Catalan Review

Urban Spaces in the Catalan Avant-Garde: Synecdoches, Dreams and Heterotopias

Catalan Review (2010), 24, (1), 295–309.

Abstract

This essay explores the diversity of urban spaces represented in the Catalan Avant-garde during the 1920s and the 30s through the oeuvre of one poet and two painters: Carles Sindreu, Ángeles Santos and Àngel Planells. It aims to shed light on the sociopolitical situation of the Catalan-speaking lands while questioning the aesthetic consequences of gender difference. These urban spaces take the form of synecdoches, heterotopias and dreams, which in turn serve to enquire into the nature of the real and imaginary cities under scrutiny (particularly relevant is the case of Barcelona). Also important is the influence of the creator's gender on the use of synecdochic, oneiric and heterotopic elements. Furthermore, a lack of women writers in the field of Catalan Avant-garde poetry makes us wonder to what extent their production was restricted to a visual input. The artistic representation of the city through synecdoches, dreams and heterotopias emphasizes the links between the private and the public as well as between the individual and the social, and depicts the political arena of the Catalan-speaking lands while emphasizing the need to overcome the phallocentric limitations of the Catalan Avant-garde canon.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

 Google Scholar

Arenas, Carme. «Carles Sindreu, caçador d'imatges poètiques.» Carles Sindreu: centenari 1900/2000. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament de Cultura, Institució de les Lletres Catalanes, 2001. Carles Sindreu: centenari 1900/2000 Google Scholar

Augustine, Jane. «From Topos to Anthropoid: the City as Character in Twentieth-Century Texts.»City Images. Perspectives fromLiterature, Philosophy, and Film. Ed. Mary Ann Caws, New York: Gordon & Breach, 1991.73-86. «From Topos to Anthropoid: the City as Character in Twentieth-Century Texts.»City Images. Perspectives fromLiterature, Philosophy, and Film 73 86 Google Scholar

Bataille, Georges. El erotismo. Barcelona: Tusquets, 2005. El erotismo Google Scholar

Bellver, Catherine, ed. Concha Méndez: poesía completa. Málaga: Centro Cultural Generación del 27, 2008. Concha Méndez: poesía completa Google Scholar

Bool, F. H. et al.Escher: with a Complete Catalogue of the Graphic Works. Ed. J. L. Locher. London: Thames and Hudson, 1982. Escher: with a Complete Catalogue of the Graphic Works Google Scholar

Breton, André, and Paul Éluard, eds. Diccionario abreviado del surrealismo. Trans. Rafael Jackson. Madrid: Siruela, 2003. Diccionario abreviado del surrealismo Google Scholar

Brooker, Peter, and Andrew Thacker, eds. Geographies of Modernism: Literatures, Cultures, Spaces. London: Routledge, 2005. Geographies of Modernism: Literatures, Cultures, Spaces Google Scholar

Casamartina i Parassols, Josep, ed. Ángeles Santos, un mundo insólito en Valladolid. Valladolid: Patio Herreriano, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Español, 2003. Ángeles Santos, un mundo insólito en Valladolid Google Scholar

Caws, Mary Ann, ed. City Images. Perspectives from Literature, Philosophy, and Film. New York: Gordon & Breach, 1991. City Images. Perspectives from Literature, Philosophy, and Film Google Scholar

De Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life. Trans. Steven Rendall. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984. The Practice of Everyday Life Google Scholar

De Diego, Estrella, and Fernando huici. Fuera de orden: mujeres de la vanguardia Española: Maria Blanchard, Norah Borges, Maruja Mallo, Olga Sacharoff, Angeles Santos, Remedios Varo. Madrid, 10 February-18 April 1999. Madrid: Fundación Cultural Mapfre Vida, 1999. Fuera de orden: mujeres de la vanguardia Española: Maria Blanchard, Norah Borges, Maruja Mallo, Olga Sacharoff, Angeles Santos, Remedios Varo Google Scholar

Dreiser, Theodore. Sister Carrie. Ed. Donald Pizer. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1970. Sister Carrie Google Scholar

Everly, Kathryn. Catalan Women Writers and Artists: Revisionist Views from a Feminist Space. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell U P; London: Associated U Presses, 2003. Catalan Women Writers and Artists: Revisionist Views from a Feminist Space Google Scholar

Fàbrega, Jaume et al.Surrealisme a Catalunya 1924-1936: de l'Amic de les Arts al Logicofobisme. Barcelona: Polígrafa, 1988. Surrealisme a Catalunya 1924-1936: de l'Amic de les Arts al Logicofobisme Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel. «Des espaces autres.» Dits et écrits 1954-1988. Eds. Daniel Defert and François Ewald. 4 vols. Paris: Éditions Gallimard, 1994. 752-62. Dits et écrits 1954-1988 4 752 62 Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel. «Of Other Spaces, Heterotopias.» Trans. Jay Miskowiec. 1967. http://foucault.info/documents/heteroTopia/foucault.heteroTopia.en.html Google Scholar

Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic: the Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1979. The Madwoman in the Attic: the Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination Google Scholar

Kaplan, Janet. Remedios Varo: Unexpected Journeys. New York; London: Abbeville Press, 2000. Remedios Varo: Unexpected Journeys Google Scholar

Mangini, Shirley. Las modernas de Madrid: las grandes intelectuales españolas de la vanguardia. Historia, ciencia y sociedad, 306. Barcelona: Península, 2001. Las modernas de Madrid: las grandes intelectuales españolas de la vanguardia Google Scholar

McNerney, Kathleen, and Cristina Enríquez de Salamanca, eds. Double Minorities of Spain: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Women Writers of the Catalan, Galician, and Basque Countries. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1994. Double Minorities of Spain: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Women Writers of the Catalan, Galician, and Basque Countries Google Scholar

Mickelson, Joel C., ed. Images of the American City in the Arts. Dubuque: Kendall & Hunt, 1978. Images of the American City in the Arts Google Scholar

Molas, Joaquim. La literatura catalana d'avantguarda, 1916-1938: selecció, edició i estudi. Barcelona: Antoni Bosch, c1983. La literatura catalana d'avantguarda, 1916-1938: selecció, edició i estudi c1983 Google Scholar

Musil, Robert. The Man Without Qualities. Trans. Eithne Wilkins and Ernst Kaiser. 2 vols. London: Secker & Warburg, 1954. The Man Without Qualities 2 Google Scholar

Núñez Díaz, Cristina. «Manuela Ballester. Una artista valenciana injustament oblidada.» Debatabat.cat (January 2008). http://debatabat.cat/web/article.php?article_ID=149 15 February 2010. http://debatabat.cat/web/article.php?article_ID=149 «Manuela Ballester. Una artista valenciana injustament oblidada.» Debatabat.cat Google Scholar

Pairolí, M. «Planells, els records del surrealisme.» Punt Diari. 4 Dec. 1988. «Planells, els records del surrealisme.» Punt Diari Google Scholar

Pechey, Graham. Mikhail Bakhtin: the Word in the World. Oxford: Routledge, 2007. Mikhail Bakhtin: the Word in the World Google Scholar

Quance, Roberta Ann. Mujer o árbol: mitología y modernidad en el arte y la literatura de nuestro tiempo. Colección «La balsa de la Medusa». Madrid: Ediciones Machado, 2000. Mujer o árbol: mitología y modernidad en el arte y la literatura de nuestro tiempo Google Scholar

Rattray, Jacqueline. «Àngel Planells: Sketch of a Poet.» Planellsurrealista. Blanes: Fundació Àngel Planells, 2004. 267-70. Planellsurrealista 267 70 Google Scholar

Rattray, Jacqueline. «La teoría del «Collage» surrealista ilustrada por Ángel Planells y José María Hinojosa.» Insula: Revista de Letras y Ciencias Humanas 694 (2004): 30-33. «La teoría del «Collage» surrealista ilustrada por Ángel Planells y José María Hinojosa.» Insula: Revista de Letras y Ciencias Humanas 694 30 33 Google Scholar

Resina, Joan Ramon, and Dieter Ingenschay, eds. After-Images of the City. Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 2003. After-Images of the City Google Scholar

Sindreu, Carles. Obra poètica. Eds. Carles Riba et al. Col.lecció Llibres del Mall. Barcelona: Curial, 1975. Obra poètica Google Scholar

Sindreu, Carles. Radiacions i poemes. Barcelona: Llibreria Catalònia, 1928. Radiacions i poemes Google Scholar

«Sinècdoque.» L'Enciclopèdia. Vers. 19 Feb. 2008. Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. http://www.enciclopedia.cat/ Google Scholar

Strauss, Anselm L. «Strategies for Discovering Urban Theory.» The American City: A Sourcebook of Urban Imagery. Ed. Anselm L. Strauss. Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1968: 515-30. The American City: A Sourcebook of Urban Imagery 515 30 Google Scholar

Synecdoche, New York. Dir. Charlie Kaufman. Perf. Catherine Keener, Samantha Morton, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Dianne Wiest, Michelle Williams. Revolver Entertainment, 2008. Google Scholar

«Tentacle.» L'Enciclopèdia. Vers. 19 Feb. 2008. Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. http://www.enciclopedia.cat Google Scholar

Tester, Keith, ed. The Flâneur. London: Routledge, 1994. The Flâneur Google Scholar

Vives, Anna. «Sex and the City: Lorca's Poeta en Nueva York.» Federico García Lorca: New Readings. Ed. Pablo Valdivia Martín. Nottingham: Nottingham UP, 2010. 1-20. Federico García Lorca: New Readings 1 20 Google Scholar

Wilson, Elizabeth. «From The Sphinx in the City: Urban Life, the Control of Disorder, and Women.» The Blackwell City Reader. Ed. G. Bridge and S. Watson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002. 419-29. The Blackwell City Reader 419 29 Google Scholar

Zanetta, María Alejandra. La otra cara de la vanguardia: estudio comparativo de la obra artística de Maruja Mallo, Ángeles Santos y Remedios Varo. Lewiston, NY; Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, 2006. La otra cara de la vanguardia: estudio comparativo de la obra artística de Maruja Mallo, Ángeles Santos y Remedios Varo Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Vives, Anna