Quebec Studies

Les Jeux Sont Défaits: Traduction Et Lucidité Chez Réjean Ducharme Et Gérard Bessette

Quebec Studies (1991), 13, (1), 79–85.


The situation of language contact in Québec has a number of creative consequences, particularly in the area of translation. In the work of Réjean Ducharme and Gérard Bessette, the process of translation is explored in terms of a playful manipulation of French and English. Both writers present English less as a linguistic threat than as a ludic opportunity, pointing to the esthetic possibilities of the macaronic. On a more general level, the writings of the two Québec authors point to the fundamental relationship between translation and play. The challenge for theoreticians of translation is to rescue the ludic from the realm of the exotic and situate it at the centre of any attempt to understand the nature of translation. In this respect, the literature of Québec points the way.

Access Token

Benjamin, Andrew. Translation and the Nature of Philosophy: A New Theory of Words. London: Routledge, 1989. Translation and the Nature of Philosophy: A New Theory of Words Google Scholar

Bessette, Gérard. L'incubation. 1965; rpt. Montréal: Québec/Amérique, 1981. Google Scholar

Bessette, Gérard. Les Anthropïdes. Montréal: La Presse, 1977. Les Anthropïdes Google Scholar

Bessette, Gérard. Le Semestre. Montréal: Québec/Amérique, 1979. Le Semestre Google Scholar

Bessette, Gérard. Les Dires d'Omer Marin. Montréal: Québec/Amérique, 1985. Les Dires d'Omer Marin Google Scholar

Boucher, Yvon, et Carole Michaud. "Bessette par lui-même." Le Québec littéraire 1 (1974): 127-46. Bessette par lui-même Le Québec littéraire 1 127 46 Google Scholar

Bruss, Elizabeth. "The Game of Literature and some Literary Games." New Literary History 9.1 (1977): 153-72. The Game of Literature and some Literary Games New Literary History 9 153 72 Google Scholar

Cantin, Léonce, et Gilles Dorion. "Entrevue avec Gérard Bessette." Québec français (décembre 1980): 33-40. Entrevue avec Gérard Bessette Québec français 33 40 Google Scholar

Ducharme, Réjean. L'Hiver de force. Paris: Gallimard, 1976. L'Hiver de force Google Scholar

Ducharme, Réjean. Les Enfantômes. Paris: Gallimard, 1976. Les Enfantômes Google Scholar

Ducharme, Réjean. Dévadé. Paris: Gallimard, 1990. Dévadé Google Scholar

Newmark, Peter. A Textbook of Translation. Herts.: Prentice-Hall, 1988. A Textbook of Translation Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here


Author details

Cronin, Michael