Town Planning Review

Planning for a diverse society?: A review of the UK government's Planning Policy Guidance

Town Planning Review (2004), 75, (4), 473–500.

Abstract

The assessment of how policies impact differentially upon different groups within society has become an increasingly important feature of public policy. The paper presents the results of the application of a diversity proofing template to the UK Government's Planning Policy Guidance series. The template and approach are modified ones based on a series of similar techniques in other policy fields. The results of the exercise demonstrate the highly variable consideration given across the series to the different and specific needs of women and men, ethnic minorities, disabled people, older people, and children and young people. The paper suggests that the series could be significantly improved to respond to the realities of social diversity in modern Britain and advises on how the planning system can actively cater for such diversity.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ALLEN, J., MASSEY, D. and GOGHRANE, A. (1998), Rethinking the Region, London, Routledge. Rethinking the Region Google Scholar

ALTY, R. and DARKE, R. (1987), 'A city centre for people: involving the community in planning Sheffield's city centre', Planning Practice and Research, 3, 7–12. A city centre for people: involving the community in planning Sheffield's city centre Planning Practice and Research 3 7 12 Google Scholar

AUDIT COMMISSION (2002), Equality and Diversity, London, Audit Commission. Google Scholar

BEALL, J. AND LEVY, C. (1995), Moving towards the gendered city' in OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development), Women in the City: Housing, Services and the Urban Environment, Paris, OECD, 28–37. Moving towards the gendered city' in OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) Women in the City: Housing, Services and the Urban Environment 28 37 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. (1996), 'Women and consultation' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 154–66. 'Women and consultation' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 154 66 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. (2001), 'Managing diversity in the planning process', Planning Inspectorate Journal, 23, 9-13. 'Managing diversity in the planning process' Planning Inspectorate Journal 23 9 13 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. and GILROY, R. (2001), 'Gender-aware approaches to local and regional development: better practice lessons from across Europe', Town Planning Review, 72, 217–42. Gender-aware approaches to local and regional development: better practice lessons from across Europe Town Planning Review 72 217 42 Google Scholar

BRAHAM, P. and JANES, L. (2002), 'Social difference and divisions: introduction' in P. Braham and L. Janes (eds), Social Differences and Divisions, Oxford, Blackwell, ix–xxii. Google Scholar

BRAITHWAITE, M. (1998), Manual for Integrating Gender Equality into Local and Regional Development Planning, Brussels, Engender. Manual for Integrating Gender Equality into Local and Regional Development Planning Google Scholar

CHURCHMAN, A. (2003), 'Is there a place for children in the city?', Journal of Urban Design, 8, 99–111. Is there a place for children in the city? Journal of Urban Design 8 99 111 Google Scholar

COMMISSION ON SOCIAL JUSTICE (1994), Social Justice: Strategies for National Renewal, London, Vintage. Google Scholar

COSTER, G. (1992), 'Another country', Guardian Weekend Supplement, 1–2 June. Google Scholar

CRE and RTPI (COMMISSION FOR RACIAL EQUALITY and ROYAL TOWN PLANNING INSTITUTE) (1983), Planning for Multi-Racial Britain, London, CRE. Google Scholar

DARKE, J. (1996), 'The man-shaped city' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 88–99. 'The man-shaped city' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 88 99 Google Scholar

DRISKELL, D. (2002), Creating Better Cities with Children and Youth: A Manual for Participation, London, Earthscan. Creating Better Cities with Children and Youth: A Manual for Participation Google Scholar

GALE, R. T. (1999), Pride of Place and Places: South Asian Religious Groups and the City Planning Authority in Leicester (Paper in Planning Research No. 172), Cardiff, Department of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University. Google Scholar

GILROY, R. (1999), 'Planning to grow old' in C. Greed (ed.), Social Town Planning, London, Routledge, 60–73. 'Planning to grow old' Social Town Planning 60 73 Google Scholar

GLEESON, B. (1998), Justice and the disabling city' in R. Fincher and J. M. Jacobs (eds), Cities of Difference, London, Guilford Press, 89–199. Justice and the disabling city' Cities of Difference 89 199 Google Scholar

GOLD, J. and BURGESS, J. (eds) (1982), Valued Environments, London, Allen and Unwin. Valued Environments Google Scholar

GREED, C. (1994), Women and Planning: Creating Gendered Realities, London, Routledge. Women and Planning: Creating Gendered Realities Google Scholar

GREEN, E. (1996), 'Women and leisure' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 142–52. 'Women and leisure' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 142 52 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1995), 'Integrating the concept of social diversity into public policy' in OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development), Women in the City: Housing, Services and the Urban Environment, Paris, OECD, 50–58. 'Integrating the concept of social diversity into public policy' in OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) Women in the City: Housing, Services and the Urban Environment 50 58 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2000), 'Planning in relational space and time: responding to new urban realities' in G. Bridge and S. Watson (eds), A Companion to the City, Oxford, Blackwell, 517–30. 'Planning in relational space and time: responding to new urban realities' A Companion to the City 517 30 Google Scholar

HEIKKILA, E. J. (2001), 'Identity and inequality: race and space in planning', Planning Theory and Practice, 2, 261–75. Identity and inequality: race and space in planning Planning Theory and Practice 2 261 75 Google Scholar

HELLMANN, L. (1977), 'Handicapped architecture', Built Environment, 3, 216–21. Handicapped architecture Built Environment 3 216 21 Google Scholar

HILL, R. (1996), 'Women and Transport' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 111–27. 'Women and Transport' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 111 27 Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. and HALL, P. (2001), Inclusive Design, London, Spon. Inclusive Design Google Scholar

JACKSON, P. (1989), Maps of Meaning, London, Unwin Hyman. Maps of Meaning Google Scholar

JACOBS, J. M. and FINCHER, R. (1998), 'Introduction' in R. Fincher and J. M. Jacobs (eds), Cities of Difference, London, Guilford Press, 1–25. 'Introduction' Cities of Difference 1 25 Google Scholar

JAY, E. (1992), 'Keep them in Birmingham': Challenging Racism in South West England, London, Commission for Racial Equality. 'Keep them in Birmingham': Challenging Racism in South West England Google Scholar

KRISHNARAYAN, V. and THOMAS, H. (1993), Ethnic Minorities and the Planning System, London, Royal Town Planning Institute. Ethnic Minorities and the Planning System Google Scholar

LEWIS, J. and FOORD, J. (1984), 'New towns and new gender relations in old industrial areas', Built Environment, 10, 42–52. New towns and new gender relations in old industrial areas Built Environment 10 42 52 Google Scholar

LITTLE, J. (1994), Gender, Planning and the Policy Process, Oxford, Pergamon. Gender, Planning and the Policy Process Google Scholar

LITTLE, J. (2002), Gender and Rural Geography: Identity, Sexuality and Power in the Countryside, Harlow, Prentice Hall. Gender and Rural Geography: Identity, Sexuality and Power in the Countryside Google Scholar

LO PICCOLO, F. and THOMAS, H. (2001), 'Legal discourse, the individual and the claim for equality in British planning', Planning Theory and Practice, 2, 187–201. Legal discourse, the individual and the claim for equality in British planning Planning Theory and Practice 2 187 201 Google Scholar

MACPHERSON, W. (1999), The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry: Report of an Inquiry (The Macpherson Report), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

MALIK, S. (1992), 'Colours of the countryside: a whiter shade of pale', Ecos, 13, 33–40. Colours of the countryside: a whiter shade of pale Ecos 13 33 40 Google Scholar

MALIK, K. (2003), 'The dirty D-word', Guardian, 29 October. Google Scholar

MCDOWELL, L. and MASSEY, D. (1984), 'A woman's place' in D. Massey and J. Allen (eds), Geography Matters?, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. A woman's place Geography Matters? Google Scholar

MORRELL, H. (1996), 'Women's Safety' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 100–10. 'Women's Safety' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 100 10 Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2003), Planning and Diversity: Research into Policies and Procedures, London, ODPM. Google Scholar

PATON, N. (2003), 'Getting the right mix', Guardian, 28 June. Google Scholar

READE, E. (1987), Town and Country Planning in Britain, Milton Keynes, Open University Press. Town and Country Planning in Britain Google Scholar

REES, T. (1998), Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union, London, Routledge. Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union Google Scholar

REEVES, D. (1996), 'Women and shopping' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 128–41. 'Women and shopping' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 128 41 Google Scholar

REEVES, D. (2002), 'Mainstreaming gender equality: an examination of the gender sensitivity of strategic planning in Great Britain', Town Planning Review, 73, 197–214. Mainstreaming gender equality: an examination of the gender sensitivity of strategic planning in Great Britain Town Planning Review 73 197 214 Google Scholar

SIMMIE, J. (1974), Citizens in Conflict, London, Hutchinson. Citizens in Conflict Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

TAYLOR, I., EVANSA, K. and FRASER, P. (1996), A Tale of Two Cities, London, Routledge. A Tale of Two Cities Google Scholar

THOMAS, H. (1994), Ethnic Minorities and the Planning System: A Case Study (Working Paper No. 140), Oxford, School of Planning, Oxford Brookes University. Google Scholar

THOMAS, H. (2000), Race and Planning: the UK Experience, London, UCL Press. Race and Planning: the UK Experience Google Scholar

URBAN TASK FORCE (1999), Towards an Urban Renaissance, London, Spon. Google Scholar

VIGAR G., HEALEY, P., HULL, A. and DAVOUDI, S. (2000), Planning, Governance and Spatial Strategy in Britain, Basingstoke, Macmillan. Planning, Governance and Spatial Strategy in Britain Google Scholar

WARD, C. (1978), The Child in the City, London, The Architectural Press. The Child in the City Google Scholar

WOOLLEY, H., SPENCER, C., DUNN, J. and ROWLEY, G. (1999a), 'The child as citizen: experiences of British town and city centres', Journal of Urban Design, 4, 255–82. The child as citizen: experiences of British town and city centres Journal of Urban Design 4 255 82 Google Scholar

WOOLLEY, H., DUNN, J., SPENCER, C., SHORT, T. and ROWLEY, G. (1999b), 'Children describe their experiences of the city centre: a qualitative study of the fears and concerns which may limit their full participation', Landscape Research, 24, 287–301. Children describe their experiences of the city centre: a qualitative study of the fears and concerns which may limit their full participation Landscape Research 24 287 301 Google Scholar

YEANDLE, S. (1996), 'Women and work' in C. Booth, J. Darke and S. Yeandle (eds), Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman, 16–31. 'Women and work' Changing Places: Women's Lives in the City 16 31 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Harris, Neil

Thomas, Huw