Town Planning Review

Ideological shifts and doctrine changes in national level planning in Israel

Town Planning Review (2010), 81, (3), 261–281.

Abstract

A comparison between the 1951 report on Physical Planning in Israel (the Sharon Plan), and the two statutory comprehensive national-level plans in 1991, TAMA 31, and 2005 TAMA 35, reveals significant differences in their planning doctrine. These changes express a significant shift in the ideology underlying national level spatial planning in Israel. The hierarchical spatial concept and rational-comprehensive approach of the Sharon Plan were intended to assert the Jewish national possession of the land. It was conceived by an elitist regime willing and capable of mobilising the public resources necessary for the plan's implementation. The metropolitan-concentrated spatial concept and the disjointed-incremental approach characterising TAMA 31 and TAMA 35 reflect the greater concern for the individual by a relatively pluralistic planning regime that prefers to leave most resource mobilisation to the market.

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Hershkowitz, Arie