Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Viejos mitos, nuevos significados: una visita al sepulcro de Julieta en El público de García Lorca

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2004), 81, (2), 173–200.

Abstract

La escena del sepulcro de Julieta en El público de García Lorca sobresale entre otras cosas por la manera en que combina una serie de elementos de aparente disparidad como son la presencia del mundo de la mitología griega, las teorías psicoanalíticas sobre Eros, Tánatos y la mujer que introdujo Freud y la defensa de los derechos femeninos que Lorca expresa por medio de esta renacida heroina sespiriana. El estudio que a continuación realizo tiene como objeto principal identificar estas tres fuentes para mostrar la manera en que la Teogonía de Hesíodo, el psicoanálisis freudiano y la reivindicación feminista que representa Julieta se aúnan para crear una escena tan compleja temáticamente como estéticamente meritoria.

Juliet's tomb scene in García Lorca's El público stands out among other things for the way it combines elements apparently as different as the world of Greek mythology, Freud's psychoanalytical theories on femininity, Eros and Thanatos, and the defense of women's rights that Lorca voices through this reborn Shakespearean heroine. This article attempts to see this enigmatic scene in a new light. Its main objective is to identify these three sources and show how Hesiod's Theogony, Freud's psychoanalytic theories and Juliet's feminist defense are mutually interacting elements that contribute to create a scene which is as complex thematically speaking as it is aesthetically meritorious.

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Jerez-Farrán, Carlos