application than seems to be implied here. True works of art (as most of these films are) necessarily
do. Nevertheless, the general theses of the book are arresting. In the end, this is a book to be read and
consulted by all who intend to be informed on the QuÃ©bÃ©cois film in particular and on the society
Bowling Green State University
Janis L. Pallister
BERNIER, JACQUES. La MÃ©decine au QuÃ©bec: naissance et Ã©volution d'une
profession. QuÃ©bec: Les Presses de l'UniversitÃ© Laval, 1989. Pp. 207.
This readable account of the history of medicine in QuÃ©bec emphasizes the professionalization
of doctors in the province in the last six decades of the nineteenth century. Of special importance was
the establishment of the CollÃ¨ge des mÃ©decins et chirurgiens in 1847, which gradually afforded the
medical profession relative autonomy in the establishment of professional standards. This process
occurred earlier in QuÃ©bec than it did in either Ontario or the United States. Bemier's study also
includes valuable information on medical studies, the treatment of disease, sanitation, and birth and
mortality rates. (E.J.T.)
TURCOTTE, PAUL-ANDRÃ‰. L'Enseignement secondaire pubLÂ· des frÃ¨res
Ã©ducateurs (1920A970). MontrÃ©al: Bellarmin, 1988. Pp. 220.
Paul-AndrÃ© Turcotte's monograph on the role of teaching brothers in QuÃ©bec from 1920 to
1970 is a well-researched and informative analysis of an infrequently discussed aspect of the history
of QuÃ©bec education. Prior to the creation of the Ministry of Education in 1964 and the educational
reforms which immediately followed, public secondary schools for boys in the province were
administered and staffed in large part by teaching brothers (in contrast to the CollÃ¨ges classiques,
which were under the control of priests). In their push for free secondary education in commerce and
the sciences, for a secondary humanistic education available to all, and for a twelfth year of schooling
that would make public school students eligible for the university, they frequently met opposition
from the CollÃ¨ges classiques and from some segments of the bourgeoisie who felt threatened by such
openings. Ironically, the proposals of the teaching brothers were adopted by the new state system that
displaced them. (E.J.T.)
CinÃ©mas: Revwd'Ã©tudesartÃ¢mtogrtyhiquesflmrndofFilmStudks.Vol. l.nos.
1-2. Pp. 172.
The first issue of this new cinema journal founded by Michel Larouche and Denise PÃ©russe of
the UniversitÃ© de MontrÃ©al contains several articles dealing with QuÃ©bec. Gilles Therrien's "L'Empire
et les barbares" argues that QuÃ©bec maintains a problematic relationship with the United States, but
has a relationship of continuity with France. Chantal Nadeau studies the concept of cultural
hybridization as it applies to the co-production of films. In separate articles, Pierre VÃ©ronneau and
Alain-N. Moffat discuss the O.N.F. film series entitled "L'AmÃ©ricanitÃ©," which had as its theme the
impact of America on Quebec's identity.