Town Planning Review

The contribution and potential of town centre management for regeneration: Shifting its focus from 'management' to 'regeneration'

Town Planning Review (2007), 78, (2), 225–250.

Abstract

Following the rapid growth throughout the UK in adopting the concept of town centre management (TCM) over the last few decades, TCM has made a dramatic shift from its original 'janitorial' (managerial) function to a more strategic role in the regeneration of public space as well as the rebranding of town centres. Much of the recent research literature has highlighted TCM's effectiveness when judged against the intentions as those of recent regeneration programmes. Place marketing, retail and leisure development, surveillance measures and evening and night-time economies are all activities that involve TCM partnerships and initiatives. Consumption-based economic revitalisation and physical upgrading alone, however, are not sufficient for identifying the potential contribution of TCM within broader urban regeneration agendas. This paper examines the capacity of TCM to contribute towards the social as well as the economic and physical enhancement of local places and communities – that is, beyond its generally acknowledged commercial and business objectives.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ATCM (ASSOCIATION OF TOWN CENTRE MANAGEMENT) (1997), Developing Structures to Deliver Town Centre Management, London, ATCM. Google Scholar

ATCM (ASSOCIATION OF TOWN CENTRE MANAGEMENT) (1998), Finding Funding, London, ATCM Google Scholar

ATCM (ASSOCIATION OF TOWN CENTRE MANAGEMENT) (2002), Sustainable Funding for Town Centre MANAGEMENT, LONDON, ATCM. Google Scholar

ATCM (ASSOCIATION OF TOWN CENTRE MANAGEMENT) and LEEDS METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY (1999), Step Change: The Case for a Town Improvement Zone Programme, London, ATCM. Google Scholar

BALDOCK, J. (1989), 'Town centre management: its importance and nature' in W. Le-Las, M. Bradshaw And P. Robshaw (eds), Creating the Living Town Centre (Proceedings of Conference on the Business Design Centre, London, 27 April), 50–56. Google Scholar

BOOTS GROUP PLC. (2004), Issues and Impacts, Town Centre Management www.boots-plc.com// environment/information/info.asp?Level2ID=107 Google Scholar

CARLEY, M., KIRK, K. and MCINTOSH, S. (2001), Retailing, Sustainability and Neighbourhood Regeneration, YORK, JOSEPH ROWNTREE FOUNDATION. Retailing, Sustainability and Neighbourhood Regeneration Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1999), Investing in the High Street, London, The Civic Trust. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000), The State of English Cities, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996), Planning Policy Guidance No. 6: Town Centres and Retail Developments (Revised PPG 6), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) and URBED (URBAN AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT GROUP) (1997), Town Centre Partnerships, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

ENNEN, E. and ASWORTH, G. (1998), 'City-centre management: Dutch and British experience of a new form of planning', European Spatial Research and Policy, 3, 5–15. Google Scholar

EVANS, R. (1997), Regenerating Town Centres, Manchester, Manchester University Press. Regenerating Town Centres Google Scholar

FORSBERG, H., MEDWAY, D. and WARNABY, G. (1999), 'Town centre management by cooperation', Cities, 16, 315–22. Town centre management by cooperation Cities 16 315 22 Google Scholar

GLA (GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY) (2005), Retail in London (Working Paper B: Retail and Regeneration), London, Greater London Authority Google Scholar

GUY, C. (1994), The Retail Development Process, London, Routledge The Retail Development Process Google Scholar

HENRY, N., MCEWAN, C. and POLLARD, J. S. (2002), 'Globalisation from below: Birmingham: postcolonial workshop of the world?', Area, 31, 117–27. Globalisation from below: Birmingham: postcolonial workshop of the world? Area 31 117 27 Google Scholar

HOGG, S., MEDWAY, D. and HARVEY, J. (2000), 'Measuring the effectiveness of town centre management', Town and Country Planning, April, 117–19. Google Scholar

HOGG, S., MEDWAY, D. and WARNABY, G. (2001), Towards a Typology of Marketing Town Centre Management Schemes through the Use of KPIs (Working Paper WP01/11), Manchester, The Manchester Metropolitan University Business School. Google Scholar

HOUSE OF COMMONS, SELECT COMMITTEE ON OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER: HOUSING, PLANNING, LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND THE REGIONS (2003), Memorandum by the Boots Plc (LIV 25) www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm200203 Google Scholar

KARSKI, A. (1998), 'Comfort is the key for new town centres', Planning, 1292, 18–19. Comfort is the key for new town centres Planning 1292 18 19 Google Scholar

LICHFIELD, D. (1992), Urban Regeneration for the 1990s, London, London Planning Advisory Committee. Urban Regeneration for the 1990s Google Scholar

LOCKWOOD, J. I. (1999), The Lockwood Survey 1999, Nottingham, Urban Management Initiatives. The Lockwood Survey 1999 Google Scholar

LOCKWOOD, J. I. (2001), The Lockwood Survey 2000, Nottingham, Urban Management Initiatives. The Lockwood Survey 2000 Google Scholar

LOFTMAN, P. and NEVIN, B. (1996), 'Prestige urban-regeneration projects: socio-economic impacts'in A. Gerrard and T. R. Salter (eds), Managing a Conurbation: Birmingham and its Region, Studley, Brewin Books, 187–97. 'Prestige urban-regeneration projects: socio-economic impacts' Managing a Conurbation: Birmingham and its Region 187 97 Google Scholar

NATIONAL STATISTICS (2003), Census 2001 National Report www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001 Google Scholar

OC, T. and TIESDELL, S. (1997), 'The death and life of city centres' in T. Oc and S. Tiesdell (eds), Safer City Centres, Reviving the Public Realm, London, Paul Chapman Publishing, 1–20. 'The death and life of city centres' Safer City Centres, Reviving the Public Realm 1 20 Google Scholar

OC, T. and TIESDELL, S. (1998), 'City centre management and safer city centres: approaches in Coventry and Nottingham', Cities, 15, 85–103. City centre management and safer city centres: approaches in Coventry and Nottingham Cities 15 85 103 Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE FOR DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005), Planning Policy Statement 6: Planning for Town Centres (PPS 6), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OTSUKA, N. and REEVE, A. (2004), 'Town centre management as regeneration', Urban Design Quarterly, 91, 17–19. Town centre management as regeneration Urban Design Quarterly 91 17 19 Google Scholar

PAGE, S. and HARDYMAN, R. (1996), 'Place marketing and town centre management: a new tool for urban revitalisation', Cities, 13, 153–64. Place marketing and town centre management: a new tool for urban revitalisation Cities 13 153 64 Google Scholar

PAL, J. and SANDERS, E. (1997) 'Measuring the effectiveness of town centre management schemes: an exploratory framework', International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management, 25, 70–81. Measuring the effectiveness of town centre management schemes: an exploratory framework International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management 25 70 81 Google Scholar

PEEL, D. (2003) 'Town centre management: multi-stakeholder evaluation: increasing the sensitivity of paradigm choice', Planning Theory and Practice, 4, 147–64. Town centre management: multi-stakeholder evaluation: increasing the sensitivity of paradigm choice Planning Theory and Practice 4 147 64 Google Scholar

RACO, M. (2003) 'Remaking place and securitising space: urban regeneration and the strategies, tactics and practices of policing in the UK', Urban Studies, 40, 1869–87. Remaking place and securitising space: urban regeneration and the strategies, tactics and practices of policing in the UK Urban Studies 40 1869 87 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

REEVE, A. (1996), 'The private realm of the managed town centres', Urban Design International, 1, 61–80. The private realm of the managed town centres Urban Design International 1 61 80 Google Scholar

REEVE, A. (2004), 'Town centre management: developing a research agenda in an emerging field', Urban Design International, 9, 133–50. Google Scholar

ROBERTS, P. (2000), 'The evolution, definition and purpose of urban regeneration' in P. Roberts and H. Sykes (eds), Urban Regeneration: A Handbook, London, SAGE Publications, 9–36. 'The evolution, definition and purpose of urban regeneration' Urban Regeneration: A Handbook 9 36 Google Scholar

RTPI (royal town planning institute) (1988), Planning for Shopping into the Twenty-First Century, London, RTPI. Google Scholar

SPRIDDELL, P. (1980), Retailing Town Centres in the 1980s (report to an URPI Conference on Town Centres of the Future, London, 19 March), Reading, Unit for Retail Planning Information, 33–40. Google Scholar

STUBBS, B., WARNABY, D. and MEDWAY, D. (2002), 'Marketing at the public/private-sector interface; town centre management schemes in the south of England', Cities, 19, 317–26. Marketing at the public/private-sector interface; town centre management schemes in the south of England Cities 19 317 26 Google Scholar

TALLENTIRE, A. (2000), 'Managing the growing role of town centre', Urban Environment Today (One-Hundredth Issue Supplement), 17–20. 'Managing the growing role of town centre' Urban Environment Today 17 20 Google Scholar

UTF (URBAN TASK FORCE) (1999), Towards an Urban Renaissance, London, E& FN Spon. Google Scholar

WARNABY, G., ALEXANDER, A. and MEDWAY, D. (1998), 'Town centre management in the UK: a review synthesis and research agenda', International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 8, 15–31. Google Scholar

WARNABY, G., BENNISON, D. and DAVIES, B. J. (2005), 'Marketing town centres: retailing and towncentre management', Local Economy, 20, 183–204. Marketing town centres: retailing and towncentre management Local Economy 20 183 204 Google Scholar

WELLS, I. (1991), Town Centre Management: a Future for the High Street? (Geographical Papers, No. 109), READING, READING UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY. Google Scholar

WRIGHT, M. (2000), 'Town centre managers need to justify their funds', Urban Environment Today, 18 May, 18. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Otsuka, Noriko

Reeve, Alan