Town Planning Review

Evidence-based policymaking and the public interest: lessons in legitimacy

Town Planning Review (2015), 86, (2), 133–154.

Abstract

This paper draws upon an analysis of operational planning to highlight the centrality of ethics in praxis. In this context, political liberalism is particularly helpful in developing a deeper understanding of the activities of those engaged in planning decision making. At the most basic level, it demonstrates the importance of not only using shared liberal values as the foundation for public discourses, but also achieving consensus through the development of an inclusive evidence base, derived from both lay and professional knowledge. Though it has limitations, political liberalism provides a practical critique, enabling judgements to be made on problems which pervade operational planning practice and an evaluation to be conducted of the dynamic between, and actions of, participants.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ALEXANDER, E. R. (2008), ‘The role of knowledge within planning theory’, Planning Theory, 7, 207-10. ‘The role of knowledge within planning theory’ Planning Theory 7 207 10 Google Scholar

ALLEN, K. (2007), The Corporate Takeover of Ireland, Dublin, Irish Academic Press. The Corporate Takeover of Ireland Google Scholar

BAKER, M. and WONG, C. (2006), ‘Indicators and strategy monitoring: the case of the English regions’, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33, 661-83. ‘Indicators and strategy monitoring: the case of the English regions’ Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 33 661 83 Google Scholar

BARON, M., SLOTE, M. and PETTIT, P. (1997), Three Methods of Ethics, Oxford, Blackwell. Three Methods of Ethics Google Scholar

BARTLEY, B. and KITCHIN, R. (2007), Understanding Contemporary Ireland, London, Pluto Press. Understanding Contemporary Ireland Google Scholar

BENDASOLLI, P. (2013), ‘Theory building in qualitative research: reconsidering the problem of induction’, Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 14, 1-14. ‘Theory building in qualitative research: reconsidering the problem of induction’ Forum: Qualitative Social Research 14 1 14 Google Scholar

BLAIKIE, N. (2012), Approaches to Social Enquiry, London, Polity. Approaches to Social Enquiry Google Scholar

BREWSTER, R. (2007), Ethics and the Changing Role of Planners in Australia, Australia, Chifley Business School. Ethics and the Changing Role of Planners in Australia Google Scholar

BRYMAN, A. (2012), Social Research Methods, 4th edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Social Research Methods Google Scholar

CABINET OFFICE (1999), Modernising Government, Cm 4310, London, The Stationary Office. Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, H. (2002), ‘Evidence-based policy: the continuing search for effective policy processes’, Planning Theory & Practice, 3, 89-104. ‘Evidence-based policy: the continuing search for effective policy processes’ Planning Theory & Practice 3 89 104 Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2002), ‘Utilitarianism's bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning', Planning Theory, 1, 165-89. ‘Utilitarianism's bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning' Planning Theory 1 165 89 Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2006), ‘Towards justice in planning: A reappraisal’, European Planning Studies, 14, 239-52. ‘Towards justice in planning: A reappraisal’ European Planning Studies 14 239 52 Google Scholar

CONNOR, G. (2010), ‘The Irish Economy: Report on Property Market Planning’ http://www.irisheconomy.ie/index.php/2010/07/ Google Scholar

COOPER, M. (2010), Who Really Runs Ireland?, London, Penguin Books. Who Really Runs Ireland? Google Scholar

CORK CITY COUNCIL (2004), City Development Plan 2004, Cork, Cork City Council. Google Scholar

CSO (CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE (2010), Census of Population Estimates, Dublin, CSO. Google Scholar

CSO (CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE) (2013), Census of Population Estimates, Dublin, CSO. Google Scholar

CUSSEN, N. (2010), ‘Evidence based planning: The core strategy’, presentation by The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to ICLRD http://www.slidefinder.net/2/2010actcorestrategyiclrdpresentation/32447917 Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. (2006), ‘Evidence-based planning’, disP - The Planning Review, 42, 14-24. ‘Evidence-based planning’ disP - The Planning Review 42 14 24 Google Scholar

DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2005), UK Government Sustainable Development Indicators, London, DEFRA. Google Scholar

DEHLG (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2002), National Spatial Strategy 2002-2020, Dublin, DEHLG. Google Scholar

DEHLG (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2011), Local Area Plans: Creating Sustainable Communities, Guidelines for Planning Authorities Draft, Dublin, DEHLG. Google Scholar

FLATHMAN, R. E. (2005), Pluralism and Liberal Democracy, Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press. Pluralism and Liberal Democracy Google Scholar

FLYVBJERG, B. (2002) ‘Bringing power to planning research. One researcher's praxis story’, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21, 353-66. ‘Bringing power to planning research. One researcher's praxis story’ Journal of Planning Education and Research 21 353 66 Google Scholar

FLYVBJERG, B. (2013), ‘How planners deal with uncomfortable knowledge: The dubious ethics of the American Planning Association’, Cities, 32, 157-63. ‘How planners deal with uncomfortable knowledge: The dubious ethics of the American Planning Association’ Cities 32 157 63 Google Scholar

GRIFFITH, D. (2008), ‘Ethical considerations in geographical research’, Ethics, Place and Environment, 11, 237-53. ‘Ethical considerations in geographical research’ Ethics, Place and Environment 11 237 53 Google Scholar

HAAS, P. (2004), ‘When does power listen to truth? A constructivist approach to the policy process’, Journal of European Public Policy, 11, 569-92. ‘When does power listen to truth? A constructivist approach to the policy process’ Journal of European Public Policy 11 569 92 Google Scholar

HARPER, T. L. and STEIN, S. M. (1995), ‘Contemporary ethical theory and planning theory’, in S. Hendler (ed.), Planning Ethics: A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University, 49-65. Planning Ethics: A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education 49 65 Google Scholar

HENDLER, S. (1995), A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education, New Brunswick, NJ, Centre for Urban Policy Research. A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education Google Scholar

HENDLER, S. (2005), ‘Towards a feminist code of planning ethics’, Planning Theory and Practice, 6, 53-69. ‘Towards a feminist code of planning ethics’ Planning Theory and Practice 6 53 69 Google Scholar

IPI (IRISH PLANNING INSTITUTE) (2010), Code of Professional Conduct, IPI, Dublin. Google Scholar

JACOBSON, D., KIRBY, P. and O' BROIN, D. (eds) (2006), Taming the Tiger: Social Exclusion in a Globalised Ireland, New Island, Dublin, Tasc. Taming the Tiger: Social Exclusion in a Globalised Ireland Google Scholar

KITCHIN, R., GLEESON, J., KEAVENEY, J. and O CALLAGHAN, C. (2010), A Haunted Landscape: Housing and Ghost Estates in Post-Celtic Tiger Ireland, Maynooth, NIRSA. A Haunted Landscape: Housing and Ghost Estates in Post-Celtic Tiger Ireland Google Scholar

MCDONALD, F. and SHERIDAN, K. (2009), The Builders, London, Penguin Books. The Builders Google Scholar

MCKAY, S. (2010), ‘An investigation into the role of ethics, legitimacy and power in planning’, Town Planning Review, 81, 425-44. ‘An investigation into the role of ethics, legitimacy and power in planning’ Town Planning Review 81 425 44 Google Scholar

MELIA, P. and HOGAN, T. (2010), ‘Land rezoned for 800,000 more homes than needed’, Irish Independent, http://www.independent.ie/national-news/land-rezoned-for-800000-more-homes-than-needed-2162366.html'. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/land-rezoned-for-800000-more-homes-than-needed-2162366.html ‘Land rezoned for 800,000 more homes than needed’ Irish Independent Google Scholar

MIZZONI, J. (2010), Ethics: The Basics, Oxford, Wiley Blackwell. Ethics: The Basics Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

NAMA (NATIONAL ASSET MANAGEMENT AGENCY) (2010), First Loans Transfers http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/NAMAFirstLoanTransfers.pdf Google Scholar

NEWMAN, P. and THORNLEY, A. (1996), Urban Planning in Europe, London, Routledge. Urban Planning in Europe Google Scholar

NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY (2011), Zoning for Social Housing, Research and Library Service: Belfast. Google Scholar

ORIEACHTAS (2011), ‘The tribunal of inquiry into certain planning matters & payments’ http://www.planningtribunal.ie/asp/index.asp?ObjectID=310&Mode=0&RecordID=480 Google Scholar

PAGE, E. C. and GOLDSMITH, M. J. (1987), Central and Local Government Relations: A Comparative Analysis of West European Unitary States, London, Sage. Central and Local Government Relations: A Comparative Analysis of West European Unitary States Google Scholar

PRESSMAN, J. L. and WILDAVSKY, A. (1973), Implementation and Review. Barkley and Los Angeles, University of California Press. Implementation and Review Google Scholar

RAWLS, J. (2001), Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Justice as Fairness: A Restatement Google Scholar

READE, E. (1997), ‘Planning in the future or planning of the future’, in A. Blowers and B. Evans (eds), Town Planning into the 21st Century, London, Routledge, 71-103. Town Planning into the 21st Century 71 103 Google Scholar

RTPI (ROYAL TOWN PLANNING INSTITUTE) (2012), Code of Professional Conduct, London, RTPI. Google Scholar

RYDIN, Y. (2007), ‘Re-examining the role of knowledge within planning theory’, Planning Theory, 6, 52-68. ‘Re-examining the role of knowledge within planning theory’ Planning Theory 6 52 68 Google Scholar

SANDERCOCK, L. (1998), Towards Cosmopolis, London, Wiley. Towards Cosmopolis Google Scholar

STARR, P. (2008), Freedom's Power: The History and Promise of Liberalism, New York, Basic Books. Freedom's Power: The History and Promise of Liberalism Google Scholar

STEIN, S. M. and HARPER, T. L. (2005), ‘Rawls's ‘justice as fairness’: a moral basis for contemporary planning theory’, Planning Theory, 4, 147-72. ‘Rawls's ‘justice as fairness’: a moral basis for contemporary planning theory’ Planning Theory 4 147 72 Google Scholar

TEWDWR-JONES, M. and ALLMENDINGER, P. (1998), ‘Deconstructing communicative rationality: a critique of Habermasian collaborative planning’, Environment & Planning A, 30, 1975-89. ‘Deconstructing communicative rationality: a critique of Habermasian collaborative planning’ Environment & Planning A 30 1975 89 Google Scholar

WINGENBACH, E. (2011), Instiutionalising Agonistic Democracy: Post Foundationalism and Political Liberalism, Ashgate, Surrey. Instiutionalising Agonistic Democracy: Post Foundationalism and Political Liberalism Google Scholar

WONG, C. (2000), ‘Indicators in use: challenges to urban and environmental planning in Britain’, Town Planning Review, 71, 213-39. ‘Indicators in use: challenges to urban and environmental planning in Britain’ Town Planning Review 71 213 39 Google Scholar

WONG, C. (2003), ‘Indicators at the crossroads: ideas, methods and applications’, Town Planning Review, 74, 253-79. ‘Indicators at the crossroads: ideas, methods and applications’ Town Planning Review 74 253 79 Google Scholar

WYNNE, B. (1996), ‘May the sheep safely graze? A reflexive view of the expert-lay knowledge divide’, in B. Szerszynski, S. Lash and B. Wynne (eds), Risk, Environment and Modernity, Towards a New Ecology, London, Sage, 44-83. Risk, Environment and Modernity, Towards a New Ecology 44 83 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

McKay, Stephen

Murray, Michael

MacIntyre, Sean

Kashyap, Anil