Town Planning Review

The embedded developer: using project ecologies to analyse local property development networks

Town Planning Review (2013), 84, (2), 227–250.

Abstract

Institutional approaches to planning and development portray planners as members of networks of actors that constitute local property markets. Their market position affords planners the potential proactively to mould the capabilities of local development milieus. Theoretical frameworks have been developed to deal with the complexity of local development sectors. However, they lack sufficient detail to support in-depth research and analysis on a consistent basis or to allow close comparison of cases. A theoretical framework - project ecologies - is proposed to address this problem. It is consistent with extant institutional perspectives and can accommodate the heterogeneity of developers and development. It is applied to a detailed case study of an urban regeneration project. The paper considers the efficacy of the theoretical framework and the scope that it reveals for planners to influence developers' activities in their locales.

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FORESTER, J. (1989), Planning in the Face of Power, Los Angeles, University of California Press. Planning in the Face of Power Google Scholar

FRANCES, J., LEVACIĆ, R., MITCHELL, J. and THOMPSON, G. (1991), ‘Introduction’, in G. Thompson, J. Frances, R. Levacić and J. Mitchell (eds), Markets, Hierarchies and Networks, London, Sage, 1-23. Markets, Hierarchies and Networks 1 23 Google Scholar

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GRABHER, G. (2001), ‘Locating economic action: projects, networks, localities, institutions’, Environment and Planning A, 33, 1329-34. ‘Locating economic action: projects, networks, localities, institutions’ Environment and Planning A 33 1329 34 Google Scholar

GRABHER, G. (2002a), ‘Cool projects, boring institutions: temporary collaboration in social context’, Regional Studies, 36, 205-14. ‘Cool projects, boring institutions: temporary collaboration in social context’ Regional Studies 36 205 14 Google Scholar

GRABHER, G. (2002b), ‘The project ecology of advertising: tasks, talents and teams’, Regional Studies, 36, 245-62. ‘The project ecology of advertising: tasks, talents and teams’ Regional Studies 36 245 62 Google Scholar

GRABHER, G. (2004a), ‘Temporary architectures of learning: knowledge governance in project ecologies’, Organisation Studies, 25, 1491-514. ‘Temporary architectures of learning: knowledge governance in project ecologies’ Organisation Studies 25 1491 514 Google Scholar

GRABHER, G. (2004b), ‘Learning in projects, remembering in networks? Communality, sociality, and connectivity in project ecologies’, European Urban and Regional Studies, 11, 103-23. ‘Learning in projects, remembering in networks? Communality, sociality, and connectivity in project ecologies’ European Urban and Regional Studies 11 103 23 Google Scholar

GRAHAM, R. and ENGLUND, R. (1997), Creating an Environment for Successful Projects, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass. Creating an Environment for Successful Projects Google Scholar

GUY, S. and HENNEBERRY, J. (2000), ‘Understanding urban development process: integrating the economic and the social in property research’, Urban Studies, 37, 2300-416. ‘Understanding urban development process: integrating the economic and the social in property research’ Urban Studies 37 2300 416 Google Scholar

GUY, S. and HENNEBERRY, J. (2002), ‘Bridging the divide? Complementary perspectives on property’, Urban Studies, 39, 1471-78. ‘Bridging the divide? Complementary perspectives on property’ Urban Studies 39 1471 78 Google Scholar

GUY, S., HENNEBERRY, J. and ROWLEY, S. (2002), ‘Development cultures and urban regeneration’, Urban Studies, 39, 1181-96. ‘Development cultures and urban regeneration’ Urban Studies 39 1181 96 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1991), ‘Models of the development process: a review’, Journal of Property Research, 8, 219-38. ‘Models of the development process: a review’ Journal of Property Research 8 219 38 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1992a), ‘An institutional model of the development process’, Journal of Property Research, 9, 33-44. ‘An institutional model of the development process’ Journal of Property Research 9 33 44 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1992b), ‘A planner's day: knowledge and action in communicative practice’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 58, 9-20. ‘A planner's day: knowledge and action in communicative practice’ Journal of the American Planning Association 58 9 20 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1993), ‘Planning through debate: the communicative turn in planning theory’, in F. Fischer and J. Forester (eds), The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning, London, UCL Press, 233-53. The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning 233 53 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1998), ‘Regulating property development and the capacity of the development industry’, Journal of Property Research, 15, 211-27. ‘Regulating property development and the capacity of the development industry’ Journal of Property Research 15 211 27 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2006), Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies (2nd edn), Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. and BARRETT, S. M. (1990), ‘Structure and agency in land and property development processes: some ideas for research’, Urban Studies, 27, 89-104. ‘Structure and agency in land and property development processes: some ideas for research’ Urban Studies 27 89 104 Google Scholar

HODGSON, G. M. (1988), Economics and Institutions: A Manifesto for Modern Institutional Economics, Cambridge, Polity Press. Economics and Institutions: A Manifesto for Modern Institutional Economics Google Scholar

HODGSON, G. M. (1994), ‘Institutionalism "old" and "new"’, in G. Hodgson, W. Samuels and M. Tool (eds), The Elgar Companion to Institutional and Evolutionary Economics, Vol. 1, Aldershot, Edward Elgar, 397-402. The Elgar Companion to Institutional and Evolutionary Economics 1 397 402 Google Scholar

HODGSON, G. M. (1998), ‘The Approach of Institutional Economics’, Journal of Economic Literature, 36, 166-92. ‘The Approach of Institutional Economics’ Journal of Economic Literature 36 166 92 Google Scholar

HODGSON, G. M. (2006), ‘What are institutions?’, Journal of Economic Issues, 40, 1-25. ‘What are institutions?’ Journal of Economic Issues 40 1 25 Google Scholar

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Henneberry, John

Parris, Simon