Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies

Taking It to the Bank: Independence and Inclusion on the World Market

Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2007), 1, (2), 5–14.

Abstract

The essay examines contemporary uses of 'independence' and 'inclusion' within and around the disability rights movement. The concepts are often positioned as self-evidently positive or as the obvious goals towards which disability and other movements should be striving. Through an examination of the World Bank's appropriation of these concepts, and of the social model of disability more generally, the essay argues for always understanding the concepts structuring the disability movement, including seemingly-sacrosanct concepts such as independence, as historical and contingent. The essay considers both how World Bank rhetorics of independence and inclusion mask the deeper dependencies generated by global capitalism and how, in a different context, dependency theory in disability studies provides us with limited but crucial tools for critiquing those rhetorics.

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Author details

McRuer, Robert