse analysis to issues in information storage and retrieval Knowledge Organization 24 64 71 Google Scholar

Bell, H. K. (1992) Should fi ction be indexed? The indexability of text. The Indexer 18(2), 83–6. Should fi ction be indexed? The indexability of text The Indexer 18 83 6 Google Scholar

Bella (1997) Specialtesaurus för skönlitteratur, ed. J. Saarti, trans. M. Rajalin, R. Sandelin and Y. Thölix. Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Specialtesaurus för skönlitteratur Google Scholar

Bella (2004) Specialtesaurus för fi ktiv material, ed. Le. Rehnström and J. Saarti. Helsingki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Specialtesaurus för fi ktiv material Google Scholar

Ciravegna, F. and Petrelli, D. (2006) Annotating document content: a knowledge-management perspective. The Indexer 25(1), 23–7. Annotating document content: a knowledge-management perspective The Indexer 25 23 7 Google Scholar

Gadamer, H.-G. (2005). Totuus hengentieteissä. In Hermeneutiikka: ymmärtäminen tieteissä ja fi losofi assa, s. 3–11, trans. I. Nikander. Tampere, Finland: Vastapaino. (Translation of Wahrheit in den Geisteswissenschaften, 1953). Totuus hengentieteissä Wahrheit in den Geisteswissenschaften Google Scholar

Green, R. (1997) The role of relational structures in indexing for the humanities. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 85–100. The role of relational structures in indexing for the humanities Information Services and Use 17 85 100 Google Scholar

Hidderley, R. and Rafferty, P. (1997) Democratic indexing: an approach to the retrieval of fi ction. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 101–9. Democratic indexing: an approach to the retrieval of fi ction Information Services and Use 101 9 Google Scholar

Hyvönen, E. (2006) FinnONTO – building the basis for a national SemanticWeb infrastructure in Finland. Developments in Artifi cial Intelligence and the Semantic Web – Proceedings of the 12th Finnish AI Conference STeP 2006, October 26–27, 2006. Available at: www.seco.tkk.fi/publications/2006/hyvonenfinnonto-building-the-basis-for-a-national-semanticweb-infrastructure-in-finland-2006.pdfhttp://www.seco.tkk.fi/publications/2006/hyvonen-finnonto-buildingthe-basis-for-a-national-semantic-web-infrastructurein-finland-2006.pdf Google Scholar

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Kaunokki (1996) Kaunokirjallisuuden asiasanasto, ed. J. Saarti. Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Kaunokirjallisuuden asiasanasto Google Scholar

Kaunokki (2000) Fiktiivisen aineiston asiasanasto, ed. J. Saarti. Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Fiktiivisen aineiston asiasanasto Google Scholar

McCutcheon, S. (2009) Keyword vs controlled vocabulary searching: the one with the most tools wins. The Indexer 27(2), 62–5. Keyword vs controlled vocabulary searching: the one with the most tools wins The Indexer 27 62 5 Google Scholar

Nielsen, H. J. (1997) The nature of fi ction and its signifi cance for classifi cation and indexing. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 171–82. The nature of fi ction and its signifi cance for classifi cation and indexing Information Services and Use 17 171 82 Google Scholar

Noruzi, A. (2007) Editorial. Webology 4(2), 12. Available at: www.webology.ir/2007/v4n2/editorial12.html (accessed 11 January 2009). Google Scholar

Northedge, R. (2008). The medium is not the message: topic maps and the seapration of presentation and content in indexes. The Indexer 26(2), 60–4. The medium is not the message: topic maps and the seapration of presentation and content in indexes The Indexer 26 60 4 Google Scholar

Pejtersen, A. M. and Austin, J. (1983) Fiction retrieval: experimental design and evaluation of a search system based on users’ value criteria: part 1. J ournal of Documentation 39(4), 230–46. Fiction retrieval: experimental design and evaluation of a search system based on users’ value criteria: part 1 ournal of Documentation 39 230 46 Google Scholar

Rich, E. (1979). User modeling via stereotypes. Cognitive Science 3, 329–54. User modeling via stereotypes Cognitive Science 3 329 54 Google Scholar

Rich, E. (1983) Users are individuals: individualizing user models. International Journal of Man–Machine Studies 18, 199–214. Users are individuals: individualizing user models International Journal of Man–Machine Studies 18 199 214 Google Scholar

Ruotsalo, T., Seppälä, K., Viljanen, Ki., Mäkelä, E., Kurki, J., Alm, O., Kauppinen, T., Tuominen, J., Frosterus, M., Sinkkilä, R. and Hyvönen, E. (2008) Ontology-based approach for interoperability of digital collections. Signum 5, 5–13. Available at: http://pro.tsv.fi/stks/signum/ (accessed 18 March 2010). Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (1997) Feeding with the spoon, or the effects of shelf classifi cation of fi ction on the loaning of fi ction. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 159–69. Feeding with the spoon, or the effects of shelf classifi cation of fi ction on the loaning of fi ction Information Services and Use 17 159 69 Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (1999a) Kaunokirjallisuuden sisällönkuvailun aspektit: kirjastoammattilaisten ja kirjastonkäyttäjien tekemien romaanien tiivistelmien ja asiasanoitusten yhdenmukaisuus. Acta Universitatis Ouluesis. B, Humaniora, 33. Oulu, Finland: Oulun yliopisto. Available at: http://herkules.oulu.fi/isbn9514254767 (accessed 18 March 2010). Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (1999b) Fiction indexing and the development of fiction thesauri. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 31(2), 85–92. Fiction indexing and the development of fiction thesauri Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 31 85 92 Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (2002a) The analysis of the information process of fi ction: a holistic approach to information processing, pp. 74–9 in M. J. López-Huertas (ed.), Challenges in Knowledge Representation and Organization for the 21st Century: Integration of Knowledge across Boundaries, Proceedings of the Seventh International ISKO Conference 10–13 July 2002, Granada, Spain. Advances in Knowledge Organization, vol. 8. Würzburg, Germany: Ergon. The analysis of the information process of fi ction: a holistic approach to information processing 74 9 Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (2002b) Consistency of subject indexing of novels by public library professionals and patrons. Journal of Documentation 58(1), 49–65. Consistency of subject indexing of novels by public library professionals and patrons Journal of Documentation 58 49 65 Google Scholar

Saracevic, T. (1975) Relevance: a review of and a framework for thinking on the notion in information science. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 26(6), 321–43. Relevance: a review of and a framework for thinking on the notion in information science Journal of the American Society for Information Science 26 321 43 Google Scholar

Saracevic, T. (1996) Relevance reconsidered. In: Information science: Integration in perspectives, pp. 201–18 in Proceedings of the Second Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen. Relevance reconsidered 201 18 Google Scholar

Shatford, S. (1986) Analyzing the subject of a picture: a theoretical approach. Cataloging and Classifi cation Quarterly 6(3), 39–62. Analyzing the subject of a picture: a theoretical approach Cataloging and Classifi cation Quarterly 6 39 62 Google Scholar

Spiteri, L. F. (2007) Structure and form of folksonomy tags: the road to the public library catalogue. Webology 4(2), article 41. Available at: http://www.webology.ir/2007/v4n2/a41.html (accessed 11 January 2009). Google Scholar

Wikipedia (2009) Folksonomy, Wikipedia Finland. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folksonomy (accessed 11 January 2009). Google Scholar

Adkins, D. and Bossaller, J. E. (2007) Fiction access points across computer-mediated book information sources: a comparison of online bookstores, reader advisory databases, and public library catalogs. Library and Information Science Research 29, 354–68. Fiction access points across computer-mediated book information sources: a comparison of online bookstores, reader advisory databases, and public library catalogs Library and Information Science Research 29 354 68 Google Scholar

Arvidsson, S. and Tolstoy, T. (2005) Internetbokhandelns rekommendationssystem: En undersökning av Amazon.coms Similar Items. Borås, Sweden: Högskolan i Borås. Internetbokhandelns rekommendationssystem: En undersökning av Amazon.coms Similar Items Google Scholar

Beghtol, C. (1994) The classifi cation of fi ction: the development of a system based on theoretical principles. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press. The classifi cation of fi ction: the development of a system based on theoretical principles Google Scholar

Beghtol, C. (1997) Stories: applications of narrative discourse analysis to issues in information storage and retrieval. Knowledge Organization 24(2), 64–71. Stories: applications of narrative discourse analysis to issues in information storage and retrieval Knowledge Organization 24 64 71 Google Scholar

Bell, H. K. (1992) Should fi ction be indexed? The indexability of text. The Indexer 18(2), 83–6. Should fi ction be indexed? The indexability of text The Indexer 18 83 6 Google Scholar

Bella (1997) Specialtesaurus för skönlitteratur, ed. J. Saarti, trans. M. Rajalin, R. Sandelin and Y. Thölix. Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Specialtesaurus för skönlitteratur Google Scholar

Bella (2004) Specialtesaurus för fi ktiv material, ed. Le. Rehnström and J. Saarti. Helsingki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Specialtesaurus för fi ktiv material Google Scholar

Ciravegna, F. and Petrelli, D. (2006) Annotating document content: a knowledge-management perspective. The Indexer 25(1), 23–7. Annotating document content: a knowledge-management perspective The Indexer 25 23 7 Google Scholar

Gadamer, H.-G. (2005). Totuus hengentieteissä. In Hermeneutiikka: ymmärtäminen tieteissä ja fi losofi assa, s. 3–11, trans. I. Nikander. Tampere, Finland: Vastapaino. (Translation of Wahrheit in den Geisteswissenschaften, 1953). Totuus hengentieteissä Wahrheit in den Geisteswissenschaften Google Scholar

Green, R. (1997) The role of relational structures in indexing for the humanities. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 85–100. The role of relational structures in indexing for the humanities Information Services and Use 17 85 100 Google Scholar

Hidderley, R. and Rafferty, P. (1997) Democratic indexing: an approach to the retrieval of fi ction. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 101–9. Democratic indexing: an approach to the retrieval of fi ction Information Services and Use 101 9 Google Scholar

Hyvönen, E. (2006) FinnONTO – building the basis for a national SemanticWeb infrastructure in Finland. Developments in Artifi cial Intelligence and the Semantic Web – Proceedings of the 12th Finnish AI Conference STeP 2006, October 26–27, 2006. Available at: www.seco.tkk.fi/publications/2006/hyvonenfinnonto-building-the-basis-for-a-national-semanticweb-infrastructure-in-finland-2006.pdfhttp://www.seco.tkk.fi/publications/2006/hyvonen-finnonto-buildingthe-basis-for-a-national-semantic-web-infrastructurein-finland-2006.pdf Google Scholar

Hyvönen, E., Viljanen, K,, Mäkelä, E., Kauppinen, T., Ruotsalo, T., Valkeapää, O., Seppälä, K., Suominen, O., Alm, O., Lindroos, R., Känsälä, T., Henriksson, R., Frosterius, M., Tuominen, J., Sinkkilä, R. and Kurki, J. (2007) Elements of a national semantic web infrastructure – case study Finland on the semantic web. Proceedings of the First International Semantic Computing Conference (IEEE ICSC 2007), Irvine, California, September, 2007, IEEE Press. Available at: www.seco.tkk.fi/publications/2007/hyvonen-et-al-elements-2007.pdf (accessed 18 March 2010). Google Scholar

Johnstone, J. (2010) Poetry and the indexing thereof: the role of the Scottish Poetry Library (SPL). The Indexer 28(1), 2–5. Poetry and the indexing thereof: the role of the Scottish Poetry Library (SPL) The Indexer 28 2 5 Google Scholar

Kaunokki (1996) Kaunokirjallisuuden asiasanasto, ed. J. Saarti. Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Kaunokirjallisuuden asiasanasto Google Scholar

Kaunokki (2000) Fiktiivisen aineiston asiasanasto, ed. J. Saarti. Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu. Fiktiivisen aineiston asiasanasto Google Scholar

McCutcheon, S. (2009) Keyword vs controlled vocabulary searching: the one with the most tools wins. The Indexer 27(2), 62–5. Keyword vs controlled vocabulary searching: the one with the most tools wins The Indexer 27 62 5 Google Scholar

Nielsen, H. J. (1997) The nature of fi ction and its signifi cance for classifi cation and indexing. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 171–82. The nature of fi ction and its signifi cance for classifi cation and indexing Information Services and Use 17 171 82 Google Scholar

Noruzi, A. (2007) Editorial. Webology 4(2), 12. Available at: www.webology.ir/2007/v4n2/editorial12.html (accessed 11 January 2009). Google Scholar

Northedge, R. (2008). The medium is not the message: topic maps and the seapration of presentation and content in indexes. The Indexer 26(2), 60–4. The medium is not the message: topic maps and the seapration of presentation and content in indexes The Indexer 26 60 4 Google Scholar

Pejtersen, A. M. and Austin, J. (1983) Fiction retrieval: experimental design and evaluation of a search system based on users’ value criteria: part 1. J ournal of Documentation 39(4), 230–46. Fiction retrieval: experimental design and evaluation of a search system based on users’ value criteria: part 1 ournal of Documentation 39 230 46 Google Scholar

Rich, E. (1979). User modeling via stereotypes. Cognitive Science 3, 329–54. User modeling via stereotypes Cognitive Science 3 329 54 Google Scholar

Rich, E. (1983) Users are individuals: individualizing user models. International Journal of Man–Machine Studies 18, 199–214. Users are individuals: individualizing user models International Journal of Man–Machine Studies 18 199 214 Google Scholar

Ruotsalo, T., Seppälä, K., Viljanen, Ki., Mäkelä, E., Kurki, J., Alm, O., Kauppinen, T., Tuominen, J., Frosterus, M., Sinkkilä, R. and Hyvönen, E. (2008) Ontology-based approach for interoperability of digital collections. Signum 5, 5–13. Available at: http://pro.tsv.fi/stks/signum/ (accessed 18 March 2010). Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (1997) Feeding with the spoon, or the effects of shelf classifi cation of fi ction on the loaning of fi ction. Information Services and Use 17(2–3), 159–69. Feeding with the spoon, or the effects of shelf classifi cation of fi ction on the loaning of fi ction Information Services and Use 17 159 69 Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (1999a) Kaunokirjallisuuden sisällönkuvailun aspektit: kirjastoammattilaisten ja kirjastonkäyttäjien tekemien romaanien tiivistelmien ja asiasanoitusten yhdenmukaisuus. Acta Universitatis Ouluesis. B, Humaniora, 33. Oulu, Finland: Oulun yliopisto. Available at: http://herkules.oulu.fi/isbn9514254767 (accessed 18 March 2010). Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (1999b) Fiction indexing and the development of fiction thesauri. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 31(2), 85–92. Fiction indexing and the development of fiction thesauri Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 31 85 92 Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (2002a) The analysis of the information process of fi ction: a holistic approach to information processing, pp. 74–9 in M. J. López-Huertas (ed.), Challenges in Knowledge Representation and Organization for the 21st Century: Integration of Knowledge across Boundaries, Proceedings of the Seventh International ISKO Conference 10–13 July 2002, Granada, Spain. Advances in Knowledge Organization, vol. 8. Würzburg, Germany: Ergon. The analysis of the information process of fi ction: a holistic approach to information processing 74 9 Google Scholar

Saarti, J. (2002b) Consistency of subject indexing of novels by public library professionals and patrons. Journal of Documentation 58(1), 49–65. Consistency of subject indexing of novels by public library professionals and patrons Journal of Documentation 58 49 65 Google Scholar

Saracevic, T. (1975) Relevance: a review of and a framework for thinking on the notion in information science. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 26(6), 321–43. Relevance: a review of and a framework for thinking on the notion in information science Journal of the American Society for Information Science 26 321 43 Google Scholar

Saracevic, T. (1996) Relevance reconsidered. In: Information science: Integration in perspectives, pp. 201–18 in Proceedings of the Second Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen. Relevance reconsidered 201 18 Google Scholar

Shatford, S. (1986) Analyzing the subject of a picture: a theoretical approach. Cataloging and Classifi cation Quarterly 6(3), 39–62. Analyzing the subject of a picture: a theoretical approach Cataloging and Classifi cation Quarterly 6 39 62 Google Scholar

Spiteri, L. F. (2007) Structure and form of folksonomy tags: the road to the public library catalogue. Webology 4(2), article 41. Available at: http://www.webology.ir/2007/v4n2/a41.html (accessed 11 January 2009). Google Scholar

Wikipedia (2009) Folksonomy, Wikipedia Finland. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folksonomy (accessed 11 January 2009). Google Scholar

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