Town Planning Review

Mega-event marketing and urban growth coalitions: A case study of Nanjing Olympic New Town

Town Planning Review (2008), 79, (2-3), 209–226.

Abstract

With the shift of urban governance towards a more entrepreneurial mode in China, local governments and business interests have formed various coalitions of growth. These coalitions are widespread in China nowadays. The purpose of this article is to examine the nature of such growth coalitions through a case study of Nanjing's Olympic New Town. This growth coalition was built upon a mega-event, namely the Tenth National Sports Games in China. The marketing of this mega-event mobilised the interests of various governments, in particular the municipal government, and real-estate developers. However, when the mega-event was over and the property market faced a slowdown due to a tightening up of macro-economic policies by the central government, the coalition was quickly dismantled. The instability of the coalition has had some negative implications for urban development. This case study highlights the unstable nature of growth collations based on specific events.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

COCHRANE, A., PECK, J. and TICKELL, A. (1996), 'Manchester plays games: exploring the local politics of globalisation', Urban Studies, 33, 1319–36. Manchester plays games: exploring the local politics of globalisation Urban Studies 33 1319 36 Google Scholar

DOMHOFF, W. (1986), Who Rules America Now? A View for the '80s, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall. Who Rules America Now? A View for the '80s Google Scholar

FREDMANN, J. (2002), The Prospect of Cities, Minneapolis, MI, University of Minnesota Press. The Prospect of Cities Google Scholar

GOLD, J. R. and GOLD, M. M. (2007), Olympic Cities, London, Routledge. Olympic Cities Google Scholar

GOTTDIENER, M. (1987), The Social Production of Urban Space, Austin, TX, University of Texas Press. The Social Production of Urban Space Google Scholar

HARVEY, D. (1989), 'From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in late capitalism', Geografiska Annaler, 71B, 3–18. From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in late capitalism Geografiska Annaler 71B 3 18 Google Scholar

HE, D. (2003), 'Inspiration of urban political system mode and its research on Chinese urban development', Urban Planning Review, 11, 13–18 [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

HILLER, H. (2000), 'Mega-events, urban boosterism and growth strategies: an analysis of the objectives and legitimations of the Cape Town 2004 Olympic bid', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 439–58. Mega-events, urban boosterism and growth strategies: an analysis of the objectives and legitimations of the Cape Town 2004 Olympic bid International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24 439 58 Google Scholar

JONAS, A. and WILSON, D. (1999), Urban Growth Machine: Critical Perspectives Two Decades Later, New York, NY, State University of New York Press. Urban Growth Machine: Critical Perspectives Two Decades Later Google Scholar

LECARDANE, R. and ZHUO, J. (2003), 'Mega-event: a new strategic means of city development', Times Architecture, 4, 28–33 [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

LOGAN, J. and MOLOTCH, H. (1987), Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place Google Scholar

MA, L. J. C. (2001), 'Urban transformation in China, 1949–2000: a review and research agenda', Environment and Planning A, 34, 1545–69. Google Scholar

MOLLENKOPF, J. (1983), 'Who (or what) runs cities, and how?', Sociological Forum, 4, 119–37. Who (or what) runs cities, and how? Sociological Forum 4 119 37 Google Scholar

MOLOTCH, H. L. (1976), 'The city as growth machine', American Journal of Sociology, 82, 309–32. The city as growth machine American Journal of Sociology 82 309 32 Google Scholar

OI, J. C. (1972), 'Fiscal reform and the economic foundations of local state corporatism in China', World Politics, 45, 99–126. Fiscal reform and the economic foundations of local state corporatism in China World Politics 45 99 126 Google Scholar

ORUM, A. M. and CHEN, X. M. (2005), The World of Cities: Place in Comparative and Historical Perspective, Shanghai, Shanghai People's Press [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

OSBORNE, D. and GAEBLER, T. (1992), Reinventing Government, Reading, MA, Addison-Wesley. Reinventing Government Google Scholar

RONLAND, R. (2002), Transition and Economics, Beijing, Beijing University Press [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

STONE, C. (1993), 'Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: a political economy approach', Journal of Urban Affairs, 15, 1–28. Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: a political economy approach Journal of Urban Affairs 15 1 28 Google Scholar

SUN, X. Y. (2005), Theory of Entrepreneurial Government, Beijing, Social Science and Literature Press [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

TANG, Z. L. (2006), The public service facilities of the Expo 2010 in Shanghai: international experiences and planning proposals', Urban Planning Forum, 1, 60–68. The public service facilities of the Expo 2010 in Shanghai: international experiences and planning proposals' Urban Planning Forum 1 60 68 Google Scholar

WEI, Y. H. (2001), 'Decentralization, marketization, and globalization: the triple processes underlying regional development in China', Asian Geographer, 20, 7–23. Decentralization, marketization, and globalization: the triple processes underlying regional development in China Asian Geographer 20 7 23 Google Scholar

WU, F. L. (2000), 'The global and local dimensions of place-making: remaking Shanghai as a world city', Urban Studies, 37, 1359–377. The global and local dimensions of place-making: remaking Shanghai as a world city Urban Studies 37 1359 377 Google Scholar

WU, F. L. (2002), 'China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more marketoriented economy', Urban Studies, 39, 1071–93. China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more marketoriented economy Urban Studies 39 1071 93 Google Scholar

WU, F. L. and ZHANG, J. X. (2007), 'Planning the competitive city-region: the emergence of strategic development plans in China', Urban Affairs Review, 5, 714–40. Planning the competitive city-region: the emergence of strategic development plans in China Urban Affairs Review 5 714 40 Google Scholar

ZHANG, J. X. (2001), 'On the institutional background of Chinese urban planning and its innovation', City Planning Review, 9, 21–25. On the institutional background of Chinese urban planning and its innovation City Planning Review 9 21 25 Google Scholar

ZHANG, J. X. and WU, F. L. (2004), 'Planning urban developing strategies: the perspective of local governance in an intensely competitive environment', Human Geography, 3, 1–5 [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

ZHANG, J. X. and WU, F. L. (2006), 'China's changing economic governance: administrative annexation and re-organization of local governments in the Yangtze River Delta', Regional Studies, 40, 3–21. China's changing economic governance: administrative annexation and re-organization of local governments in the Yangtze River Delta Regional Studies 40 3 21 Google Scholar

ZHANG, J. X. and YIN, J. (2006), 'Research on urban spatial development in the circumstances of local government's entrepreneurialism', Human Geography, 4, 1–6 [in Chinese]. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Zhang, Jingxiang

Wu, Fulong