Town Planning Review

Territorial opportunities of tram-based systems: a comparative analysis between Nottingham (UK) and Valenciennes (FRA)

Town Planning Review (2014), 85, (2), 217–236.

Abstract

Drawing on work conducted as part of the EU-supported project ‘Sintropher’, this paper focuses on a comparative analysis between two tramway systems in Nottingham (UK) and Valenciennes (FRA). The aim is to understand how these tram-based systems were successfully integrated into their respective urban areas. Firstly, we describe the national contexts concerning assessments of urban public transport policies. Secondly, we analyse the two tram projects, and especially their territorial dynamics. Thirdly, we consider urban transformations that have occurred around their terminal stations in Hucknall (Nottingham) and Denain (Valenciennes).

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STAMBOULI J. (2007), ‘Les territoires du tramway moderne: de la ligne à la ville durable’, Développement durable et territoires, Dossier 4: La ville et l'enjeu du Développement Durable http://developpementdurable.revues.org/3579 Google Scholar

TRIBAL URBAN STUDIO (2008), Appraisal of Sustainable Urban Extensions, Final Report, Roger Tym & Partners, CampbellReith. Google Scholar

TRINDER D. (2002) ‘Economic growth and transport infrastructure appraisal’ in McQuaid RW, Greig M, Smyth A and Cooper J (2003), The Importance of transport in business Location Decision, Department for Transport, London. The Importance of transport in business Location Decision Google Scholar

URBED (2009), Hucknall: Town Centre Masterplan, A report for Ashfield District Council by URBED (Urbanism Environment and Design) together with Gordon Hood Regeneration and Simon Fenton Partnership http://media.urbed.coop.ccc.cdn.faelix.net/sites/default/files/Hucknall%20Town%20Centre%20-%20Final%20Masterplan%20Report_0.pdf Google Scholar

BABALIK-SUTCLIFFE E. (2002), ‘Urban rail systems: analysis of the factors behind success’, Transport Reviews, 22, 415-47. ‘Urban rail systems: analysis of the factors behind success’ Transport Reviews 22 415 47 Google Scholar

BOUCQ E. (2008), ‘Assessment of the real estate benefits due to accessibility gains brought by a transport project: the impacts of a light rail infrastructure improvement in the Hauts-de-Seine department’, European Transport, December, 40. ‘Assessment of the real estate benefits due to accessibility gains brought by a transport project: the impacts of a light rail infrastructure improvement in the Hauts-de-Seine department’ European Transport Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

DABINETT G., GORE T., HAYWOOD, R., and LAWLESS, P. (1999), ‘Transport investment and regeneration, Sheffield: 1992-1997’, Transport Policy, 6, 123-34. ‘Transport investment and regeneration, Sheffield: 1992-1997’ Transport Policy 6 123 34 Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000), Transport 2010 - The 10 Year Plan, The Stationery Office, London. Google Scholar

DOT (DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT) (2004) ‘The Future of Transport: A Network for 2030’, The Stationery Office, London. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

EDDINGTON, R., (2006). ‘The Eddington transport study, main report: transport's role in sustaining the UK's productivity and competitiveness’, UK Department for Transport, London. ‘The Eddington transport study, main report: transport's role in sustaining the UK's productivity and competitiveness’ Google Scholar

EDWARDS M., and MACKETT R. (1996), ‘Developing new urban public transport systems. An irrational decision-making process’, Transport Policy, 3, 225-39 ‘Developing new urban public transport systems. An irrational decision-making process’ Transport Policy 3 225 39 Google Scholar

EMANGARD, P. (2011), ‘Le contraste des politiques européennes en matière de tramways’, Rail Passion, Hors-Série ‘Les tramways en France’, November 2011, 26-27. ‘Le contraste des politiques européennes en matière de tramways’ Rail Passion, Hors-Série ‘Les tramways en France’ 26 27 Google Scholar

FRENAY, P. (2005), ‘Le Tram, outil en faveur d'une ville durable?’, Transport Environnement Circulation, 185, 2-8. ‘Le Tram, outil en faveur d'une ville durable?’ Transport Environnement Circulation 185 2 8 Google Scholar

FRÈRE, S. and RICHER, C. (2006), ‘Structuration intercommunale et rôle des politiques de transports publics dans le Valenciennois’, Recherche Transports Sécurité, 92, 245-61. ‘Structuration intercommunale et rôle des politiques de transports publics dans le Valenciennois’ Recherche Transports Sécurité 92 245 61 Google Scholar

HAMMAN, P. (2011), Le tramway dans la ville. Le projet urbain négocié à l'aune des déplacements, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, coll. Espace et territoires. Le tramway dans la ville. Le projet urbain négocié à l'aune des déplacements Google Scholar

HASS-KLAU C., and CRAMPTON G. (2005), ‘Economic impact of light rail investments: summary of the results of 15 urban areas in France, Germany, UK and North America’, in Jönson G., Tengström E., Urban Transport Development, A complexe issue, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 245-55. Urban Transport Development, A complexe issue 245 55 Google Scholar

HASS-KLAU, C., CRAMPTON, G., BIERETH C., and DEUTSCH, V. (2003), Bus or Light Rail: Making the Right Choice, Environmental & Transport Planning, Brighton. Bus or Light Rail: Making the Right Choice Google Scholar

HASS-KLAU, C., CRAMPTON, G., and BENJARI, R. (2004) ‘Economic impact of light rail: the results of 15 urban areas in France, Germany, UK and North America’ Environmental & Transport Planning, Brighton, 196. ‘Economic impact of light rail: the results of 15 urban areas in France, Germany, UK and North America’ 196 Google Scholar

HYLÉN, B. and PHAROAH, T. (2002), Making tracks - Light rail in England and France, VTI, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping. Making tracks - Light rail in England and France, VTI Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

LAISNEY, F. and GRILLET-AUBERT, A. (2006), Tramway, espaces publics et mobilités, Architecture du transport, rapport final, 3-A, Paris, IPRAUS-EAPB (Institut Parisien de Recherche: Architecture, Urbanistique, Sociétés - École d'Architecture de Paris Belleville). Google Scholar

LAWLESS, P. (1999) ‘Transport investment and urban regeneration in a provincial city: Sheffield, 1992-96’. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 17, 211-26. ‘Transport investment and urban regeneration in a provincial city: Sheffield, 1992-96’ Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 17 211 26 Google Scholar

LEPERS, G. (2012), ‘Nottingham Express Transit: le(s) rôle(s) du tramway en milieu urbain et périurbain’, Student report, Institut d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme de Lille (IAUL), Université de Lille. Student report Google Scholar

MACKETT, R. and BABALIK, S.E. (2003), ‘New urban rail systems: a policy-based technique to make them more successful’, Journal of Transport Geography, 11, 151-64. ‘New urban rail systems: a policy-based technique to make them more successful’ Journal of Transport Geography 11 151 64 Google Scholar

MACKETT, R. and EDWARDS, M. (1998), ‘The impact of new urban public transport systems: will the expectations be met?’, Transportation Research A, 32, 231-45. ‘The impact of new urban public transport systems: will the expectations be met?’ Transportation Research A 32 231 45 Google Scholar

NAO (NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE) (2004), Improving public transport in England through light rail. Report by the comptroller and auditor general, HC 518 Session 2003-2004: 23 April 2004 http://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2004/04/0304518.pdf Google Scholar

O'FALLON, C. (2003) Linkages Between Infrastructure and Economic Growth. Ministry of Economic Development. Linkages Between Infrastructure and Economic Growth Google Scholar

OFFNER, J.-M. (1993), ‘Les effets structurants du transport: mythe politique, mystification scientifique’, L'Espace Géographique, 3, 233-42. ‘Les effets structurants du transport: mythe politique, mystification scientifique’ L'Espace Géographique 3 233 42 Google Scholar

OFFNER, J.-M. (1998), ‘Le tramway Saint-Denis-Bobigny entre enjeux et usages la décision à l’épreuve du territoire', Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine, 80-81, 153-79. ‘Le tramway Saint-Denis-Bobigny entre enjeux et usages la décision à l’épreuve du territoire' Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine 80-81 153 79 Google Scholar

PARIS, D. (2011), ‘Désiré, puis haï, et enfin adulé: les tribulations du tramway dans les villes de France’, Rail Passion, Hors-Série ‘Les tramways en France’, November 2011, 8-24. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

RICHER, C. and HASIAK, S. (2012), ‘Des tramways contre-nature? Regards croisés sur les processus de décision des projets de tcsp de l'arc Sud de l'aire métropolitaine lilloise’, Revue de Géographie de l'Est, 52, http://rge.revues.org/3547 (accessed 12 January 2014). http://rge.revues.org/3547 ‘Des tramways contre-nature? Regards croisés sur les processus de décision des projets de tcsp de l'arc Sud de l'aire métropolitaine lilloise’ Revue de Géographie de l'Est 52 Google Scholar

STAMBOULI J. (2007), ‘Les territoires du tramway moderne: de la ligne à la ville durable’, Développement durable et territoires, Dossier 4: La ville et l'enjeu du Développement Durable http://developpementdurable.revues.org/3579 Google Scholar

TRIBAL URBAN STUDIO (2008), Appraisal of Sustainable Urban Extensions, Final Report, Roger Tym & Partners, CampbellReith. Google Scholar

TRINDER D. (2002) ‘Economic growth and transport infrastructure appraisal’ in McQuaid RW, Greig M, Smyth A and Cooper J (2003), The Importance of transport in business Location Decision, Department for Transport, London. The Importance of transport in business Location Decision Google Scholar

URBED (2009), Hucknall: Town Centre Masterplan, A report for Ashfield District Council by URBED (Urbanism Environment and Design) together with Gordon Hood Regeneration and Simon Fenton Partnership http://media.urbed.coop.ccc.cdn.faelix.net/sites/default/files/Hucknall%20Town%20Centre%20-%20Final%20Masterplan%20Report_0.pdf Google Scholar

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Author details

Richer, Cyprien

Hasiak, Sophie