Quebec Studies

The Language Question in Quebec: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography

Quebec Studies (1989), 8, (1), 37–42.


Québec Studies, No. 8, 1989 THE LANGUAGE QUESTION IN QUEBEC: A SELECTED, ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY by Marc V Levine The rekindling of h question linguistique in 1988 may have stimulated, among readers of Québec Studies, an interest in reading more about Quebec's language policies and linguistic politics. Toward that end, I have compiled a selective, annotated bibliography of writings on the language question. This bibliography is by no means presented as comprehensive and no slight is intended to works not included. I merely list works that I think readers will find particularly useful and which, taken together, provide thorough analyses of les enjeux of this dossier. Basic resources on the language question start with the publications of the Conseil de ία langue française (CLF). Created in 1977 to monitor the situation of the French language in Quebec and make policy recommendations to the minis­ ter in charge of administering Bill 101, the CLF has produced informative studies on virtually all of the central elements of Quebec's language situation: the lan­ guage of work, linguistic income disparities, demolinguistic trends, the language situation in the schools, the quality of the French language, the place of cultural communities in Francophone Quebec, and the language of signs. An indispens­ able anthology of studies conducted for the CLF on these matters is: Gerard Lapointe et Michel Amyot eds., LEtat de lafonguefrançaise au (Québec: Bilan et Prospective, 2 tomes, (Québec: Conseil de la langue française, 1986). Some other CLF publications are listed below, but readers interested in delving more deeply into la question linguistique should consult the entire CLF catalogue of publications. In addition, two government studies provide "base-line" analyses of Que­ bec's language situation prior to the passage of Bill 22 (1974) and Bill 101 (1977), the language laws that established French as the province's official language: Government of Canada, Report of the Royal Commission on Bilinguolism and Bicuituraiism, 6 volumes (Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1967-1970). The "B & B" report provides painstaking documentation regarding the status of French and English throughout Canada and Quebec. The Commission's analysis served as the basis for the Official Languages Act of 1969 and gave impetus to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau 's efforts to enshrine language rights in a Canadian Con­ stitution.

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Author details

Levine, Marc