Town Planning Review

Social capital development in participatory community planning and design

Town Planning Review (2008), 79, (5), 533–554.

Abstract

The need for or value of community participation is not necessarily debated by practitioners. However, the importance of building social capital, something that encourages meaningful involvement that strengthens community ties and enables positive change, is a challenge worthy of study. This research explores the relationship of community size with social capital development in participatory community planning and design. This is achieved by understanding the literature on public participation and observing and documenting 15 community meetings and design workshops in Michigan communities. A coding scheme for the participate goals includes social, project-specific, general design and plans and process goal types. Recommendations for meeting facilitators include using the goals coding scheme to (1) understand where the community's goals are at the beginning, (2) identify where they have moved to in subsequent meetings, and (3) use the goal types to scaffold continued development of social capital types during the meeting process.

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Author details

Crawford, Pat

Kotval, Zenia

Rauhe, Warren

Kotval, Zeenat