BOOK REVIEWS: POLITICAL SCIENCE
state (391-2). Normalization is a process, constraints notwithstanding, which means: first, the
gradual rÃ©intÃ©gration of Quebec into the federal constitutional system; second, the incremental
scaling down of the role of the Quebec state (privatization and deregulation) in social and economic
development to the level of other provinces such as Ontario; and third, slow relaxation of Bill 101
language regulations. The author himself implies that this normalization process really began during
the second LÃ©vesque administration (1981-1985)â€”a steady retreat from the goal of Quebec
sovereignty as well as abandonment of the ideal of an interventionist, even "social democratic" state
The author could have profited from an examination of the growth of the extend of interparty
economic policy convergence between the PQ and PLQ during the 1980s paralleling (resulting from?
contributing to?) the emergence of francophone entrepreneurial social strata as much emulated and
prestigious definers of the collective consciousness, an on-going decline, as in the rest of North
America, in the political influence of organized labor in Quebec (the essence of social democracy?),
and a cyclical and only temporary return to quiescent QuÃ©bÃ©cois nationalism. He should not have
downplayed an interpretation of this period grounded in completely new global economic imperatives
compelling political elites of whatever partisan strip to pay increased attention to the creation rather
than merely the redistribution of wealth. Hence the triumph of the politics of necessity (consensus)â€”
call it sheer political rhetoric, pragmatism, opportunism, false consciousness, pragmatic nationalism
or wl. .teverâ€”hence massive francophone Quebec endoresment of Canada-U.S. free trade. Of
course, this evolving interparty PQ-PLQ agreement on policies of economic development inside
Quebec may (storefront signs), or may not be (Lake Meech), more susceptible to fissure in such
domains as language and constitutional reform. And finally, why do so many of us, including
Professor McRoberts, blindly embrace the easy equation between PQ indÃ©pendantisme and nationalÂ
ism in contemporary Quebec (440)? In short, consider the possibility that QuÃ©bÃ©cois nationalism
comes in many forms and even encompasses some segments of French Quebec society who adhere
neither to the thesis of political independence nor state intervention nor "social democracy. "
Despite these reservations, the book is a masterpiece of social science analysis applied to
Quebec. I endorse use of this third edition for upper division undergraduate as well as graduate courses
which deal with the history, society and civilisation as well as politics of Quebec.
State University of New York, Plattsburgh
ST. PIERRE, CHRISTIANE. Sur les pas de h mer. Moncton, N.-B.: Les Editions
d'Acadie, 1986. Pp. 103.
Worthy of mention is this highly readable collection of short stories about life along the
Acadian coast of New Brunswick. The book has earned critical acclaim, and author Christiane
St-Pierre won the prestigious prix France-Acadie last year.
Although the stories are all set in contemporary Acadia, where St-Pierre now lives, the author
was originally a native QuÃ©bÃ©coise who grew up in the Cap-de-la-Madeleine and who received a
graduate degree from the UniversitÃ© du QuÃ©bec Ã Trois-Ri viÃ¨res. As an "outsider, " she seems to bring a
fresh perspective to the traditional society she portrays. St-Pierre skillfully develops the psychology of
her characters, adeptly shows how changing values create conflict between the generations, and
generally animates her prose with richly imaginative passages.
Sur les pas de la mer illustrates the vitality of new fiction being produced in Acadia. These
stories deserve attention from readers with an interest in francophone writing in North America.
University of Maine
James J. Herlan