Romani Studies

Whose problem is it anyway? Realising the right to education for Roma children in Ghent, Belgium

Romani Studies (2015), 25, (1), 1–21.

Abstract

Western European cities are increasingly inhabited by Roma due to intra-European migrations. These societal changes pose new challenges for schools and other social institutions. The case study conducted in Ghent, Belgium, reported in this article, sheds light on problems concerning the realisation of the right to education for Roma children in a context that has recently emerged rapidly. A distinction is made between problem definitions of policymakers, school actors, and Roma parents. Each of these stakeholders defines the current situation in their own way. It is argued that in order to ‘make sense’ of the right to education, these various perspectives must be made to communicate with each other: a dialogic approach seeking mutual understanding may more fruitfully contribute to finding solutions for the problems at issue.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Berger, Peter Ludwig, and Luckmann, Thomas. 1969. Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit Google Scholar

Boado, Hectór C. 2011. Primary and secondary effects in the explanation of disadvantage in education: The children of immigrant families in France. British Journal of Sociology of Education 32(3): 407–30.Primary and secondary effects in the explanation of disadvantage in education: The children of immigrant families in FranceBritish Journal of Sociology of Education3240730 Google Scholar

Boone, Simon, and Van Houtte, Mieke. 2013. Why are teacher recommendations at the transition from primary to secondary education socially biased? A mixed-methods research. British Journal of Sociology of Education 34(1): 20–38.Why are teacher recommendations at the transition from primary to secondary education socially biased? A mixed-methods researchBritish Journal of Sociology of Education342038 Google Scholar

Braun, Virginia, and Clarke, Victoria. 2006. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology 3(2): 77–101.Using thematic analysis in psychologyQualitative Research in Psychology377101 Google Scholar

Cahn, Claude, David Chirico, Christina McDonald, Viktoria Mohácsi, Tatjana Peric, and Ágnes Székely. 1999. Roma in the educational systems of Central and Eastern Europe. In: Fényes, Csaba, Christina McDonald, and Anita Mészáros, eds. The Roma education resource book. Budapest: Open Society Institute. 20–6.Roma in the educational systems of Central and Eastern Europe The Roma education resource book. Budapest: Open Society Institute 206 Google Scholar

Claveria, Julio Vargas and Alonso, Jesús Gómez. 2003. Why Romà do not like mainstream schools: Voices of a people without territory. Harvard Educational Review 73(4): 559–90.Why Romà do not like mainstream schools: Voices of a people without territoryHarvard Educational Review7355990 Google Scholar

Duquet, Nils, Glorieux, Ignace, Laurijssen, Ilse, and Van Dorsselaer, Yolis. 2006. Wit krijt schrijft beter. Schoolloopbanen van allochtone jongeren in beeld. Antwerpen: Garant.Wit krijt schrijft beterSchoolloopbanen van allochtone jongeren in beeld Google Scholar

Duru-Bellat, Marie. 2000a. The democratization of education in France: Controversy over a topical question. Population 55(1): 51–79.The democratization of education in France: Controversy over a topical questionPopulation555179 Google Scholar

Duru-Bellat, Marie. 2000b. Social inequalities in the French education system: The joint effect of individual and contextual factors. Journal of Education Policy 15(1): 33–40.Social inequalities in the French education system: The joint effect of individual and contextual factorsJournal of Education Policy153340 Google Scholar

Duru-Bellat, Marie 2008. Recent trends in social reproduction in France: Should the political promises of education be revisited? Journal of Education Policy 23(1): 81–95.Recent trends in social reproduction in France: Should the political promises of education be revisited?Journal of Education Policy238195 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

European Roma Rights Centre. 2000. ERRC Application to the European Court of Human Rights, 18 April.ERRC Application to the European Court of Human Rights Google Scholar

European Roma Rights Centre. 2004. Stigmata. Segregated schooling in Central and Eastern Europe. Budapest: ERRC.StigmataSegregated schooling in Central and Eastern Europe Google Scholar

Flecha, Ramon. 2000. Sharing words: Theory and practice of dialogic learning. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Sharing words: Theory and practice of dialogic learning Google Scholar

Flemish Government. 2006. Een sluitende aanpak voor spijbelen en schoolverzuim. Brussels: Ministry of Education.Een sluitende aanpak voor spijbelen en schoolverzuim Google Scholar

Flemish Government. 2012. Actieplan spijbelen en andere vormen van grensoverschrijdend gedrag. Brussels: Ministry of Education.Actieplan spijbelen en andere vormen van grensoverschrijdend gedrag Google Scholar

Freire, Paolo. 1997. Pedagogy of the heart. New York: Continuum.Pedagogy of the heart Google Scholar

Greenberg, Jack. 2010. Report on Roma education today: From slavery to segregation and beyond. Columbia Law Review 110(4): 919–1001.Report on Roma education today: From slavery to segregation and beyondColumbia Law Review1109191001 Google Scholar

Grunwald, Klaus and Thiersch, Hans. 2009. The concept of the ‘lifeworld orientation’ for social work and social care. Journal of Social Work Practice 23(2): 131–46.The concept of the ‘lifeworld orientation’ for social work and social careJournal of Social Work Practice2313146 Google Scholar

Habermas, Jürgen. 1981. The theory of communicative action. Vol. 1: Reasons and the rationalization of society. Boston: Beacon Press.The theory of communicative actionVol. 1: Reasons and the rationalization of society Google Scholar

Hemelsoet, Elias. 2013. Roma in het Gentse onderwijs: Een verhaal apart? Gent: Academia Press.Roma in het Gentse onderwijs: Een verhaal apart? Google Scholar

Hemelsoet, Elias and Van Pelt, Pauwel. 2014. Questioning the policy framing of Roma identity in Ghent, Belgium: Some implications of taking an insider perspective seriously. Submitted for publication.Questioning the policy framing of Roma identity in Ghent, Belgium: Some implications of taking an insider perspective seriously Google Scholar

Kyuchukov, Hristo. 2000. Transformative education for Roma (Gypsy) children: An insider’s view. Intercultural Education 11(3): 273–80.Transformative education for Roma (Gypsy) children: An insider’s viewIntercultural Education1127380 Google Scholar

Kyuchukov, Hristo. 2011. Roma girls: Between traditional values and educational aspirations. Intercultural Education 22(1): 97–104.Roma girls: Between traditional values and educational aspirationsIntercultural Education2297104 Google Scholar

Mihok, Brigitte. 2004. Exclusion and educational segregation: The Roma in East-Central Europe. Osteuropa 54(1): 28–43.Exclusion and educational segregation: The Roma in East-Central EuropeOsteuropa542843 Google Scholar

O’Nions, Helen. 2010. Different and unequal: The educational segregation of Roma pupils in Europe. Intercultural Education 21(1): 1–13.Different and unequal: The educational segregation of Roma pupils in EuropeIntercultural Education21113 Google Scholar

Philippeth, Koen, and Philips, Frank. 2010. Intra-Europese migratie en de Stad Gent. Impact, visie en beleid. Unpublished policy document.Intra-Europese migratie en de Stad Gent Impact, visie en beleid Google Scholar

POC Werkgroep Onderwijs. 2013. Intra-Europese migranten in het Gentse basis en secundair onderwijs. Situatieschets en aanbevelingen. Febr 2013 version. Ms. Intra-Europese migranten in het Gentse basis en secundair onderwijs Situatieschets en aanbevelingen Google Scholar

Rostas, Iulius, ed. 2012. Ten years after. A history of Roma school desegregation in Central and Eastern Europe. Budapest: Roma Education Fund and Central European University Press.Ten years after. A history of Roma school desegregation in Central and Eastern Europe Google Scholar

Salner, Andrej, ed. 2005. Roma children in the Slovak education system. Bratislava: Slovak Governance Institute.Roma children in the Slovak education system Google Scholar

Şandru, Razvan. 2009. Roma and education in Romania: An analysis of educational problems and the actions taken to overcome them. Romani E Journal 4: 30–45.Roma and education in Romania: An analysis of educational problems and the actions taken to overcome themRomani E Journal43045 Google Scholar

Smeyers, Paul. 2009. Education, educational research, and the ‘grammar’ of understanding: a response to David Bridges. Ethics and Education 4: 125–9.Education, educational research, and the ‘grammar’ of understanding: a response to David BridgesEthics and Education41259 Google Scholar

Székelyi, Mária, György Csepeli, and Antal Örkény. 2003. Ambitious education: The role of family, school and friends in the development of successful Romany life courses. Romani Studies. Fifth Series. 13(1): 53–72.Ambitious education: The role of family, school and friends in the development of successful Romany life coursesRomani Studies. Fifth Series135372 Google Scholar

Unicef. 2011. The right of Roma children to education. Position paper. Paris: Unicef.The right of Roma children to educationPosition paper Google Scholar

Van Damme, Jan, Van Landeghem, Georges, De Fraine, Bieke, Opdenakker, Marie-Christine, and Onghena, Patrick. 2004. Maakt de school het verschil? Effectiviteit van scholen, leraren en klassen in de eerste graad van het middelbaar onderwijs. Leuven & Voorburg: Acco.Maakt de school het verschil? Effectiviteit van scholen, leraren en klassen in de eerste graad van het middelbaar onderwijs Google Scholar

Vlaams Minderhedencentrum. 2010. Werknota: Roma in Vlaanderen, knelpunten en aanbevelingen. Inspiratie voor het beleid. Ms.Werknota: Roma in Vlaanderen, knelpunten en aanbevelingen Inspiratie voor het beleid Google Scholar

Willig, Carla. 1999. Beyond appearances: A critical realist approach to social constructionism. In Nightingale, David J. and Cromby, John, eds. Social constructionist psychology: A critical analysis of theory and practice. Buckingham: Open University Press. 37–51.Beyond appearances: A critical realist approach to social constructionismSocial constructionist psychology: A critical analysis of theory and practice Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

HEMELSOET, ELIAS