International Development Planning Review

Urban health in Africa: looking beyond the MDGs

International Development Planning Review (2015), 37, (1), 53–60.

Abstract

Achieving development and eliminating poverty are dependent on improving the health of populations, which are increasingly urban based. In this short paper we highlight the importance of context for understanding urban health in Africa, drawing in particular on the case of Ghana, and sketch out the implications of this new context in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The rise of non-communicable diseases in an African context, including those related to obesity, work environments and mental health, and how these are gendered is given particular prominence. It is essential that the SDGs reflect the changes that have taken place over the past 15 years in the location of populations and the associated configuration of health challenges, including their gendered nature.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AGYEI-MENSAH, S. and DE-GRAFT AIKINS, A. (2010), ‘Epidemiological transition and the double burden of disease in Accra, Ghana’, Journal of Urban Health, 87, 879-97. ‘Epidemiological transition and the double burden of disease in Accra, Ghana’ Journal of Urban Health 87 879 97 Google Scholar

AMETEPEH, R. S. (2011), ‘The occupational health and safety of the informal services sector in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolitan Area’ dspace.knust.edu.gh:8080/jspui/bitstream/123456789/215811/RejoiceSelormAmetepeh.pdf Google Scholar

AMOAH, A. G. B. (2003), ‘Obesity in adult residents of Accra, Ghana’, Ethnicity and Disease, 13, 97-101. ‘Obesity in adult residents of Accra, Ghana’ Ethnicity and Disease 13 97 101 Google Scholar

ARYEETEY, R. and ANSONG, J. (2011), ‘Overweight and hypertension among college of health sciences employees in Ghana’, African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 11, 5444-56. ‘Overweight and hypertension among college of health sciences employees in Ghana’ African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 11 5444 56 Google Scholar

AVOTRI, J. Y., and WALTERS, V. (1999), ‘You just look at our work and see if you have any freedom on earth: Ghanaian women's accounts of their work and health’, Social Science and Medicine, 48, 1123-33. ‘You just look at our work and see if you have any freedom on earth: Ghanaian women's accounts of their work and health’ Social Science and Medicine 48 1123 33 Google Scholar

BUOR, D. (1994), ‘Reproductive decision making within the Ghanaian family’, Family and Development Program (FADEP) Technical Series, 3, University of Ghana, Legon. Assemblies of God Literature Center, Accra. ‘Reproductive decision making within the Ghanaian family’ Google Scholar

CHANT, S. (2007), ‘Gender, cities and the Millennium Development Goals in the Global South’, New Working Paper Series, 21, (November), London School of Economics. ‘Gender, cities and the Millennium Development Goals in the Global South’ Google Scholar

COHEN-COLE. E. and FLETCHER, J. M. (2008), ‘Is obesity contagious? Social networks vs. environmental factors in the obesity epidemic’, Journal of Health Economics, 27, 1382-87. ‘Is obesity contagious? Social networks vs. environmental factors in the obesity epidemic’ Journal of Health Economics 27 1382 87 Google Scholar

DAKE, F. A. A., TAWIAH, E. O. and BADASU, M. D. (2011), ‘Socio-demographic correlates of obesity among Ghanaian women’, Public Health Nutrition, 14, 1285-91. ‘Socio-demographic correlates of obesity among Ghanaian women’ Public Health Nutrition 14 1285 91 Google Scholar

DE-GRAFT AIKINS, A., AGYEI-MENSAH, S. and AGYEMANG, C. (2013), Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Ghana: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Accra, University of Ghana/Sub-Saharan Publishers. Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Ghana: Multidisciplinary Perspectives Google Scholar

GHANA STATISTICAL SERVICE, GHANA HEALTH SERVICE and ICF MACRO (2009), 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, Accra, Ghana, GSS, GHS, and ICF Macro. Google Scholar

GOULD, W. T. S (1998), ‘African mortality and the new "urban penalty"’, Health and Place, 4, 171-81. ‘African mortality and the new "urban penalty"’ Health and Place 4 171 81 Google Scholar

GOULD, W. T. S. (2005), ‘Vulnerability and HIV/AIDS in Africa: from demography to development’, Population, Space and Place, 11, 473-84. ‘Vulnerability and HIV/AIDS in Africa: from demography to development’ Population, Space and Place 11 473 84 Google Scholar

ISSER (INSTITUTE OF STATISTI CAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH) (2013), Ghana Social Development Outlook 2012, Accra, ISSER. Google Scholar

LEE, S. (2004), ‘The vulnerability of women street traders to HIV/AIDS: Local government opportunities for action’, Policy Brief, Durban, University of KwaZulu-Natal. Policy Brief Google Scholar

LOEWENSON, R. H. (1998), ‘Health impact of occupational risks in the informal sector in Zimbabwe’, International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 4, 264-74. ‘Health impact of occupational risks in the informal sector in Zimbabwe’ International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health 4 264 74 Google Scholar

LUND, R., DEI, L. A., BOAKYE, K. A. and OPOKU-AGYEMANG, E. (2008), ‘It's all about livelihoods: a study of women working in stone chip production in Cape Coast municipality’, Norwegian Journal of Geography, 62, 139-48. ‘It's all about livelihoods: a study of women working in stone chip production in Cape Coast municipality’ Norwegian Journal of Geography 62 139 48 Google Scholar

MAHALIK, J. R., and ROBERT, J. C. (2000), ‘Identifying gender role conflict that mildly distinguish mildly-depressed from non-depressed men’, Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 1, 109-15. ‘Identifying gender role conflict that mildly distinguish mildly-depressed from non-depressed men’ Psychology of Men and Masculinity 1 109 15 Google Scholar

MASQUELIER, B., WALTISPERGER, D., RALIJAONA, O., PISON, G. and RAVÉLO, A. (2014), ‘The epidemiological transition in Antananarivo, Madagascar: an assessment based on death registers (1900-2012), Global Health Action, 7, http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php (accessed 20 October 2014). http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php ‘The epidemiological transition in Antananarivo, Madagascar: an assessment based on death registers (1900-2012) Global Health Action 7 Google Scholar

MOMSEN, J. H. (2010), Gender and Development, second edition, London, Routledge. Gender and Development Google Scholar

MONTGOMERY, M. R. (2009), ‘Urban poverty and health in developing countries’, Population Bulletin, 64, 1-17. ‘Urban poverty and health in developing countries’ Population Bulletin 64 1 17 Google Scholar

OPPONG, J. R., MAYER, J. and OREN, E. (2014), ‘The global health threat of African urban slums: the example of urban tuberculosis’, African Geographical Review, doi.org/10.1080/19376812.2014.910815. ‘The global health threat of African urban slums: the example of urban tuberculosis’ African Geographical Review Google Scholar

PATEL, V. (2007), ‘Mental health in low and middle income countries’, British Medical Bulletin, 81-82, 81-96. ‘Mental health in low and middle income countries’ British Medical Bulletin 81-82 81 96 Google Scholar

POTTS, D. (2012), ‘What do we know about urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa and does it matter?’, International Development Planning Review, 34, v-xxi. ‘What do we know about urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa and does it matter?’ International Development Planning Review 34 v xxi Google Scholar

SONGSORE, J. and MCGRANAHAN, G. (2003), ‘Women's household environmental caring roles in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana: A qualitative appraisal’, Research Review (New Series), 19, 67-83. ‘Women's household environmental caring roles in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana: A qualitative appraisal’ Research Review 19 67 83 Google Scholar

UN (2014), Open Working Group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html Google Scholar

WRIGLEY-ASANTE, C. (2010), ‘Rethinking gender: socioeconomic change and men in some selected communities in the Greater Accra Region’, Ghana Social Science Journal, 7, 52-71. ‘Rethinking gender: socioeconomic change and men in some selected communities in the Greater Accra Region’ Ghana Social Science Journal 7 52 71 Google Scholar

WRIGLEY-ASANTE, C. (2013), ‘Unravelling the health-related challenges of women in informal economy: accounts of women in cross border trading in Accra, Ghana’, GeoJournal, 78, 525-37. ‘Unravelling the health-related challenges of women in informal economy: accounts of women in cross border trading in Accra, Ghana’ GeoJournal 78 525 37 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Agyei-Mensah, Samuel

Owusu, George

Wrigley-Asante, Charlotte