Romani Studies

Assessing Gypsies and Travellers needs: Partnership working and 'The Cambridge Project'

Romani Studies (2006), 16, (2), 105–131.

Abstract

This article discusses the Cambridgeshire and Sub-Regional Area Gypsy and Traveller Needs Assessment, a research project funded by a consortium of local authorities; primary care trusts and education services. It was initiated in response to UK Government legislation which required that Gypsies' and Travellers' accommodation needs should be assessed to explore the extent of their need for caravan sites and 'conventional' housing. In this paper we outline the legislative and policy background, and the development of a culturally sensitive, mixed methods research methodology appropriate for use in this field of research.

The 'Cambridge Project' is the largest UK study to explore the accommodation needs and aspirations of Gypsies and Travellers, alongside health, education, social inclusion and demographic findings which will enable future planning for a range of services. This project, which was undertaken in partnership with Gypsy and Traveller communities, incorporated an advisory group of Romany Gypsy and Irish Traveller elders and activists, and utilised the skills of trained community interviewers to administer the survey. To our knowledge this is the first time such a methodology has been used, and the 'Cambridge Model' of needs assessment has been identified by Gypsies/Travellers, and by local and central government as best practice in terms of partnership working, fulfilling equalities requirements, community capacity building and delivery of valid findings. The methodology is now being applied in a number of similar studies across Britain.

Access Token
£25.00

Acton, Thomas. 1974. Gypsy politics and social change. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Gypsy politics and social change Google Scholar

Adams, Barbara, Judith Okely, David Morgan, and David Smith. 1975. Gypsies and government policy in England. London: Heinemann Educational Books. Gypsies and government policy in England Google Scholar

Barton, Adrian, and Zoe James. 2003. 'Run to the sun': Policing contested perceptions of risk. Policing and Society 13(3): 259–70. 'Run to the sun': Policing contested perceptions of risk Policing and Society 13 259 70 Google Scholar

Bochel, Hugh, Bill Forrester, and Martin Cooper. 1988. One hundred Gypsy families in Essex: A 1987 survey of Travelling people. Chelmsford: Essex County Council. One hundred Gypsy families in Essex: A 1987 survey of Travelling people Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Cohen, Stanley. 1985. Visions of social control: Crime, punishment and classification. Cambridge: Polity Press. Visions of social control: Crime, punishment and classification Google Scholar

Commission for Racial Equality. Gypsies and Irish Traveller: The facts. CRE website, http://www.cre.gov.uk/gdpract/g_and_t_facts.html Google Scholar

Commission for Racial Equality. 2004. Strategy for Gypsies and Travellers 2004–2007 http://www.cre.gov.uk/policy/gtstrat/opportunities.html Google Scholar

Cornwall, Andrea, and Rachel Jewkes. 1995. What is participatory research? Social Science and Medicine, 41(12): 1667–1676. What is participatory research? Social Science and Medicine 41 1667 1676 Google Scholar

Crawley, Heaven. 2004. Moving forward: The provision of accommodation for Travellers and Gypsies. London: Institute for Public Policy Research. Moving forward: The provision of accommodation for Travellers and Gypsies Google Scholar

Davies, Elizabeth. 1987. Gypsies and housing. London: HMSO. Gypsies and housing Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Drakakis-Smith, Angela, and Keith Mason. 2002. Out for the count: A critical examination of the DETR bi-annual count of Gypsies/Travellers in England with special reference to Staffordshire Radical Statistics, 20–01. http://www.radstats.org.uk/no078/drakakis-smithandmason.htm Google Scholar

Duncan, Tom 1996. Neighbours' views of official sites for Travelling people Glasgow: The Planning Exchange/Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Summary available at http://www.jrf.org.uk/knowledge/findings/housing/H201.asp Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel. 1977. Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison. London: Penguin Books. Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Greenfields, Margaret, and Robert Home. 2006. The Gypsy 'Problem' or the paradox of the settled nomad. In Feminist perspectives on land law. Anne Bottomley and Hilary Lim, eds. London: GlassHouse Press/Cavendish Publishing (in press). Google Scholar

Hawes, Derek, and Barbara Perez. 1996. The Gypsy and the state: The ethnic cleansing of British society. Bristol: Policy Press. The Gypsy and the state: The ethnic cleansing of British society Google Scholar

Home, Robert. 2002. Negotiating security of tenure for peri-urban settlement: Traveller-Gypsies and the planning system in the United Kingdom. Habitat International 26(3): 335–46. Negotiating security of tenure for peri-urban settlement: Traveller-Gypsies and the planning system in the United Kingdom Habitat International 26 335 46 Google Scholar

Home, Robert. 2006. The planning system and the accommodation needs of Gypsies. In Here to stay. Colin Clark and Margaret Greenfields, eds. Pp. 90–107. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. The planning system and the accommodation needs of Gypsies In Here to stay 90 107 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Hyman, Mavis. 1989. Sites for Travellers: A study of five London boroughs. London: London Race and Housing Unit. Sites for Travellers: A study of five London boroughs Google Scholar

Jeffrey, Joy, Joanne Davis, and Helen Hoult. 2000. Afro-Caribbean and Travelling families' health needs. In Health visiting specialist and higher level practice: Chapter 17. Anne Rowbotham and Doreen Sheldrake, eds. Pp. 373–97. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. Afro-Caribbean and Travelling families' health needs In Health visiting specialist and higher level practice: Chapter 17 373 97 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Kendall, Sally. 1997. Sites of resistance: Places on the margin—the Traveller 'homeplace'. In Gypsy politics and Traveller identity. Thomas Acton, ed. Pp. 70–89. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Sites of resistance: Places on the margin—the Traveller 'homeplace' In Gypsy politics and Traveller identity 70 89 Google Scholar

Kenrick, Donald, and Colin Clark. 1999. Moving on: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Moving on: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain Google Scholar

Lianos, Michalis. 2003. Social control after Foucault. Surveillance and Society 1(3): 412–30. Social control after Foucault Surveillance and Society 1 412 30 Google Scholar

Liégeois, Jean-Paul, and Nicolae Gheorghe. 1995. Roma/Gypsies: A European minority. London: Minority Rights Group. Roma/Gypsies: A European minority Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Macaulay, Ann, Laura Commanda, William Freeman, Nancy Gibson, Melvina McCabe, Carolyn Robbins, and Peter Twohig. 1999. Participatory research maximises community and lay involvement. British Medical Journal 319: 774–8. Participatory research maximises community and lay involvement British Medical Journal 319 774 8 Google Scholar

Mayall, David. 1995. English Gypsies and state policies. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. English Gypsies and state policies Google Scholar

Mayall, David. 2004. Gypsy identities 1500–2000. From Egipcyans and moon-men to the ethnic Romany. London: Routledge. Gypsy identities 1500–2000 From Egipcyans and moon-men to the ethnic Romany Google Scholar

Ministry of Housing and Local Government/Welsh Office. 1967. Gypsies and other Travellers: Results of the 1965 census. London: HMSO. Gypsies and other Travellers: Results of the 1965 census Google Scholar

Morris, Rachel. 2006. Nomads and newspapers. In Here to stay. Colin Clark and Margaret Greenfields, eds. Pp. 236–58. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Nomads and newspapers In Here to stay. Colin Clark and Margaret Greenfields 236 58 Google Scholar

Morris, Rachel. and Luke Clements. 2003. At what cost? The economics of Gypsy and Traveller encampments. Bristol: The Policy Press. At what cost? The economics of Gypsy and Traveller encampments Google Scholar

Niner, Pat. 2003. Local authority Gypsy/Traveller sites in England. London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. http://www.communities.gov.uk/pub/516/LocalAuthorityGypsyTravellersitesinEnglandFullReportPDF985Kb_id1153516.pdf Google Scholar

Niner, Pat. 2004. Counting Gypsies and Travellers: A review of the Gypsy caravan count system London: ODPM http://www.communities.gov.uk/index.asp?id=1155501 Google Scholar

ni Shuinear, Sinead. 1997. Why do Gaujos hate Gypsies so much anyway? A case study. In Gypsy politics and Traveller identity. Thomas Acton, ed. Pp. 26–53. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Why do Gaujos hate Gypsies so much anyway? A case study In Gypsy politics and Traveller identity 26 53 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. (ODPM) 2002. Homelessness code of guidance for local authorities: July 2002. http://www.odpm.gov.uk/stellent/groups/odpm_control/documents/contentservertemplate/odpm_index.hcst?n=869&l=3 Google Scholar

Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. (ODPM) 2004. Planning for Gypsy and Traveller sites: A consultation paper: December 2004. http://www.communities.gov.uk/pub/796/PlanningforGypsyandtravellersitesPDF433Kb_id1147796.pdf Google Scholar

Office of the Deputy Prime Minister Planning (ODPM) Circular 01/2006 Planning for Gypsy and Traveller caravan sites. London: TSO http://www.communities.gov.uk/pub/389/Circular0106ODPMPlanningforGypsyandTravellerCaravan-SitesPDF253Kb_id1163389.pdf Google Scholar

Parry, Glenys, Patrice Van Cleemput, Jean Peters, Julia Moore, Stephen Walters, Kate Thomas, and Cindy Cooper. 2004. The health status of Gypsies and Travellers in England Sheffield: ScHARR. http://www.shef.ac.uk/scharr/about/publications/travellers.html Google Scholar

Power, Colm. 2004. Room to roam: Britain's Irish Travellers. London: Community Fund/Action Group for Irish Youth. http://www.irish.org.uk/pdfs/room-to-roam.pdf Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Schensul, Jean. 2005. Strengthening communities through research partnerships for social change: Perspectives from the Institute for Community Research. In Community building in the twenty-first century. Stanley Hyland, ed. Pp. 191–218. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research. Strengthening communities through research partnerships for social change: Perspectives from the Institute for Community Research In Community building in the twenty-first century 191 218 Google Scholar

Sibley, David. 1981. Outsiders in urban society. Oxford: Blackwell. Outsiders in urban society Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Thomas, Philip, and Susan Campbell. 1992. Housing Gypsies. Cardiff: Cardiff Law School. Housing Gypsies Google Scholar

Valentine, Gill, and Ian McDonald. 2004. Understanding prejudice: Attitudes towards minorities. http://www.stonewall.org.uk/documents/pdf_cover_content.pdf Google Scholar

Warrington, Camille, and Sherry Peck. 2005. Gypsy and Traveller communities: Accommodation, education, health, skills and employment, an east of England perspective. Ipswich: The Ormiston Children and Families Trust. Gypsy and Traveller communities: Accommodation, education, health, skills and employment, an east of England perspective Google Scholar

Weber, Leanne, and the Cambridgeshire county council research group. 1998–2000. The Cambridge Travellers review, Reports 1–6. Available at http://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/community/travellers/research/Cambridgeshiretravellersreview.htm Google Scholar

Williams, Toby. 1999. Private Gypsy site provision. Harlow: Advisory Council for the Education of Romany and other Travellers (ACERT). Private Gypsy site provision Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Greenfields, Margaret

Home, Robert