Town Planning Review

First steps towards regional planning for Gypsy and Traveller sites in England: Evidence-based planning in practice

Town Planning Review (2009), 80, (6), 627–646.

Abstract

This paper looks at how steps are being taken to meet the accommodation needs of Gypsies and Travellers across England. The broad task of meeting these needs requires evidence from specialist needs assessments to be incorporated within the usual route of land allocation as part of local authorities' Local Planning Documents and Regional Spatial Strategy. The paper takes these steps into consideration and explores how evidence is being created, made sense of, integrated and validated in order to achieve evidence-based planning policy. This system is still developing and reconciling evidence is proving challenging for many regions and localities. The paper concludes that ultimately more robust 'evidence' is required – although it is clear that 'evidence' will never be the sole basis for decisions in such a contentious area of policy.

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BHOPAL, K. (2004), 'Gypsy Travellers and education: changing needs and changing perceptions', British Journal of Educational Studies, 52, 47–64. Gypsy Travellers and education: changing needs and changing perceptions British Journal of Educational Studies 52 47 64 Google Scholar

BROWN, P. and NINER, P. (2009), Assessing local housing authorities' progress in meeting the accommodation needs of Gypsy and Traveller communities in England (Research Report: 13), London, Equalities and Human Rights Commission. Google Scholar

BROWN, P. and SCULLION, L. (2009), '"Doing research" with Gypsy-Travellers in England: reflections on experience and practice', Community Development Journal (advance access, 17 March 2009). Google Scholar

CEMLYN, S. (2008), 'Human rights and Gypsies and Travellers: an exploration of the application of a human rights perspective to social work with a minority community in Britain', British Journal of Social Work, 38,153–73. Human rights and Gypsies and Travellers: an exploration of the application of a human rights perspective to social work with a minority community in Britain British Journal of Social Work 38 153 73 Google Scholar

CEMLYN, S., GREENFIELDS, M., BURNETT, S., MATTHEWS, Z. and WHITWELL, C. (2009), Inequalities experienced by Gypsy and Traveller Communities: A Review (Research Report: 12), London, Equality and Human Rights Commission. Google Scholar

CRAWLEY, H. (2004), Moving Forward: The Provision of Accommodation for Travellers and Gypsies, London, IPPR. Moving Forward: The Provision of Accommodation for Travellers and Gypsies Google Scholar

CRE (COMMISSION FOR RACIAL EQUALITY) (2006), Common Ground: Equality, Good Race Relations and Sites for Gypsies and Irish Travellers (Report of a CRE inquiry in England and Wales), London, CRE. Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. (2006), 'The evidence–policy interface in strategic waste planning for urban environments: the "technical" and the "social" dimensions', Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 24, 681–700. The evidence–policy interface in strategic waste planning for urban environments: the "technical" and the "social" dimensions Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 24 681 700 Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006), Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007a), Planning for Travelling Showpeople (Circular 04/2007), London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007b), Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Needs Assessments: Guidance, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007c), Preparing Regional Spatial Strategy Reviews on Gypsies and Travellers by Regional Planning Bodies, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG/DBERR (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT/DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS ENTERPRISE AND REGULATORY REFORM) (2009), Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Bill: Policy Document on Regional Strategies, London, CLG. Google Scholar

EIP PANEL (2008a), 'Report of the Panel: Regional Spatial Strategy for the South West Review of Additional Pitch Requirements for Gypsies and Travellers: Examination in Public', available at: http://www.gosw.gov.uk/497666/docs/166217/622079/fullpanelreport Google Scholar

EIP PANEL (2008b), 'Report of the Panel: Planning for Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation in the East of England: Examination in Public', available at: http://www.gos.gov.uk/goee/docs/Planning/Regional_Planning/808762/ReportfinalrevDec08.pdf Google Scholar

ELLIS, G. and MCWHIRTER, C. (2008), 'Land-use planning and Gypsy Travellers: towards non-prejudicial practice', Planning, Practice and Research, 23, 77–99. Land-use planning and Gypsy Travellers: towards non-prejudicial practice Planning, Practice and Research 23 77 99 Google Scholar

GOE (GOVERNMENT OFFICE FOR THE EAST OF ENGLAND) (2009), 'Accommodation for Gypsies and Travellers and Travelling Showpeople in the East of England: The Secretary of State's Proposed Changes to the Draft Revision to the Regional Spatial Strategy and Statement of Reasons', available at: http://gos.gov.uk/goee/docs/Planning/Regional_Planning/808762/809975/Proposed_changes_document Google Scholar

GOSW (GOVERNMENT OFFICE FOR THE SOUTH WEST) (2008), The Draft Revised Regional Spatial Strategy for the South West Incorporating the Secretary of State's Proposed Changes, available at: http://gosw.limehouse.co.uk/portal/regional_startegies/drss?pointld=109242 Google Scholar

GREENFIELDS, M. (2008), 'Accommodation needs of Gypsies/Travellers: new approaches to policy in England', Social Policy and Society, 7, 73–89. Accommodation needs of Gypsies/Travellers: new approaches to policy in England Social Policy and Society 7 73 89 Google Scholar

HAWES, D. and PEREZ, B. (1996), The Gypsy and the State: The Ethnic Cleansing of British Society, Bristol, The Policy Press. The Gypsy and the State: The Ethnic Cleansing of British Society Google Scholar

HEAD, B. (2008), 'Three lenses of evidence-based policy', The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, 1–11. Three lenses of evidence-based policy The Australian Journal of Public Administration 67 1 11 Google Scholar

HOME, R. (1994), 'The planner and the Gypsy', in H. Thomas and V. Krishnarayan (eds), Race Equality and Planning: Policies and procedures, Aldershot, Avebury, 111–27. 'The planner and the Gypsy' Race Equality and Planning: Policies and procedures 111 27 Google Scholar

HOME, R. (2002), 'Negotiating security of tenure for peri-urban settlement: traveller–gypsies and the planning system in the United Kingdom', Habitat International, 26, 335–46. Negotiating security of tenure for peri-urban settlement: traveller–gypsies and the planning system in the United Kingdom Habitat International 26 335 46 Google Scholar

HOME, R. (2006),'The planning system and the accommodation needs of Gypsies', in C. Clark and M. Greenfields (eds), Here to Stay: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain, Hatfield, University of Hertfordshire Press, 90–107. The planning system and the accommodation needs of Gypsies Here to Stay: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain 90 107 Google Scholar

HORTON, M. (2007), 'Health and home place: close contact participatory research with Gypsies and Travellers', in A. Williamson and R. DeSouza (eds), Researching with Communities: Grounded Perspectives on Engaging Communities in Research, Auckland, Muddycreekpress, 25–38. 'Health and home place: close contact participatory research with Gypsies and Travellers' Researching with Communities: Grounded Perspectives on Engaging Communities in Research 25 38 Google Scholar

MCDONAGH, M. (1994), 'Nomadism in Irish Traveller identity', in M. McCann, S. O Siochain and J. Ruane (eds), Irish Travellers: Culture and Ethnicity, Belfast, Institute of Irish Studies, Belfast, The Queen's University of Belfast, 95–109. 'Nomadism in Irish Traveller identity' Irish Travellers: Culture and Ethnicity 95 109 Google Scholar

MARSHALL, T. (2004), 'Regional planning in England', Town Planning Review, 75, 447–72. Regional planning in England Town Planning Review 75 447 72 Google Scholar

MARSHALL, T. (2007), 'After structure planning: the new sub-regional planning in England', European Planning Studies, 15, 107–32. After structure planning: the new sub-regional planning in England European Planning Studies 15 107 32 Google Scholar

MULGAN, G. (2005), 'Government, knowledge and the business of policy making: the potential and limits of evidence-based policy', Evidence & Policy, 1, 215–26. Government, knowledge and the business of policy making: the potential and limits of evidence-based policy Evidence & Policy 1 215 26 Google Scholar

MUNN, M. (2007), Speech on Gypsies and Travellers at the Royal Town Planning Institute, Gypsy and Traveller Conference, London, 1 March, available at http://www.communities.gov.uk/speeches/corporate/gypsies-travellers Google Scholar

NEYLAN, J. (2008), 'Social policy and the authority of evidence', The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, 12–19. Social policy and the authority of evidence The Australian Journal of Public Administration 67 12 19 Google Scholar

NINER, P. (2004), 'Accommodating nomadism? An examination of accommodation options for Gypsies and Travellers in England', Housing Studies, 19, 141–59. Accommodating nomadism? An examination of accommodation options for Gypsies and Travellers in England Housing Studies 19 141 59 Google Scholar

NINER, P. (2009), 'Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessments Perceptions of Progress', Birmingham, Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, University of Birmingham, available at: http://www.curs.bham.ac.uk/research_consultancy/pdfs/Niner_Report_Final.pdf Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004a), Planning Policy Statement 11: Regional Spatial Strategies, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004b), Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2006a), Planning for Gypsy and Traveller Caravan Sites, Circular 01/2006 (issued 2 February 2006). Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OKELY, J. (1983), The Traveller-Gypsies, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. The Traveller-Gypsies Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OWENS, S., RAYNER, T., and BINA, O. (2004), 'New agendas for appraisal: reflections on theory, practice and research', Environment and Planning A, 36, 1943–59. New agendas for appraisal: reflections on theory, practice and research Environment and Planning A 36 1943 59 Google Scholar

PARSONS, W. (2002), 'From muddling through to muddling up – evidence based policy making and the modernisation of British Government', Public Policy and Administration, 17, 43–60. From muddling through to muddling up – evidence based policy making and the modernisation of British Government Public Policy and Administration 17 43 60 Google Scholar

PEARCE, B. (2007), Report on the consultation events for Gypsies and Travellers held by South West Planning Aid, on the South West Regional Assembly's 'Review of additional pitch requirements for Gypsies and Traveller in the South West', South West Planning Aid, available at: http://www.southwestra.gov.uk/media/SWRA/RSS%20Documents/Gypsies_and_Travellers/Report_on_the_consultation_events.pdf Google Scholar

PHILLIPS, M. (2005), 'Stamp on the camps', The Sun, 9 March, available at: http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article104007.ece Google Scholar

RICHARDSON, J. (2007), Providing Gypsy and Traveller Sites: Contentious Spaces, London, Institute of Housing, and York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Providing Gypsy and Traveller Sites: Contentious Spaces Google Scholar

SANDERSON, I. (2002). 'Evaluation, policy learning and evidence-based policy making', Public Administration, 80, 1–22. Evaluation, policy learning and evidence-based policy making Public Administration 80 1 22 Google Scholar

SCHON, D. and REIN, M. (1994), Frame Reflection: Towards the Resolution of Intractable Policy Controversies, New York, NY, Basic Books. Frame Reflection: Towards the Resolution of Intractable Policy Controversies Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2008), 'Somewhere to Live: Planning for Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople in the South East: Partial Review of the South East Plan', SEERA, available at: http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/consultations/5/somewhere_to_live.pdf Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2009a), South East England Regional Assembly Plenary Meeting (4 March 2009), Agenda Item 2, 'Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople Review : Preferred Option : Annex B: Statistical analysis of GTTS consultation responses', SEERA, available at: http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/events/43/agenda_item_2-annex_b-responses_stats.pdf Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2009b), South East England Regional Assembly Plenary Meeting (4 March 2009,) Agenda Item 2, 'Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople Review: Preferred Option', SEERA, available at: http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/events/43/agenda_item_2-gtts_review-preferred_option.pdf Google Scholar

SIBLEY, D. (1978), 'Classification and control in local government: a case study of Gypsies in Hull', Town Planning Review, 49, 320–28. Classification and control in local government: a case study of Gypsies in Hull Town Planning Review 49 320 28 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

STAINES, S. (2007), 'Planning policy development and provision for Gypsy and Traveller sites in England, Brighton, Friends, Families and Travellers', available at: http://www.gypsytraveller. org/pdfs/planning_FFT_survey.pdf Google Scholar

STONEWALL (2003), Profiles of Prejudice, Citizenship 21, London, Stonewall. Profiles of Prejudice, Citizenship 21 Google Scholar

TEMPLE, B. and STEELE, A. (2004), 'Injustices of engagement: issues in housing needs assessments with minority ethnic communities', Housing Studies, 19, 541–56. Injustices of engagement: issues in housing needs assessments with minority ethnic communities Housing Studies 19 541 56 Google Scholar

TURNER, R. (2000), 'Gypsies and politics in Britain', Political Quarterly, 71, 68–77. Gypsies and politics in Britain Political Quarterly 71 68 77 Google Scholar

VAN CLEEMPUT, P., PARRY, G., THOMAS, K., PETERS, J. and COOPER, C. (2007), 'Health-related beliefs and experiences of Gypsies and Travellers: a qualitative study', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 205–10. Health-related beliefs and experiences of Gypsies and Travellers: a qualitative study Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 61 205 10 Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, T. (1999), Private Gypsy Site Provision, Harlow, ACERT. Private Gypsy Site Provision Google Scholar

BHOPAL, K. (2004), 'Gypsy Travellers and education: changing needs and changing perceptions', British Journal of Educational Studies, 52, 47–64. Gypsy Travellers and education: changing needs and changing perceptions British Journal of Educational Studies 52 47 64 Google Scholar

BROWN, P. and NINER, P. (2009), Assessing local housing authorities' progress in meeting the accommodation needs of Gypsy and Traveller communities in England (Research Report: 13), London, Equalities and Human Rights Commission. Google Scholar

BROWN, P. and SCULLION, L. (2009), '"Doing research" with Gypsy-Travellers in England: reflections on experience and practice', Community Development Journal (advance access, 17 March 2009). Google Scholar

CEMLYN, S. (2008), 'Human rights and Gypsies and Travellers: an exploration of the application of a human rights perspective to social work with a minority community in Britain', British Journal of Social Work, 38,153–73. Human rights and Gypsies and Travellers: an exploration of the application of a human rights perspective to social work with a minority community in Britain British Journal of Social Work 38 153 73 Google Scholar

CEMLYN, S., GREENFIELDS, M., BURNETT, S., MATTHEWS, Z. and WHITWELL, C. (2009), Inequalities experienced by Gypsy and Traveller Communities: A Review (Research Report: 12), London, Equality and Human Rights Commission. Google Scholar

CRAWLEY, H. (2004), Moving Forward: The Provision of Accommodation for Travellers and Gypsies, London, IPPR. Moving Forward: The Provision of Accommodation for Travellers and Gypsies Google Scholar

CRE (COMMISSION FOR RACIAL EQUALITY) (2006), Common Ground: Equality, Good Race Relations and Sites for Gypsies and Irish Travellers (Report of a CRE inquiry in England and Wales), London, CRE. Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. (2006), 'The evidence–policy interface in strategic waste planning for urban environments: the "technical" and the "social" dimensions', Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 24, 681–700. The evidence–policy interface in strategic waste planning for urban environments: the "technical" and the "social" dimensions Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 24 681 700 Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006), Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007a), Planning for Travelling Showpeople (Circular 04/2007), London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007b), Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Needs Assessments: Guidance, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2007c), Preparing Regional Spatial Strategy Reviews on Gypsies and Travellers by Regional Planning Bodies, London, DCLG. Google Scholar

DCLG/DBERR (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT/DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS ENTERPRISE AND REGULATORY REFORM) (2009), Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Bill: Policy Document on Regional Strategies, London, CLG. Google Scholar

EIP PANEL (2008a), 'Report of the Panel: Regional Spatial Strategy for the South West Review of Additional Pitch Requirements for Gypsies and Travellers: Examination in Public', available at: http://www.gosw.gov.uk/497666/docs/166217/622079/fullpanelreport Google Scholar

EIP PANEL (2008b), 'Report of the Panel: Planning for Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation in the East of England: Examination in Public', available at: http://www.gos.gov.uk/goee/docs/Planning/Regional_Planning/808762/ReportfinalrevDec08.pdf Google Scholar

ELLIS, G. and MCWHIRTER, C. (2008), 'Land-use planning and Gypsy Travellers: towards non-prejudicial practice', Planning, Practice and Research, 23, 77–99. Land-use planning and Gypsy Travellers: towards non-prejudicial practice Planning, Practice and Research 23 77 99 Google Scholar

GOE (GOVERNMENT OFFICE FOR THE EAST OF ENGLAND) (2009), 'Accommodation for Gypsies and Travellers and Travelling Showpeople in the East of England: The Secretary of State's Proposed Changes to the Draft Revision to the Regional Spatial Strategy and Statement of Reasons', available at: http://gos.gov.uk/goee/docs/Planning/Regional_Planning/808762/809975/Proposed_changes_document Google Scholar

GOSW (GOVERNMENT OFFICE FOR THE SOUTH WEST) (2008), The Draft Revised Regional Spatial Strategy for the South West Incorporating the Secretary of State's Proposed Changes, available at: http://gosw.limehouse.co.uk/portal/regional_startegies/drss?pointld=109242 Google Scholar

GREENFIELDS, M. (2008), 'Accommodation needs of Gypsies/Travellers: new approaches to policy in England', Social Policy and Society, 7, 73–89. Accommodation needs of Gypsies/Travellers: new approaches to policy in England Social Policy and Society 7 73 89 Google Scholar

HAWES, D. and PEREZ, B. (1996), The Gypsy and the State: The Ethnic Cleansing of British Society, Bristol, The Policy Press. The Gypsy and the State: The Ethnic Cleansing of British Society Google Scholar

HEAD, B. (2008), 'Three lenses of evidence-based policy', The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, 1–11. Three lenses of evidence-based policy The Australian Journal of Public Administration 67 1 11 Google Scholar

HOME, R. (1994), 'The planner and the Gypsy', in H. Thomas and V. Krishnarayan (eds), Race Equality and Planning: Policies and procedures, Aldershot, Avebury, 111–27. 'The planner and the Gypsy' Race Equality and Planning: Policies and procedures 111 27 Google Scholar

HOME, R. (2002), 'Negotiating security of tenure for peri-urban settlement: traveller–gypsies and the planning system in the United Kingdom', Habitat International, 26, 335–46. Negotiating security of tenure for peri-urban settlement: traveller–gypsies and the planning system in the United Kingdom Habitat International 26 335 46 Google Scholar

HOME, R. (2006),'The planning system and the accommodation needs of Gypsies', in C. Clark and M. Greenfields (eds), Here to Stay: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain, Hatfield, University of Hertfordshire Press, 90–107. The planning system and the accommodation needs of Gypsies Here to Stay: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain 90 107 Google Scholar

HORTON, M. (2007), 'Health and home place: close contact participatory research with Gypsies and Travellers', in A. Williamson and R. DeSouza (eds), Researching with Communities: Grounded Perspectives on Engaging Communities in Research, Auckland, Muddycreekpress, 25–38. 'Health and home place: close contact participatory research with Gypsies and Travellers' Researching with Communities: Grounded Perspectives on Engaging Communities in Research 25 38 Google Scholar

MCDONAGH, M. (1994), 'Nomadism in Irish Traveller identity', in M. McCann, S. O Siochain and J. Ruane (eds), Irish Travellers: Culture and Ethnicity, Belfast, Institute of Irish Studies, Belfast, The Queen's University of Belfast, 95–109. 'Nomadism in Irish Traveller identity' Irish Travellers: Culture and Ethnicity 95 109 Google Scholar

MARSHALL, T. (2004), 'Regional planning in England', Town Planning Review, 75, 447–72. Regional planning in England Town Planning Review 75 447 72 Google Scholar

MARSHALL, T. (2007), 'After structure planning: the new sub-regional planning in England', European Planning Studies, 15, 107–32. After structure planning: the new sub-regional planning in England European Planning Studies 15 107 32 Google Scholar

MULGAN, G. (2005), 'Government, knowledge and the business of policy making: the potential and limits of evidence-based policy', Evidence & Policy, 1, 215–26. Government, knowledge and the business of policy making: the potential and limits of evidence-based policy Evidence & Policy 1 215 26 Google Scholar

MUNN, M. (2007), Speech on Gypsies and Travellers at the Royal Town Planning Institute, Gypsy and Traveller Conference, London, 1 March, available at http://www.communities.gov.uk/speeches/corporate/gypsies-travellers Google Scholar

NEYLAN, J. (2008), 'Social policy and the authority of evidence', The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, 12–19. Social policy and the authority of evidence The Australian Journal of Public Administration 67 12 19 Google Scholar

NINER, P. (2004), 'Accommodating nomadism? An examination of accommodation options for Gypsies and Travellers in England', Housing Studies, 19, 141–59. Accommodating nomadism? An examination of accommodation options for Gypsies and Travellers in England Housing Studies 19 141 59 Google Scholar

NINER, P. (2009), 'Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessments Perceptions of Progress', Birmingham, Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, University of Birmingham, available at: http://www.curs.bham.ac.uk/research_consultancy/pdfs/Niner_Report_Final.pdf Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004a), Planning Policy Statement 11: Regional Spatial Strategies, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004b), Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2006a), Planning for Gypsy and Traveller Caravan Sites, Circular 01/2006 (issued 2 February 2006). Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OKELY, J. (1983), The Traveller-Gypsies, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. The Traveller-Gypsies Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OWENS, S., RAYNER, T., and BINA, O. (2004), 'New agendas for appraisal: reflections on theory, practice and research', Environment and Planning A, 36, 1943–59. New agendas for appraisal: reflections on theory, practice and research Environment and Planning A 36 1943 59 Google Scholar

PARSONS, W. (2002), 'From muddling through to muddling up – evidence based policy making and the modernisation of British Government', Public Policy and Administration, 17, 43–60. From muddling through to muddling up – evidence based policy making and the modernisation of British Government Public Policy and Administration 17 43 60 Google Scholar

PEARCE, B. (2007), Report on the consultation events for Gypsies and Travellers held by South West Planning Aid, on the South West Regional Assembly's 'Review of additional pitch requirements for Gypsies and Traveller in the South West', South West Planning Aid, available at: http://www.southwestra.gov.uk/media/SWRA/RSS%20Documents/Gypsies_and_Travellers/Report_on_the_consultation_events.pdf Google Scholar

PHILLIPS, M. (2005), 'Stamp on the camps', The Sun, 9 March, available at: http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article104007.ece Google Scholar

RICHARDSON, J. (2007), Providing Gypsy and Traveller Sites: Contentious Spaces, London, Institute of Housing, and York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Providing Gypsy and Traveller Sites: Contentious Spaces Google Scholar

SANDERSON, I. (2002). 'Evaluation, policy learning and evidence-based policy making', Public Administration, 80, 1–22. Evaluation, policy learning and evidence-based policy making Public Administration 80 1 22 Google Scholar

SCHON, D. and REIN, M. (1994), Frame Reflection: Towards the Resolution of Intractable Policy Controversies, New York, NY, Basic Books. Frame Reflection: Towards the Resolution of Intractable Policy Controversies Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2008), 'Somewhere to Live: Planning for Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople in the South East: Partial Review of the South East Plan', SEERA, available at: http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/consultations/5/somewhere_to_live.pdf Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2009a), South East England Regional Assembly Plenary Meeting (4 March 2009), Agenda Item 2, 'Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople Review : Preferred Option : Annex B: Statistical analysis of GTTS consultation responses', SEERA, available at: http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/events/43/agenda_item_2-annex_b-responses_stats.pdf Google Scholar

SEERA (SOUTH EAST ENGLAND REGIONAL ASSEMBLY) (2009b), South East England Regional Assembly Plenary Meeting (4 March 2009,) Agenda Item 2, 'Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople Review: Preferred Option', SEERA, available at: http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/events/43/agenda_item_2-gtts_review-preferred_option.pdf Google Scholar

SIBLEY, D. (1978), 'Classification and control in local government: a case study of Gypsies in Hull', Town Planning Review, 49, 320–28. Classification and control in local government: a case study of Gypsies in Hull Town Planning Review 49 320 28 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

STAINES, S. (2007), 'Planning policy development and provision for Gypsy and Traveller sites in England, Brighton, Friends, Families and Travellers', available at: http://www.gypsytraveller. org/pdfs/planning_FFT_survey.pdf Google Scholar

STONEWALL (2003), Profiles of Prejudice, Citizenship 21, London, Stonewall. Profiles of Prejudice, Citizenship 21 Google Scholar

TEMPLE, B. and STEELE, A. (2004), 'Injustices of engagement: issues in housing needs assessments with minority ethnic communities', Housing Studies, 19, 541–56. Injustices of engagement: issues in housing needs assessments with minority ethnic communities Housing Studies 19 541 56 Google Scholar

TURNER, R. (2000), 'Gypsies and politics in Britain', Political Quarterly, 71, 68–77. Gypsies and politics in Britain Political Quarterly 71 68 77 Google Scholar

VAN CLEEMPUT, P., PARRY, G., THOMAS, K., PETERS, J. and COOPER, C. (2007), 'Health-related beliefs and experiences of Gypsies and Travellers: a qualitative study', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 205–10. Health-related beliefs and experiences of Gypsies and Travellers: a qualitative study Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 61 205 10 Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, T. (1999), Private Gypsy Site Provision, Harlow, ACERT. Private Gypsy Site Provision Google Scholar

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Author details

Niner, Pat

Brown, Philip