Romani Studies

Reviews

Romani Studies (2014), 24, (1), 93–110.

Abstract

The concept of a Romani ‘nation’ still triggers controversy among scholars and policy-makers alike. Several decades before the emergence of the Romani political movement as we know it today, the idea of Romani nationhood was debated, perhaps for the very first time, in the early Soviet Union. In theory, the Soviet state allowed all non-Russians to practise their own nationhood. This included the promotion of their language, schools, theatres, and other institutions. But the Roma had been considered since imperial times to be exotic and backward, properties that were not the typical features that would define a national minority. The Roma therefore constituted an interesting test case for the policy - both in regard to what defines ‘nationality’ and in regard to the opportunities for ‘advancement’ that the Soviet state purported to offer to minority groups (p. 6). Brigid O'Keeffe tells the fascinating story of the makings of Romani nationhood in the early years of the Soviet empire. Her thesis is that Soviet nationalities policy offered Roma an opportunity to perform their belonging to the state by displaying particularity. Within the broader context of early Soviet nationalities policy, a display of selfhood was advantageous. The public discussion of minority nationhood gave Roma a chance to define both what is Roma and what is Soviet.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Hancock, Ian. 2010. Danger! Educated Gypsy: Selected essays. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Danger! Educated Gypsy: Selected essays Google Scholar

Lemon, Alaina. 2000. Between two fires: Gypsy performance and Romani memory from Pushkin to Postsocialism. Durham: Duke University Press. Between two fires: Gypsy performance and Romani memory from Pushkin to Postsocialism Google Scholar

Matras, Yaron. 1999. Writing Romani: The pragmatics of codification in a stateless language. Applied Linguistics 20(4): 481-502. Writing Romani: The pragmatics of codification in a stateless language Applied Linguistics 20 481 502 Google Scholar

Mayall, David. 2004. Gypsy identities 1500-2000: From Egipcyans and Moon-men to the ethnic Romany. London: Routledge. Gypsy identities 1500-2000: From Egipcyans and Moon-men to the ethnic Romany Google Scholar

Willems, Wim. 1997. In search of the true Gypsy: From enlightenment to final solution. London: Frank Cass Publishers. In search of the true Gypsy: From enlightenment to final solution Google Scholar

Barannikov, Aleksey P. 1934. The Ukrainian and South Russian Gypsy dialects. Leningrad: Publishing Office of the Academy. The Ukrainian and South Russian Gypsy dialects Google Scholar

Bogoroditskaya, N. A. 2000. Nizhnegorodskaya yarmarka v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov. Nizhniy Novgorod: Nizhniy Novgorod University Press. Nizhnegorodskaya yarmarka v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov Google Scholar

Grigoryev, M. 1851. Formy i slovar' cyganskogo yazyka. Monograph in the archive of the Institute of Eastern Monographs. Saint Petersburg: Russian Academy of Sciences. Formy i slovar' cyganskogo yazyka. Monograph in the archive of the Institute of Eastern Monographs Google Scholar

Dobrovoľskiy, Vladimir N. 1908. Kiselevskie cygane. Vypusk 1. Cyganskie teksty. Saint Petersburg: Tipografiya Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk. Kiselevskie cygane. Vypusk 1. Cyganskie teksty Google Scholar

Elšík, Viktor and Matras, Yaron. 2009. Modality in Romani. In: Hansen, Björn and de Haan, Ferdinand, eds. Modals in the Languages of Europe: A reference work. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 267-322. Modals in the Languages of Europe: A reference work 267 322 Google Scholar

Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. and Schultze-Berndt, Eva. 2005. Issues in the syntax and semantics of participant-oriented adjuncts: An introduction. In: Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. and Schultze-Berndt, Eva, eds. Secondary predication and adverbial modification: The typology of depictives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1-68. Secondary predication and adverbial modification: The typology of depictives 1 68 Google Scholar

Sergievskiy, Maksim V. and Barannikov, Aleksey P. 1938. Cygansko-Russkiy slovar'. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdateľstvo inostrannykh i nacionaľnykh slovarej. Cygansko-Russkiy slovar' Google Scholar

Jacobs, Fabian 2012. Bewegliche Kulturen: Eine kongruente Geschichte der Gabor in Siebenbürgen. Leipzig: Eudora Verlag. Bewegliche Kulturen: Eine kongruente Geschichte der Gabor in Siebenbürgen Google Scholar

Krauss, Joachim 2011 Book Review of Roast chicken and other Gypsy stories (Jelena Čvorović). Südosteuropa 59(1): 168-89. Book Review of Roast chicken and other Gypsy stories (Jelena Čvorović) Südosteuropa 59 168 89 Google Scholar

Sachsenmaier, Dominic. 2011. global perspectives on global history: Theories and approaches in a connected world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. global perspectives on global history: Theories and approaches in a connected world Google Scholar

Stewart, Michael. 2001. Book review of Gypsies, wars and other instances of the wild: Civilisation and its discontents in a Serbian town. Mattijs van de Port. Romani Studies. Fifth Series. 11(2): 185-90. Book review of Gypsies, wars and other instances of the wild: Civilisation and its discontents in a Serbian town. Mattijs van de Port. Romani Studies Fifth Series 11 185 90 Google Scholar

Stewart, Michael. 2013 Roma and Gypsy "ethnicity" as a subject of anthropological inquiry. Annual Review of Anthropology 42: 415-32. Roma and Gypsy "ethnicity" as a subject of anthropological inquiry Annual Review of Anthropology 42 415 32 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Willems, Wim. 1997. In search of the true Gypsy: From enlightenment to final solution. London, Portland: Frank Cass. In search of the true Gypsy: From enlightenment to final solution Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Matras, Yaron

Tenser, Anton

Marushiakova, Elena

Popov, Vesselin