International Development Planning Review

The role of state-developed housing and housing poverty in Korea

International Development Planning Review (2005), 27, (2), 227–244.

Abstract

During the last 40 years, the emphasis of the public sector in Korea has been on the expansion of state-developed housing for sale rather than for rent. The government has introduced state-developed housing for sale alongside policies to encourage home ownership with a concept of 'filtering' in mind. The economic crisis of 1997 brought about an even more significant change in the ideological as well as the economic environment of housing: market forces are now regarded as of greater importance than the role of the state. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of state-developed housing and to explore low-income housing issues. From the point of view of efficiency and also from that of equity, it is highly desirable that the state-developed housing-for-sale programme should be switched to rental housing or cooperative housing. The enabling framework should be developed as a low-income housing policy paradigm in Korea. The government alone cannot be expected to provide the necessary solution. There is a compelling necessity for the private sector, civil society and the government to work together, in close partnership, to conceive a more practical housing scheme.

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Author details

Ha, Seong-Kyu