Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

El acto colectivo de recordar: historia y fantasía en El espíritu de la colmena y El laberinto del fauno

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2011), 88, (2), 179–196.

Abstract

Partiendo del concepto de James Wertsch, 'collective remembering', propongo analizar El espíritu de la colmena (1973) y El laberinto del fauno (2006) como narrativas que mediatizan y reconstruyen el recordar colectivo de la España de la posguerra. Mediante el análisis de los elementos básicos de las funciones referencial y dialógica que Wertsch propone como centrales en las narrativas, se exploran de forma comparativa los componentes de la puesta en escena de ambas cintas, centrándose en la yuxtaposición de lo fantástico y lo histórico y la ambigua figura del monstruo, desde la mirada infantil enunciativa de las dos niñas protagonistas. El laberinto del fauno se sitúa así como una obra que no sólo dialoga con la cinta de Erice retomando temas y motivos similares, sino que presenta otra lógica referencial de lo monstruoso, explícita y brutal, mediatizando el recordar colectivo de la posguerra quizá más acorde con el camino que puede emprender el espectador del nuevo milenio.

Using James Wertsch's concept of 'collective remembering', I analyse Erice's The Spirit of the Beehive (1973) and del Toro's Pan's Labyrinth (2006) as mediating narratives that reconstruct the process of collective remembering of the Spanish post-war period. By examining the basic elements of the referential and dialogic functions that Wertsch distinguishes within narratives I comparatively explore the mise en scène of each film, focusing on the juxtaposition of the fantastic and the historical, and the ambiguous characterization of the monster from the narrative gaze of the child. As a filmic narrative, Pan's Labyrinth establishes a dialogic relationship with Erice's film, not only through the use of similar themes and motifs but also by constructing a more explicit logic of monstrosity, that mediates collective remembering in the post-war years. Such logic may represent a more coherent hermeneutical path for the spectator in the new millennium.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Arata, Luis O.,1983.'"I Am Ana": The Play of the Imagination in The Spirit of the Beehive', Quarterly Review of Film Studies 8.2: 27–32. Google Scholar

Arocena, Carmen,1996. Víctor Erice (Madrid: Cátedra). Víctor Erice Google Scholar

Bakhtin, Mikhail,1981. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays by M. M. Bakhtin (ed. M. Holquist) (Austin: University of Texas Press). Google Scholar

Besas, Peter,1985. Behind the Spanish Lens: Spanish Cinema under Fascism and Democracy (Denver: Arden). Behind the Spanish Lens: Spanish Cinema under Fascism and Democracy Google Scholar

Bruner, Jerome,1996. The Culture of Education (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press). The Culture of Education Google Scholar

Bruner, Jerome,2002. Making Stories. Law, Literature, Life (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press). Making Stories. Law, Literature, Life Google Scholar

Bruno, Giuliana 2002). Atlas of Emotion: Journeys in Art, Architecture, and Film (New York: Verso). Atlas of Emotion: Journeys in Art, Architecture, and Film Google Scholar

Deleyto, Celestino,1999. 'Women and Other Monsters: Frankenstein and the Role of the Mother in El espíritu de la colmena', Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 76: 39–51. 'Women and Other Monsters: Frankenstein and the Role of the Mother El espíritu de la colmena', Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 76 39 51 Google Scholar

de Ros, Xon,1999. 'Innocence Lost: Sound and Silence in El espíritu de la colmena', Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, 76.1: 27–37. Innocence Lost: Sound and Silence in El espíritu de la colmena Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 76.1 27 37 Google Scholar

Deveny, Thomas,1993. Cain on Screen: Contemporary Spanish Cinema (Metuchen: Scarecrow Press) Cain on Screen: Contemporary Spanish Cinema Google Scholar

Deveny, Thomas,2008. 'Once Upon a Time in Spain in 1944: The Morphology of El laberinto del fauno', Cine y… Revista de estudios interdisciplinarios de cine en español, 1.1: 1–12. 'Once Upon a Time in Spain in 1944: The Morphology of El laberinto del fauno', Cine y… Revista de estudios interdisciplinarios de cine en español 1.1 1 12 Google Scholar

Ehrlich, Linda,2000. An Open Window: The Cinema of Víctor Erice (Lanham and London: Scarecrow Press). An Open Window: The Cinema of Víctor Erice Google Scholar

El espíritu de la colmena, 1973. Dir. Víctor Erice. Interprt. Ana Torrent, Fernando Fernán-Gómez, Isabel Tellería, Teresa Gimpera (Elías Querejeta PC). Google Scholar

El laberinto del fauno, 2006. Dir. Guillermo del Toro. Interprt. Ivana Vaquero, Maribel Verdú, Sergi López, Alex Angulo (Esperanto Films & Tequila Gang). Google Scholar

Erice, Víctor y Ángel Fernández Santos, 1976. El espíritu de la colmena (Madrid: Elías Querejeta Ediciones). Google Scholar

Evans, Peter,1982. 'El espíritu de la colmena: The Monster, the Place of the Father and Growing Up in the Dictatorship', Vida hispánica 32.3: 13–17. El espíritu de la colmena: The Monster, the Place of the Father and Growing Up in the Dictatorship Vida hispánica 32.3 13 17 Google Scholar

Fischer, Paul, 2006. 'Exclusive Interview: Guillermo Del Toro for Pan's Labyrinth', en Dark Horizons, 26 septiembre 2006 ( http://www.darkhorizons.com/news06/deltoro.php Google Scholar

Hanley, Jane,2007. 'The Walls Fall Down: Fantasy and Power in El laberinto del fauno', Studies in Hispanic Cinemas, 4:1: 35–45. Google Scholar

Higginbotham, Virginia,1988. Spanish Film under Franco (Austin: University of Texas Press). Spanish Film under Franco Google Scholar

Hopewell, John,1986. Out of the Past: Spanish Cinema after Franco (London: British Film Institute). Out of the Past: Spanish Cinema after Franco Google Scholar

Huellas de un espíritu, 1998. Dir. Carlos Rodríguez. Escrito por Carlos F. Heredero (Canal +). Google Scholar

Kinder, Marsha,1983. 'The Children of Franco in the New Spanish Cinema', Quarterly Review of Film Studies, 8.2: 57–76. The Children of Franco in the New Spanish Cinema Quarterly Review of Film Studies 8.2 57 76 Google Scholar

Kinder, Marsha,1993. Blood Cinema. The Reconstruction of National Identity in Spain (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press). Blood Cinema. The Reconstruction of National Identity in Spain Google Scholar

Labanyi, Jo,2005. 'El cine como lugar de la memoria en películas, novelas y autobiografías de los años setenta hasta el presente', en Casa encantada: lugares de memoria en la España constitucional, 1978–2004, ed. Joan Ramón Resina y Ulrich Winter (Frankfurt: Vervuert; Madrid: Iberoamericana), págs. 157–71. Google Scholar

Lotman, Yuri,1990. Universe of the Mind: A Semiotic Theory of Culture (Bloomington: Indiana University Press). Universe of the Mind: A Semiotic Theory of Culture Google Scholar

Marí, Jorge,2003. Lecturas espectaculares. El cine en la novela española desde 1970 (Madrid: Ediciones Libertarias). Lecturas espectaculares. El cine en la novela española desde 1970 Google Scholar

Martín-Márquez, Susan L.,1992. 'Monstrous Identity: Female Socialization in El espíritu de la colmena', New Orleans Review, 19.2 (Summer): 52–55. Google Scholar

Membrez, Nancy J.,1998. 'Apostillas a El espíritu de la colmena, de Víctor Erice', Cine-Lit III: Essays on Hispanic Film and Fiction, ed. George Cabello-Castelet, Jaime Martí-Olivella and Guy H. Word (Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University), págs. 113–30. Apostillas a El espíritu de la colmena, de Víctor Erice Cine-Lit III: Essays on Hispanic Film and Fiction 113 30 Google Scholar

Navajas, Gonzalo,2002. La narrativa española en la era global. Imagen. Comunicación. Ficción (Barcelona: EUB). La narrativa española en la era global. Imagen. Comunicación. Ficción Google Scholar

Pena, Jaime,2004. Estudio crítico: El espíritu de la colmena (Barcelona: Paidós). Estudio crítico: El espíritu de la colmena Google Scholar

Propp, Vladimir,1968. Morphology of the Folktale (Austin: University of Texas Press). Morphology of the Folktale Google Scholar

Riley, E. C.,1984. 'The Story of Ana in El espíritu de la colmena', Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, 61.4: 491–97. The Story of Ana in El espíritu de la colmena Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 61.4 491 97 Google Scholar

Wertsch, James V.,2002. Voices of Collective Remembering (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press). Voices of Collective Remembering Google Scholar

Zunzunegui, Santos, and Tom Conley,1998. 'Between History and Dream: Victor Erice's El espíritu de la colmena', in Modes of Representation in Spanish Cinema, ed. Jenaro Talens, Santos Zunzunegui and Tom Conley (Minneapolis, MI: University of Minnesota Press), págs. 128–54. Between History and Dream: Victor Erice's El espíritu de la colmena Modes of Representation in Spanish Cinema 128 54 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Ramos, Yvonne Gavela