International Development Planning Review

Mainstreaming fisheries into Latin American development strategies

International Development Planning Review (2005), 27, (4), 403–426.

Abstract

The paper offers an assessment of the mainstreaming of fisheries in Latin American national development plans and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, World Bank Country Assistance Strategies and EU Country Strategy papers. Although fisheries are not one of the region's most important industries, it does make a major contribution to world fisheries production and includes a number of internationally significant producers. More importantly, those directly involved in the sector are predominantly small-scale artisanal producers, a group traditionally regarded as vulnerable to poverty. Therefore, mainstreaming – the integration of a sector into every stage of policy processes to address cross-sectoral issues such as poverty reduction – may have important welfare implications for those drawing livelihoods from the industry. The extent of mainstreaming, examined by a content analysis of development plans, is compared to the economic and social significance of fishing. The paper concludes that fisheries are under-represented in development planning in a significant number of countries, and also in comparison with African, Asian, and Small Island Developing States.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

 Google Scholar

BÉNÉ, C. (2003),'When fishery rhymes with poverty: a first step beyond the old paradigm on poverty in small-scale fisheries', World Development, 31, 949–75. Google Scholar

BERMUDEZ, A. and AGUERO, M. (1994), 'Socioeconomic research on fisheries and aquaculture in Latin America', in A.T. h r 1Charles et al. (eds), Fisheries Socioeconomics in the Developing World, Ottawa, IDRC, 38–73. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

BULMER-THOMAS, V. (ed.) (1996), The New Economic Model and its Impact on Poverty and Income Distribution in Latin America, London, Macmillan. The New Economic Model and its Impact on Poverty and Income Distribution in Latin America Google Scholar

DAVID, M. et al. (2000), 'The impact of the new economic model on Latin America's agriculture', World Development, 28, 1673–88. The impact of the new economic model on Latin America's agriculture World Development 28 1673 88 Google Scholar

DFID (DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT) (2000), Integrating Sustainability into PRSPs: The Case of Uganda (Key Sheet on Sustainable Development No. 4), London, DFID. Google Scholar

DFID (DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT) (2002), Departmental Report 2002: The Government's Expenditure Plans 2000–2003 to 2003–2004, Norwich, HMSO. Google Scholar

DURAND, F. and SILVA, E. (eds) (1998), Organized Business, Economic Change and Democracy in Latin America, Miami, North-South Centre Press. Organized Business, Economic Change and Democracy in Latin America Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (1995), Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (2000), Poverty in Coastal Fishing Communities (report of the third session of the Advisory Committee on Fisheries Research, Rome, 5–8 December), Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (2002), Report of the Consultation on Integrating Small-scale Fisheries in Poverty Reduction Planning in West Africa, Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (2002a), Medium-Term Plan for Major Programme 2.3 Fisheries 2002–2007 (Committee on Fisheries Twenty-Fourth Session, Rome, 26 February–2 March 2001), Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (2002b), Fisheries Commodities Yearbook, Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (2003a), Strategies for Increasing the Sustainable Contribution of Small-scale Fisheries to Food Security and Poverty Alleviation (FAO Fisheries Report No. 702), Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

FAO (UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION) (2003b), Status and Important Recent Events concerning International Trade in Fishery Products including the World Trade Organisation (Committee on Fisheries: Sub-committee on Fish Trade: ninth session, Bremen, 10–14 February), Rome, FAO. Google Scholar

IBARRA, A. A. et al. (2000a), 'Neo-liberalism and its impact on overfishing and overcapitalisation in the marine fisheries of Chile, Mexico and Peru', Food Policy, 25, 599–622. Neo-liberalism and its impact on overfishing and overcapitalisation in the marine fisheries of Chile, Mexico and Peru Food Policy 25 599 622 Google Scholar

IBARRA, A. A. et al. (2000b), 'The political economy of marine fisheries development in Peru, Chile and Mexico', Journal of Latin American Studies, 32, 503–27. The political economy of marine fisheries development in Peru, Chile and Mexico Journal of Latin American Studies 32 503 27 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OKSANEN, T. and MERSMANN, C. (2003), 'Forests in poverty reduction strategies – an assessment of PRSP processes in Sub-Saharan Africa', in T. Oksanen et al. (eds), Forests in Poverty Reduction Strategies: Capturing the Potential, Joensuu, European Forest Institute, 121–55. Forests in poverty reduction strategies – an assessment of PRSP processes in Sub-Saharan Africa' Forests in Poverty Reduction Strategies: Capturing the Potential 121 55 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

PEÑA-TORRES, J. (1997), 'The political economy of fishing regulation: the case of Chile', Marine Resource Economics, 12, 253–80. The political economy of fishing regulation: the case of Chile Marine Resource Economics 12 253 80 Google Scholar

ROEMER, M. (1970), Fishing for Growth: Export-led Development in Peru, 1950–1967, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Fishing for Growth: Export-led Development in Peru, 1950–1967 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

SCHURMAN, R. (1996), 'Snails, southern hake and sustainability: neo-liberalism and natural resource exports in Chile', World Development, 24, 1695–1709. Snails, southern hake and sustainability: neo-liberalism and natural resource exports in Chile World Development 24 1695 1709 Google Scholar

STEMLER, S. (2001), 'An overview of content analysis', Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 7(17), ( http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=7&n=17 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

SILVA, E. (1997), 'The politics of sustainable development: native forest policy in Chile, Venezuela, Costa Rica and Mexico', Journal of Latin American Studies, 29, 457–93. The politics of sustainable development: native forest policy in Chile, Venezuela, Costa Rica and Mexico Journal of Latin American Studies 29 457 93 Google Scholar

SUGUNAN, V. V. (1997), Fisheries Management of Small Water Bodies in Seven Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Rome, FAO. Fisheries Management of Small Water Bodies in Seven Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

THORPE, A. et al.. (2000), 'The new economic model and fisheries development in Latin America', World Development, 28, 1689–1702. The new economic model and fisheries development in Latin America World Development 28 1689 1702 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WEEKS, J. (ed.) (1995), Structural Adjustment and the Agricultural Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean, Basingstoke, Macmillan. Structural Adjustment and the Agricultural Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean Google Scholar

WORLD BANK (2002), Voices of the Poor, Washington, DC, World Bank. Google Scholar

ZUCKERMAN, E. (2002), 'Engendering poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs): The issues and the challenges', Gender and Development, 10, 88–94. Engendering poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs): The issues and the challenges Gender and Development 10 88 94 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Reid, Chris

Thorpe, Andy

Anrooy, Raymon van

Brugere, Cecile