Drawing upon questionnaire data this paper analyses ethno-national identity
transformations among a sample of 470 socio-economically mobile Roma in Hungary.
The paper concerns a group of Roma who have been successful in escaping
the grip of ethnicity-specific poverty. The authors inquire about the extent to which
these persons view themselves as Roma and the extent to which they were relatively
privileged or disprivileged by their parents' levels of educational attainment. Some
variations in the Romany identities assumed or accepted by the mobile respondents
are also investigated and these are related to objective and subjective aspects
of the respondents' current and especially childhood background. Predictions for
respondents' children's identification are also analysed. The article asks what the circumstances
are under which intergenerational socio-economic mobility among the
Roma is, or is not, associated with identity switch or, alternatively, with the possible
variations in patterns of identity retention?