Town Planning Review

The adaptation of UK planning and pollution control policy

Town Planning Review (2007), 78, (5), 597–618.

Abstract

This paper reviews policies relating to planning and pollution control – their drivers, their implementation and the challenges they face. Throughout the 30 years since the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution reported on the use of planning controls over air pollution, the UK government's position has been characterised by ambivalence: urging the use of planning powers to control pollution while warning them to avoid encroaching on the remit of other regulatory agencies. While the language of planning controls over pollution and the pollutants of most concern have changed over the years, the role of planning in mitigating pollution must now be understood within the context of adaptation to European environmental policy, to recurrent demands for deregulation and, above all, to the pursuit of sustainable development. The paper argues that inadequate weight is given to pollution prevention in determining planning applications because of central government's reluctance to allow local planning authorities to jeopardise economic development. It suggests that public and political endorsement of clarified environmental objectives, together with improved procedures, are essential if planning is to continue to adapt to play its full part in combating the effects of climate change.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ALDER, J. (1993), 'Environmental impact assessment – the inadequacies of English law', Journal of Environmental Law, 5, 203–20. Environmental impact assessment – the inadequacies of English law Journal of Environmental Law 5 203 20 Google Scholar

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (1979), State of the Environment: Second Report, Luxembourg, Office for the Official Publications of the Commission of the European Communities. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006a), Development and Flood Risk (Planning Policy Statement 25), London, TSO. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006b), Planning and Climate Change (Consultation Supplement to Planning Policy Statement 1), London, TSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1971), Memorandum on Part I of the Town and Country Planning Act 1968 (Circular 44/71), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1973), Planning and Noise (Circular 10/73), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1976), Control of Smells from the Animal Waste Processing Industry (Circular 43/76), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1977), Local Government and the Industrial Strategy (Circular 71/77), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1980), Development Control – Policy and Practice (Circular 22/80), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1982), Air Pollution Control (Pollution Paper No.18), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1985), Development and Employment (Circular 14/85), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1992), General Policy and Principles (Planning Policy Guidance 1), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1993), Town Centres and Retail Development (Planning Policy Guidance 6), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994a), Planning and Noise (Planning Policy Guidance 24), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994b), Planning and Pollution Control (Planning Policy Guidance 23), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1997), Air Quality and Land Use Planning, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001), Transport (Planning Policy Guidance 13), London, TSO. Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1990), 'Policy processes in planning', Policy and Politics, 18, 91–103. Policy processes in planning Policy and Politics 18 91 103 Google Scholar

HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY (2006), BARKER Review of Land Use Planning: Final Report – Recommendations, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HMG (HER MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT) (1985), Lifting the Burden (Cmnd 9571), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

HMG (HER MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT) (1990), This Common Inheritance: Britain's Environmental Strategy (Cm 1200), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

HMG (HER MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT) (2003), The UK Government's Response to the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution's Twenty-Third Report Environmental Planning (Cm 5888), London, TSO. Google Scholar

HMG (HER MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT) (2005), Securing the Future: The UK Sustainable Development Strategy (Cm 6467), London, TSO. Google Scholar

HOLDER, J. (2004), Environmental Impact Assessment: The Regulation of Decision Making, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Environmental Impact Assessment: The Regulation of Decision Making Google Scholar

HOLDGATE, M. W. (1979), A Perspective on Pollution, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. A Perspective on Pollution Google Scholar

JEWELL, T. (1995), 'Planning regulation and environmental consciousness: some lessons from minerals?', other of Planning and Environmental Law, June, 482–98. Google Scholar

JONES, C., BAKER, M., CARTER, J., JAY, S., SHORT, M. and WOOD, C. (2005), 'United Kingdom', in Jones et al. (eds), Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Planning: An International Perspective, London, Earthscan. United Kingdom Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Planning: An International Perspective Google Scholar

MILLER, C. and WOOD, C. (1983), Planning and Pollution, Oxford, Clarendon Press. Planning and Pollution Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Planning and Planning Policy (Statement 23), London, TSO. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2005), Delivering Sustainable Development (Planning Policy Statement 1), London, TSO. Google Scholar

OWENS, S. and RAYNER, T. (1999), '"When knowledge matters": the role and influence of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 1, 7–24. "When knowledge matters": the role and influence of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 1 7 24 Google Scholar

PAEHLKE, C. (1989), Environmentalism and the Future of Progressive Politics, New Haven, Yale University Press. Environmentalism and the Future of Progressive Politics Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

RCEP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION) (1971), First Report (Cmnd 4585), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

RCEP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION) (1976), Air Pollution Control: An Integrated Approach, Fifth Report (Cmnd 9149), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

RCEP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION) (1994), Transport and the Environment, Eighteenth Report (Cm 2674), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

RCEP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION) (2000), Energy – the Changing Climate, Twenty-second Report (Cm 479), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

RCEP (ROYAL COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION) (2002), Environmental Planning, Twentythird Report (Cm 5459), London, TSO. Google Scholar

SELMAN, P. (2000), Environmental Planning: The Conservation and Development of Biophysical Resources, London, Sage. Environmental Planning: The Conservation and Development of Biophysical Resources Google Scholar

STEERING GROUP and WORKING GROUP APPOINTED BY THE MINISTER OF TRANSPORT (1963), Traffic in Towns: A Study of the Long Term Problems of Traffic in Urban Areas ('the Buchanan Report'), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

STERN, N. (2007), The Economics of Climate Change, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. The Economics of Climate Change Google Scholar

WOOD, C. (1999), 'Environmental planning', in J. B. Cullingworth (ed.), British Planning: 50 Years of Urban and Regional Policy, London, Athlone Press. Environmental planning British Planning: 50 Years of Urban and Regional Policy Google Scholar

WOOD, C. (2002), Environmental Impact Assessment: A Comparative Review (2nd edition), Harlow, Prentice Hall. Google Scholar

WOOD, C. and HOOPER, P. (1989), 'The effects of the relaxation of planning controls in enterprise zones on industrial pollution', Environment and Planning A, 21, 1157–67. The effects of the relaxation of planning controls in enterprise zones on industrial pollution Environment and Planning A 21 1157 67 Google Scholar

WORLD COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT (1987), Our Common Future, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Miller, Christopher

Wood, Christopher