International Development Planning Review

Animal disease and livestock-keeper livelihoods in Southern Cambodia

International Development Planning Review (2012), 34, (1), 39–63.

Abstract

Recently, a debate has emerged on whether Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), an animal disease that has attracted much livestock policy attention and resources in developing countries, is of any great consequence to the poor. This study investigates this issue with a case study of livestock-raising households in Cambodia following disease outbreaks. It studies the assets, livelihood activities and income sources of the households and analyses the impacts, coping strategies and costs of infection at the household level. Disease burden calculations are presented for the first time in the literature and compared to benchmark calculations for malaria. We find that FMD imposes a substantial short-term burden on the average infected household, and that the burden is regressive, with costs as a proportion of income increasing as household income decreases. Comparison with malaria burdens reported in the literature suggest that FMD can be described as a constituting a significant shock for affected households.

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Author details

Shankar, Bhavani

Morzaria, Subhash

Fiorucci, Alain

Hak, Makara