Romani Studies

Segmentation vs. consolidation: The example of four Gypsy groups in CIS

Romani Studies (2004), 14, (2), 145–191.

Abstract

Processes with different directions, velocity and frequency flow constantly among Gypsy groups. These processes can be reduced to two main contradictory and correlated tendencies: segmentation of the group into separate subgroup divisions, and consolidation of the separate subgroup divisions into one group. In both cases, the newly formed communities gradually accept the dimensions of a new, unique Gypsy group. The purpose of this article is to examine the processes of segmentation and consolidation based on the example of four Gypsy groups, Dajfa/Tajfa, Krimurja/ Kιrιmitika Roma, Kišinjovcurja/Kišinjovurja, Kitajcurja/Kitajake Rom, based on an evaluation of the history of the groups and their contemporary situation. The material shows the way in which the processes are running under different circumstances and allows us to arrive at the conclusion that a single universal model and directional development of the Gypsy group does not and cannot exist.

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Marushiakova, Elena

Popov, Vesselin