Labour History

Regulating the Greens: Federal Electoral Laws and the Emergence of Green Parties in the 1980s and 1990s

Labour History (2010), 99, (1), 71–76.


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1.Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Reform, First Report, Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra 1983 andCommonwealth Electoral Act 1984,Commonwealth of Australia,. See, also,G. Orr, ‘The Law Comes to the Party: The Continuing Juridification of Political Parties in Australia’, Constitutional Law and Policy Review, vol.3, no. 3, 2000, pp.41-49, andT. Round, ‘By Any Other Name: Parties, Candidates and their Ballot Labels’inG. Orr,B. Mercurio andG. Williams(eds), Realising Democracy: Electoral Law in Australia,The Federation Press,, 2003. The ‘monopoly’ over generic political terms was qualified by legal rulings in the ‘Curtin Labor Alliance’, ‘Liberals for the Forests’ and WA Green Alliance cases. It was re-enforced by later tightening of the CEA. Google Scholar

2.R. Eckersley, ‘The ecocentric perspective’inC. Pybus andR. Flanagan(eds), The Rest of the World is Watching: Tasmania and The Greens,Sun Books,, 1990. Google Scholar

3.SeeJ. Porritt, Seeing Green: The Politics of Ecology Explained,Blackwell,, 1984, andW. Hulsberg, The German Greens: A Social and Political Profile,Verso,, 1988. Google Scholar

4.B. Brown andP. Singer, The Greens,Text Publishing,, 1996, pp.83-84. Google Scholar

5.C. Bean,I. McCallister andJ. Warhurst(eds), The Greening of Australian Politics: 1990 Federal Election,Longman Cheshire,, 1990. Google Scholar

6.This writer stood down as Registered Officer and withdrew from Green party politics at this time. SeeT. Harris, Basket Weavers and True Believers: Making and Unmaking the Labor Left in Leichhardt Municipality, 1970-1991,Leftbank Publishing,, 2007, particularly the Epilogue. The writer recently rejoined the NSW Greens. Google Scholar

7.See Annual Reports of the Australian Electoral Commission, Canberra, Reports of the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters, Parliament of Australia, Canberra, and amendments to theCommonwealth Electoral Act, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. Google Scholar

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Author details

Harris, Tony