Quebec Studies

Briefly Noted

Quebec Studies (1991), 12, (1), 189


BRIEFLY NOTED 189 application than seems to be implied here. True works of art (as most of these films are) necessarily do. Nevertheless, the general theses of the book are arresting. In the end, this is a book to be read and consulted by all who intend to be informed on the Québécois film in particular and on the society in general. Bowling Green State University Janis L. Pallister BRIEFLY NOTED BERNIER, JACQUES. La Médecine au Québec: naissance et évolution d'une profession. Québec: Les Presses de l'Université Laval, 1989. Pp. 207. This readable account of the history of medicine in Québec emphasizes the professionalization of doctors in the province in the last six decades of the nineteenth century. Of special importance was the establishment of the Collège des médecins et chirurgiens in 1847, which gradually afforded the medical profession relative autonomy in the establishment of professional standards. This process occurred earlier in Québec than it did in either Ontario or the United States. Bemier's study also includes valuable information on medical studies, the treatment of disease, sanitation, and birth and mortality rates. (E.J.T.) TURCOTTE, PAUL-ANDRÉ. L'Enseignement secondaire pubL· des frères éducateurs (1920A970). Montréal: Bellarmin, 1988. Pp. 220. Paul-André Turcotte's monograph on the role of teaching brothers in Québec from 1920 to 1970 is a well-researched and informative analysis of an infrequently discussed aspect of the history of Québec education. Prior to the creation of the Ministry of Education in 1964 and the educational reforms which immediately followed, public secondary schools for boys in the province were administered and staffed in large part by teaching brothers (in contrast to the Collèges classiques, which were under the control of priests). In their push for free secondary education in commerce and the sciences, for a secondary humanistic education available to all, and for a twelfth year of schooling that would make public school students eligible for the university, they frequently met opposition from the Collèges classiques and from some segments of the bourgeoisie who felt threatened by such openings. Ironically, the proposals of the teaching brothers were adopted by the new state system that displaced them. (E.J.T.) Cinémas: Revwd'étudesartâmtogrtyhiquesflmrndofFilmStudks.Vol. l.nos. 1-2. Pp. 172. The first issue of this new cinema journal founded by Michel Larouche and Denise Pérusse of the Université de Montréal contains several articles dealing with Québec. Gilles Therrien's "L'Empire et les barbares" argues that Québec maintains a problematic relationship with the United States, but has a relationship of continuity with France. Chantal Nadeau studies the concept of cultural hybridization as it applies to the co-production of films. In separate articles, Pierre Véronneau and Alain-N. Moffat discuss the O.N.F. film series entitled "L'Américanité," which had as its theme the impact of America on Quebec's identity.

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