International Development Planning Review

Windhoek, Namibia: towards progressive urban land policies in southern Africa

International Development Planning Review (2004), 26, (2), 167–186.

Abstract

Windhoek is the capital city of Namibia with a population of 223,000, 26 per cent of whom are living in informal settlements. Despite this scale of need, experiences in the last decade have demonstrated to the urban poor, city officials and politicians that it is possible to secure improvements. Windhoek's new Policy for Access to Land and Housing is now being promoted by a network of NGOs and grassroots organisations throughout southern Africa. This paper discusses the policy and the processes through which it emerged. The paper also looks briefly at some emerging issues in the first two years of implementation.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

BAHAROGLU, D. (2002), World Bank Experience in Land Management and the Debate on Tenure Security (Urban and Local Government Background Series No. 16), Washington, World Bank. Google Scholar

BECKER, F. and BERGDOLT, A. (2001), 'Managing urban sprawl in Windhoek: problem formations of potable water supply and housing development' in M. C. Mulenga (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Government, Governance and Urban Territories in Southern Africa, Lusaka, Zambia, Lusaka, University of Zambia, 135–54. 'Managing urban sprawl in Windhoek: problem formations of potable water supply and housing development' Proceedings of the International Symposium on Government, Governance and Urban Territories in Southern Africa, Lusaka, Zambia 135 54 Google Scholar

CHRISTENSEN, S. F. with WERNER, W. and DAHL HOJGAARD, P. (1999), Innovative Land Surveying and Land Registration in Namibia (DPU Working Paper No. 93), London, Development Planning Unit, University College. Google Scholar

CITY OF WINDHOEK (2000), Access to Land and Housing Policy, Windhoek, City of Wndhoek. Google Scholar

CITY OF WINDHOEK (2001), Development and Upgrading Strategy, Windhoek, City of Windhoek. Google Scholar

CITY OF WINDHOEK (2004a), City Development and Planning http://www.windhoekcc.org.na Google Scholar

CITY OF WINDHOEK (2004b), Useful Statistics from the 1995 Residents' Survey, Windhoek, City Development and Planning http://www.windhoekcc.org.na Google Scholar

DURAND-LASSERVE, A. in collaboration with BAGRE, A., GUEYE, M. and TONATO, J. (2002), 'Current changes and trends: Benin, Burkina Faso and Senegal' in G. Payne (ed.), Land Rights and Innovations: Improving Tenure Security for the Urban Poor, London, ITDG Publishing, 114–35. 'Current changes and trends: Benin, Burkina Faso and Senegal' Land Rights and Innovations: Improving Tenure Security for the Urban Poor 114 35 Google Scholar

DURAND-LASSERVE, A. and ROYSTON, L. (2002a) (eds), Holding Their Ground: Secure Tenure for the Urban Poor in Developing Countries, London, Earthscan. Google Scholar

DURAND-LASSERVE, A. and ROYSTON, L. (2002b), 'International trends and country contexts: from tenure regularization to tenure security' in Durand-Lasserve and Royston (eds), 1–35. International trends and country contexts: from tenure regularization to tenure security 1 35 Google Scholar

KANJI, N., BRAGA, C. and MITULLAH, W. (2002), Promoting Land Rights in Africa: How do NGOs Make a Difference?, London, International Institute for Environment and Development. Promoting Land Rights in Africa: How do NGOs Make a Difference? Google Scholar

KIOE-SHENG, Y. (1994), The Million Houses Programme in Sri Lanka (RRA Notes No. 21, Special Issue on Participatory Tools and Methods in Urban Areas), London, International Institute for Environment and Development. Google Scholar

LINCOLN INSTITUTE OF LAND POLIGY (2002), Access to Land by the Urban Poor (2002 Annual Roundtable), Cambridge, MA, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Google Scholar

MITLIN, D. (1996) (ed.), Housing Finance and Resource Mobilization: Recent Innovations (workshop report), London, International Institute for Environment and Development/Habitat International Coalition. Google Scholar

MRLGH (MINISTRY OF REGIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND HOUSING) (1998), Built Together National Housing Programme: Implementation Guidelines (July 1998 revision), Windhoek, MRLGH. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

NHAG (NAMIBIA HOUSING ACTION GROUP) (2001), Information Collected in 15 Urban Areas in Namibia by the Shack Dwellers' Federation of Namibia, Windhoek, NHAG. Google Scholar

NHAG (NAMIBIA HOUSING ACTION GROUP) (2003), Annual Activity Report, Windhoek, NHAG. Google Scholar

NHC (NATIONAL HABITAT COMMITTEE) (2002), National Plan of Action November 2002, Windhoek, MRLGH. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

PATEL, S., BURRA, S. AND D'CRUZ, C. (2001), 'Shack/Slum Dwellers International; foundations to treetops', Environment and Urbanization, 13, 45–60. Shack/Slum Dwellers International; foundations to treetops Environment and Urbanization 13 45 60 Google Scholar

PAYNE, G. (2002a), 'Introduction' in Payne (ed.), 3–22. Introduction 3 22 Google Scholar

PAYNE, G. (2002b) (ed.), Land Rights and Innovations: Improving Tenure Security for the Urban Poor, London, ITDG. Google Scholar

PEYROUX, E. (2001), 'Political logic and territorial change in Windhoek (Namibia)' in M. C. Mulenga (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Government, Governance and Urban Territories in Southern Africa, Lusaka, Zambia, Lusaka, University of Zambia, 195–210. 'Political logic and territorial change in Windhoek (Namibia)' Proceedings of the International Symposium on Government, Governance and Urban Territories in Southern Africa, Lusaka, Zambia 195 210 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

SIMON, D. (1985), 'Independence and social transformation: planning, problems and priorities for Namibia', Third World Planning Review, 7, 99–118. Independence and social transformation: planning, problems and priorities for Namibia Third World Planning Review 7 99 118 Google Scholar

SIMON, D. (1991), 'Windhoek: desegregation and change in the capital of South Africa's erstwhile colony' in A. Lemon (ed.), South Africa's Segregated Cities, Bloomington, Indianapolis and Cape Town, Paul Chapman and David Philip. Windhoek: desegregation and change in the capital of South Africa's erstwhile colony South Africa's Segregated Cities Google Scholar

SIVAM, A. and EVANS, D. (2001), 'Improving the flow of service land in the formal housing markets of less developed countries', Third World Planning Review, 23, 367–86. Improving the flow of service land in the formal housing markets of less developed countries Third World Planning Review 23 367 86 Google Scholar

UNITED NATIONS (1998), Human Development Report 1998, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Google Scholar

UNITED NATIONS (2001), World Urbanization Prospects: The 1999 Revision, New York, United Nations. Google Scholar

UNITED NATIONS (2002), Human Development Report 2002, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Google Scholar

URBAN DYNAMICS (2001), Development Plan and Feasibility Study for the Proposed Otjomuise Development Project, Windhoek, Urban Dynamics. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Mitlin, Diana

Muller, Anna